Скачать презентацию Massachusetts Government Legislative United States Government Judicial Before Скачать презентацию Massachusetts Government Legislative United States Government Judicial Before

e37a8aa824347f7fb33ad8bc5ca80ff4.ppt

  • Количество слайдов: 12

Massachusetts Government Legislative United States Government Judicial Before clicking on either the RED or Massachusetts Government Legislative United States Government Judicial Before clicking on either the RED or BLUE box. Give 3 clicks Legislative Executive Judicial to learn a few introductory facts about each government. Executive Find out more about the Massachusetts Find out more about the Massachusetts the United States Government Massachusetts Government Find out more about the Massachusetts That’s right! Government Massachusetts and the United States each have a government. As we progress through Civics, there is much to learn about each of these! On your note page, take notes on both the MA and US governments Introduction

United States Government US Overview Legislative Judicial Give 2 clicks for more detailed Executive United States Government US Overview Legislative Judicial Give 2 clicks for more detailed Executive knowledge on the set-up of the United States Government U. S Congress 435 Representatives 100 Senators Supreme Court (9 judges) President (1) Vice-President (1) Appeals Courts Cabinet District Courts (15 members) Click this button to return to introduction page Click this button to read more about the U. S. Legislature Hit the web - click this button for lots of detail on the U. S. government Click this button to read more about the Judicial Branch Click this button to read more about the Presidency 435? Hit the web to learn about the person who represents Lexington…

The U. S. Congress The primary duty of Congress is to write, debate, and The U. S. Congress The primary duty of Congress is to write, debate, and pass bills, which are then passed on to the president for approval. The Constitution grants Congress "all legislative powers" in the national government. Article I, Section 8, of the Constitution lists a wide range of congressional powers, including: * Coining money. * Maintaining a military. * Declaring war on other countries. * Regulating interstate and foreign commerce. Congress also controls federal taxing and spending policies—one of the most important sources of power in the government. The Constitution also gives Congress the authority to "make all laws which shall be necessary and proper, " an implied source of power sometimes called the Elastic Clause. There are, however, some congressional powers that are rarely used such as the ability to impeach an official and amending the United States Constitution. In addition to the power described above, Congress shares powers with the president in matters such as, framing U. S. foreign policy and control over the military. For example, while the president negotiates treaties, they are only put into effect once the Senate approves them. Also, while Congress can declare war and approve funds for the military, the president is the commander-in-chief of the military. A new Congress begins in January every two years following congressional elections, in which voters choose all representatives and a third of the senators. The entire House membership faces re-election every two years, but the Senate is a continuing body because there is never an entirely new Senate. Since the First Congress, which met from 1789 to 1791, all Congresses have been numbered in order. The 114 th U. S. Congress will begin in January, 2015. Congress meets once every year. Usually the session lasts from January 3 rd to July 31 st, but it can last much longer. For the most part, the House and Senate each meet in their respective chamber in the U. S. Capitol in Washington, D. C. However, on rare occasions, they will meet together for a joint session of Congress in the House chamber. For example, a joint session will be called to count electoral votes for presidential election. Back to Intro Page Back to U. S. Gov. Page See some visuals that explain Congress See some pictures from the Congress

Judicial Branch The judicial branch of government is established in Article III of the Judicial Branch The judicial branch of government is established in Article III of the Constitution with the creation of the Supreme Court. This court is the highest court in the country and is empowered with the judicial powers of the government. There are lower Federal courts but they were not created by the Constitution. Rather, Congress deemed them necessary and established them using power granted from the Constitution. Courts decide arguments about the meaning of laws, how they are applied, and whether they break the rules of the Constitution. A court's authority to decide constitutionality is called judicial review. If the Supreme Court rules that a law made by Congress does not “fit” with the rules of the Constitution, the law is declared unconstitutional and it is “thrown out”. Judicial review puts the Supreme Court in an important role in the American political system. It is the referee in disputes among various branches of the federal, as well as state governments, and is the ultimate authority for the most important issues in the country. For example, in 1954, the Court decision in Brown v. Board of Education banned racial segregation in public schools. The ruling started a long process of desegregating schools and other institutions. The Supreme Court is made up of nine Justices. One of these is the Chief Justice, currently this is John Roberts. They are appointed by the President and must be approved by the Senate. Justices have their jobs for life, unless they resign, retire, or are impeached. Click this button to return to U. S. page U. S. Judicial Click here to go back to the Introduction page

To the left is the U. S. Capitol Building - It is where the To the left is the U. S. Capitol Building - It is where the House of Representatives and Senate meet. It is not the White House! Republican Mitch. Mc. Connell of Kentucky is the majority leader of the U. S. Senate Republican John Boehner of Ohio is the Speaker of the House in the U. S. House of Representatives – he began working in this role in January 2011. Click to see some pictures and explanations relating to the U. S. Government’s Legislative Branch Here is the view of the House “chamber” when most seats are filled! Back to Intro. Page Back to U. S. Gov. Page Back to Congress reading

