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Integrated Shipbuilding Environment (ISE) ISE 4 Project Demonstration April 27, 2006 27 Apr ‘ Integrated Shipbuilding Environment (ISE) ISE 4 Project Demonstration April 27, 2006 27 Apr ‘ 06 1

ISE 4 Participants 27 Apr ‘ 06 2 ISE 4 Participants 27 Apr ‘ 06 2

Presentation Agenda • Interoperability Demo Scenario • Ship Arrangements Exchanges using AP 215 and Presentation Agenda • Interoperability Demo Scenario • Ship Arrangements Exchanges using AP 215 and AP 216 – – – Initial Design in TRIBON Transfer from TRIBON to LEAPS Modifications in FORAN Transfer from FORAN to LEAPS (and ISDP) Transfer from ISDP to Intelliship • Electrical Demonstration using AP 212 • Engineering Analysis Exchanges using AP 218 and AP 209 • Steel Processing Exchanges using AP 218 27 Apr ‘ 06 3

Interoperability Demo Scenario • During the demonstrations you are about to witness, we will Interoperability Demo Scenario • During the demonstrations you are about to witness, we will be exchanging product model data from several disciplines between multiple computer systems • The scenarios are not necessarily meant to be realistic, but more to convey the types of exchanges and requirements that can be satisfied by the tools developed in the ISE Project • Data to be exchanged will include product model data used for Ship Arrangements, Electrical, Engineering Analysis, and Steel Processing • The data will be representative of product models that could be exchanged at any phase of the Life Cycle, from Concept Design through Detail Design through Manufacturing, or continuing through Repair and Overhaul 27 Apr ‘ 06 4

Description of Exchange Scenarios • The models exchanged represent the TWR 841 – Torpedo Description of Exchange Scenarios • The models exchanged represent the TWR 841 – Torpedo Weapons Retriever ship with data “Approved for Public Release – Distribution Unlimited” – Product Models will capture TWR Compartmentation and details of the TWR Engine Room – These transfers simulate a situation where STEP is in place to enable Shipyards to interoperate smoothly • Ship Arrangements exchanges represent – Exchanges to go from Concept Design to Detail Design at two different Shipyards – Models developed will be analyzed by Customer and changes will be suggested – Partnering Shipyards will complete the Design and feed data to other applications for analysis, manufacturing, repair, and lifecycle support • Electrical Analysis is done on TWR systems during Preliminary Design • New requirements (such as a request from an outside agency, e. g. Homeland Security) can necessitate model transfer to additional software packages for Engineering Analysis • Steel Processing scenario shows how design data for a plate can be modified in STEP before being sent to two possible construction yards with different requirements (NGSS and EB) 27 Apr ‘ 06 5

Lifecycle Phases for Demo Scenario Initial Design Detail Design Manufacturing Lifecycle Support Evolving Ship Lifecycle Phases for Demo Scenario Initial Design Detail Design Manufacturing Lifecycle Support Evolving Ship Design from Concept to Maturity Time 27 Apr ‘ 06 6

Demo Scenarios for the Four ISE 4 Tasks Detail Design Initial Design Manufacturing Engineering Demo Scenarios for the Four ISE 4 Tasks Detail Design Initial Design Manufacturing Engineering FEA Analysis Electrical Lifecycle Support Steel Processing Four Tasks and Demonstrations Arrangements Concept & Preliminary Design Stage 27 Apr ‘ 06 Detail Design Stage 7

Different Representations for Data • Part 21 vs. Part 28 – Part 21 is Different Representations for Data • Part 21 vs. Part 28 – Part 21 is the traditional STEP physical file format – Part 28 is an XML representation of STEP data • ARM vs. AIM – ARM (Application Reference Model) objects are in application area terminology • e. g. “Ship” or “Plate” – AIM (Application Interpreted Model) objects are in generic terminology • e. g. “Product” or “Product Representation” • ISE Project is developing mediation tools to enable a sender and receiver to communicate successfully no matter which format they select for their particular data representations – The ensuing Demos will involve the transfer of models using both of these formats 27 Apr ‘ 06 8

Approach / Background This Approach Employs the NSRP ISE Model for Information Interoperability Express Approach / Background This Approach Employs the NSRP ISE Model for Information Interoperability Express Application A Translator XML ISO STEP Standard Information Model Application B Translator Data Part 21 Part 28 Mediator Translator = Modify Data between CAD System Proprietary Format and STEP Mediator = Change Data Format between various STEP Representations 27 Apr ‘ 06 9

Systems Involved in the Interoperability Demo Initial Design Detail Design Concept & Preliminary Design Systems Involved in the Interoperability Demo Initial Design Detail Design Concept & Preliminary Design Engineering FEA Analysis Electrical KSS/KM Preliminary Arrangement AP 212 P 28 A Atlantec ADAPT AP 212 P 21 Modify Arrangement Sener TRIBON B EBC AP 209 P 21 C AP 218 P 28 FORAN Partnership Yard Manufacturing Lifecycle Support Steel Processing Feed Mfg from ISDP AP 218 P 28 GDEB NGSS Intergraph ISDP AP 215 P 28 Repair Shipyard INTELLISHIP AP 215 P 28 B AP 215 P 21 Suggest Design Changes Submit Design LEAPS Navy Analysis Programs AP 215 P 21 Approval Submit Design For Approval LEAPS Arrangements Navy Response Center Detail Design Engineering Analysis Key: 27 Apr ‘ 06 = Mediators Required Final Product Model Delivered to Navy = Demonstrated = Not Demonstrated 10

Integrated Shipbuilding Environment Arrangements Demonstration Washington DC • April 27, 2006 27 Apr ‘ Integrated Shipbuilding Environment Arrangements Demonstration Washington DC • April 27, 2006 27 Apr ‘ 06 11

