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INTERTANKO Latin American Panel 13 March 2008 Jeff Lantz Director of Commercial Vessel Regulations INTERTANKO Latin American Panel 13 March 2008 Jeff Lantz Director of Commercial Vessel Regulations and Standards United States Coast Guard

Scope of Port State Control Exams Substantial Substandard Quality Standard “…ship will not sail Scope of Port State Control Exams Substantial Substandard Quality Standard “…ship will not sail until it can proceed to sea without presenting a danger to the ship or persons on board, or without presenting an unreasonable threat of harm to the marine environment, whether or not such action will affect the normal schedule of the departure of the ship. ” IMO Resolution A. 787(19), Chapter 2, 1. 6. 3 2 United States Coast Guard

USCG Port State Control Exams ü Conduct Navigation Safety Checks ü Evaluate the Safety USCG Port State Control Exams ü Conduct Navigation Safety Checks ü Evaluate the Safety Management System ü Evaluate the Vessel’s Security System ü Conduct a Deck Walk and Evaluate the Vessel’s Structure ü Conduct Steering Gear Tests ü Test the Oily Water Separator and Bilge Monitor ü Test the Fire Detection System ü Test the Fixed Deck Foam System (Oil Tankers Only, use water) ü Operate the Main and Emergency Fire Pump ü Examine Emergency Lighting ü Test the Emergency Generator ü Witness Fire & Boat Drills ü Evaluate ILO Conditions That May Be Unacceptable 3 United States Coast Guard

MARPOL Annex I Enforcement • U. S. Coast Guard enforcement of MARPOL Annex I MARPOL Annex I Enforcement • U. S. Coast Guard enforcement of MARPOL Annex I has been enhanced by issuance of policy guidance, G-PCV Policy Letter 06 -01. • U. S. Government criminal investigations into MARPOL Annex I violations show vessel and crew concealment of pollution discharge caused by poorly maintained or faulty equipment, or by vessels taking short cuts to save money. • U. S. Coast Guard continues to partner with IMO and other Port State Control regimes to ensure consistent enforcement of MARPOL Annex I requirements. 4 United States Coast Guard

Rate of Detention by Vessel Type 5 United States Coast Guard Rate of Detention by Vessel Type 5 United States Coast Guard

Rates of Vessel Arrivals vs. Detentions by Age of Vessel 6 United States Coast Rates of Vessel Arrivals vs. Detentions by Age of Vessel 6 United States Coast Guard

United States Coast Guard United States Coast Guard

Summary of PSC Performance 2006 2007 % increase Safety Detentions 110 152 28% Major Summary of PSC Performance 2006 2007 % increase Safety Detentions 110 152 28% Major Control Actions 35 42 17% Safety Rolling Detention Ratio 2006: 1. 78% Safety Rolling Detention Ratio 2007: 1. 60% 1 Security Major Control Action Ratio 2006: 0. 43% 2 Security Major Control Action Ratio 2007: 0. 53 1 & 2 Note 1: 2007 preliminary data, subject to change Note 2: In 2006, the CAR targeting level was fixed at 1. 50% for all flag registries. United States Coast Guard

QUALSHIP 21 - “Quality Shipping for the 21 st Century” Eligibility Requirements: • Must QUALSHIP 21 - “Quality Shipping for the 21 st Century” Eligibility Requirements: • Must not have an IMO Detention in U. S. waters within the previous 36 -months • Must not have any marine violations (civil or criminal) and no more than one paid Notice of Violation (ticket) case, within the previous 36 month period • Must not have a reportable marine casualty that meets the criteria of a serious marine incident (46 CFR 4. 03 -2) in U. S. waters within the previous 36 -months. • Must have completed a successful, U. S. Port State Control exam within the previous 12 -month period. • Must not be classed by or have their statutory Convention Certificates issued by a targeted class society. 9 United States Coast Guard

