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introduction to cruising in europe our main topics will be: Prepping Your Boat & Getting There Cruising Venues & the Infrastructure to Expect Complying with EU Laws & Avoiding EU Taxes Cruising Nitty-Gritty Once You’re there Cruising in Europe from a Woman’s Perspective References & Resources Q & A – also at Saturday’s Roundtables (Room 1)
about this program n n n Each of us had to be Trailblazers: We’d like to leave a trail of breadcrumbs behind for others. There are many solutions for each Euro cruising puzzle; These are just SOME of the solutions. We aren’t experts…but we can get you started Most of this content can also be found in References & Resources in your handout. Roundtables tomorrow will offer opportunity for more Q&A; we’re in Room 1.
preparing a north american boat for europe n n n Using 230 V 50 Hz AC Power How to Resupply with LPG Heat: What’s Necessary, What Isn’t Taking Water Aboard Navtex Receiver DVD’s, Television & WIFI
taking euro ac power aboard n You have 3 basic choices: 1. 2. 3. n Charge batteries only (look for isolated 230 V chargers) Small AC capacity via portable transformer. Permanently installed isolation transformer Choices you DON’T have: 1. 2. Must live with 50 Hz Power (check AC motors). Must live with power on dock (usually 16 amps @ 230 V).
Permanent isolation transformer n n n n Need to install this before departure. Can be heavy: permanent mounting must be solid. Will tie into boat’s AC system; very convenient. ‘Switchable’ feature allows use all over the world. EU dock normally offers equivalent of 30 amps @ 120 V. For NA boats, some ‘breaker management’ will be needed. Be sure to wire in 230 V power strip for local appliances.
adding 230 v takeoff
pigtail & extension
Portable transformer option n n n You’ll have this option when arriving in Horta These are British Tool Transformers: 2 outlets, each 15 amps @ 120 V Continuous rating much lower: Max of 17 amps @ 120 V Typically stowed in locker, moved to cockpit when ‘plugged in’ Many choices available if heading for Britain Costs a bit less than permanent transformers
2 tool transformers
propane & butane in europe n n Many different bottle valves; you WILL change something Calder an excellent overview: safety, decanting and gas performance British bottles will accept NA POL fitting; no other compatibility My view on 3 basic options: 1. 2. 3. The Clever Nuisance Method – decant (see Calder) Aerobic Workout Method – go looking for someone to fill your tank Easy & Cheap Method – buy adapter & use 3 Kg or 6 Kg Camping GAZ cylinders.
gaz cylinder & adapter Trident Marine #1195 -1615
gaz adapters Trident Marine #1190 -1625
what about spares? n n How old is your LPG regulator? How old is your LPG Locker pigtail (getting stiff? ) What happens if the solenoid fails? NOTE: You may want to juggle between NA and GAZ tanks.
how much heat? n n Euro cruising can be chilly: independent heat nice. Winters are cold, not frigid. Won’t winterize the engine. Winters are wet. Warm cabins generate add’l moisture. Options 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Simple space heaters OK IF dock power reliable & sufficient. Reverse cycle A/C works well (injection temp 40ºF+) BUT 50 Hz Vented bulkhead heaters offer inexpensive, independent heat. Diesel-fired heating systems not necessary, fuel expensive Dehumidifier a BIG help reducing moisture (230 V AC) Remember! Only 16 amps @ 230 V for most slips
bringing water aboard n n n Water is available almost everywhere; good quality Hose connectors vary, as do faucets Bring hose washers & faucet adapter with you Pick up the rest once you arrive L-o-n-g (100’) hoses sometimes needed
dutch metered faucet