The President of the United States The President is the head of the Executive The President of the United States The President is the head of the Executive Branch. The powers of the President of the United States are set forth in Article II of the Constitution. Some of these powers the President can exercise on his/her own. Others require the consent of the Senate or Congress as a whole. The following is a list of duties of the President of the United States: National Security Powers: Presidency *Serves as the Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces. He can authorize the use of troops overseas without declaring war. To declare war officially, though, he must get the approval of the Congress. *Makes treaties with other nations; however, the Senate must approve any treaty before it becomes official. *Nominates ambassadors, with the agreement of a majority of the Senate. *Receives ambassadors of other nations, thereby recognizing those lands as official countries. Legislative Powers: *Presents information on the state of the union to Congress. *Recommends legislation to Congress. Despite all of his power, the President cannot write bills. He or she can propose a bill, but a member of Congress must submit it for him. *Vetoes bills passed by Congress, if he/she does not think they should be laws *Approves laws passed by Congress. Administrative Powers: *Take care that the laws be faithfully executed" -- Article II, Section 3 *Appoints the heads of each Executive Branch department as Chief of the Government. He also appoints ambassadors, Supreme Court Justices, and other officials, with the agreement of the majority of the Senate. *Requests written opinions of administrative officials. *Fills administrative vacancies during congressional recesses. Judicial Powers: *Grants reprieves and pardons for Federal crimes (except impeachment). *Appoints Federal judges, with the agreement of the majority of the Senate. Click this button to return to introduction page Click this button to return to U. S. page

Massachusetts Government Mass Overview This is the Massachusetts State House. Both the Massachusetts Governor Massachusetts Government Mass Overview This is the Massachusetts State House. Both the Massachusetts Governor Judicial and the Legislative Executive Massachusetts Give 3 clicks to learn Massachusetts Supreme Governor Legislature work here. Yes! (1) State Legislature the Judicial Court (7 judges) more about Massachusetts has its’ own Lieutenant Governor (1) 160 Representatives structure of the 40 Senators government! Constitutional Officers (4) Massachusetts Both Reps and Senators Executive Council – this is Lower State Courts government have a “leader”. The an elected group that few “Speaker of the House” people know about. They and the “President of the have some important Senate” powers (8) Cabinet (10) Click this button to return to introduction page 160 and 40? Hit the web and find out who your senator and rep are… Click to see some pictures of leaders of the Mass. Government

More on Massachusetts Government Deval Patrick is Massachusetts’ governor. The Chief Executive of the More on Massachusetts Government Deval Patrick is Massachusetts’ governor. The Chief Executive of the Massachusetts government. He was elected Governor in 2006 and re-elected in 2010. He is the first black Governor of Massachusetts currently does not have a Lieutenant Governor. Tim Murray was Deval Patrick’s LG, but he resigned. Coming Soon – Click the Blue Button on the right Just like the U. S. government has a Speaker of the House, so does Massachusetts. Robert De. Leo is the current Speaker of the House of Representatives in the Massachusetts government. In the U. S. government, the Vice President is the “President of the Senate”. In the MA government the senators pick one of their 40 to be “Senate President”. Currently, that person is Therese Murray Take me to the quiz, I am ready! (Did you take notes on MA and US? ) Back to Massachusetts overview

Massachusetts Government – Coming Soon Deval Patrick’s second term ends in less than a Massachusetts Government – Coming Soon Deval Patrick’s second term ends in less than a month! Massachusetts currently does not have a Lieutenant Governor. Back to Intro. Page Charlie Baker will become the Governor of Massachusetts in early January, 2015. Karyn Polito will become Lieutenant Governor in January 2015 Back to Massachusetts overview

The U. S. Congress - A Closer Look • Must be 25 years old The U. S. Congress - A Closer Look • Must be 25 years old Click once for more information • Serve a 2 year term • Number per state is based on population • All bills that involve spending money must start in the House • Must be 30 years old • Serve a 6 year term Back to Congress reading Click this button to return to U. S. page • 2 senators from each state – no matter the population • Senate has power to check on many decisions made by the President of the United States Take me to the quiz, I am ready! (Did you take notes on MA and US? )

Quick Quiz Answer the questions with your partner, then click and the answers to Quick Quiz Answer the questions with your partner, then click and the answers to all the questions will appear 1. How many members of the U. S. House of Reps? 2. How many U. S. Senators from Idaho? 3. How many members of the Massachusetts Senate? 4. 5. 6. 7. 1. 435 2. 2 3. 40 4. As of January the quiz? the Speaker of the House of the Finished 2011, who is Go to the next slide 5. United States Representatives? John Boehner 6. How many members are there of the United States Supreme Court? 7. Bill In either the Massachusetts government or the U. S. government, a proposal for a law is called a: ______ 8. False 9. 3 and follow the directions! True or False: The President can write a bill. 9 False 10. Trick 8. True or False: The President can make a law for new taxes. question, it is the Governor or 9. The Massachusetts government and the U. S. government the President, it both have _____ branches. depends on 10. Who is the Chief Executive of the government? which government!

Finished the quiz? Hit the websites (or search on your own) and check for Finished the quiz? Hit the websites (or search on your own) and check for more detail: MAKE ADDITIONS TO YOUR MASSACHUSETTS AND UNITED STATES PAGES! Topics to look up • The Bill of Rights http: //bensguide. gpo. gov/9 -12/citizenship/rights. html • Federalism • “Checks and Balances”