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"Inspecting the Future" The SICI workshop, Bratislava, 5 - 7 June 2013 How the education system in Slovakia works? From 1989 visions to 2013 challenges Juraj Vantuch, vantuch [email protected] com

"Inspecting the Future" The SICI workshop, Bratislava, 5 - 7 June 2013 My original assignement for today: To present education system in Slovakia Refer. Net Slovakia www. refernet. sk Country Report 2012: http: //www. refernet. sk/images/news/files/VET_in_Slovakia_in_2012. pdf National Policy report 2002 -2010: http: //www. refernet. sk/images/news/files/Policy. Report_SK_2010_A%20 Bridge%20 to%20 the%20 Future_final. pdf Juraj Vantuch, 05/06/2013

Education system in Slovakia (Arts schools and Special schools not included) Higher Education „Bologna“ Education system in Slovakia (Arts schools and Special schools not included) Higher Education „Bologna“ : Bc, MA (Ing), Ph. D Absolutorium Diploma (5 B) )) Higher Professional Studies Post-maturita specialising studies 2 -3 years Certificate/Second Maturita (4 A) Post-maturita refresher Post-maturita qualifying studies 0, 5 -2 years Maturita (3 A) Maturita (3 A*) Cert. of Apprent. (3 C) Grammar School 4, 5, (8) years) VET Schools 4, 5 years VET Schools 3, 4 years Maturita (3 A) 2 years follow up Low sec completing courses * + Co. A alternatively Basic education certificate (ISCED 2 A) Lower secondary (5 years) and elementary(4 years) Training (2 C) 2 years

"Inspecting the Future" The SICI workshop, Bratislava, 5 - 7 June 2013 How the education system in Slovakia works? From 1989 visions to 2013 challenges My programme for you now: Ø How the education system works? Ø Crucial 1989 visions of change Ø 2013 challenges Juraj Vantuch, 05/06/2013

"Inspecting the Future" The SICI workshop, Bratislava, 5 - 7 June 2013 How the education system in Slovakia works? From 1989 visions to 2013 challenges A. How the education system in Slovakia works? 1. 2. 3. It is good and efficient. Not effective! Well, but sufferring from unfavourable conditions. Can be all answers right? 1. 2. 3. Analysts and politicians Employers Schools What kind of system is meant? Juraj Vantuch, 05/06/2013

"Inspecting the Future" The SICI workshop, Bratislava, 5 - 7 June 2013 A. How the education system in Slovakia works? 1. It is good and efficient 1. It is good and Mc. Kinsey&Co 2010 Report „How the world’s most improved school systems keep getting better“, E Good= 480 -520 points of Universal scale score ( PISA PIRLS TIMSS ) „Third of five point scale“ Political interpretation: Slovakia has EU 27 2 nd most efficient education system (excl. Finland from another planet ) Right, but what can one falling down say to it: „So far so good“ System? Primary and Low Secondary Juraj Vantuch, 05/06/2013

"Inspecting the Future" The SICI workshop, Bratislava, 5 - 7 June 2013 A. How the education system in Slovakia works? 2. Not effective! Extremely high yooth unemployment Low quality VET graduates (only 20% according to Automotive Industry Association) Policies announced: Transforming VET is needed to align it to LM needs Introducing elements (? !) of dual VET system Right, but what are LM needs? Industry only? System? Upper secondary (VET) only? Juraj Vantuch, 05/06/2013 Juraj Vantuch,

"Inspecting the Future" The SICI workshop, Bratislava, 5 - 7 June 2013 How the education system in Slovakia works? From 1989 visions to 2013 challenges 3. Well, but sufferring of unfavourable conditions School autonomy without institutional support 2008 curricul. reform without infrastructural support o Insufficient equipment and provision of teaching aids o Limited methodological support o Weak pedagogical research o Financing below national economy performance o „Per capita normatives“ creating hidden internal debt Fiscal over educational goals (Maastricht, €, FSP) Juraj Vantuch, 05/06/2013

