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Liverpool Quay 1750
An unidentified Liverpool slave ship
Thomas Clarkson and Granville Sharp
John Newton – Liverpool Sea Captain Who Composed “Amazing Grace”
Thomas Clarkson with his chest of “African productions”
Objects Clarkson bought in Liverpool. Clockwise from bottom: leg shackles, thumbscrew, handcuffs, speculum oris for prying open the mouths of slaves refusing to eat on shipboard.
Poster depicting the hellish conditions on the slave ships
1783 - The Zong- 132 slaves thrown overboard
The First Human Rights Campaign • • • • Research Newsletters and Leaflets Lobbying Petitions Boycott Publications Political Action Public Meetings Lobbying Petitions Boycott Publications Political Action Sugar Boycott Huge Public Meetings
Mass petitions were submitted to Parliament.
Petitions To Parliament
The Scale of the Trade Between 1783 and 1793, 878 round trips made by Liverpool slaving ships, carrying over 300, 000 slaves. 1807: Liverpool saw £ 15 million pass hands in the trade 18 th century: 6 million people uprooted By the 1850 s: 12 million – some historians put the figure as high as 40 million.
“I have no sufficient data to warrant calculation but I suppose not less than 100, 000 slaves are annually exported from all parts of Africa and that more than one half of these are exported in English ships” - Journal of a Slave Trader - John Newton
William Roscoe, Poet and MP
The Wrongs of Africa - a 35 page poem published in 1787 “Blush ye not to boast your equal laws, your just restraints, your rights defined, your liberties secured; Whilst with an iron hand ye crush to earth the helpless African; and bid him drink that cup of sorrow, which yourselves have dashed, indignant, from oppression’s fainting grasp. ” -William Roscoe
The House of Commons in 1807
Roscoe Opposes The Slave Trade Hansard records, on February 23 rd 1807, that: “I have, ” said the hon. gentleman, Mr. Roscoe, “long resided in the town of Liverpool; for 30 years I have never ceased to condemn this inhuman traffic; and I consider it the greatest happiness of my existence to lift up my voice on this occasion against it, with the friends of justice and humanity. ”
1807 Lord Holland Wrote to Roscoe on Behalf Of The Cabinet “rejection at Liverpool is considered by us all as one of the greatest disgraces to the country, as well as misfortunes to the party, that could have happened. ” William Wilbeforce told him that his vote had been worth thirty of anyone else’s as he would have to pay a price for his principles.
Gladstone’s Parents: John and Anne
The now demolished St. Peter’s Church, Liverpool.
Gladstone’s parents were married at St. Peter’, Church Street. In 1890 he purchased its patronage His son, Stephen, served as Rector. Gladstone. Argent a savage's head wreathed with holly and distilling drops of blood proper within a flowered orle gules all with an orle of martlets sable. The patronage was vested in the mayor and aldermen, such as had been aldermen or bailiffs' peers, and the common council. In 1836 the reformed corporation sold the patronage to John Stewart, and about the same time provision was made for the union of the two rectories. (fn. 45) From the Stewarts the patronage was purchased in 1890 by the late W. E. Gladstone, whose son, the Rev. Stephen E. Gladstone, now holds it. (fn. 46) There is no rectoryhouse, but the gross value of the benefice is stated as £ 1, 600 a year, largely derived from fees. (fn. 47) From: 'Liverpool: Churches', A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 4 (1911), pp. 43 -52.
St. Andrew’s, Rodney Street