Intermediate CIT Course TCOLE Course 3841 Texas

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Intermediate CIT Course TCOLE Course # 3841 Texas Commission On Law Enforcement PARTICIPANT HANDOUT Intermediate CIT Course TCOLE Course # 3841 Texas Commission On Law Enforcement PARTICIPANT HANDOUT 16 -hr Two (2) day Course AND BCCO PCT #4 Power. Point UNIT ONE

ADMINISTRATIVE • Please complete the BCCO PCT #4 Registration form and turn it in ADMINISTRATIVE • Please complete the BCCO PCT #4 Registration form and turn it in now. • Make sure you sign TCOLE Report of Training (PID#, Full Name and DOB). • All cell phones off please – pay attention to course materials and show common respect & courtesy.

Your Instructor – Course Facilitator and Mentor Trainer Deputy Chief George D. Little A. Your Instructor – Course Facilitator and Mentor Trainer Deputy Chief George D. Little A. S. & B. S. Criminal Justice & Sociology B. S. CJ Wayland Baptist University, San Antonio M. S. Criminology & Counter-Terrorism University of the State of New York(P) 2012 T. C. O. L. E. Professional Achievement Award Certified Crime Prevention Specialist (C. C. P. S. ) FAMS TCOLE Basic Instructor Certificate 1984 CERTIFIED TCOLE Advanced Instructor 2012 INSTRUCTOR TCOLE Master Peace Officer 1991 MP Special Operations Operator Counter-Terrorism 1988 Military Police Investigations (MPI) & Criminal Investigation Division (CID) Special Agent Graduate Drug Enforcement Administration Academy 1977 43 - years Law Enforcement Experience 39 -Years Teaching & Instructor Experience 3/15/2018 3

Learning Objectives See your Participant Handout for complete list of all goals established in Learning Objectives See your Participant Handout for complete list of all goals established in this course with each individual learning objective listed under each unit (goal)

Opening Statement With increasing frequency, law enforcement is being called upon to respond to Opening Statement With increasing frequency, law enforcement is being called upon to respond to individuals in serious mental health crises

COURSE/LESSON OVERVIEW – Cont’d It is necessary for the law enforcement personnel to understand COURSE/LESSON OVERVIEW – Cont’d It is necessary for the law enforcement personnel to understand mental illness, and the _______ and _____that have been proven to work most effectively when responding to individuals in these situations

COURSE/LESSON OVERVIEW – Cont’d These tactics and techniques are different than those routinely taught COURSE/LESSON OVERVIEW – Cont’d These tactics and techniques are different than those routinely taught to officers to _________ which, due to the underlying elements behind the behavior, is usually not of a criminal or malicious intent

COURSE/LESSON OVERVIEW – Cont’d This information can help keep the officer safe, keep the COURSE/LESSON OVERVIEW – Cont’d This information can help keep the officer safe, keep the mental safe health consumer safe, and safe greatly reduce ______ on the part of the officer and the agency

Crisis Intervention Training 16 hours 2 -Day Course Intermediate CIT Course Number 3841 Texas Crisis Intervention Training 16 hours 2 -Day Course Intermediate CIT Course Number 3841 Texas Commission On Law Enforcement 9

Unit Goal 1. 1. To develop a basic understanding and respect for the fundamental Unit Goal 1. 1. To develop a basic understanding and respect for the fundamental rights of and proficiency in interacting with people with mental illness. 10

1. 1. 1. • Discuss the impetus for crisis intervention training and why it 1. 1. 1. • Discuss the impetus for crisis intervention training and why it is so important to the law enforcement community. 11

Origin of the Training • Memphis (TN) officers shot and killed a 26 -year-old Origin of the Training • Memphis (TN) officers shot and killed a 26 -year-old male who was cutting himself with a knife and threatening suicide • The public outcry in the aftermath of the shooting caused the mayor to establish a task force 12

Origin of the Training • Crisis Intervention Training (CIT) was created -Practitioner Perspective -Bureau Origin of the Training • Crisis Intervention Training (CIT) was created -Practitioner Perspective -Bureau of Justice Assistance July 2012 13

Similar Situations Today • “The San Francisco Police Commission approved a $500, 000 legal Similar Situations Today • “The San Francisco Police Commission approved a $500, 000 legal settlement with the family of a mentally disturbed man who was ____ and ______ in 2001 by police as he waved a knife at them in a theater. ” — Jaxon Van Derbeken — San Francisco Chronicle June 5, 2003 14