Ship Arrangements Demo Details Initial Design Detail Design Manufacturing Lifecycle Support Concept & Preliminary Ship Arrangements Demo Details Initial Design Detail Design Manufacturing Lifecycle Support Concept & Preliminary Design Preliminary Arrangement Modify Arrangement Atlantec B FORAN AP 215 P 28 AP 215 P 21 Repair Shipyard Sener TRIBON B Partnership Yard ISDP AP 215 P 28 INTELLISHIP Intergraph Suggest Design Changes Submit Design LEAPS Navy Analysis Programs AP 215 P 21 Approval Submit Design For Approval LEAPS Arrangements Navy Response Center Detail Design Engineering Analysis Key: 27 Apr ‘ 06 = Mediators Required Final Product Model Delivered to Navy = Demonstrated = Not Demonstrated 12

Overview – Tribon Translator Atlantec Enterprise Solutions • Developed STEP AP 215 Translator for Overview – Tribon Translator Atlantec Enterprise Solutions • Developed STEP AP 215 Translator for Tribon Initial Design • Translator Produces file in Part 28 ARM format defined by EB • Worked with EB to test File Schema and Mediators 27 Apr ‘ 06 13

Demo Scenario – Tribon Translator Translation Process – High Level Tribon Initial Design Mediators Demo Scenario – Tribon Translator Translation Process – High Level Tribon Initial Design Mediators Atlantec AP 215 Translator Tribon Output Files STEP / XML AP 215 File STEP AP 215 File FORAN LEAPS 27 Apr ‘ 06 14

As-Is Process – Tribon Translator Initial Design Integration Options: Currently Available Vendor Lock-in § As-Is Process – Tribon Translator Initial Design Integration Options: Currently Available Vendor Lock-in § Ship designers and builders stay with one vendor to be able to transfer data between various design and manufacturing software packages System-to-System Bridges § Custom software can be created to link two software packages § These solutions are fragile, as they must be updated with every version change in either software package § Usefulness is limited to the two systems connected Manual Reentry § Ship designers and builders can manually reenter data in a second system § This process is expensive, labor-intensive, and error prone 27 Apr ‘ 06 15

ISE Process – Tribon Translator Initial Design Integration Options: With STEP and ISE Translators ISE Process – Tribon Translator Initial Design Integration Options: With STEP and ISE Translators No Vendor Lock-in § Using STEP standards and translators ship designers and shipbuilders can move data between software packages provided by different vendors No System-to-System Links § Using STEP standards and translators there is no need to build system-tosystem bridge software. § A translator bridges each software package to the standard § All software systems bridged to the standard are interoperable No Manual Reentry § With automated transfers via the standard, manual reentry can be avoided 27 Apr ‘ 06 16

Overview – LEAPS AP 215 Translators Product Data Services Corporation (PDSC) for NSWC Carderock Overview – LEAPS AP 215 Translators Product Data Services Corporation (PDSC) for NSWC Carderock Division Project accomplishments: • Developed STEP AP 215 Import and Export Translators for Navy LEAPS system. • PDSC is ISO Editor of STEP AP 215. Provided AP 215 documents, ARM/AIM EXPRESS schemas, and training/consulting to ISE team. • Developed and maintained ISE AP 215 Implementation Agreements and Issues Logs for ISE Team. • Submitted 20 SEDS (Standard Enhancement and Discrepancy System) to ISO for inclusion in next version of ISO AP 215 standard. 27 Apr ‘ 06 17

Overview – LEAPS AP 215 Translators LEAPS – Leading Edge Application for Prototyping Systems Overview – LEAPS AP 215 Translators LEAPS – Leading Edge Application for Prototyping Systems • Central Navy Repository for Ship design and analysis. • Developed and supported by NSWC Carderock Division. • Common database for 3 D Product Model Data and Analysis results for new Ship Acquisition. • Direct translators from ASSET for initial arrangements and to NAVSEA analysis software for performance and vulnerability assessments. 27 Apr ‘ 06 18

Overview – LEAPS AP 215 Translators LEAPS – Leading Edge Application for Prototyping Systems Overview – LEAPS AP 215 Translators LEAPS – Leading Edge Application for Prototyping Systems 27 Apr ‘ 06 19

As-Is Process - LEAPS AP 215 Translators LEAPS – Leading Edge Application for Prototyping As-Is Process - LEAPS AP 215 Translators LEAPS – Leading Edge Application for Prototyping Systems • Existing LEAPS geometry data exchange capability for IGES surfaces developed by NSWC Carderock Division. • Previous STEP AP 216 (surfaces) import and export translator project completed in 2003 -04 by NSWCCD, PDSC, and Atlantec under Navy e-Business Office funding. 27 Apr ‘ 06 20

ISE Process - LEAPS AP 215 Translators • ISE 4 project added STEP AP ISE Process - LEAPS AP 215 Translators • ISE 4 project added STEP AP 215 import and export translators for LEAPS. 27 Apr ‘ 06 21

Sample Processes-(LEAPS-CBD) Design Product Model T ASSET CATIA UG T T T Initialize Federates Sample Processes-(LEAPS-CBD) Design Product Model T ASSET CATIA UG T T T Initialize Federates • Generic Class Structure • Product Model Schema T – NAVSEA Ship Focus Object Model Logged Fed’n Data TSSM T SMP T ASAP/SVM T CFX T GRIDGEN • Product Model Data T Presentation Mgr DOORS T 27 Apr ‘ 06 LEAPS Product Model T STEP/IGES PRO/E RTS T T T IRENE T T SBAAT AUTOCAD Auto. CAD Analysis LEAPS/ Editor T CONTAM EXCEL-COST Virtual Mockup Developed and implemented by JS CBD FY 02 & FY 03 22

LEAPS Activity RTS T T ASSET Surface CAD FORAN TRIBON Intell. Ship T STEP(214) LEAPS Activity RTS T T ASSET Surface CAD FORAN TRIBON Intell. Ship T STEP(214) IGES T T T SHIP AP’s STEP(216) STEP(215) STEP(218) STEP(227) T HLA Federate(s) T In Development FKS SMP T T • Generic Class Structure • Product Model Schema T SWPE SVM/ASAP T –NAVSEA Ship Focus Object Model EMENG • Product Model Data GMULT/GCPL RTC BAM T SDWE T LEAPSEditor Presentation Mgr DOORS STEP/IGES CONTAM CFX T Vis. Mockup Beta Code Existing Other GENERAL S 3 D Arrange Capture HLA Sim Data 27 Apr ‘ 06 VERES TSSM T Product Model T EXCEL T LEAPS Product Model ASSET Sub SHIPIR IRENE Multihull Planned. D 23