dedicated navtex receiver n n n Navtex a common source of weather info thru-out Europe 300 NM+/- range; broadcast stations cover all of Europe Forecasts all in English on 518 k. Hz; 24 Hr F’cast + Outlook Offers safety, navigation, SAR info, too Small in size and cost (NX-300 is $360); buy before leaving Leave it on 24/7 – far easier than downloading via SSB
what about (gasp!) tv and dvd’s? n n NA TV won’t work in Europe (PAL I, II or SECAM) Euro DVDs are Region II (vs. Region I for USA) Movies are dubbed in some countries; no English How computer dependent do you wish to be? n n PCMCIA or PC Card Euro TV receiver in computer All-region software will play all DVDs Research this; lots of other alternatives Dedicated ‘boxes’ also solve these problems Trans-European TVs pricey but available (230 V) n PAL-only TV (less expensive & available (230 V) n NA DVD players can be “modified” n Purchase Region II DVD player after arrival (230 V) IF you have compatible monitor or TV n
wifi n n Wi. Fi growing or established in many areas Need more range than at Starbucks! Simple solution: Hi-gain PCMCIA card (200 m. W), Omni Antenna & low-loss coax for <$150 Why Wi. Fi? Benefits like… Skype calls back home n weather f’cast products n lower cell phone bills n
getting the boat to europe n n 3 options: Sail It, Ship It, Buy It Ship & Buy will be discussed in Roundtable Shipping the Boat n Buying Abroad n n Numerous guides for an Atlantic Crossing BUT… 3 Suggestions
reeds a great tutorial on euro waters n n Not our puny North American REEDS IALA System A buoyage, tides, weather, more All harbors from Norway to Gibraltar Great reading material before and while on passage
atlantic crossing strategies Then: Now: Heavier, slower boats with smaller SA/D ratios, less windward ability Lighter, faster boats with higher SA/D ratios, more windward ability; wider selection of sails Smaller, less reliable engines Larger, fuel efficient engines Limited fuel tankage More fuel tankage No real-time, area-specific weather data available SSB, Sat. Com, routing services, Pactor email & Wx. Fax available Limited ability by crew to do self-forecasting On-board skill in and use of wx data improving Method Used: Work from Pilot Charts & general routing advice in Guides Method Used: Monitor realtime wx data & f’casts, adjust route accordingly
Contemporary Approach = Weather Preplanning Wx Product F’cast Time Period Station or Freq(s) Comments Wx Fax Products: Surf Analysis & F’cast, Wind & Wave, F’casts, 500 MB, etc. Issued 0000 & 1200 GMT, effective for time/date given on the chart Boston NMF Northwood GYA Offenbach (German) See current NMF Sked + REEDS for freqs, times and product selection Area Forecasts: Radio France Int’natl (RFI) As of 1200 GMT for subsequent 36 Hrs Trudy’s Net & UK Maritime Mobile Net Both are ham nets; see REEDS for RFI f’cast areas Area Forecasts, UK & Adjacent Seas (referred to as the BBC Shipping F’cast) Issued 0100 & 1300 GMT for subsequent 24 -36 Hrs 198 k. Hz AM; also available from UK MM Net (14. 303 USB, 0800 & 1800 GMT) 0435, 1101, 1654 & 2348 GMT on 198; hard to pick up until near UK; see REEDS for BBC f’cast areas Southbound II Herb Hilgenberg Toronto, Canada 3 -4 Days 12. 359 USB; Roll call begins 1930 GMT, Net begins 2000 Propagation opens for this area 2100 -2130 GMT Winlink: Catalog Files Same as RFI, BBC and NWS Wx. Fax Products PMBO PA 3 DUV usually best connection; also used DA 5 UAW, IV 3 HXR, OE 4 XBU, SM 6 USU; W 10 N & VE 2 AFQ initially workable Review your catalog; FQNT 52 (RFI) & FPUK 71 (BBC) area f’casts plus NWS products you don’t receive via Wx Fax Navtex Broadcasts Broadcast every 4 Hrs for 24 Hr Period 518 k. Hz (English) Medium Range (200 -500 NM; varies); offers variety of navigation, wx info
four main cruising venues
western northern europe
keil canal This ship is not parked!