Similar Situations Today Continued • “The fatal shooting of a mentally ill man on Similar Situations Today Continued • “The fatal shooting of a mentally ill man on Thursday marked the third time in six months that Philadelphia police have used _____________to subdue an unruly person in need of psychiatric help. ” “Police Shootings of Mentally Ill Show Training Needed” 15 www. healthyplace. com February 21, 2004

Similar Situations Today Continued • “The Miami-Dade police department in southern Florida began sending Similar Situations Today Continued • “The Miami-Dade police department in southern Florida began sending every officer to a two-day class entitled ‘Managing Encounters with the Mentally Ill’ … after officers _______ a 19 -year-old man suffering from bipolar disorder. ” disorder “Police Shootings of Mentally Ill Show Training Needed” Ø www. Healthy. Place. com 16 Ø February 21, 2004

Similar Situations Today Continued • “A 16 -year Austin police officer used deadly force Similar Situations Today Continued • “A 16 -year Austin police officer used deadly force Tuesday morning, killing an east Austin woman as she apparently tried to attack a housing manager with a butcher knife. … within moments of the shooting, east Austin residents were questioning whether the woman’s death could —www. news 8 austin. com have been avoided. ” — Incident occurred in 2002 17

Similar Situations Today Continued • The treatment advocacy center in Washington, D. C. reported Similar Situations Today Continued • The treatment advocacy center in Washington, D. C. reported that people with psychiatric disabilities are _________as _____ likely to die in encounters with police as members of the general population. 18 Ø Treatment Advocacy Center Washington DC

Headlines… “Crisis Skills Advised for Local Ø Los Angeles Times Police” Ø Ventura County Headlines… “Crisis Skills Advised for Local Ø Los Angeles Times Police” Ø Ventura County Edition Police Ø February 27, 2002 “Report: Grand jury finds that most fatal shootings by law enforcement officers in last decade involved a mentally ill person” 19

Headlines…”Cont’d” “Training urged after police shooting” “The weekend death of a mentally disabled man Headlines…”Cont’d” “Training urged after police shooting” “The weekend death of a mentally disabled man shot by a Miami. Dade police officer… department to offer its officers more intensive training. ” ØThe Miami Herald ØHerald. com ØPosted Thursday, October 28, 2004 20

1. 1. 2. Recognize the community mindset as it relates to the mentally ill’s 1. 1. 2. Recognize the community mindset as it relates to the mentally ill’s relationship with law enforcement personnel 21

Community Mindset • Individuals with mental illness are traditionally not hardened criminals and should Community Mindset • Individuals with mental illness are traditionally not hardened criminals and should not be treated as such. • Law enforcement should respond differently to individuals in mental health crises. • Force, in these situations, is highly Force scrutinized. 22

The Problem • Re-occurring situations in which law enforcement uses ______ during encounters with The Problem • Re-occurring situations in which law enforcement uses ______ during encounters with individuals in serious mental health crisis 23

Aspects of the Problem • “There is no question that law enforcement officers are Aspects of the Problem • “There is no question that law enforcement officers are increasingly the ones ______ to people with mental illnesses who are in ______. ” Ø Treatment Advocacy Center Briefing Paper Ø www. psychlaws. org 24 Ø 10/2004

Results • Lawsuits/Liability • Lack of _____/______ in law enforcement by mental health consumers Results • Lawsuits/Liability • Lack of _____/______ in law enforcement by mental health consumers and their families • _____ of law enforcement due to uncertainty of how to handle these calls 25

Analysis of the Problem • Lack of ____ - understanding of mental illness by Analysis of the Problem • Lack of ____ - understanding of mental illness by law enforcement • The same physical, authoritative, command _____ employed to take a criminal suspect into custody are used in responses to individuals in mental health crises 26

Analysis…Cont’d • Individuals with mental illness are traditionally not hardened ______. • The public Analysis…Cont’d • Individuals with mental illness are traditionally not hardened ______. • The public views these individuals as ill, not _____ The public expects law enforcement personnel to help not hurt 27

Analysis…Cont’d • An analysis of 1439 CIT calls revealed that only ____% of the Analysis…Cont’d • An analysis of 1439 CIT calls revealed that only ____% of the individuals in a mental health crisis were arrested. • Of the remaining ____% of the incidents, no crime or a petty class C crime was committed without arrest. 28 Houston Police Department 2004

Analysis…Cont’d • Response to individuals in a mental health crisis constitutes a more refined Analysis…Cont’d • Response to individuals in a mental health crisis constitutes a more refined usage of the officer’s _______ in communication. 29