"Inspecting the Future" The SICI workshop, Bratislava, 5 - 7 June 2013 How the education system works? Education benchmarks 2011 Education Benchmarks SK Early leavers from E T 5, 0 Tertiary attainment (30 -34) 23, 4 Preschool participation (4+) 77, 5 Low achievers (PISA Reading) 22, 3 Low achievers (PISA Maths) 21, 0 Low achievers (PISA Science) 19, 3 Graduate empl. rate (20 -34) 70, 3 3, 9 LLL participation (25 -64) Source: Eurostat, OECD; * EU 26(CY) EU 27 13, 5 34, 6 92, 4 19, 6* 22, 2* 17, 7* 77, 2 8, 9 2020 10 40 95 15 15 15 82 15 Ranking 3 24 24 19 11 18 -19 23 23 Juraj Vantuch, 05/06/2013

"Inspecting the Future" The SICI workshop, Bratislava, 5 - 7 June 2013 Crucial 1989 visions of change Freedom of teachers highlighted. Deliberation from political influence = Professionalisation „Unified education“ Discussing +plurality in approaches 1989 spirit of the time ØSort of shift to learning outcomes based curricula („standards setting“ - but freedom, not accountability!!) ØRedefinition of the role of inspection, dividing its two original roles ( quality check and advisory) – Athletics No responsibility for performance of schools !!! ØNew „sectoral“ governance autonomy of schools. Juraj Vantuch, 05/06/2013

"Inspecting the Future" The SICI workshop, Bratislava, 5 - 7 June 2013 challenges Two systemic and politically very hot topics Ø Matching labour market needs (It is about VET and cooperation of stakeholders) Ø Creating appropriate learning environment (It is about teacher training and financing) Juraj Vantuch, 05/06/2013

"Inspecting the Future" The SICI workshop, Bratislava, 5 - 7 June 2013 Matching labour market needs Extremely high yooth unemployment Unemployment rates of 15 - 24 aged (%) ISCED 2004 2007 2011 2012 EU 27 0 -6 18, 6 15, 5 21, 3 22, 8 Slovakia EU 27 Slovakia 0 -6 0 -2 32, 8 21, 3 73, 7 20, 3 20, 1 66, 2 33, 2 28, 2 63, 7 34, 0 30, 3 66, 0 EU 27 3 -4 17, 9 13, 4 18, 6 20, 0 Slovakia 3 -4 28, 6 15, 3 30, 8 31, 0 EU 27 5 -6 12, 8 11, 4 16, 7 17, 9 Slovakia 5 -6 24, 5 19, 0 23, 9 29, 1 Source : Eurostat, [lfsa_urgaed] last update 03/05/13 Juraj Vantuch, 05/06/2013

"Inspecting the Future" The SICI workshop, Bratislava, 5 - 7 June 2013 Matching labour market needs Number of ISCED 3 graduates by programmes 2010 N % Programme ISCED level ISCED 3 A GEN 20101 27. 8 ISCED 3 A VET 39568 54. 7 ISCED 3 C VET 12693 17. 5 ISCED 3 Total 72362 100 1999 2010/1999 index N % 15 648 17. 2 1. 3 48 220 53. 1 0. 8 26 870 29. 6 0. 5 90 738 100 0. 8 Source: Eurostat (UOE data) Dramatic decline in ISCED 3 C graduates Latest national data indicate further decline Shortage of skilled blue collar workers and craftsmen Juraj Vantuch, 05/0602013

"Inspecting the Future" The SICI workshop, Bratislava, 5 - 7 June 2013 Matching labour market needs Can non state schools reduce labour market mismatch? Full-time students in selected ISCED 3 A VET programmes Public Private 2011/2012 Church Field of study N % N % Economics and services 45 720 41. 8 6 884 63. 9 663 22. 3 Electrical Engineering 16 666 15. 2 518 4. 8 166 5. 6 Mechanical Engineering 7 241 6. 6 98 0. 9 Total 109386 100 10 769 100 2 978 100 Source: National statistics Private: 83. 3% in Economics, Arts, Teacher training - Inflow! Church: 68. 8% in Teacher training and Health - Mission! How about girls? (Health education destructed? ) Juraj Vantuch, 05/06/2013

