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International Telecommunication Union Digital Convergence: Challenges and Opportunities Houlin Zhao Deputy Secretary-General, ITU IT International Telecommunication Union Digital Convergence: Challenges and Opportunities Houlin Zhao Deputy Secretary-General, ITU IT Ministerial Conference, Seoul 19 April 2007

International Telecommunication Union Opportunities: Paradigm Shifts l Static market environments l “Divergence” l “Circuit-switched International Telecommunication Union Opportunities: Paradigm Shifts l Static market environments l “Divergence” l “Circuit-switched l Local l Low-speed l Switch-on l Fixed l Single medium l Distinct 2 TO l Dynamic, fastpaced innovation l “Convergence” l Packet-switched l Global l High-speed l Always-on l Mobile + Fixed l Multi-media l Bundled

International Telecommunication Union Challenges: Digital Convergence l Institutional challenges: convergence of ministries, regulators etc. International Telecommunication Union Challenges: Digital Convergence l Institutional challenges: convergence of ministries, regulators etc. in telecom spectrum, IT/ICT, broadcasting, which is often a political issue. l Regulatory & legislative challenges: difficulties to catch up technological innovation and convergence in the converged laws/regulations. l Industrial challenges: balance between creating new employment and redundancy as well as convert from legacy networks/technologies to the converged ones with huge costs especially for the developing countries. 3

International Telecommunication Union Challenges: Convergence (e. g. , NGN) 4 l Pricing: Will offer International Telecommunication Union Challenges: Convergence (e. g. , NGN) 4 l Pricing: Will offer prices that are significantly lower than those available today? l Bundling and billing: How to distinguish real price of bundled services? l Interconnection: Will current interconnection models (based on per-minute settlement) work ? l Security: If much greater capacity is available at the edges of the network, how to guarantee security? l Investment: Will unbundling discourage new infrastructural investment? l Traffic prioritization: Is the Net really “neutral”? l Emergency services: What level of universal service obligation to impose? l Competition policy: Significant market power will not go away in the converged (e. g. , NGN) environment ? l Consultation: compensation for stranded assets?

International Telecommunication Union Opportunities l NGNs provides an excellent opportunity to agree improved interfaces International Telecommunication Union Opportunities l NGNs provides an excellent opportunity to agree improved interfaces in ITU-T to better enable service providers to interconnect and cooperate l Such interfaces, based on ITU-T defined global standards, opens the door to the provision of an unlimited range of applications and services l NGN has the potential to accelerate the deployment of telecommunications networks and services in developing countries l It offers the opportunity for developing countries to jump several generations of technology l The capital costs of deploying NGN technology are significantly lower than circuit switched technologies l Enables a more rapid expansion of network capabilities l NGN will enable a range of multimedia services to be provided easier with less cost, and so increase potential revenues. 5

International Telecommunication Union R. O. Korea’s Leadership in Digital Convergence USA Germany Austria 2001 International Telecommunication Union R. O. Korea’s Leadership in Digital Convergence USA Germany Austria 2001 Canada 2006 Switzerland Macao, China Digital Opportunity Index Israel Luxembourg Ø 2001: Korea’s DOI = - Overall: 0. 60 (rank #2) Norway Finland UK Sweden HK, China Ø 2006: Korea’s DOI = Taiwan, China - Overall: 0. 80 (rank #1) Netherlands Singapore Source: ITU Digital Iceland - Mobile: 0. 65 (rank #2) Opportunity Denmark Platform. Provisional data Fixed: 0. 88 (rank #1) Japan for 2006 6 Korea (Rep. ) 0 0. 2 0. 4 0. 6 0. 8 1

International Telecommunication Union R. O. Korea’s ICT Sector: The mainspring of its economic growth International Telecommunication Union R. O. Korea’s ICT Sector: The mainspring of its economic growth l Telecoms revenue as a percentage of GDP Ø R. O. Korea • 1990 = 2. 0% • 2005 = 4. 8% Source: ITU World Telecom Indicators Database. 7 Ø World Average • 1990 = 1. 8% • 2005 = 3. 0%

International Telecommunication Union ITU’s mandates and leadership in digital information society l ITU-R: allocation International Telecommunication Union ITU’s mandates and leadership in digital information society l ITU-R: allocation for the appropriate frequency/spectrum for the converged technologies, networks and services, and develop technical standards for radio access and other radiocommunication services. l ITU-T: set international standards (i. e. , Recommendations) to ensure interoperability, security etc. in the converged telecoms/ICts, bridge the standardization gap. l ITU-D: assist members in developing and moving towards the converged telecom/ICT environment through providing expert support, trainings to equipments/facilities. l Closer collaboration between the three ITU Sectors. 8 More

International Telecommunication Union ITU - WSIS Action Line C 2 ICT infrastructure facilitation: ITU International Telecommunication Union ITU - WSIS Action Line C 2 ICT infrastructure facilitation: ITU “Information and Communication Infrastructure” 9 l Main orientation for actions in C 2: Ø Facilitation of large scale initiatives Ø Development of thematic activities. l Strategy to link national, regional and international initiatives to facilitate large scale infrastructure projects. l C 2 Group, endorsed five (5) large scale ITU projects: Ø Harmonization of ICT Policies for 43 African States Ø Harmonization of ICT Policies for 17 Caribbean States Ø Capacity Building on ICT Policies for 14 Pacific States Ø International fibre optics: Infinity project West Africa, Ø ICT Applications and Connectivity : Pacific Island States, studied by ITU, funding to be secured

International Telecommunication Union ITU - WSIS Action Line C 2 10 Plan of Action International Telecommunication Union ITU - WSIS Action Line C 2 10 Plan of Action aims at the facilitation of the following core Activities: 1. Development of National e-Strategies; 2. Harmonization of the ICT Policies in the different regions; 3. Development of regional and large-scale national initiatives; 4. Launch of global thematic ICT Infrastructure initiatives for: Ø “Public Access”; Ø “ICT-Applications for Development”; Ø “Broadband Wireless Access”; Ø “Large-scale ICT backbones” 5. Development of a virtual financing platform; 6. Deployment of an online tool for ICT Development Assessment.

International Telecommunication Union Ø October-November 2007: - Radiocommunication Assembly, and - World Radiocommunication Conference International Telecommunication Union Ø October-November 2007: - Radiocommunication Assembly, and - World Radiocommunication Conference Ø October 2008: - World Telecommunication Standardization Assembly, and - Worldwide Standardization Roundtable and Coordination Meeting 11

International Telecommunication Union World Telecom Policy Forum ’ 09 l Topic: “Convergence and emerging International Telecommunication Union World Telecom Policy Forum ’ 09 l Topic: “Convergence and emerging policy issues” l Timetable: Ø 30 June 2007: Deadline for first contributions Ø 1 September 2007: First draft of SG’s report Ø Spring / Autumn 2008: Two meetings of informal expert group Ø 15 December 2008: Deadline for final draft Ø 24 March 2009: Information Session for WTPF Ø 25 -27 March 2009: 4 th WTPF 12

International Telecommunication Union Thank you Houlin Zhao ITU Deputy Secretary-General DSG@itu. int Tel. : International Telecommunication Union Thank you Houlin Zhao ITU Deputy Secretary-General [email protected] int Tel. : +41 22 730 5595 Fax: +41 22 730 5137 13