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MARINE PROTECTED AREAS IN THE BAHAMAS By: Janeen Bullard & La. Keshia Anderson IABIN MARINE PROTECTED AREAS IN THE BAHAMAS By: Janeen Bullard & La. Keshia Anderson IABIN MARINE PROTECTED AREAS WORKSHOP Ocho Rios, Jamaica March 10 th – 13 th, 2008

National Park System Walkers Cay National Park Black Sound Cay National Reserve Lucayan National National Park System Walkers Cay National Park Black Sound Cay National Reserve Lucayan National Park Rand Nature Centre Peterson Cay National Park Tilloo Cay National Reserve Abaco National Park System of the Bahamas The Retreat Bonefish Popnd National Park Harrold and Wilson Ponds National Park The Primeval Forest Central Andros National Parks Conception Island Exuma Cays land & sea Park Moraih Harbour Cay National Park Marine Farm Hope House Little Inagua National Park Union Creek Reserve Inagua National Park

Exuma Cays Land & Sea Park • Created in 1959 • Managed by BNT Exuma Cays Land & Sea Park • Created in 1959 • Managed by BNT • Became no-take in • 1986 Management Plan Completed Photo courtesy of S. Larson

Network of Marine Reserves • The national network of MPAs to include at least Network of Marine Reserves • The national network of MPAs to include at least 20% of the total shelf edge of The Bahama banks • Initial designation in 2000 – Fisheries Act/Regulations – No management plan

Andros • Andros Northern and • Southern Barrier Reef National Parks Andros West Side Andros • Andros Northern and • Southern Barrier Reef National Parks Andros West Side NB: Outlined in green are the proposed areas to be included in the west side protected area system

San Salvador Activities completed – – – Community Consultation Dive Tag Program Proposal Submitted San Salvador Activities completed – – – Community Consultation Dive Tag Program Proposal Submitted to government

North Bimini • Area size: 30. 69 km 2 • Habitats: – – – North Bimini • Area size: 30. 69 km 2 • Habitats: – – – Mangrove (western edge) Seagrass beds Bonefish flats Reef lagoon • Main threats – Major development – Foreign fishing • Historic site – Healing hole

Abaco • Area size: ≈ 95. 16 km 2 • Abaco Barrier Reef • Abaco • Area size: ≈ 95. 16 km 2 • Abaco Barrier Reef • Habitats – – – Coral reef Seagrass beds mangroves • Major threats – Casuarinas – Lionfish (2 species)

Exuma • Site 1: Size: 145. 52 km 2 – – – mangroves and Exuma • Site 1: Size: 145. 52 km 2 – – – mangroves and creeks Bonefish flats Spiny lobster breeding grounds • Major threat – Lack of enforcement • Site 2: Size: 101. 83 km 2 – Nassau grouper spawning aggregation – Patch reefs • Major threats – Commercial fishing (LI) – Bleaching – Lionfish

South Eleuthera • Area size: 50. 30 km 2 • Habitats – – – South Eleuthera • Area size: 50. 30 km 2 • Habitats – – – Patch reefs Mangroves Blue holes Seagrass meadows Breeding grounds • Queen conch • Spiny lobster • Main threats – Depressed economy – enforcement – Lionfish

Berry Islands • Area size ≈ 136. 31 km 2 • Edge of tongue Berry Islands • Area size ≈ 136. 31 km 2 • Edge of tongue of the ocean • Habitats – Extensive Coral reef – Seagrass beds • conch nursery grounds • Main threats – – – Lionfish Developments Fishing

CURRENTLY…. . • National Implementation Support Programme (NISP) Partnerships (DMR, BNT, TNC, BEST COM) CURRENTLY…. . • National Implementation Support Programme (NISP) Partnerships (DMR, BNT, TNC, BEST COM) – Capacity Plan – Sustainable Finance Plan – Master Plan • Assessment of current state of proposed areas & defining boundaries. • Continued stakeholder consultations – Management plan/zoning

Email contacts: lakeshiaanderson@bahamas. gov. bs & jbullard@bnt. bs Email contacts: [email protected] gov. bs & [email protected] bs