west coast of sweden
eastern northern europe
atlantic coast, uk & ireland
withie I don’t see any stinking “Withie”
Withie (Enhanced Photo)
atlantic coast, uk & ireland
american cemetery (omaha)
food in france
santiago de campostela
Sugilite’s #1 Reason to visit the Mediterranean
compliance with eu law and conventions n First Rule: Via international treaties, your vessel accepted in EU waters IF compliant with your country’s requirements • Exs: SSB license; LPG plumbing; holding tank n Rule of Thumb: There may be paperwork but rarely do officials cause problems…and in most places, there isn’t even paperwork
eu countries 2005
how to avoid vat n Boat is exempt VAT for 18 months from entry • Exs: Azores (Portugal) n Restart the ‘VAT Clock’ if you leave EU & document it • Choices include: Norway, Channel Is. , Gibraltar, Morocco, Tunisa, Croatia, Northern Cyprus, Turkey and further east in Med n n No stated minimum time outside EU One uncertain area: west coast of France • As of 2005, Customs may apply ’ 18 out of 24 month’ rule • So…visit Atlantic France in your first 18 months
schengen countries 2005
immigration: n Most EU countries observe the Schengen Treaty: • Non-Schengen citizens limited to 90 days in ALL Schengen countries in 180 day period n n Few cruisers are compliant with Schengen all the time; this only rarely presents a problem To avoid fines and be compliant: 1. IF cleared by Immigration, ask for how long you are cleared 2. IF given a limit, observe it
international certificate of competence (icc) n n n EU mandate, applying to EU citizens (Harbormaster may include you) Rarely asked for by officials anywhere, to date IF they ask you: • Carry aboard & present old USCGA, USPS, other course certificate
insurance: is it required? n Insurance may be required by marinas • Even if ‘required’ an insurance policy is not often requested n n Exception: Wintering over, likely you will be asked to prove coverage Hull insurance NOT required; they require Liability coverage
what ship’s papers should you carry? n n n Ship's registration document Passports (Europe moving to dual biometric format) Insurance binder (and copy of policy) • Broker can supply multiple language version at no charge Documented evidence of last non-EU port visit • Clearance documents; berthing or fuel receipts also helpful ICC (Competency) paperwork (e. g. USCGA, USPS Certificate)
your compliance checklist: n n n n Compliant in home country Observe 18 month window; document, then re-enter Observe national immigration limits when given them Carry competency paperwork Carry liability insurance Observe national requirements, when they exist Keep your ear tuned to the Yachtie Grapevine: Things Change!
cruising nitty-gritty once you’re there n Navigation differences in Europe n Green right returning Day Shapes Med Mooring Charters Yachts n Cardinal system Day Sailors Internet SSB Nets Winlink Navtex RTTY Ham Radio n n Weather reports n n Handling money n n Cash Euro Cost of Cruising in Europe n n ATMs Charge bands Fuel Communications n n n VHF SSB Ham Food Cell Phones Phone cards Postal System
red left returning n n Study lateral System outlined in Cruising Guides Fly a black ball at anchor Learn day shape meanings Europeans anchor closer and use less scope than US sailors. This explains why they deploy fenders at anchor.
reeds n n n A must have for sailing to Europe Does not cover Mediterranean Ports An old copy is great for a Reference to the Navigation Systems of Europe
med mooring n n n Bow or Stern to is the rule in Europe Trip or lazy lines are used almost everywhere Carry plenty of large diameter fenders
med mooring 2 n n Learn to back into a slip and carry a boarding ramp or: Carry a means of climbing off the bow
Weather sources used in the Med n n n n n Internet – My favorites weather sites are: • https: // www. Nemoc. Navy. mil • http: //www. Franksingleton. clara. net/home. htm • http: //www. deckersailing. com/weather. htm VHF―See weather section in cruising guides such as Reeds, Rod Heikell or Imray Navtex―Consider a dedicated receiver or Getfax RTTY―Transmitted 4 times a day from Germany Marine We. FAX―from GB or Germany Winlink―Email weather, Catalog Listings, Grib Files Mediterranean Cruisers Net on 8122 khz at 0530 UTC Subscription weather services that send weather via email. Ham Radio weather net on 14303 khz from GB
A welcome source for surface weather synopsis. Also Satellite photos and wind & sea analysis. Note the https: // prefix instead of the usual http: // https: //www. nemoc. navy. mil
Many European links plus useful Information http: //www. Franksingleton. clara. net/home. htm
A great source for weather links. Use a USB flash drive to download weather. http: //www. deckersailing. com/weather. htm
The next few slides show the Med. RTTY weather report from Hamburg Germany. This same report is read each day over the Med Cruisers Net and repeated as necessary. Use Get. Fax or JVComm 32 to receive over HF radio. Note: Beaufort scale is used for wind. Become familiar with region designations. Very accurate except for local on shore/off shore winds around islands.