Demo Scenario – FORAN Translator Preliminary Design done in TRIBON has been transferred to Demo Scenario – FORAN Translator Preliminary Design done in TRIBON has been transferred to LEAPS for Navy review and suggestions for design changes are forwarded to shipyard using FORAN who will perform Detail Design in FORAN SENER AP 215 Translator LEAPS for Customer Review and Approval 27 Apr ‘ 06 STEP AP 215 File ISDP used by Partnering Shipyard 24

SENER - FORAN AP 215 – SHIP ARRANGEMENTS Decks and Bulkheads Details Hull Forms SENER - FORAN AP 215 – SHIP ARRANGEMENTS Decks and Bulkheads Details Hull Forms FORAN – ISE 4 Import STEP Translator TRIBON - LEAPS FORAN Ship Arrangements Detailed Design FORAN – ISE 4 AP 215 STEP Translator Selective STEP Export to LEAPS ( P 21 AP 215 -AIM STEP FILE) Zones Spaces 27 Apr ‘ 06 List of Ship Spaces Deck zones 25

Demo Scenario - LEAPS AP 215 Import Part 21 file from FORAN 27 Apr Demo Scenario - LEAPS AP 215 Import Part 21 file from FORAN 27 Apr ‘ 06 26

Demo Scenario - LEAPS AP 215 Imported Product Model Data in LEAPS 27 Apr Demo Scenario - LEAPS AP 215 Imported Product Model Data in LEAPS 27 Apr ‘ 06 27

Overview – Transfer to Life Cycle Support • Transfer construction product model to Life Overview – Transfer to Life Cycle Support • Transfer construction product model to Life Cycle Support for – Engineering support • • Onboard applications Distance support Maintenance aids Analysis tools – Decision support / simulation – Logistics support • Typical deliverables are drawings / documents – Must be re-converted to electronic data – Manual, labor intensive, incomplete process – Integrated Product Model often lost • ISE information models designed to interoperate and preserve integrated product model – Supports automated, complete process 27 Apr ‘ 06 28

As-Is Process – Transfer to Life Cycle Support Manual, labor intensive & often incomplete As-Is Process – Transfer to Life Cycle Support Manual, labor intensive & often incomplete process Neutral File Geometry (IGES, STEP, ACIS, DXF) Or Drawings C&A Drawings Integrated Construction Product Model Structural Drawings Equipment Arrangement Drawings 27 Apr ‘ 06 Molded Form Modeler Arrangements Modeler Structural Modeler Life Cycle Support System Equipment Modeler 29

ISE Process – Transfer to Life Cycle Support Highly automated, integrated, complete process AP ISE Process – Transfer to Life Cycle Support Highly automated, integrated, complete process AP 216 Molded Form Data ISE Translators Integrated Construction Product Model 27 Apr ‘ 06 AP 215 Arrangements Data AP 218 Structural Data AP 227 Equipment Data ISE Translators Life Cycle Support System Integrated Life Cycle Product Model 30

Demo Scenario–Transfer to Life Cycle Support ISE exchanges interoperate & preserve product model Previous Demo Scenario–Transfer to Life Cycle Support ISE exchanges interoperate & preserve product model Previous exchange ISDP: Integrated Ship Design & Production ISE Translators Integrated Construction Product Model AP 216 Molded Form Data AP 215 Arrangements Data AP 218 Structural Data Intelli. Ship ISE Translators AP 227 Equipment Data Integrated Life Cycle Product Model Compartments created using existing molded forms 27 Apr ‘ 06 31

Electrical Demo Details Initial Design Detail Design Concept & Preliminary Design Engineering FEA Analysis Electrical Demo Details Initial Design Detail Design Concept & Preliminary Design Engineering FEA Analysis Electrical KSS/KM Preliminary Arrangement AP 212 P 28 A Manufacturing Lifecycle Support Steel Processing AP 212 P 21 Modify Arrangement Intergraph Repair Shipyard ISDP Arrangements Detail Design 27 Apr ‘ 06 Key: = Mediators Required = Demonstrated = Not Demonstrated 32

Project Objectives Ø Exchange and ARCHIVE electrical shipbuilding data using STEP AP 212 (developed Project Objectives Ø Exchange and ARCHIVE electrical shipbuilding data using STEP AP 212 (developed by the auto industry). Ø Adopt XML to exchange STEP data. Ø Lay the groundwork to exchange data between CAD and knowledge-based software systems using STEP. Ø Leverage existing initiatives in the industry (STEP Part 21, STEP Part 28, STEP AP 212, and the Navy XML repository). Ø Publish project results. 27 Apr ‘ 06 33

Knowledge Systems Solutions Knowledge management products and expert system software * Navy (SPAWAR) C Knowledge Systems Solutions Knowledge management products and expert system software * Navy (SPAWAR) C 4 ISR KSS Knowledge. Manager Ship Shore Installation Design Tool (SSIDT) Product to create user-defined knowledge bases * Air Force (OC-ALC) SBIR Knowledge-based reverse engineering & automatic creation of 3 D CAD models 27 Apr ‘ 06 Navy (NAVSEA) SBIR * Knowledge-based retention of shipbuilding expertise * Transition of NSRP STEP translator technology 34

Spiral Development Knowledge-based system STEP XML AP 212 Design Configurator Single C 4 ISR Spiral Development Knowledge-based system STEP XML AP 212 Design Configurator Single C 4 ISR Circuit Integrated Prototype Full C 4 ISR System Component Design File Single C 4 ISR Equipment Navy Air Force Commercial Generic Objects Framework Design Full Engineering & Design Data Sets System Spec TWR Power Distribution TWR Lighting Data Import STEP – Data – Translator 27 Apr ‘ 06 35

