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Intellectual Property Rights in India Welcome IP Rights in India H K ACHARYA & Intellectual Property Rights in India Welcome IP Rights in India H K ACHARYA & COMPANY Advocates, Patent & Trademark Attorneys September 10, 2014 © HK Acharya & Company . All Rights Reserved

Intellectual Property Rights in India TRADE MARK WHAT IS TRADE MARK: As per Section Intellectual Property Rights in India TRADE MARK WHAT IS TRADE MARK: As per Section 2(1) (zb) of The Trade Marks Act, 1999. “Trade Mark” means a mark capable of being represented graphically and which is capable of distinguishing the goods or services of one person from those of other and may include shape of goods, their packaging and combination of colours. 2 September 10, 2014 © HK Acharya & Company . All Rights Reserved

Intellectual Property Rights in India WHAT IS MARK: As per Section 2(1) (m) of Intellectual Property Rights in India WHAT IS MARK: As per Section 2(1) (m) of The Trade Marks Act, 1999. “mark” includes a device, brand, heading, label, ticket, name, signature, word, letter, numeral, shape of goods, packaging or combination of colours or any combination thereof 3 September 10, 2014 © HK Acharya & Company . All Rights Reserved

Intellectual Property Rights in India WHAT IS MARK: As per Section 2(1) (m) of Intellectual Property Rights in India WHAT IS MARK: As per Section 2(1) (m) of The Trade Marks Act, 1999. The word "mark" is thus intended to be interpreted broadly and no type of sign is automatically excluded from registration. Marks which will require special consideration are colours, shape of goods, sounds and smells. 4 September 10, 2014 © HK Acharya & Company . All Rights Reserved

Intellectual Property Rights in India SCOPE OF PROTECTION: Indian trademark law statutorily protects trademarks Intellectual Property Rights in India SCOPE OF PROTECTION: Indian trademark law statutorily protects trademarks as per the Trademark Act, 1999 and also under the common law remedy of passing off. [1] Statutory protection of trademark is administered by the Controller General of Patents, Designs and Trade Marks, a government agency which reports to the Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP), under the Ministry of Commerce and Industry. 5 September 10, 2014 © HK Acharya & Company . All Rights Reserved

Intellectual Property Rights in India SCOPE OF PROTECTION: The law of trademark deals with Intellectual Property Rights in India SCOPE OF PROTECTION: The law of trademark deals with the mechanism of registration, protection of trademark and prevention of fraudulent trademark. [2] The law also provides for the rights acquired by registration of trademark, modes of transfer and assignment of the rights, nature of infringements, penalties for such infringement and remedies available to the owner in case of such infringement. 6 September 10, 2014 © HK Acharya & Company . All Rights Reserved

Intellectual Property Rights in India KINDS OF APPLICATION Ordinary Application è Convention Application è Intellectual Property Rights in India KINDS OF APPLICATION Ordinary Application è Convention Application è Under Paris Convention Ø Within Six Months from the date of application filed in convention country) Ø Have to file certified copy of priority documents in English within two months from the date of filing application in India è International Application under Madrid System è Through Madrid protocol (As India is member of Madrid Protocol only not agreement) è Can be filed at any time with designating India 7 September 10, 2014 © HK Acharya & Company . All Rights Reserved

Intellectual Property Rights in India USER DECLARATION Ø IN CASE OF A FOREIGN CORPORATION, Intellectual Property Rights in India USER DECLARATION Ø IN CASE OF A FOREIGN CORPORATION, IS IT NECESSARY FOR THE PRODUCTS OR SERVICES TO BE SOLD IN INDIA BEFORE SEEKING TRADEMARK REGISTRATION? Ø No, Indian trademark law allows filing of a trademark application in India on an ‘intent-touse basis’. Ø However the registered proprietor of the trademark in India has to commence use of the mark within 5 years and 3 months of the date of registration. Otherwise the registered trademark is open to the challenge of invalidation proceedings. 8 September 10, 2014 © HK Acharya & Company . All Rights Reserved

Intellectual Property Rights in India PROCEDURE FOR REGISTRATION OF TRADE MARK Search (Not Mandatory) Intellectual Property Rights in India PROCEDURE FOR REGISTRATION OF TRADE MARK Search (Not Mandatory) But advisable to conduct search before Trade Marks Registry as well as Market Search Filing an Application (Manually and E-filing) Issuance of Examination report (Objection U/s 9 & 11) (Request for Expedited examination can be filed after filing the application) Comply within one month from the receipt of the examination report Continue… 9 September 10, 2014 © HK Acharya & Company . All Rights Reserved