example rtty wx report UWRHFEMM 74 EDZW 220000 MEDIUM RANGE - WEATHER AND SEA BULLETIN FOR THE MEDITERRANEAN SEA ISSUED BY MARINE WEATHER SERVICE HAMBURG 22. 07. 2005 04 UTC: GENERAL SYNOPTIC SITUATION LOW SATURDAY 1002 EASTERN PART TAURUS , NEARLY UNCHANGED. TROUGH SATURDAY 1010 GOLFE DU LION, IN THE WESTERN PART WEAKENING, FROM SUNDAY 1010 SOUTHERN ADRIATIC SEA. HIGH SATURDAY 1012 ROMANIA, MOVING EAST. LOW SCANDINAVIA, FRONTAL TROUGH SATURDAY 1008 BOSNIA, MOVING EASTSOUTHEAST, TUESDAY 1010 SEA OF MARMARA. HIGH SATURDAY 1028 JUST SOUTHWEST OF THE AZORES, WEAKENING. RIDGE SATURDAY 1018 GIBRALTAR, 1015 TUNISIA, 1010 NORTHEGYPT, NEARLY UNCHANGED. FURTHER RIDGE SATURDAY 1010 AUSTRIA, LATER INTENSIFYING A LITTLE, FROM SUNDAY HIGH 1015 ALPS. FLAT LOW SATURDAY 1009 CENTRAL SPAIN, MOVING EAST, MONDAY 1008 PALOS. LOW ATLANTIC, FRONTAL TROUGH SATURDAY 1015 WEST OF THE BISCAY, MOVING EAST SLOWLY. Golfe de Lion weather usually spreads over the Western Med a couple of days later. Watch for high winds. DWD FORECAST OF FR, 22/07/2005 0 UTC: WIND FORCE: BEAUFORT, WAVE HEIGHT: METRE GOLFE DE LION (42. 2 N 4. 5 E) SST: 21 C SA 23. 12 Z: W-NW 2 -3 / 1 M // SU 24. 00 Z: SW-W 4 -5 / 0. 5 M // SU 24. 12 Z: S-SW 2 -3 / 0. 5 M // MO 25. 00 Z: S 3 -4 / 0. 5 M // MO 25. 12 Z: SE 3 -4 / 0. 5 M // TU 26. 00 Z: E-SE 4 / 0. 5 M /. 0/57 26. 12 Z: SE 4 / 0. 5 M // WE 27. 00 Z: SE 3 -4 / 0. 5 M // WE 27. 12 Z: E-SE 4 / 0. 5 M // TH 28. 00 Z: --- / --- M // TH 28. 12 Z: --- / --- M // BALEARIC ISLANDS (39. 2 N 3. 7 E) SST: 26 C SA 23. 12 Z: E-SE 3 / 0. 5 M // SU 24. 00 Z: SE 4 / 0. 5 M // SU 24. 12 Z: SE 4 / 0. 5 M // MO 25. 00 Z: SE 3 -4 / 0. 5 M // MO 25. 12 Z: SE 3 / 0. 5 M // TU 26. 00 Z: S-SW 2 -3 / 0. 5 M // TU 26. 12 Z: S-SW 4 -5 / 0. 5 M // WE 27. 00 Z: SW 4 / 1 M // WE 27. 12 Z: S-SW 4 -5 / 1 M // TH 28. 00 Z: --- / --- M // TH 28. 12 Z: --- / --- M //
example rtty wx report LIGURIAN SEA (43. 3 N 9. 3 E) SST: 24 C TYRRHENIAN SEA (41. 5 N 10. 5 E) SST: 24 C SA 23. 12 Z: NW-N 0 -2 / 0. 5 M // SA 23. 12 Z: W 3 / 0. 5 M // SU 24. 00 Z: SW-W 0 -2 / 0. 5 M // SU 24. 00 Z: W-NW 4 / 0. 5 M // SU 24. 12 Z: NE-E 0 -2 / 0. 5 M // SU 24. 12 Z: W 2 -3 / 0. 5 M // MO 25. 00 Z: NW-N 0 -2 / 0. 5 M // MO 25. 00 Z: NW 0 -2 / 0. 5 M // MO 25. 12 Z: NE-E 0 -2 / 0. 5 M // MO 25. 12 Z: E 0 -2 / 0. 5 M // TU 26. 00 Z: E-SE 0 -2 / 0. 5 M // TU 26. 00 Z: SE-S 2 -3 / 0. 5 M // TU 26. 12 Z: E-SE 3 -4 / 0. 5 M // TU 26. 12 Z: SE 4 / 0. 5 M // WE 27. 00 Z: SE 4 -5 / 0. 5 M // WE 27. 00 Z: SE-S 4 -5 / 0. 5 M // WE 27. 12 Z: SE-S 5 / 1 M // TH 28. 00 Z: --- --- / --- M // TH 28. 