Knowledge Management Demonstration Ø TWR Power Distribution System Ø Collect data and information into Knowledge Management Demonstration Ø TWR Power Distribution System Ø Collect data and information into a knowledge base Ø Perform calculations and design functions 27 Apr ‘ 06 36

Component Design Framework • Component Structure CDF Component Part Catalog AP AP AP Schemas Component Design Framework • Component Structure CDF Component Part Catalog AP AP AP Schemas Object Classes • Multiple AP’s & Schemas • Auto-configured Objects • Structured Design File Component Structure 27 Apr ‘ 06 • KB Mediators Design Configurator Mediators Knowledge Based System CAD (future) • CAD STEP. stp Files KB (future) AP AP Schemas CAD Schemas Systems 37

Electrotechnical Results ØDeveloped Component Design Framework for data translation and archival using STEP AP Electrotechnical Results ØDeveloped Component Design Framework for data translation and archival using STEP AP 212. ØKnowledge Management (knowledge & rules) ØEngineering Data (results) ØCreated reusable STEP toolsets (mediator stylesheets) for Do. N repository. ØTested AP 212 with diverse electrotechnical test cases. ØDemonstrated the joint use of STEP and XML with new programming resources. 27 Apr ‘ 06 38

Electrotechnical Future – Continued joint service implementation and benefit. – ISE 4 follow-on project Electrotechnical Future – Continued joint service implementation and benefit. – ISE 4 follow-on project • • Facilitates detailed engineering along with early conceptual electrical engineering. Integrates knowledge management with 2 D and 3 D CAD via STEP formatted files. – Automatically generate knowledge bases from existing CAD data elements. 27 Apr ‘ 06 39

Engineering Analysis Demo Details Initial Design Detail Design Concept & Preliminary Design Engineering FEA Engineering Analysis Demo Details Initial Design Detail Design Concept & Preliminary Design Engineering FEA Analysis Electrical ADAPT AP 209 P 21 Manufacturing Lifecycle Support Steel Processing EBC XSLTs AP 218 P 28 ISDP NGSS, Intergraph Arrangements Detailed Design Stage Detail Design 27 Apr ‘ 06 40

ISE-4 Engineering Analysis Project L = Left Screen 27 Apr ‘ 06 Final Demonstration ISE-4 Engineering Analysis Project L = Left Screen 27 Apr ‘ 06 Final Demonstration April 27, 2006 Washington, DC 41

ISE-4 Engineering Analysis Project Note: This was a simultaneous 2 -screen demo; L = ISE-4 Engineering Analysis Project Note: This was a simultaneous 2 -screen demo; L = Left screen, R = Right screen. Final Demonstration April 27, 2006 R= Right Screen Washington, DC 27 Apr ‘ 06 42

Engineering Analysis Task Participating Organizations: • General Dynamics / Electric Boat – Task Lead Engineering Analysis Task Participating Organizations: • General Dynamics / Electric Boat – Task Lead • Northrop Grumman Ship Systems • Intergraph Corporation L 27 Apr ‘ 06 43

Engineering Analysis Task Individual Participants: • • • Burt Gischner Ron Wood Steve Gordon Engineering Analysis Task Individual Participants: • • • Burt Gischner Ron Wood Steve Gordon Denny Moore Ted Briggs Art Hundiak Tom Rando Heidi Preston Steve Skrabacz R 27 Apr ‘ 06 44

Engineering Analysis Task Focus and Outline: • Multiple ISO STEP Application Protocols (APs) – Engineering Analysis Task Focus and Outline: • Multiple ISO STEP Application Protocols (APs) – Primarily AP 218 and AP 209 • Different file exchange formats – Traditional STEP Express and XML forms • Leverage existing CAE software Demonstrations: • Demo 1 - Accommodating different formats – Both Part 21 (Express) and Part 28 Ed. 2 (XML) – Using mediation (XSLT transformation) • Demo 2 - Using parametric geometry L 27 Apr ‘ 06 – AP 218 ‘Implicit’ and ‘Explicit’ Geometry – Creating explicit from implicit 45

Engineering Analysis Task Goals and Objectives: • Extend interoperability capabilities by employing both the Engineering Analysis Task Goals and Objectives: • Extend interoperability capabilities by employing both the newer shipbuilding APs and the other existing ISO STEP 10303 standards. • Build on work accomplished under previous ISE projects and related efforts. • Illustrate flexible use of both STEP Express and XML formats for exchange and mediation. • Demonstrate TWR structural model exchange from AP 218 to AP 209 for use with various engineering finite element analysis software packages • Leverage these methodologies for both future Product Lifecycle Management (PLM) and Long Term Data L Retention (LTDR) efforts. 27 Apr ‘ 06 46

Extend ISO 10303 Interoperability R 27 Apr ‘ 06 47 Extend ISO 10303 Interoperability R 27 Apr ‘ 06 47

Engineering Analysis Approach • The utility of the ISO STEP 10303 -209 (AP 209) Engineering Analysis Approach • The utility of the ISO STEP 10303 -209 (AP 209) for supporting interoperability and collaborative design (combining design geometry with detailed finite element analysis) has already been demonstrated in other venues (e. g. PDES). • All of that collaboration has been based upon exchange of traditional STEP files encoded in Express (Part 21). • In this ISE-4 task we demonstrate extensions to that approach by integrating with STEP application protocols for ship structure (primarily AP 218), and by employing more flexible collaboration and exchange scenarios using XML (Part 28) encoded files. PDES, Inc. R R 27 Apr ‘ 06 48

ISE Paradigm ISO STEP 10303 Information Model = Core Content Express <XML> ISO STEP ISE Paradigm ISO STEP 10303 Information Model = Core Content Express ISO STEP Standard Information Model Data Part 21 R 27 Apr ‘ 06 Part 28 The STEP Standards can be delivered (“wrapped”) in multiple forms, yet contain exactly the same data! 49

Engineering Analysis Approach / Progress XML Mediation Addresses CAx Interoperability among the Ship APs Engineering Analysis Approach / Progress XML Mediation Addresses CAx Interoperability among the Ship APs and with other Existing ISO STEP APs STP (Express) Files Ship CAD Tools XSLT Interoperability XML Files CAE Analysis Tools CAD CAE CAD CAM L 27 Apr ‘ 06 CAx = CAD / CAE / CAM 50