Analysis…Cont’d • “If police perform their role effectively, our society benefits ________; ________ • Analysis…Cont’d • “If police perform their role effectively, our society benefits ________; ________ • if the police perform their role poorly, the damage to public ________ and democratic principles can be irreparable. ” (Louis/Resendez, 1997)

The Responses: 3 Models 1. Police-based _______ police response (CIT) 2. Police-based specialized ___________ The Responses: 3 Models 1. Police-based _______ police response (CIT) 2. Police-based specialized ___________ response 3. Mental-health-based specialized mental health response 31

1. 1. 3 • Illustrate the ____ of Crisis Intervention Training for the law 1. 1. 3 • Illustrate the ____ of Crisis Intervention Training for the law enforcement officer. 32

The Paradox • By taking a less physical, less authoritative, less controlling, less confrontational The Paradox • By taking a less physical, less authoritative, less controlling, less confrontational approach the officer usually has more _____ and control over the person in a mental health crisis. 33

Police Magazine (March 2000) • “The essential difference between suspect encounter training, that officers Police Magazine (March 2000) • “The essential difference between suspect encounter training, that officers traditionally receive, and how to approach the mentally ill is the need to be non - ______ 34

Police Magazine (March 2000) – Cont’d • Such a requirement to, in effect, switch Police Magazine (March 2000) – Cont’d • Such a requirement to, in effect, switch gears is _______ opposed to the way officers are routinely expected to control conflict. ”

Police Magazine (March 2000) – Cont’d • “The same command techniques that are employed Police Magazine (March 2000) – Cont’d • “The same command techniques that are employed to take a criminal suspect into custody can only serve to ____ a contact with the mentally ill into violence. ” 36

1. 1. 4. • Explain Crisis Intervention’s role in Officer 37 1. 1. 4. • Explain Crisis Intervention’s role in Officer 37

CIT Model • “CIT has been shown to positively impact officer perceptions, ____ the CIT Model • “CIT has been shown to positively impact officer perceptions, ____ the need for higher levels of police intervention, intervention decrease officer _____, and re-direct those in crisis from the criminal justice to the health care system. ” Randolph Dupont, Ph. D. and Sam Cochran, 38 MS J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 28: 338 -44, 2000

This Training… • Is officer ______ training that is proven to help keep YOU This Training… • Is officer ______ training that is proven to help keep YOU and the mentally ill consumer safe. • Is NOT in _____ with any tactical training you have received • Instills ______ in officers regarding their ability to handle crisis situations 39

This Training…Cont’d • Is proven to be effective in helping you verbally ___-_______ these This Training…Cont’d • Is proven to be effective in helping you verbally ___-_______ these situations • ________ lawsuits • Is designed for calls involving individuals with __________ but is applicable in many other areas of law enforcement 40

This Training…Cont’d • Is one more tool to add to your tool belt, one This Training…Cont’d • Is one more tool to add to your tool belt, one more _____to add to your repertoire of skills 41

Officer Safety • The Phoenix, Arizona Police Department reported that CIT training increased their Officer Safety • The Phoenix, Arizona Police Department reported that CIT training increased their officer safety by ____% — Phoenix Police Department 2004 42

Officer Safety – Cont’d • FBI statistics state that mentally ill consumers are no Officer Safety – Cont’d • FBI statistics state that mentally ill consumers are no more prone to ______ than any other area of the population. 43

Officer Safety – Cont’d • HOWEVER, the variables (mental instability, high emotions, possible paranoia/delusions Officer Safety – Cont’d • HOWEVER, the variables (mental instability, high emotions, possible paranoia/delusions and _____can be very dangerous if not handled appropriately.

Officer Safety – Cont’d • When a person feels cornered, cornered especially if _____, Officer Safety – Cont’d • When a person feels cornered, cornered especially if _____, chances are high their response would be violent • In crisis, reason takes a back crisis seat to emotion 45

Law Enforcement Policy Center • “It is helpful for officers to understand the symptomatic Law Enforcement Policy Center • “It is helpful for officers to understand the symptomatic behavior of persons who are afflicted with a form of mental illness. In this way, officers are in a illness better position to formulate appropriate _______ for gaining the individual’s compliance. ” 46

Law Enforcement Policy Center – Cont’d • “Officers should first take time, if possible, Law Enforcement Policy Center – Cont’d • “Officers should first take time, if possible, to survey the ______ in order to gather necessary information and avoid hasty and potentially counterproductive decisions and actions. ” 47