12 Z: --- / --- M // TH --- M // WEST CORSE / SARDINI (41. 4 N 7. 2 E) SST: 23 C 28. 12 Z: --- / ADRIATIC SEA-N (44. 3 N 13. 5 E) SST: 25 C SA 23. 12 Z: NW 4 -5 / 1. 5 M // SA OFEM QWZ: W 0 -2 / 0. 5 M // SU 24. 00 Z: W 4 -5 / 1 M // SU 24. 00 Z: N 0 -2 / 7 -8 0. 5 M // SU 24. 12 Z: W 3 / 0. 5 M // SU 24. 12 Z: N 2 -3 / 0. 5 M // MO 25. 00 Z: NE 0 -2 / 0. 5 M // MO 25. 00 Z: N =, 3 0 -2 / ) 8. 5 M // MO 25. 12 Z: E 3 / 0. 5 M // MO 25. 12 Z: NE N 0 -2 #/ 0. 5 O TU 26. 00 Z: E 3 / 0. 5 M // CKCGHTU 26. 00 TUSE TU 26. 12 Z: SE 3 -4 / 0. 5 M // 0 -20 / 0. 5 M // WE 27. 00 Z: S 3 / 0. 5 M // /57 26. 12 Z: E-SE 2 -3 / 0. 5 M // WE 27. 12 Z: NE-E 4 / 0. 5 M // WE 27. 00 Z: SE-S 3 -4 / 0. 5 M // TH 28. 00 Z: --- / --- M // WE 27. 12 Z: SE 2 -3 / 0. 5 M // TH 28. 12 Z: --- / --- M // TH 28. 00 Z: --- / --- M // TH 28. 12 Z: --- / --- M //
n n n Sail. Mail and Airmail offer Grib files A huge selection of weather products Plus RTTY and Navtex using Getfax
radio is important for weather n n n Weather nets Local broadcast RTTY Wefax and Navtex Mediterranean Nets: • Med Cruisers Net 8122 khz at 0530 UTC • Eastern Med Net at 0700 on 7085 khz • UK ham net on 14303 khz at 0800 and 1300 UTC
atms in europe n n n ATMs are plentiful. Bank owned machines have lower fees than private machines. Credit card fees are 3% to 4% plus the hidden exchange fee charged by banks, so use cash (Euros) when possible. Marina dockage is rated by Charge Bands 1 -5. One is about 1 €/m; a five may be 5 -6 €/m. Fuel prices = 1. 3 €/lt in Italy. Portugal and Spain are less. Motor Oil costs from 3€ to 12 € /lt so bring your own. The €/$ exchange makes food cost about 20% more than in the USA.
radio important for voice communications n n Communications can be pricey and frustrating Switch the VHF to International and use for local calls to friends. Ham Radio phone patches have not been practical from Europe Marine SSB nets are a good way to stay in touch with cruisers.
gsm with sim card n n Cell phones are good for voice and internet hook up. Pre-paid SIM cards allow you to use the same phone in all countries if you have an unlocked phone. Incoming calls are free, even from the USA. Plan costs vary with the type of calls you make; cell to a business or cell to cell, day, night, etc.
cell incoming free n n Buy in Europe and programming help will be available, but watch out for the 220 v charging systems. Good buys are available on the Internet for 110 v phones in the USA. Make sure you get an unlocked phone or one that can be unlocked. Vodaphone seems to be universal in Europe.