QUALSHIP 21 - “Quality Shipping for the 21 st Century” Eligibility Requirements (Cont): • QUALSHIP 21 - “Quality Shipping for the 21 st Century” Eligibility Requirements (Cont): • Must not be registered with a Flag State that has an overall U. S. IMO detention percentage of more than 1% over the previous three-year period. Also, the vessel’s Flag State must have at least 10 distinct arrivals in each of the previous 3 years. • Vessel’s Flag State must have submitted their Self-Assessment of Flag State Performance to the IMO and provided a copy to the USCG. Qualship 21 Certificates: - Qualship 21 certificates are good for 2 years and the issue date is based on the vessel’s last successful U. S. PSC exam. 10 United States Coast Guard

QUALSHIP 21 - “Quality Shipping for the 21 st Century” ØQualifying Registries for 2007: QUALSHIP 21 - “Quality Shipping for the 21 st Century” ØQualifying Registries for 2007: Barbados Belize Bermuda Canada Cayman Islands China Greece Hong Kong Israel Marshall Islands Philippines Republic of Korea United Kingdom ØQualifying Registries for 2008 will be announced in May 2008 and vessel flying their flag will be eligible until May 2009. ØDue to excellent performance from certain flag States, there will likely be additions to the current qualified flag States. 11 United States Coast Guard

ISPS/MTSA Security Compliance Objective - determine whether vessel meets International Conventions and U. S. ISPS/MTSA Security Compliance Objective - determine whether vessel meets International Conventions and U. S. Domestic Law § § § § Vessel Security Level Verify ISSC Verify Ship Security Performance Review the CSR and other Records Ship ID (IMO number) Manning Non-Convention Vessel Security Compliance Examination 12 United States Coast Guard

Verify Ship Security Performance § Verify Ship Security Plan (SSP) is onboard and safeguarded Verify Ship Security Performance § Verify Ship Security Plan (SSP) is onboard and safeguarded § SSP not subject to direct inspection § If clear grounds exist that required security procedures are not in place, the PSCO will investigate. § PSCO may examine the relevant sections of the plan after exhausting other means to determine compliance. § PSCO must obtain the consent of the vessel’s flag State, or the master of the vessel as specified in ISPS Code Part A, 9. 8. 1 before examining relevant portions of the SSP. 13 United States Coast Guard

Security Records § Training, drills, & exercises § Reports of security incidents/breaches § Changes Security Records § Training, drills, & exercises § Reports of security incidents/breaches § Changes in Security levels § External communications related to Ship Security § Internal audits/reviews § Periodic reviews of ship security assessments/plans § Maintenance, calibration, & testing of security equipment 14 United States Coast Guard

Conditions of Entry § Additional security measures may be imposed on ships arriving to Conditions of Entry § Additional security measures may be imposed on ships arriving to U. S. ports from countries not maintaining effective antiterrorism measures as a Condition of Entry § Concerns are discussed with country § Conditions of Entry are a last resort § Advance public notice given § Specific facilities or ports in a country may be exempted if adequate security is found in that particular facility § Countries for which Conditions of Entry are imposed Cameroon Liberia Equatorial Guinea Mauritania Guinea-Bissau Syria Indonesia 15 United States Coast Guard

Conditions of Entry Requirements – Vessels must… § While in the foreign port with Conditions of Entry Requirements – Vessels must… § While in the foreign port with inadequate anti-terrorism measures: § Implement measures per the ship’s security plan equivalent to Security Level 2; § Ensure that each access point to the ship is guarded and that the guards have total visibility of the exterior (both landside and waterside) of the vessel. § Attempt to execute a Declaration of Security; § Log all security actions in the ship’s log; and § Report actions taken to the cognizant U. S. Coast Guard Sector Commander prior to arrival in the U. S. § While in U. S. ports, after arriving from a foreign port with inadequate anti-terrorism measures: § Ensure that each access point to the ship is guarded by armed security guards and that they have total visibility of the exterior (both landside and waterside) of the vessel. The number and location of the guards must be acceptable to the cognizant U. S. Coast Guard Captain of the Port. United States Coast Guard

