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Lessons from NGIS In South Korea 2013. 5. 16. Byongnam Choe Haekyong Kang bnchoe@krihs. Lessons from NGIS In South Korea 2013. 5. 16. Byongnam Choe Haekyong Kang [email protected] re. kr E-mail : [email protected] re. kr KRIHS

Contents • • • Stages of NI in S. K. Introduction to NGIS in Contents • • • Stages of NI in S. K. Introduction to NGIS in S. K. Examples and Problems of Korean NGIS Lessons from Korean NGIS Concluding Remarks NI : National Informatization GI : Geospatial Informatization NGIS : National Geographic Information Systems [email protected] re. kr

Stages of NI in S. K. NI : National Informatization bnchoe@krihs. re. kr Stages of NI in S. K. NI : National Informatization [email protected] re. kr

Stages of NI 1980 s COMPUTERIZATION 1980 s Nonspatial • Hardware • Unit task Stages of NI 1980 s COMPUTERIZATION 1980 s Nonspatial • Hardware • Unit task • Limited users within department 1990 s INFORMATIZATION • S/W, Data • Business process • Many users within organization First decade of 21 st Convergence • Information service • Inward and outward service • Citizen and business 2002 - : The 3 rd/4 th 1987 -96 : The 1 st/2 nd Government 1996 -02 : The 1 st/2 nd National Informatization Project E-government Project Computerization Project - Informatization of business process - Enforcement of e -government service - Digitalization of administrative data - Electronic issue of civil service document - Definition of core national service areas - Development of ubiquitous computing 2004 - : IT 839 Strategy - Strategies for developing IT industry Spatial 1989 : Road Facility Register(Taegu) 1990 : Water Supply Facility(Gwangju) - Digitalization of spatial data 1995 -00 : The 1 st NGIS Project - Digitalization of spatial data 2001 -05 : The 2 nd NGIS Project - Informatization based on spatial data - Internet information service to the public 2006 -10 : The 3 rd NGIS Project - Information service based on spatial data [email protected] re. kr

Introduction to NGIS in S. K. bnchoe@krihs. re. kr Introduction to NGIS in S. K. [email protected] re. kr

Backgrounds of NGIS A few local governments & public organizations used GIS in the Backgrounds of NGIS A few local governments & public organizations used GIS in the early 90’s => Data duplication, difficulty in sharing data Issues such as environment pollution, infrastructure deterioration, natural disaster, and accident => LNG explosions in ‘ 94. 12 and ‘ 95. 4 => Lowered national competitiveness Insufficient technological capability of the private sector => Government-led investments for GIS applications [email protected] re. kr

Milestones of NGIS Projects 1995. 5 : the 1 st NGIS Master Plan • Milestones of NGIS Projects 1995. 5 : the 1 st NGIS Master Plan • 1995 – 2000 : The creation stage of GIS bases • 2000. 1 : Enactment of the NGIS Law • Projected Investment (billion KRW) : 278. 7 2000. 12 : the 2 nd NGIS Master Plan • 2001 – 2005 : The spread stage of GIS applications • Projected Investment (billion KRW) : 455. 0 2005. 12 : the 3 rd NGIS Master Plan • 2006 – 2010 : The advanced stage of GIS applications • 2008. 5 : Enlargement from 1 Department to 4 • 2009. 5 Enactment of the NSDI Law • Projected Investment (billion KRW) : 1, 394. 0 2010. : the 4 th NGIS Master Plan [email protected] re. kr 7

Framework of NGIS Master Plan National competitiveness Goal of the Master Plan for Individual Framework of NGIS Master Plan National competitiveness Goal of the Master Plan for Individual Project • Improved productivity of administrative works/information services for citizens =>better quality of life/new business opportunity Public Informatization Based on GI • Application Systems • LMIS, UFMIS, KOPSS Basic environment for Sharing GI • Digital Map • Standardization • Distribution System • GI Technology(R&D) • Human Resource Training • Strategy Researches GI Technology Development • GIS Tool • GI Convergence • GI Content Business 8 [email protected] re. kr

Production of Digital Map Digitizing Topographic Maps Rural areas : 1 / 5000 (existing Production of Digital Map Digitizing Topographic Maps Rural areas : 1 / 5000 (existing maps) Mountain areas : 1 / 25000 (existing maps) Urban areas : 1 / 1000 (new) Digitizing cadastral maps and thematic maps Cadastral maps (existing maps) • Mountain areas : 1/3000, 6000 • Urban and rural area : 1/500, 600, 1000, 1200 Thematic maps (existing maps) • Land use : 1/1200 – 1/25000 • Geology : 1/25000 • Ecology : 1/25000 [email protected] re. kr

Examples & Problems of Korean NGIS bnchoe@krihs. re. kr Examples & Problems of Korean NGIS [email protected] re. kr