phone cards n n USA prepaid cards work in Europe, fees are in multiples of US tariffs, ATT Pre-Paid Cards are good for emergencies. Tobacco shops sell European calling cards. These are the least expensive way to call the US, but all pay phones do not accept them. ATT operator required to make 800 calls to the USA; carry non-800 phone numbers
pay phones n n n All phones are not like this one. Most pay phones are in the direct sun next to the roadway. Since most are privately owned they do not all operate the same way. Ask for advice on using public phones. Fax is used in Europe and is quick and easy. There are many small Phone/Western Union/Internet businesses in Europe with private booths for semi-quiet calling.
postal systems n n All European postal systems work fine for outgoing letters and cards. Some do not sell postage stamps. (Buy in a tobacco shop) Some do not handle packages of any type. To receive mail, find a business or marina address and use Fed X, UPS or DHL. Ask around as to which courier service provides the best service to your particular country.
everyday issues Language, Shops, Restaurants & Laundry
communicating with the locals Most of the working class people don’t speak English u Most of the professionals and youth do speak English u
learn before you go, or … Take a class in Europe. u Inquire at: u – Schools – Tourist Offices
buy your dictionaries in america They are written for English speakers. u English books are few and expensive except for Cruising Guides in Gibraltar u
shopping and business affairs u u u Enjoy the slower pace in Europe Hours and siesta time vary Core hours 10 am — 1 pm; 6 PM — 8 PM (maybe) “Morning” means before siesta “Afternoon” means after siesta Early is best
supermarkets u u u Often open all day. Few convenience foods available. Gloves provided in the produce dept. Free supermarket delivery. Shop early, delivery before siesta. Weigh produce before checkout.
market, bakery, butcher … Farmer’s Market …mornings only u Often less expensive u
food is less processed and tastes better
who’s next? Take a number u Queue up or … u Ask, “Who’s last? ” La ultima? You are after her. u
no toca la fruta! Don’t touch the fruit at the Farmer’s Market! Expect a few bruises and better flavor.
how much? grams and kilos Learn words for 100 grams, half a kilo, and a quarter kilo
clothes, styles and sizes are different! u u Minimal selection Check return policy … – Returns may be only to manufacturer u Best bargains are in America
eating out … late! dinner at 10 pm Most restaurants serve dinner starting at 8 PM. Hors d’oeuvres and tapas from 6 PM
cover charge of $2 to $3 is common u u u Service charge sometimes added (10%) Portions are much smaller, no doggy bag needed Must ask for your bill.
restaurant pricing Standing at bar least expensive u Sitting indoors more expensive u Sitting outdoors most expensive. u
menu of the day often good value Unordered items … like soup or starters: If you touch it, you pay for it. u Exception is “after bill” liqueur. u
picnics popular in parks, on monument steps, on trains. Pick up lunch items in grocery.
laundry choices u Professional – Is expensive: 10 kilos (22 lbs) for $65 US in Menorca u DIY Laundromaats – Few and distant. $3. 75 US per wash. u Onboard
onboard machines: 110 or 220 volt Remember: 110 volt machines unavailable u Automataic: easiest u – highest water consumption u Non-Automatic: Washer and Spin Dryer – Low water consumption
haircut roulette … Take photos to stylist!
my favorite hairdresser
inland travel u Guide Books are necessary – Lonely Planet/ Fodors or others
inland travel u Car Rental – Hidden costs = Gas, tolls & curvy roads/ traffic >> peace of mind
Inland Travel u Trains in Italy/ France – Discounts if you can show plane tickets leaving within 48 hrs in Spain – Easy to travel – enjoyable – “worth it!”
inland travel u Motorscooter for 2 in Sardinia Coast – best inland travel
how to discover morocco u u Bus travel is safe and easy No bathrooms on buses but stops along the way add to the experience
how to discover morocco Hotel reservations are required before leaving train/bus station. u Your hotel can arrange for your guide. u
cheap airlines cautions Time and $$ to get to obscure airports u Really pricey if you need to change flights u Stansted to Heathrow = Minimum of 2 hrs u Overnight in Stansted is very expensive. u How many changes can you handle on a trip w/ 4 bags ea @ 70 lbs (United)? u Cheap Airlines limit luggage weight. u
shopping tidbits u St Vaas on Normandy coast – a must stop! u Horsemeat hiding in with hamburger in France. u Hamburgasas in Spain – always rare. u Chicken fillets – just say si’ u Don’t forget to ring up the veggies before going to the cash register. u Europe has PIN #s for credit cards