Interoperability Backdrop AP 218 AP 209 STP Ship CAD Tools CAE Tools XML R Interoperability Backdrop AP 218 AP 209 STP Ship CAD Tools CAE Tools XML R 27 Apr ‘ 06 51

EA Demo 1 Roadmap AP 218 STP DS / CATIA Step Tools AP 209 EA Demo 1 Roadmap AP 218 STP DS / CATIA Step Tools AP 209 AIM P 21 AP 218 AIM P 21 Sener / FORAN ? Aveva / TRIBON R Shipyard CAD 27 Apr ‘ 06 AP 209 EB / COMMANDS FESOL Atlantec Intergraph / Intelli. Ship AP 203 EB / ADAPT Ship CAD Tools Intergraph / ISDP MSC / PATRAN CAE Tools AP 218 ARM P 28 XML Existing CAE Structural Analysis 52

EA Demo 1 Roadmap AP 218 STP DS / CATIA Step Tools AP 209 EA Demo 1 Roadmap AP 218 STP DS / CATIA Step Tools AP 209 AP 218 AIM P 21 AP 209 AIM P 21 -P 28 AP 218 AIM P 28 AP 209 AIM P 28 Sener / FORAN Ship CAD Tools Aveva / TRIBON Atlantec Intergraph / ISDP Intergraph / Intelli. Ship R Shipyard CAD 27 Apr ‘ 06 XSLT AP 218 ARM P 28 XSLT MSC / PATRAN AP 203 EB / ADAPT AP 209 EB / COMMANDS Mediation Tools XSLT XML NSRP Tools & Infrastructure XSLT AP 209 ARM P 28 FESOL CAE Tools Existing CAE Structural Analysis 53

Actual EA Demo 1 Flow AP 209 AP 218 STP DS / CATIA STI Actual EA Demo 1 Flow AP 209 AP 218 STP DS / CATIA STI AP 218 AIM P 21 AP 209 AIM P 21 -P 28 AP 218 AIM P 28 XSLT AP 209 AIM P 28 XSLT Mediation XSLT AP 218 ARM P 28 XSLT AP 209 ARM P 28 Sener / FORAN Ship CAD Tools Aveva / TRIBON Atlantec Intergraph / ISDP Intergraph / Intelli. Ship L 27 Apr ‘ 06 MSC / PATRAN AP 203 EB / ADAPT AP 209 EB / COMMANDS FESOL CAE Tools XML 54

NSRP ISE Demo GUI Mediator GUI STP XML R 27 Apr ‘ 06 55 NSRP ISE Demo GUI Mediator GUI STP XML R 27 Apr ‘ 06 55

Multiple APs How can that work? • Different ISO STEP Application Protocols have differing Multiple APs How can that work? • Different ISO STEP Application Protocols have differing file content. – AP 218 (Ship Structures) vs. AP 209 (Composite and Metallic Structural Design & Analysis). • Several ship CAD vendors have selected XML (Part 28) format for data exchange. • Other CAx (CAD and CAE) vendors employ existing (older) ISO STEP exchange files in Express (Part 21) format. • AP 203 (IS, 1994) has had more than a decade of usage. Along with AP 214, they are the most commonly used APs. They are pervasively used for CAD geometry exchange in various industries today. L 27 Apr ‘ 06 56

AP 218: Ship Structures L 27 Apr ‘ 06 57 AP 218: Ship Structures L 27 Apr ‘ 06 57

AP 209: Composite & Metallic Structural Analysis & Related Design Analysis Discipline Product Definitions AP 209: Composite & Metallic Structural Analysis & Related Design Analysis Discipline Product Definitions Information Shared Between Analysis & Design • Finite Element Analysis –Model (Nodes, Elements, Properties, . . . ) –Controls (Loads, Boundary • 3 D Shape Representations • Composite Constituents • Material Specifications & Properties Constraints, . . . ) –Results (Displacements, Stresses, . . . ) • Part Definitions • Analysis Report Composite Constituents Design Discipline Product Definition • Ply Boundaries, Surfaces • Shape Representations • Laminate Stacking Tables • Assemblies • Reinforcement Orientation Configuration Control, Approvals Material Specifications & Properties • Part, product definitions • Finite element analysis model, controls, and results • Composites • Homogeneous (metallics) 3 D Shape Representation • AP 202/203 Commonality Plus Composite Specific R 27 Apr ‘ 06 3 D Shapes – Advanced B-Representation – Faceted B-Representation – Manifold Surfaces With Topology – Wireframe & Surface without Topology – Wireframe Geometry with Topology – Composite Constituent Shape Representation 58

ISO STEP 10303 -218 (AP 218) “Explicit” Geometry “Implicit” Geometry Structural Parts and Features ISO STEP 10303 -218 (AP 218) “Explicit” Geometry “Implicit” Geometry Structural Parts and Features Geometric Shape Representations Wireframe, Non_Manifold Surfaces, Brep Solids General Characteristics, Hull Cross Section, Weight Description L 27 Apr ‘ 06 (Parametric Geometry) CAD Configuration Management, Class Approval PDM Production Design & Engineering Data ISO STEP 10303 -218 (AP 218) Ship Structures 59

ISO STEP 10303 -209 (AP 209) AP 209 Nominal CAD Geometry CAD Idealized CAE ISO STEP 10303 -209 (AP 209) AP 209 Nominal CAD Geometry CAD Idealized CAE “Simulation-Specific” Geometry CAE FEM Finite Element Model(s) FEM CCS Composite Constituent Shape(s) CCS Product Data Management PDM Info FEA PDM Finite Element Analysis FEA Controls & Results AP 209 = CAD + CCS + CAE + FEM + FEA + PDM R 27 Apr ‘ 06 One can use STEP APs with any one or more of these pieces. 60

AP 218: Ship Structures L 27 Apr ‘ 06 Structural System Tank Structure 61 AP 218: Ship Structures L 27 Apr ‘ 06 Structural System Tank Structure 61