Examples of Public Sector Land management Land Transaction Foreigner’s Land Acquisition/Transaction bnchoe@krihs. re. kr Examples of Public Sector Land management Land Transaction Foreigner’s Land Acquisition/Transaction [email protected] re. kr Development Tax Real Estate Agent Management Land Price Management

Examples of Public Sector Land ownership management , Cadastral division/union bnchoe@krihs. re. kr Examples of Public Sector Land ownership management , Cadastral division/union [email protected] re. kr

Examples of Public Sector Land official document provision service(Example of “One Stop Service”) Land Examples of Public Sector Land official document provision service(Example of “One Stop Service”) Land Use Plan Certificate (231, 305 cases per day) [email protected] re. kr Land Price Certificate ()

Examples of Public Sector Underground facility management bnchoe@krihs. re. kr Examples of Public Sector Underground facility management [email protected] re. kr

Examples of Public Sector Land use planning bnchoe@krihs. re. kr Examples of Public Sector Land use planning [email protected] re. kr

Examples of Public Sector Public facility location-allocation bnchoe@krihs. re. kr Examples of Public Sector Public facility location-allocation [email protected] re. kr

Examples of Public Sector Landscape planning support bnchoe@krihs. re. kr Examples of Public Sector Landscape planning support [email protected] re. kr

Examples of Private Sector 2 D and 3 D navigation services bnchoe@krihs. re. kr Examples of Private Sector 2 D and 3 D navigation services [email protected] re. kr

Examples of Private Sector Providing highway traffic information services Live broadcast bnchoe@krihs. re. kr Examples of Private Sector Providing highway traffic information services Live broadcast [email protected] re. kr Real time online traffic service

Examples of Private Sector Location based on SNS bnchoe@krihs. re. kr SEE ON(http: //www. Examples of Private Sector Location based on SNS [email protected] re. kr SEE ON(http: //www. seeon. kr/jsp/main. jsp)

Examples of Private Sector Commercial area analysis service bnchoe@krihs. re. kr (http: //www. geovision. Examples of Private Sector Commercial area analysis service [email protected] re. kr (http: //www. geovision. co. kr/htm/bizanalysis. html)

Problems on NGIS Lack of GI sharing between G 2 G and G 2 Problems on NGIS Lack of GI sharing between G 2 G and G 2 B • Sharing topographic map (scale of 1/5, 000) created by National Geographic Information Institute • Lacking information sharing among agencies with GI • Cause of limited information sharing: low quality of GI [email protected] re. kr

Problems on NGIS Data Inconsistency • Between cadastral and topographic map and real world Problems on NGIS Data Inconsistency • Between cadastral and topographic map and real world • Between cadastral map and topographic map • Between among different scale topographic maps -> unavoidable issues due to converting the paper map into digital form Solutions • Modify what can be modified • Use the remaining ones Resurvey of land registration • Period: 2012 -2030 Real world boundary Parcel boundary • Subjects: parcel, building, road => Accurate Framework data 23 [email protected] re. kr

Lessons from Korean NGIS bnchoe@krihs. re. kr Lessons from Korean NGIS [email protected] re. kr

NGIS Policy Mechanism NGIS policy consists of many components which have causal relationship bnchoe@krihs. NGIS Policy Mechanism NGIS policy consists of many components which have causal relationship [email protected] re. kr

L 1 : Quality of Shared GI Securing GI and its quality which all L 1 : Quality of Shared GI Securing GI and its quality which all of users can be sharable [email protected] re. kr

L 2 : Relationship among Projects Relationship among the projects should be considered when L 2 : Relationship among Projects Relationship among the projects should be considered when implementing each project for NGIS [email protected] re. kr

L 3 : Governance System Cooperation between the players of each component bnchoe@krihs. re. L 3 : Governance System Cooperation between the players of each component [email protected] re. kr

L 4 : Bottleneck of NGIS Causal Loop To identify and solve the bottlenecks L 4 : Bottleneck of NGIS Causal Loop To identify and solve the bottlenecks of the NGIS policy causal loop [email protected] re. kr

L 5 : Integration into e-Government Integration of NGIS into e-government bnchoe@krihs. re. kr L 5 : Integration into e-Government Integration of NGIS into e-government [email protected] re. kr

Concluding Remarks bnchoe@krihs. re. kr Concluding Remarks [email protected] re. kr

Remarks Change in Paradigm (Analogue => Digital) => Need to change all the existing Remarks Change in Paradigm (Analogue => Digital) => Need to change all the existing analogue in to digital form Important to see “forest” and “wood” simultaneously => Need to understand the entire mechanism [email protected] re. kr

고맙습니다. Thank You bnchoe@krihs. re. kr 고맙습니다. Thank You [email protected] re. kr