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International Permafrost Association Hugues Lantuit IPA Secretariat IPA Standing Committee on Data, Information and International Permafrost Association Hugues Lantuit IPA Secretariat IPA Standing Committee on Data, Information and Communication ipa-permafrost. org

International Permafrost Association International Permafrost Association "If the permafrost in Russia completely melts, it could completely transform the weather patterns on the planet, in some cases in very dangerous ways" Interview to ITAR-Tass, July 5, 2009 ipa-permafrost. org

International Permafrost Association Monitoring Polar Permafrost • Observed Parameters – Temperatures in boreholes, near International Permafrost Association Monitoring Polar Permafrost • Observed Parameters – Temperatures in boreholes, near -surface temperatures in the region (Thermal State of Permafrost, TSP) TSP – Active Layer Thickness (Circumpolar Active Layer Monitoring, CALM) CALM ipa-permafrost. org

International Permafrost Association Active layer measurements on CRREL plots starting in the 1960 s International Permafrost Association Active layer measurements on CRREL plots starting in the 1960 s and resumed in 1991. Data are from 1000 x 1000 m CALM grid on Barrow Environmental Observatory, Alaska. Supported by U. S. National Science Foundation, project #OPP-0352958. ipa-permafrost. org

International Permafrost Association Observed temperature evolution of Alaska’s permafrost Temperatures at 20 m depth International Permafrost Association Observed temperature evolution of Alaska’s permafrost Temperatures at 20 m depth ipa-permafrost. org

International Permafrost Association ipa-permafrost. org International Permafrost Association ipa-permafrost. org

International Permafrost Association ipa-permafrost. org International Permafrost Association ipa-permafrost. org

TSP Svalbard: Nordenskiöldsland Permafrost Observatory, Svalbard International Permafrost Association CO 2 -boreholes Dh 1 TSP Svalbard: Nordenskiöldsland Permafrost Observatory, Svalbard International Permafrost Association CO 2 -boreholes Dh 1 -CO 2 -07 & Dh 2 -CO 2 -07 • Logging 04 -06 Dec 2007 Dh 4 -CO 2 -09 Logging 10 -10 Oct 2009 • CO 2 -free Svalbard project Longyearbyen school SK-B-1 • 9. 3 m • Geoprecision (± 0. 2°C) • EPSCo. R school project Kapp Linné KL-B-1 bedrock • 30 m • Campbell instr. (± 0. 05°C) KL-B-2 sed. /bedrock • 38. 8 m • Campbell instr. (± 0. 05°C) KL-B-3 org. /sed. • 4 m • Geoprecision (± 0. 2°C) • KL. B-4 snow in sed. 2. 8 m Tinytags 0 1 2 3 m Borehole depth Endalen, solifluction 50 m asl EN-B-1 • 19. 7 m • Campbell instr. (± 0. 05°C) • Online data transfer • TSP-PYRN UNISCALM 10 m asl AS-B-1 • 10 m • Tinytags (± 0. 2°C) AS-B-2 • 9. 9 m • Geoprecision (± 0. 2°C) Innerhytte pingo • TSP-PYRN IP-B-1 • 19. 1 m • Geoprecision. (± 0. 2°C) Longyeardalen and Adventdalen area Janssonhaugen 270 m asl JA-B-1 & JA-B-2 • PACE-project • 102 m & 15 m • Campbell instr. (± 0. 05°C) Gruvefjellet 450 m asl GF-B-1 • 5 m • Campbell instr. (± 0. 05°C) • Online data transfer Larsbreen rock glacier LB-B-1 • 11. 5 m • Geoprecision (± 0. 2°C) • Borehole deformation meas. Lunckefjell, 900 m asl LF-B-1 90 m Breinosa 677 m asl BN-B-1 10 m Geo. Precision Snowpatch 10 m asl SN-B-1 thin snow • 10 m • Geoprecision (± 0. 2°C) • Thin snowcover SN-B-2 thick snow • 5. 4 m • Geoprecision (± 0. 2°C) • Thick snow cover (2 -3 m) Svea 15 m asl ice-cored moraine SV-B-1, SV-B-2, SV-B-4 & SV-B-5 • 8 m • Lakewood (± 0. 1°C) • Road construction project • Drilled and instrumented 15 new holes for thermal monitoring, in total 265. 5 m • Borehole depths ranging from 4 to 90 m • Borehole logging in deep CO 2 project boreholes to 800 m ipa-permafrost. org

International Permafrost Association Thermal snapshot 2008 -2009 from continental and maritime Svalbard, different landforms International Permafrost Association Thermal snapshot 2008 -2009 from continental and maritime Svalbard, different landforms ipa-permafrost. org

International Permafrost Association Online permafrost temperatures from two boreholes in Svalbard NORPERM ipa-permafrost. org International Permafrost Association Online permafrost temperatures from two boreholes in Svalbard NORPERM ipa-permafrost. org

International Permafrost Association NORPERM = The Norwegian Permafrost Database tspnorway. com ipa-permafrost. org International Permafrost Association NORPERM = The Norwegian Permafrost Database tspnorway. com ipa-permafrost. org

International Permafrost Association Monitoring Mountain Permafrost • European Monitoring Networks – Continental: PACE transect International Permafrost Association Monitoring Mountain Permafrost • European Monitoring Networks – Continental: PACE transect – National: Permafrost Monitoring Switzerland (PERMOS), TSP Norway – New boreholes in Alpine countries (Perma. NET, e. g. Zugspitze, Aiguille du Midi) • Observed Parameters (e. g. , in PERMOS) – – Temperatures in boreholes, near-surface temperatures in the region Ice and water content with ERT monitoring Kinematics of creep processes (terrestrial survey and photogrammetry) Inventory of rapid mass movements from permafrost areas ipa-permafrost. org

International Permafrost Association PERMOS Borehole Temperatures source: permos ipa-permafrost. org International Permafrost Association PERMOS Borehole Temperatures source: permos ipa-permafrost. org

Borehole Results 2009 Permafrost Association International PACE and PERMOS Site Schilthorn 2970 m asl, Borehole Results 2009 Permafrost Association International PACE and PERMOS Site Schilthorn 2970 m asl, Bernese Alps Max. ALT 2003: 8. 55 m Max. ALT 2009: 6. 99 m source: permos ipa-permafrost. org

International Permafrost Association Achievements and Challenges • New and re-activated boreholes and active layer International Permafrost Association Achievements and Challenges • New and re-activated boreholes and active layer measurements during the IPY • Pilot real-time ISO-compliant temperature database (NORPERM) • Standardization of methodologies and metadata format • Coordination largely based on the internal IPA structure, with limited institutional support • Data delivery limited to regional initiatives ipa-permafrost. org

International Permafrost Association Future Strategy / Recommendations • GTN-P will devise a new strategy International Permafrost Association Future Strategy / Recommendations • GTN-P will devise a new strategy and action plan to address the growing dichotomy between its global reach and its current management capacity • GTN-P will provide a snapshot on thermal state of permafrost under the leadership of the IPA for June 2010 ipa-permafrost. org

International Permafrost Association Questions to GTOS SC & Actions • GTOS SC to help International Permafrost Association Questions to GTOS SC & Actions • GTOS SC to help identify the institutional partners with the capacity and expertise to host and support GTN-P’s central management. • Cooperation with GCW on potential synergies between GTN-P and the upcoming Global Permafrost Watch (GPW) ipa-permafrost. org

International Permafrost Association Reports ipa-permafrost. org International Permafrost Association Reports ipa-permafrost. org