Intellectual Property Rights in India PROCEDURE FOR REGISTRATION OF TRADE MARK Acceptance Advertised in Intellectual Property Rights in India PROCEDURE FOR REGISTRATION OF TRADE MARK Acceptance Advertised in the Trade Marks Journal Notice of Opposition- within four months from the date of publication Entered in the Trade Marks Register Registration certificate issued Renewal (Every Ten Years) 10 September 10, 2014 © HK Acharya & Company . All Rights Reserved

Intellectual Property Rights in India SUGGESTIONS: 1) Accurate and application correct details in No Intellectual Property Rights in India SUGGESTIONS: 1) Accurate and application correct details in No Substantial amendment is allowed 2) To take immediate action against the infringer (Delay/Acquisition) Section 33 3) Prior user Section 34 4) Well known mark is protected 5) Special Board for IP Matters IPAB (For Rectification / Appeal Matters) 6) Quick Disposal of IP Matters Direction given by Apex Court of India 7) Rectification application can be filed on the basis of non user 11 September 10, 2014 © HK Acharya & Company . All Rights Reserved

Intellectual Property Rights in India INDUSTRIAL DESIGN MEANING: Sec. 2(d) A design of an Intellectual Property Rights in India INDUSTRIAL DESIGN MEANING: Sec. 2(d) A design of an article may be registered if the feature of shape, configuration, pattern or ornament given to an article by any industrial process. Whether manual, mechanical or chemical, separate or combine, which is in the finished article appeal to and are judge solely by the eye. The principle or the mode of construction of the article or mere mechanical device cannot be registered as designs. Trade Marks and Trade Names are also excluded from the scope of design. 12 September 10, 2014 © HK Acharya & Company . All Rights Reserved

Intellectual Property Rights in India WHAT CAN BE REGISTERED? Sec 2(a) Any Article of Intellectual Property Rights in India WHAT CAN BE REGISTERED? Sec 2(a) Any Article of manufacture and any substance, artificial, or partly artificial and partly natural; and includes any part of an article capable of being made and sold separately. i. e. Car, Parts of Car (Which sold separately) 13 September 10, 2014 © HK Acharya & Company . All Rights Reserved

Intellectual Property Rights in India WHAT CAN NOT BE REGISTERED? Sec 4 If the Intellectual Property Rights in India WHAT CAN NOT BE REGISTERED? Sec 4 If the article (a) Is not new or original; or (b) Has been disclosed to the public anywhere In India or in any other country by publication in tangible form or by use or in any other way prior to the filing date, or where applicable, the priority date of the application for registration; or Cont. 14 September 10, 2014 © HK Acharya & Company . All Rights Reserved

Intellectual Property Rights in India WHAT CAN NOT BE REGISTERED? Sec 4 (c) Is Intellectual Property Rights in India WHAT CAN NOT BE REGISTERED? Sec 4 (c) Is not significantly distinguishable from known designs or combination of known designs; or (d) Comprises or contains scandalous or obscene matter Shall not be registered 15 September 10, 2014 © HK Acharya & Company . All Rights Reserved

Intellectual Property Rights in India CONVENTION APPLICATION UNDER PARIS CONVENTION è Convention application may Intellectual Property Rights in India CONVENTION APPLICATION UNDER PARIS CONVENTION è Convention application may be filed before the Design office within 6 months from the date of filing the application in the priority country. è It is require to file the certified copy of priority documents to claim the priority of the earlier application. 16 September 10, 2014 © HK Acharya & Company . All Rights Reserved

Intellectual Property Rights in India DESIGN PROCEDURE Search (not mandatory) [Two types of search: Intellectual Property Rights in India DESIGN PROCEDURE Search (not mandatory) [Two types of search: 1. when registration number is supplied and 2. when registration number is not supplied by the applicant] Filing an Application (Ordinary or Convention) Examination Reply should be given within 3 months from the date of official communication of objection to the applicant or his agent Continue… 17 September 10, 2014 © HK Acharya & Company. All Rights Reserved

Intellectual Property Rights in India TERM OF DESIGN It is initially ten years form Intellectual Property Rights in India TERM OF DESIGN It is initially ten years form the date of registration. In cases of claiming the priority the duration can be ten years from the priority date. This initial period of registration may be extended by further 5 years only if an application made before the expiry of the said initial period of 10 Years. Initial 10 Years + 5 Years = Total 15 Years 18 September 10, 2014 © HK Acharya & Company . All Rights Reserved

Intellectual Property Rights in India SUGGESTIONS 1) 2) 3) 4) One article one design Intellectual Property Rights in India SUGGESTIONS 1) 2) 3) 4) One article one design Multiple article in single design application not possible Parts of an article (which sold separately) Cancellation on grounds of prior publication Can be filed before Controller as well as IPAB Requirements before delivery on sales Sec 15(1) B prescribed words or figures denoting that the design is registered 19 September 10, 2014 © HK Acharya & Company . All Rights Reserved

PATENT 20 September 10, 2014 © HK Acharya & Company . All Rights Reserved PATENT 20 September 10, 2014 © HK Acharya & Company . All Rights Reserved