ISO STEP 10303 -209 (AP 209) R 27 Apr ‘ 06 62 ISO STEP 10303 -209 (AP 209) R 27 Apr ‘ 06 62

This NSRP ISE-4 Task Demo CAD Multiple STEP Application Protocols, Different Formats: XML (P This NSRP ISE-4 Task Demo CAD Multiple STEP Application Protocols, Different Formats: XML (P 28), Express (P 21) XS LT s PDM CAD Configuration Management, Class Approval AP 218 P 28 ARM L 27 Apr ‘ 06 First Step is to Create a Starting AP 209 File with Explicit Geometric Shape Representations PDM AP 209 P 21 AIM 63

This NSRP ISE-4 Task Demo The Next Demo Step is to Illustrate Analysis of This NSRP ISE-4 Task Demo The Next Demo Step is to Illustrate Analysis of the Exchanged Ship Structure • Automated Creation of Idealized (Analysis) Geometry • Construct the Finite Element Model(s) • Solve, Display, and Interpret Analysis Results CAD All These can be Merged into a Single “Growing” AP 209 File or Repository for LTDR and PLM FEM CAE FEA PDM R 27 Apr ‘ 06 AP 209 64

EA Demo 1 Engineering Analysis Task Demos L 27 Apr ‘ 06 Engine Room EA Demo 1 Engineering Analysis Task Demos L 27 Apr ‘ 06 Engine Room Demos Employ TWR 3 D Product Model Geometry 65

TWR Engine Room L 27 Apr ‘ 06 TWR Engine Room Looking Aft with TWR Engine Room L 27 Apr ‘ 06 TWR Engine Room Looking Aft with Bulkhead at FR 16 Removed 66

TWR Engine Room Twin Caterpillar Diesel Propulsion Engines R 27 Apr ‘ 06 Fuel TWR Engine Room Twin Caterpillar Diesel Propulsion Engines R 27 Apr ‘ 06 Fuel Oil Tank Top Engines are Supported on Outboard and Inboard Girders 67

TWR Engine Room L 27 Apr ‘ 06 Selected TWR Engine Room Solid Model TWR Engine Room L 27 Apr ‘ 06 Selected TWR Engine Room Solid Model Geometry with Port Caterpillar Engine Partial Design Change - Additional Brackets Inserted at FR 17 & FR 19 68

TWR Engine Room R 27 Apr ‘ 06 Selected TWR Engine Room Solid Model TWR Engine Room R 27 Apr ‘ 06 Selected TWR Engine Room Solid Model Geometry with Port Caterpillar Engine 69

Demo Geometry in ISDP TWR Engine Room Fuel Oil Tank & Engine Support Structure Demo Geometry in ISDP TWR Engine Room Fuel Oil Tank & Engine Support Structure Shown in Intergraph’s ISDP Software L 27 Apr ‘ 06 Port-Side Outboard Girder - Solid Model Geometry for Analysis 70

Engineering Analysis Task Demo 1 Demonstrations: • Demo 1 - Accommodating different formats – Engineering Analysis Task Demo 1 Demonstrations: • Demo 1 - Accommodating different formats – Both Part 21 (Express) and Part 28 Ed. 2 (XML) – Using mediation (XSLT transformation) • Demo 2 - Using parametric geometry – AP 218 ‘Implicit’ and ‘Explicit’ Geometry – Creating explicit from implicit L 27 Apr ‘ 06 71

Engineering Analysis Task Demo 1 Demonstrations: • Demo 1 - Accommodating different formats – Engineering Analysis Task Demo 1 Demonstrations: • Demo 1 - Accommodating different formats – Both Part 21 (Express) and Part 28 Ed. 2 (XML) – Using mediation (XSLT transformation) • Demo 2 - Using parametric geometry – AP 218 ‘Implicit’ and ‘Explicit’ Geometry – Creating explicit from implicit R 27 Apr ‘ 06 72

Demo Geometry Port-Side Outboard Girder Solid Model Geometry Outboard Girder – Mid-Surface Shell Geometry Demo Geometry Port-Side Outboard Girder Solid Model Geometry Outboard Girder – Mid-Surface Shell Geometry for Analysis Nominal (CAD) and Idealized (Analysis) Geometry in EB’s ADAPT code L 27 Apr ‘ 06 73

Shock Stress FE Analysis Model Outboard Girder – Shell Finite Element Analysis Model 6 Shock Stress FE Analysis Model Outboard Girder – Shell Finite Element Analysis Model 6 “G” Simulated Shock Loads Applied in Vertical and Athwartship Directions L 27 Apr ‘ 06 74

Shock Stress FE Analysis Result Analysis 1 Outboard Girder – With Single Intermediate Bracket Shock Stress FE Analysis Result Analysis 1 Outboard Girder – With Single Intermediate Bracket at Frame 18 L 27 Apr ‘ 06 Analysis 2 Outboard Girder – With Intermediate Brackets at Frames 17, 18, and 19 For the Simulated Athwartship Shock Loading, Adding the Additional Brackets Results in an Eight-Fold Reduction in Von Mises Stress Level 75

Engineering Analysis Task Demo 2 Demonstrations: • Demo 1 - Accommodating different formats – Engineering Analysis Task Demo 2 Demonstrations: • Demo 1 - Accommodating different formats – Both Part 21 (Express) and Part 28 Ed. 2 (XML) – Using mediation (XSLT transformation) • Demo 2 - Using parametric geometry – AP 218 ‘Implicit’ and ‘Explicit’ Geometry – Creating explicit from implicit R 27 Apr ‘ 06 76

AP 218 Implicit Geometry Various parts and features have parametric definitions in AP 218 AP 218 Implicit Geometry Various parts and features have parametric definitions in AP 218 implicit geometry. Outward Round Corner Cutout Bulbflat Cross Section L 27 Apr ‘ 06 T Bar Cross Section Drain Hole Cutout 77

EA Demo 2 uses ESTEP AP 218 Test Case 2 (based on TWR Frame EA Demo 2 uses ESTEP AP 218 Test Case 2 (based on TWR Frame 12) from the ISE-2 project as input. L 27 Apr ‘ 06 A prototype demonstrator code creates the explicit geometry, visualizes both, allows parametric change, an exports a STEP file. 78

