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СРС Ким Кайнетова гр.2063.pptx

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Karaganda Stat Medical University Department of Foreign Languages Fulfilled: student 2063 Juliya Kim Aidana Karaganda Stat Medical University Department of Foreign Languages Fulfilled: student 2063 Juliya Kim Aidana Kainetova Checked: T. Dashkina Karaganda 2015

The content of this earlier messages can be sent direct speech (on behalf of The content of this earlier messages can be sent direct speech (on behalf of the speaker) and indirect speech (on behalf of the transmitter). Содержание ранее высказанного сообщения можно передать прямой речью (от лица говорящего) или косвенной речью (от лица передающего). For example: She said: "I'm sick gastritis " (прямая речь). She said that she was ill with gastritis (косвенная речь).

In indirect speech is also usually observed sequence of tenses. When translating affirmative sentences In indirect speech is also usually observed sequence of tenses. When translating affirmative sentences from direct to indirect speech made the following changes: 1) indirect speech Union introduced that, which is often omitted; For example: Lena said: “ I have a pain stomach” Lena said that she had a pan stomach. 2) the verb to say, followed by the addition is replaced by the verb to tell; For example : Misha says: “I'll go to the doctor because of stomach pain”. Misha tells that he will go to the doctor because of stomach pain. 3) personal and possessive pronouns are replaced within the meaning of; For example: Lena said: “ I have a pain stomach” Lena said that she had a pan stomach. 4) The tenses of verbs in the subordinate clause changes according to the rules of tenses; 5) demonstrative pronouns and adverbs of time and space are replaced with other words: For example: Aidana said: “I learned biology yesterday” Aidana said that she learned biology the day before

General questions entered unions if, whether, if the particles have a value. In subordinate General questions entered unions if, whether, if the particles have a value. In subordinate clauses word order observed affirmative proposition. Общие вопросы вводятся союзами if, whether, имеющими значение частицы ли. В придаточных предложениях соблюдается порядок слов утвердительного предложения. Не asked mе: “have you a pain stomach? ” He asked me if I had a pain stomach.

Special question are introduced with the same question word that starts direct speech. Observed Special question are introduced with the same question word that starts direct speech. Observed word order affirmative proposition. Специальные вопросы вводятся тем же вопросительным словом, с которого начинается прямая речь. Соблюдается порядок слов утвердительного предложения. Не asked me: “when you are acute gastritis? ” Не asked mе when I had are acute gastritis?

To transmit impulses in indirect speech used simple sentences with the infinitive with the To transmit impulses in indirect speech used simple sentences with the infinitive with the particle to. If the direct speech expresses an order, the verb to say is replaced by the verb to tell enjoin or to order. If the direct speech expresses the request, the verb to say is replaced by the verb to ask. Для передачи побуждений в косвенной речи употребляются простые предложения с инфинитивом с частицей to. Если прямая речь выражает приказание, то глагол to say заменяется глаголом to tell велеть или to order приказывать. Если прямая речь выражает просьбу, глагол to say заменяется глаголом to ask просить Doctor said to him: “Come here at 9”. Doctor told him to come there at 9.

СОГЛАСОВАНИЕ ВРЕМЕН В АНГЛИЙСКОМ ЯЗЫКЕ (SEQUENCE OF TENSES) 1. If the main clause predicate СОГЛАСОВАНИЕ ВРЕМЕН В АНГЛИЙСКОМ ЯЗЫКЕ (SEQUENCE OF TENSES) 1. If the main clause predicate expressed by the verb in the present or future tense, the verb of the subordinate clause can stand at any time, which is required within the meaning of. For example: She says: "I'm sick gastritis ". She tells that she was ill with gastritis.

2. If the predicate of the main clause is in the past tense, the 2. If the predicate of the main clause is in the past tense, the verb of the subordinate clause should be in one of the last times. For example: : Aidana said: “I learned biology yesterday” Aidana said that she learned biology the day before