Law Enforcement Policy Center – Cont’d • “Officers should avoid approaching the subject until Law Enforcement Policy Center – Cont’d • “Officers should avoid approaching the subject until a degree of ______ has been developed. ” • “All attempts should be used to communicate with the person first by allowing him to ______. ” 48

Police Ex. Research Forum • “Do not rush the person or crowd his personal Police Ex. Research Forum • “Do not rush the person or crowd his personal space. Any attempt to _____ an issue may quickly backfire in the form of violence. ” • “He may be waving his fists, or a _______, or yelling. If the situation is secure, and if no one can be accidentally harmed by the individual, you should adopt a non_________stance with the subject. ” 49

FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin • What is considered an area of specialized _____ may FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin • What is considered an area of specialized _____ may soon become standard training curriculum • Law enforcement agencies must identify methods to safeguard their officers while, at the same time, _______ Consumers from themselves and others 50

CIT Programs Nationally • Akron (OH) Delray Beach (FL) • Knoxville (TN) Minneapolis (MN) CIT Programs Nationally • Akron (OH) Delray Beach (FL) • Knoxville (TN) Minneapolis (MN) • Ft. Wayne (IN) • Montgomery County (MD) • Houston (TX) • New London (CT) • Jackson County (MO) • San Jose (CA) • Kansas City (MO) • Seattle (WA) • Albuquerque (NM) • Lee’s Summit (MO) • Arlington (TX) • Lincoln (NE) • Athens-Clarke County (GA) • Little Rock (AR) • Austin (TX) • Memphis (TN) 51

Additionally, this training… • Instills confidence in the community regarding officers’ ability to handle Additionally, this training… • Instills confidence in the community regarding officers’ ability to handle crisis situations • Brings law enforcement and mental health together 52

However, this training • Is not infallible… but is proven to be highly effective However, this training • Is not infallible… but is proven to be highly effective 53

Force • _____ may be needed, even deadly force • It should be used Force • _____ may be needed, even deadly force • It should be used as a last _______ • It will be highly ________ • If force is used, most people will _____ in kind, especially in these situations 54

Force – Cont’d • Remember, in many instances Remember the person has committed no Force – Cont’d • Remember, in many instances Remember the person has committed no _____ • You will fare much better if you can ______ your attempted to use other tactics before using deadly force 55

1. 1. 5. • Identify the parameters of an officer’s ________ after receiving this 1. 1. 5. • Identify the parameters of an officer’s ________ after receiving this training. 56

This training… • Does not make you a ________ Understand your professional boundaries. 57 This training… • Does not make you a ________ Understand your professional boundaries. 57

No CIT (View ‘Psychosis I’ video from “Train the Trainer” resource material) After CIT No CIT (View ‘Psychosis I’ video from “Train the Trainer” resource material) After CIT (View ‘Psychosis 2’ video from “Train the Trainer” resource material) 58

Questions for UNIT ONE? Questions for UNIT ONE?

DEFINE & PROCESS Define 1. 0: Explain why CIT Training is so important to DEFINE & PROCESS Define 1. 0: Explain why CIT Training is so important to you as a Deputy Constable Process: 60

DEFINE & PROCESS Explain 1. 2: The community mindset as it relates to the DEFINE & PROCESS Explain 1. 2: The community mindset as it relates to the mentally ill’s relationship with law enforcement personnel Process: 61

DEFINE & PROCESS Explain 1. 3: The paradox of Crisis Intervention Training for the DEFINE & PROCESS Explain 1. 3: The paradox of Crisis Intervention Training for the law enforcement officer Process: 62

DEFINE & PROCESS Explain 1. 4: Crisis Intervention’s role in Officer Safety Process: 63 DEFINE & PROCESS Explain 1. 4: Crisis Intervention’s role in Officer Safety Process: 63

DEFINE & PROCESS Identify & Explain 1. 5: The parameters of an officer’s qualification DEFINE & PROCESS Identify & Explain 1. 5: The parameters of an officer’s qualification after receiving this training Process: 64

SOURCES All Course Sources and/or Resources are listed in your Participant Handout Crisis Intervention SOURCES All Course Sources and/or Resources are listed in your Participant Handout Crisis Intervention TRAINING TCOLE Course # 3841 Bexar County Constable Office PCT#4

“Knowledge is “POWER” Stay informed, stay SAFE, stay Vigilant & stay Alive” “Knowledge is “POWER” Stay informed, stay SAFE, stay Vigilant & stay Alive”

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