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Khristianovich Institute of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics SB RAS Influence of Pulse Energy Deposition Khristianovich Institute of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics SB RAS Influence of Pulse Energy Deposition on Burning Development in the Channel ВЛИЯНИЕ ИМПУЛЬСНОГО ЭНЕРГЕТИЧЕСКОГО ВОЗДЕЙСТВИЯ НА РАЗВИТИЕ ГОРЕНИЯ В КАНАЛЕ V. A. Zabaykin, P. K. Tretyakov 7 th International Seminar on Flame Structure, July 11 -15 2011, Novosibirsk

Problems of Burning in Channels at Supersonic Flow Speed In channels at flow Mach Problems of Burning in Channels at Supersonic Flow Speed In channels at flow Mach numbers above 1. 5 the transition from a supersonic current to the subsonic one occurs in system of (direct, oblique, λ-shaped) shock waves. The arising complex wave structure is called a pseudo-shock. Such type of a current exists in gasdynamic lasers, supersonic wind tunnels and combustion chambers of scramjets. In the latter case the organization of burning in pseudo-shock leads to an intensification of mixing processes and raises intensity of burning. However, a control of pseudo-shock seems to involve considerable difficulties. In the report the new approach based on non-stationary influence on pseudo-shock is shown.

Experimental Facility (Supersonic Combustion Wind Tunnel with Arc Heater) M=1– 3 T 0 = Experimental Facility (Supersonic Combustion Wind Tunnel with Arc Heater) M=1– 3 T 0 = 1200 -2700 K W = 2 000 KWt τ = 10 ÷ 100 s

Pseudoshock Structure Р=0. 18 MPa Р=0. 20 MPa Р=0. 22 MPa Р=0. 24 MPa Pseudoshock Structure Р=0. 18 MPa Р=0. 20 MPa Р=0. 22 MPa Р=0. 24 MPa 1 – поток (air flow) 2 – система скачков (shock train) 3 – область смешения (mixing region) 4 – область псевдоскачка (pseudoshock) 5 – распределение статического давления по оси (pressure on axis) 6 – распределение статического давления по стенке канала (wall pressure) Р=0. 26 MPa Shlieren images, P - var Shlieren images of stationary positions of pseudoshock

Constant Area Channel Канал постоянного сечения Foto Scheme of Flat Channel of Constant Cross-Section Constant Area Channel Канал постоянного сечения Foto Scheme of Flat Channel of Constant Cross-Section Схема плоского канала постоянного сечения ( 20× 40× 565 mm ) 1 – nozzle М=2; 2 – quartz windows 20 × 150 mm

The Applied Ways of Periodic Influence Mechanical Overlapped area of duct outlet Thermogasdynamic The The Applied Ways of Periodic Influence Mechanical Overlapped area of duct outlet Thermogasdynamic The oscillogram of work of pulse-periodic plasmatron

Pseudo-shock Movement at External Periodic Influence The experiment scheme : 1 – nozzle М=2; Pseudo-shock Movement at External Periodic Influence The experiment scheme : 1 – nozzle М=2; 2 – channel with registration area; 3 – locations of pulse-periodic plasma input. Flat channel 40× 20× 565 mm, throttling – mechanical or by a pulsed plasmatron Frequency of influence f = 25 Hz Videorecording: slow motion playback. Without influence Maximum displacement Maximum re-entry

Experiments in the Axisymmetric Channel of Constant and Variable Section, an Isothermal Stream The Experiments in the Axisymmetric Channel of Constant and Variable Section, an Isothermal Stream The scheme of the axisymmetric channel of constant section ( d = 50 mm, L = 550 mm) 1 – Tepler instrument IAB-451; 2 – mechanical choke; 3 – CCD-camera.

Refinement on dynamics of movement of pseudo-shock and possibility of its registration in the Refinement on dynamics of movement of pseudo-shock and possibility of its registration in the axisymmetric channel Possibility of exact registration of pseudo-jump movement speed in axisymmetric channel by optical methods with the limited possibilities of registration is shown Look of the central part of pseudo-jump in the cylindrical channel It is found out that at periodic disturbances the movement rate of gasdynamic structures isn't a constant and has a maximum at 3 -4 ms after a start of motion а b Speed of movement of pseudo-shock upwards (a) and downwards (b) on the axisymmetric channel at throttling frequency 12. 2 Hz. Speed of moving of pseudo-shock isn't a constant, and has a maximum in a middle part of a cycle

Experiments in the Axisymmetric Channel of Constant and Variable Section, a High-Temperature Stream, Hydrogen Experiments in the Axisymmetric Channel of Constant and Variable Section, a High-Temperature Stream, Hydrogen Burning The axisymmetric channel of constant section d = 50 mm Cooled nozzle М=2 with a hydrogen injector The channel of variable section: 1 – nozzle, 2 – channel D=50 mm, 3 – expanding section, 4 – channel D=90 mm, 5 – exhaust system. Flame look in channel windows at hydrogen burning

Diffusive and pseudo-shock burning modes in the combined channel The channel with сonstant and Diffusive and pseudo-shock burning modes in the combined channel The channel with сonstant and expansion sections The power impulse shifts a diffusive mode of burning into pseudo-shock one Diffusive mode Power delivery point Distribution of pressure and OH radiation for two modes of burning Pseudo-shock mode

Conclusions - Periodic power influence on an isothermal air stream in the channel leads Conclusions - Periodic power influence on an isothermal air stream in the channel leads to pseudo-shock moving up and down the stream; - Speed of moving of pseudo-shock in an isothermal stream in axisymmetric and rectangular channels at input of periodic disturbances is determined; its value falls within the limits of 5 -25 m/s. At the organization of burning the speed of pseudo-shock decreases down to 1 -2 m/s; - At periodic input of disturbances the speed of movement of gasdynamic structures isn't constant, and has a maximum at 3 -4 ms after a start of motion; - It is experimentally established that for a mode with diffusive H 2 burning a short-term power impulse supply into a stream leads to a pseudo-shock burning mode.

Thank you for attention! Thank you for attention!