EA Demo 2 Roadmap Implicit & Explicit Geometry AP 218 STP DS / CATIA EA Demo 2 Roadmap Implicit & Explicit Geometry AP 218 STP DS / CATIA Step Tools AP 2 XX AP 203 AIM P 21 AP 218 AIM P 21 Sener / FORAN Ship CAD Tools Explicit Geometry MSC / PATRAN AP 203 EB / ADAPT Implicit Geometry AIM Prototype Manifold ARM 218 Demonstrator Solid Lister Valid. Generator Explicit Geometry AP 209 EB / COMMANDS FESOL ‘One. Stop’ • Modular Java software • Multiple project funding & support (EB, CNST, ISE) STEP AP 218 Math Implicit to 3 D P 21 Explicit Lib Viewer Geometry Reader & Visualizer CAE Tools Existing CAE Structural Analysis L 27 Apr ‘ 06 79

EA Demo 2 Part Selector and Parameter Change Implicit (Parametric) Geometry L 27 Apr EA Demo 2 Part Selector and Parameter Change Implicit (Parametric) Geometry L 27 Apr ‘ 06 Created Explicit Geometry 80

Engineering Analysis Task Demo 2 Demonstrations: • Demo 1 - Accommodating different formats – Engineering Analysis Task Demo 2 Demonstrations: • Demo 1 - Accommodating different formats – Both Part 21 (Express) and Part 28 Ed. 2 (XML) – Using mediation (XSLT transformation) • Demo 2 - Using parametric geometry – AP 218 ‘Implicit’ and ‘Explicit’ Geometry – Creating explicit from implicit L 27 Apr ‘ 06 81

EA Demo 2 – Implemented Features Outward Round Corner 60 Degree Bevel Circular Cutout EA Demo 2 – Implemented Features Outward Round Corner 60 Degree Bevel Circular Cutout Round Corner Rectangular Cutout L 27 Apr ‘ 06 Examples of AP 218 Parametric Features Inward Round Corner 82

EA Demo 2 A Explicit Geometry AP 218 AP 203 Implicit Geometry 1. Implicit EA Demo 2 A Explicit Geometry AP 218 AP 203 Implicit Geometry 1. Implicit Explicit 2. Solid Import FEMAP Example L 27 Apr ‘ 06 3. Solid (TET) Meshing 83

ISE Approach These demos show that the ISE approach and architecture do represent an ISE Approach These demos show that the ISE approach and architecture do represent an innovative, practical solution to the information interoperability challenge. • It is an innovative integration of STEP and XML technologies – Supports sharing of geometry & geometric product models • It employs a permissive (mediation) architecture – Lets each enterprise choose its own tool set • It is accessible to both large and small shipyards – The only system dependency is Web infrastructure – Utilizes open standards L • It can be incorporated into CAD platforms used by U. S. shipbuilders and into software from other collaborating vendors 27 Apr ‘ 06 84

Steel Processing Demo Details Initial Design Detail Design Manufacturing Engineering FEA Analysis Steel Processing Steel Processing Demo Details Initial Design Detail Design Manufacturing Engineering FEA Analysis Steel Processing Concept & Preliminary Design Electrical Preliminary Arrangement Lifecycle Support Feed Mfg from ISDP Modify Arrangement Partnership Yard AP 218 P 28 GDEB NGSS Repair Shipyard Intergraph ISDP Arrangements Detail Design Key: 27 Apr ‘ 06 = Mediators Required = Demonstrated = Not Demonstrated 85

Agenda - Steel Processing • Objectives/Proposed scope • Manufacturing Rules Description/ Applicability • Demonstration Agenda - Steel Processing • Objectives/Proposed scope • Manufacturing Rules Description/ Applicability • Demonstration Scenario • Benefits 27 Apr ‘ 06 86

Objectives/Scope • General Objectives (from NSRP SIP) – Decouple CAM from CAD – Enable Objectives/Scope • General Objectives (from NSRP SIP) – Decouple CAM from CAD – Enable efficient partnering among yards • Project Scope – Create a framework for defining manufacturing rules/processes – Develop a Yard-Neutral Mfg Model (STEP AP 218) • Suitable for work package definition • Make recommended enhancements to specification as required – Apply manufacturing rules to generate a manufacturing product model that respects the requirements of a given yard 27 Apr ‘ 06 87

Shipyard B Shipyard A Usage Scenario CAD (Detailed Design) STEP 218 Steel Processor (Lofting/ Shipyard B Shipyard A Usage Scenario CAD (Detailed Design) STEP 218 Steel Processor (Lofting/ Mfg Engineering) STEP 218 Shop A STEP 218 Shop B Mfg Rules STEP 218 Steel Processor (Lofting/ Mfg Engineering) Mfg Rules 27 Apr ‘ 06 88

Mfg Product Model Shell Plate Design Source Process Design 27 Apr ‘ 06 CAD Mfg Product Model Shell Plate Design Source Process Design 27 Apr ‘ 06 CAD Manufacturing Develop Flat Plate Add Excess Stock for Rolling Specialized Macro Manufacturing Rule Adjust Size for Weld Shrinkage Add Edge Prep & Punch-marking Manufacturing Rule Yard Processes and Assembly Plan 89

Rules Application • Data Creation – Creation of manufacturing data based on the input Rules Application • Data Creation – Creation of manufacturing data based on the input data and rules – Examples • • Feature definition (edge preps, added/removed mat’l) Annotation creation and positioning Process definition Data extractions for post-processing applications (reports, mfg aids, nesting) • Data Verification – Check the data for conformance to a set of yard-specific processes, geometry correctness (e. g. , closed parts), consistency, and produce-ability – Examples • • 27 Apr ‘ 06 Data integrity (content, structure, associations) Geometry correctness Structural part relationships Correlation of processes applied to structural data 90

Demonstration Example Bulkhead Deck Plates 27 Apr ‘ 06 91 Demonstration Example Bulkhead Deck Plates 27 Apr ‘ 06 91