Vessel Boardings § Industry feedback § § Frequency and redundancy of inspections/boardings. Consistent application Vessel Boardings § Industry feedback § § Frequency and redundancy of inspections/boardings. Consistent application of examination and boarding policy. Appropriate interactions with maritime professionals. Maritime security requires cooperation and partnership. § CBP Commissioner and USCG Commandant approved the national implementation of the following five collaborative efforts nationwide in November, 2006: § Information Sharing – Both agencies will share relevant info/intel that could lead to a joint enforcement initiative § Joint Vessel Targeting - Co-located maritime targeting unit, daily interagency targeting briefings § Dual-Agency Vessel Boardings - When risk factors warrant a boarding by both CBP & USCG, a dual-agency boarding team will be used. § Training – Agencies will meet & exchange curriculums & local training opportunities. Such as boarding practices, fraudulent document ID, etc. § Professional Exchange – 90 day officer exchange program in order to familiarize both agencies with operational protocol and procedures. United States Coast Guard

Positive Policy Impact § HIV - revised (June 07) § decreased boardings by 50% Positive Policy Impact § HIV - revised (June 07) § decreased boardings by 50% § 1 st time US arrivals not automatic HIV § No double jeopardy for Certain Dangerous Cargoes (CDC) vessels § COTP flexibility to downgrade § PSC - revised (June 07) § Smarter targeting = Fewer random *(how much… 50%. . . what are the numbers) 135, 240 Vessel Arrivals § Modification to targeting rules = less redundancy (LPOC rules) United States Coast Guard

Interaction with marine industry ALCOAST 108/08, 6 March 2008 § Restore professionalism, respect and Interaction with marine industry ALCOAST 108/08, 6 March 2008 § Restore professionalism, respect and trust § Openness and transparency will be our hallmarks § Boarding members, marine inspectors, PSCOs will encourage open communication with mariners § Senior leadership contact information will be provided § Resolve issues at lowest level possible – encourage, facilitate and expedite appeals § Identify and resolve pending issues, identify best practices and recommendations § Actions that restrict vessel movement will be affirmed 19 United States Coast Guard

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Environmental issues – IMO Ø Ballast Water Management Convention Ø Entry into force Ø Environmental issues – IMO Ø Ballast Water Management Convention Ø Entry into force Ø Technology development ØAir emissions – revision of MARPOL Annex VI Ø MEPC 58 (April 2008) ØGreenhouse gas emissions Ø MEPC 59 (October 2008) Ø Assembly 26 (November 2009) Ø EU 21 United States Coast Guard

Environmental issues - USCG ØDry Cargo Residue in the Great Lakes - TBD ØBallast Environmental issues - USCG ØDry Cargo Residue in the Great Lakes - TBD ØBallast Water Management – NPRM (09/2008) ØNon-Tank Vessel Response Plans – NPRM (11/08) ØSalvage and Marine Firefighting – FR (12/08) ØVessel and Response Plans for Oil – FR (02/08) ØTank Level Pressure Monitoring – FR (07/08) ØTank Vessel Response Plans for Hazardous Substance – SNPRM (TBD) 22 United States Coast Guard

23 http: //homeport. uscg. mil United States Coast Guard 23 http: //homeport. uscg. mil United States Coast Guard

USEFUL SITES 1. HOMEPORT -http: //homeport. uscg. mil 2. CFR - http: //www. access. USEFUL SITES 1. HOMEPORT -http: //homeport. uscg. mil 2. CFR - http: //www. access. gpo. gov/nara/cfr-tablesearch. html 3. NVIC – http: //www. uscg. mil/hq/g-m/nvic/index. htm 4. E-NOA - www. nvmc. uscg. gov 5. COFR - http: //www. uscg. mil/npfc/COFRs/index. htm 6. VRP Info - http: //www. uscg. mil/vrp/ 7. E-VRP Database – http: //www. e-vrp. com 8. Ballast Water http: //invasions. si. edu/nbic/submit. html 9. PSIX - http: //cgmix. uscg. mil/psix/ United States Coast Guard

Thank you 25 United States Coast Guard Thank you 25 United States Coast Guard