Macdonald’s National Policy 1878 Review 1874:

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Macdonald’s National Policy 1878 Macdonald’s National Policy

Review 1874:   Macdonald was not re-elected 1874 -1878:  Bad economic times everywhere Review 1874: Macdonald was not re-elected 1874 -1878: Bad economic times everywhere Result: Very few new settlers came to the West 1878: Year of elections

WHY did Macdonald introduce the NATIONAL POLICY? 1) To realize his ‘vision’ for Canada  WHY did Macdonald introduce the NATIONAL POLICY? 1) To realize his ‘vision’ for Canada Strong country United country Rich country 2) To get re-elected as Prime Minister in

REMEMBER?  • Promise to British Columbia in 1871?   _________ • Promise to PrinceREMEMBER? • Promise to British Columbia in 1871? _________ • Promise to Prince Edward Island in 1873? __________ • Promises regarding Rupert’s Land? __________________

Don’t Forget. . . There’s always a need for. . . $$$$   How couldDon’t Forget. . . There’s always a need for. . . $$$$ How could he raise $$$? Impose new taxes

No surprise. . . Macdonald won the 1878 election No surprise. . . Macdonald won the 1878 election

Macdonald’s NATIONAL POLICY (3 promises) • Tax American products brought into Canada • Find a companyMacdonald’s NATIONAL POLICY (3 promises) • Tax American products brought into Canada • Find a company to build a railway (east –west) • Attract more immigrants to the west to farm Goal? Make Canada strong and rich

Did Macdonald deliver on his promise to raise $$$ by imposing a new tax? Yes TariffsDid Macdonald deliver on his promise to raise $$$ by imposing a new tax? Yes Tariffs * were imposed on goods brought into Canada from the United States (tariffs = taxes imposed on imported products) Results: 1) Canadians bought Canadian goods Why? They were_____ 2) Canadian economy started to improve Why? _______

Did Macdonald deliver on his promise to build railways? Yes Canadian Pacific Railway Company (CPR) formedDid Macdonald deliver on his promise to build railways? Yes Canadian Pacific Railway Company (CPR) formed Government gave the CPR: $$ Land Tax exemption Promise of no railroad competition (20 years) Railway building started in 1881 (completed in 1885)

Who benefitted from Promises #1 & #2?  • The Canadian Pacific Railway Company (CPR) Who benefitted from Promises #1 & #2? • The Canadian Pacific Railway Company (CPR) • Manufacturers in Central and Eastern Canada

Did Macdonald attract more settlers to the west to farm the land ? 1870 s: VeryDid Macdonald attract more settlers to the west to farm the land ? 1870 s: Very few settlers came to the West 1880 s: Very few settlers came to the West 1890 s: Immigrants finally started to arrive 50% of newcomers settled in the West Note: Macdonald died in




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