Yard-Specific Annotation Ex. Stiffener Marking Line Thickness Throw Indicator (Northrop Grumman Ship Systems) 27 Yard-Specific Annotation Ex. Stiffener Marking Line Thickness Throw Indicator (Northrop Grumman Ship Systems) 27 Apr ‘ 06 Thickness Throw Indicator (General Dynamics Electric Boat) 92

General Dynamics Electric Boat Northrop Grumman Avondale Demonstration Scenario ISDP Steel Processor 1 STEP General Dynamics Electric Boat Northrop Grumman Avondale Demonstration Scenario ISDP Steel Processor 1 STEP 218 Shop A Mfg Rules Steel Processor 2 STEP 218 1 Apply manufacturing rules for NG Avondale 2 STEP 218 Shop B Mfg Rules Apply manufacturing rules for GD Electric Boat 27 Apr ‘ 06 Launch Demo 93

Benefits of Approach - Steel Processing • Explicit definition and application of rules to Benefits of Approach - Steel Processing • Explicit definition and application of rules to structural data – Maintained separate from design/lofting systems – Streamline manufacturing product model creation and verification • Evolution of ship structural standards – Use STEP specifications as the native import/export format and as a framework for the internal structure 27 Apr ‘ 06 94

Recap of the Interoperability Demo Initial Design Detail Design Concept & Preliminary Design Engineering Recap of the Interoperability Demo Initial Design Detail Design Concept & Preliminary Design Engineering FEA Analysis Electrical KSS/KM Preliminary Arrangement AP 212 P 28 A Atlantec ADAPT AP 212 P 21 Modify Arrangement Sener TRIBON B EBC AP 209 P 21 C AP 218 P 28 FORAN Partnership Yard Manufacturing Lifecycle Support Steel Processing Feed Mfg from ISDP AP 218 P 28 GDEB NGSS Intergraph ISDP AP 215 P 28 Repair Shipyard INTELLISHIP AP 215 P 28 B AP 215 P 21 Suggest Design Changes Submit Design LEAPS Navy Analysis Programs AP 215 P 21 Approval Submit Design For Approval LEAPS Arrangements Navy Response Center Detail Design Engineering Analysis Key: 27 Apr ‘ 06 = Mediators Required Final Product Model Delivered to Navy = Demonstrated = Not Demonstrated 95

Availability of ISE Project Results • ISE Project has: – Developed Information Models based Availability of ISE Project Results • ISE Project has: – Developed Information Models based on STEP – Created Mediator Tools – Verified that the above meet requirements of U. S. shipyards and work with currently available CAD tools – Published Implementors Agreements to enable others to use these tools effectively – Registered ISE Schemas with the DONXML Repository – Identified proposed changes/corrections to ISO STEP Standards – Created a Website to contain the relevant software tools, schemas, etc. as provided by the ISE Project • www. isetools. org – JEN-X Mediator from EXPRESS to XML will be publicly available on Sourceforge and PDES, Inc. Websites 27 Apr ‘ 06 96

Goal: Implement in Production • The ISE Project has developed tools and demonstrated interoperability Goal: Implement in Production • The ISE Project has developed tools and demonstrated interoperability between shipyards in the areas of: – – – – Structure Piping HVAC Common Parts Catalog Interfaces Ship Arrangements Electrical Engineering Analysis Steel Processing ISE 2 ISE 3 ISE 4 • The goal of current and future efforts is to make these techniques and tools available in production and to all U. S. shipyards – STEP Shipbuilding Translators – XML Tools – Common Parts Catalog Interfaces • A Website has been established to contain the relevant software tools, schemas, etc. as provided by the ISE Project – www. isetools. org 27 Apr ‘ 06 97

Continuing Efforts • An ISE 4 Follow-On Project was awarded for 2006: – Electrical: Continuing Efforts • An ISE 4 Follow-On Project was awarded for 2006: – Electrical: Finish task including addition of 3 D information – Program Management: Continue support and involvement of ISO and DONXML activities • An ISE Systems Technology Panel Project was awarded for 2006: – Steel Processing: Continue efforts with emphasis on STEP-NC • Future Projects: Complete the Information Interoperability Roadmap – Goal is to turn all boxes “Blue” – ISE Project is providing tools to turn boxes from “Red” to “Yellow” and then to “Green” – Customer must invoke Requirements on Contracts in order to get these tools Implemented in Production 27 Apr ‘ 06 98

Information Interoperability Roadmap Note: Circled boxes have been addressed under the ISE Project 27 Information Interoperability Roadmap Note: Circled boxes have been addressed under the ISE Project 27 Apr ‘ 06 99

Conclusions • These testing, modeling, and simulation efforts are part of an attempt to Conclusions • These testing, modeling, and simulation efforts are part of an attempt to develop a suite of product model data exchange tools that will enable U. S. shipyards to become more productive • These efforts revolve around implementation of the ISO 10303 STEP Shipbuilding standards and XML technology • The APs that enable these exchanges have completed their development and approval as International Standards • The primary focus has shifted to testing and validating their implementations ISE Tools Enable Interoperability between Shipyards 27 Apr ‘ 06 100 and Reduce the Life Cycle Cost of Ships

Challenges • Two major challenges lie ahead of us: – Commercialization of this technology Challenges • Two major challenges lie ahead of us: – Commercialization of this technology – Continuing to prototype standards based data exchange in other application areas • In order to increase the availability and lower the price of production ready tools: – The ship owner / operator needs to insist that data be delivered in a system neutral format – The shipbuilder needs to insist that STEP functionality be an integral part of computer software products • The next challenge is to move this technology into the mainstream and insure that the technology is mature enough to transition into commercial CAD, CAE, CAM, and PDM products 27 Apr ‘ 06 101

Summary • Enabling interoperability is a major challenge in achieving the goals of NSRP Summary • Enabling interoperability is a major challenge in achieving the goals of NSRP • Achieving these goals will have a major impact on reducing the cost of ships • The ISE Project is attacking these problems in many different disciplines and environments • Although ISE has been very successful, much work remains to achieve our goals 27 Apr ‘ 06 102