Where to file? Type of Filing Manually Electronically 21 September 10, 2014 © HK Where to file? Type of Filing Manually Electronically 21 September 10, 2014 © HK Acharya & Company . All Rights Reserved

TIME LIMIT NO. PARTICULARS TIME LIMITS 1 PCT National Phase Application In India Within TIME LIMIT NO. PARTICULARS TIME LIMITS 1 PCT National Phase Application In India Within thirty one months from the date of priority 2 Conventional Application In India Within twelve months after the date on which the basic application was made 3 Period within which proof of Within 6 months after filing Patent the right to make the Application application shall be furnished 4 Translation of the application Within thirty one months from the date of Priority in English 5 Power of Attorney 22 Within 6 months after filing Patent Application September 10, 2014 © HK Acharya & Company . All Rights Reserved

NO. PARTICULARS TIME LIMITS 6 Request for examination 48 months from the date of NO. PARTICULARS TIME LIMITS 6 Request for examination 48 months from the date of priority 7 Time for putting an application in order for grant Within 12 months from the date of First Examination Report 8 Issuance of patent certificate Within Seven days from the date of grant of Patent 9 Statement regarding working of a patented invention on a commercial scale in India Every year before 31 st March 10 Where a principal patent is granted later than two years from the date of filing of the application the fees which have 3 months from the date of the recording of the patent in the register become due in the meantime 11 23 Application for review of decision or setting aside of orders of the controller Within one month from the date of communication of such decision to the applicant September 10, 2014 © HK Acharya & Company . All Rights Reserved

Duty of Disclosure • Section 8 –glimpse of Patent Prosecution Highway (PPH) • IPO- Duty of Disclosure • Section 8 –glimpse of Patent Prosecution Highway (PPH) • IPO- no reciprocal arrangement with other Patent Offices • Section 8 (1)- Form 3 within 6 months from filing/up-date • Section 8 (2)- Search report within 6 months from request of the Controller • If not- Opposition/Revocation 24 September 10, 2014 © HK Acharya & Company . All Rights Reserved

Statement Of The Working Of Patented Invention In India • • • 25 Furnish Statement Of The Working Of Patented Invention In India • • • 25 Furnish at regular intervals (not less than six months) For each calendar year before March 31 Whether invention worked or not worked If not worked: reasons for not working and steps being taken for working of the invention If worked: quantum and value (in Rupees), of the patented product September 10, 2014 © HK Acharya & Company . All Rights Reserved

Continue… • • 26 (i) manufactured in India (ii) imported from other countries (give Continue… • • 26 (i) manufactured in India (ii) imported from other countries (give country-wise details) licenses and sub-licenses granted during the year state whether public requirement has been met partly/adequately/to the fullest extent at reasonable price September 10, 2014 © HK Acharya & Company . All Rights Reserved

PENALTIES • Refuses or fails to furnish- punishable with fine which may extend to PENALTIES • Refuses or fails to furnish- punishable with fine which may extend to ten lakh rupees = $20000. • information or statement - false imprisonment which may extend to six months, or file or with both 27 September 10, 2014 © HK Acharya & Company . All Rights Reserved

Consequences if not worked • Compulsory licences • Revocation of Patents by the controller Consequences if not worked • Compulsory licences • Revocation of Patents by the controller for non working- compulsory licence - Central Government or any person interested -only after the expiration of two years CLordinarily be decided within one year 28 September 10, 2014 © HK Acharya & Company . All Rights Reserved

Risk to foreign products/technique in India • • • 29 Lack of awareness Pre-grant Risk to foreign products/technique in India • • • 29 Lack of awareness Pre-grant & Post-grant Opposition Anti-patenting lobbying Mind set for reverse engineering Small players infringing IP rights Backlog of cases at both the civil and criminal courts September 10, 2014 © HK Acharya & Company . All Rights Reserved

Tips for Enforcement • • Patent Marking Interim injunction Arbitration and mediation THE INTELLECTUAL Tips for Enforcement • • Patent Marking Interim injunction Arbitration and mediation THE INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS (IMPORTED GOODS) ENFORCEMENT RULES, 2007 • Advice from Indian IP rights experts • Risk assessment • Opinion from similar business doer 30 September 10, 2014 © HK Acharya & Company . All Rights Reserved

Thank You H K ACHARYA & COMPANY HK Avenue, 19, Swastik Society, Navrangpura, Ahmedabad Thank You H K ACHARYA & COMPANY HK Avenue, 19, Swastik Society, Navrangpura, Ahmedabad 380 009 INDIA Phone : +91 79 26425258/ 5259 Fax : +91 79 26425262 / 5263 E-mail : [email protected] com Web : www. hkindia. com September 10, 2014 © HK Acharya & Company . All Rights Reserved