"Inspecting the Future" The SICI workshop, Bratislava, 5 - 7 June 2013 Matching labour market needs Two Worlds Conflict? Two Markets Conflict! Counselling Education Service Market Monitoring School World of learning Labour Market World of Work Juraj Vantuch, 05/06/2013

"Inspecting the Future" The SICI workshop, Bratislava, 5 - 7 June 2013 Matching labour market needs Soft vs hard approach Counselling Monitoring Individual predisposition Graduates tracking Personal preferences Skills needs anticipation (Self-)employability Labour force forecasting Organism vs Mechanism Juraj Vantuch, 05/06/2013

"Inspecting the Future" The SICI workshop, Bratislava, 5 - 7 June 2013 Creating appropriate learning environment Annual expenditures on public and private educational institutions per student compared to GDP per capita ISCED LEVEL 2001 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 EU 27 ISCED 5 -6 37. 5 36. 8 SK ISCED 5 -6 35. 6 37. 1 36. 4 36. 3 36. 8 38. 9 46. 0 35. 0 44. 4 36. 1 33. 7 28. 3 29. 61 EU 27 ISCED 2 -4 26. 0 25. 9 25. 2 26. 4 26. 0 25. 1 25. 9 27. 9 SK ISCED 2 -4 16. 3 18. 0 18. 7 16. 9 16. 5 15. 9 17. 1 20. 61 EU 27 ISCED 1 18. 4 19. 7 20. 3 20. 6 21. 1 22. 6 SK ISCED 1 10. 9 15. 1 14. 1 17. 5 17. 9 17. 3 17. 9 22. 62 Source: Eurostat; Refernet SK: CR 2012 1 second lowest in the EU 27; 2 17 th in the EU 27 Juraj Vantuch, 05/06/2013

"Inspecting the Future" The SICI workshop, Bratislava, 5 - 7 June 2013 Creating appropriate learning environment Source: UNICEF MONEE project, Social monitor 2002, 3 -18 aged education expenditures

"Inspecting the Future" The SICI workshop, Bratislava, 5 - 7 June 2013 Creating appropriate learning environment Slovakia has one of the lowest rates of public spending on education in the EU. One of the underlying topics of the current economic policy is to find out how to invest into education while complying with the set fiscal targets. The Slovak Government intends to increase expenditures on education to 6% of GDP by 2020. It must be noted, however, that the funds have to be provided in an efficient manner. To that end, sources of inefficient spending in education will be searched for, which should provide room for improved funding. The Government will primarily focus on the streamlining of the network of schools and adjusting the number of teachers to demographic development. (National Reform Programme 2013, p. 28) Juraj Vantuch, 05/06/2013

"Inspecting the Future" The SICI workshop, Bratislava, 5 - 7 June 2013 challenges Two hot topics (in media) (in fact about policy borrowing and policy learning) o Shift to learning outcomes To enrich discourse and not to forget inputs EQF, NSQ (NSO) as impulse for internal change o Role of inspection (questioned Finland) Independency in assessment and evaluation Risk based and establishers (regions) included Focus on provision of learning environment Impulses for improvement efforts and innovations Juraj Vantuch, 05/06/2013

"Inspecting the Future" The SICI workshop, Bratislava, 5 - 7 June 2013 Future Mission Statement? Independent Quality Check! Advising rather than law enforcing only Promoting innovations rather than direct advising Bridge rather than Fortress! Future Inspectorates = Innovarates Juraj Vantuch 05/06/2013

"Inspecting the Future" The SICI workshop, Bratislava, 5 - 7 June 2013 How the education system in Slovakia works? From 1989 visions to 2013 challenges Thank you for your attention Juraj Vantuch, www. refernet. sk ; vantuch [email protected] com