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Innovative●entrepreneurial●global Innovative● entrepreneurial● Automotive Technology SMC 3012 Dr. Mohd Kameil Abdul Hamid C 23 - 417 [email protected] utm. my Innovative●entrepreneurial●global Innovative● entrepreneurial●
Innovative●entrepreneurial●global Innovative● entrepreneurial● Course Objectives • Synopsis : This course introduces students to the fundamental knowledge of automotive technology areas related to design principal, components or modern automotive system: the function and operation, interaction between one system and the other system. Students will be taught to identify problem that may arise on the components or system. • Learning Outcomes : By the end of the course, students should be: Able to describe the principle and working mechanisms of automotive sub-systems Able to demonstrate working mechanisms of automotive sub-systems Able to sketch the force flow through the main automotive sub-systems • Generic Skills Addressed : Communication (LG 3) Team Working (LG 4) Life-Long Learning (LG 6)
Innovative●entrepreneurial●global Innovative● entrepreneurial● Brief Course Content Power Plant ( Engine) Drive train (Transmission system) Brake System Steering System Suspension system
Innovative●entrepreneurial●global Innovative● entrepreneurial● Evaluation Method Test 1 - 15% Test 2 - 15% Lab/ Assignment - 20% Project – 10% Final exam - 40%
Innovative●entrepreneurial●global Innovative● entrepreneurial● References 1. Ed May and Les Simpson, 2010, Automotive Mechanics Vol. 2, Mc. Graw-Hill Australia, 8 th Edition. 2. Heisler H, ADVANCED VEHICLE TECHNOLOGY, Bath Press Avon, 1989. SAE Publication. 3. Crouse, W. H. and Anglin, D. L. 1993. Automotive Mechanics, Mc. Graw-Hill International Editions, Ed. 10. 4. Nash, F. C. Automotive Technology, Second Edition SI Metric; Mc. Graw Hill 5. Gupta, R. B. 1986. Automobile Engineering 6. Knowles, D. 1995. Classroom Manual for Automotive Engine Performance; Del mar Publish 7. www. howstuffworks. com
Innovative●entrepreneurial●global Innovative● entrepreneurial● Automotive Technology Introduction Automotive Technology is related to the technology that has evolved and developed through out the history of automobile industry to help manufacturers, designers and engineers to produce vehicles that can fulfill their design purposes. # Initially, the purpose of a car is to move people and things: - no concern on safety, comfort and environment # Changing focus: to move the car faster and safer - time, speed, safety, # Introduction of electronics: better control, comfort and environment friendly - integration of many system through electronics control. - 80% of today’s car is controlled by electronics - easy control, in cabin entertainment, zero emission vehicles
Innovative●entrepreneurial●global Innovative● entrepreneurial● Automotive Technology Class activity Take a paper and make a list of the given keywords related to today’s automotive vehicle. Safety technology? Performance technology? Comfort technology?
Innovative●entrepreneurial●global Innovative● entrepreneurial● Automotive Technology Short exercise What is ABS? ABS: Antilock Brake System (or Anti-locking Brake System) enables you to steer whilst keeping the brake pedal full on. Can be felt as a vibration through the pedal when it cuts in. Also useful in stopping in a straight line if one side is on slippery stuff and the other on grippy stuff (non-ABS will tend to spin). What is EBD? EBD: Electronic Brake Distribution (or Electronic Brake-force Distributor) - alters how much brake force goes to the front and how much to the rear. Cars always have more braking on front. If the rears lock before the front then the car will spin.
Innovative●entrepreneurial●global Innovative● entrepreneurial● Automotive Technology Short exercise What is EPS? EPS: Electronic Power Steering - enables the amount of assistance with steering to be varied depending on speed and how much you turn the wheel. This means it can give lots of boost when parking the car whilst still giving you a good feel for the road at speed. What is ESP: Electronic Stability Program - senses when the car is about to go out of control and can apply an individual brake to a wheel to help avoid the spin. Will not totally prevent the spin but means that it takes more to lose control. Often also used to give traction control where brakes may be applied if a wheel begins to spin due to too much power for the grip.
Innovative●entrepreneurial●global Innovative● entrepreneurial● Introduction of Engine = piece of machine that produces mechanical power. Engines can be classified in many different ways: By the engine cycle used, the layout of the engine, source of energy, the use of the engine, or by the cooling system employed. The purpose of a gasoline car engine is to convert gasoline into motion so that your can move. Currently the easiest way to create motion from gasoline is to burn the gasoline inside an engine. Therefore, a car engine is an internal combustion engine combustion takes place internally.
Innovative●entrepreneurial●global Innovative● entrepreneurial● Introduction of Engine There is such a thing called an external combustion engine. A steam engine in old-fashioned trains and steam boats is the best example of an external combustion engine. The fuel (coal, wood, oil, whatever) in a steam engine burns outside the engine to create steam, and the steam creates motion inside the engine. Internal combustion is a lot more efficient (takes less fuel per mile) than external combustion, plus an internal combustion engine is a lot smaller than an equivalent external combustion engine. This explains why we do not see any cars from many manufacturers using steam engines.
Innovative●entrepreneurial●global Innovative● entrepreneurial● History of Engine 1. 1673 - engine concept developed by Huygen, Holland. 2. 1766 - steam engine discovered by Watt, Britain. 3. 1769 -the first road vehicle invented by French engineer and mechanic, Nicolas Joseph Cugnot 4. 1876 – four stroke engine cycle developed by August Otto, Holland 5. 1876 – two-stroke engine invented by Sir Dougald Clerk, Britain 6. 1885 – gasoline engine was first built by Gottlieb Daimler, Holland. He built a two-wheeled vehicle the "Reitwagen" (Riding Carriage) and a year later built the world's first four-wheeled motor vehicle. 7. 1886 - On January 29, Karl Benz received the first patent (DRP No. 37435) for a gas-fueled car. 8. 1889 - Daimler built an improved four-stroke engine with mushroom-shaped valves and two Vslant cylinders. 9. 1890 - Wilhelm Maybach built the first four-cylinder, four-stroke engine. 10. 1895 – diesel engine was discovered by R. Diesel, Britain 11. 1908 – mass production of vehicle engine by Ford, America.
Innovative●entrepreneurial●global Innovative● entrepreneurial● Car History • Start when car become available – Whole design effort was concentrated on the engine & transmission system Berliet Omnibus, 1909 Vauxhall Passenger Car, 1908
Innovative●entrepreneurial●global Innovative● entrepreneurial● Car History First road vehicle was a military tractor by Nicolas J. Cugnot First car by Daimler First car by Karl Benz
Innovative●entrepreneurial●global Innovative● entrepreneurial● Car History Karl Benz ‘Velo’ 1894, first production automobile First car made by MITSUBISHI 1917 First mass product car ( Ford type T 1908) First car made by TOYOTA 1934 First car made by HINO 1915 First car made by DATSUN 1932
Innovative●entrepreneurial●global Innovative● entrepreneurial● Automotive Design ● Style sells cars ● Cars are designed to accommodate mechanical parts, to reduce wind resistance and save fuel, to carry passengers and cargo, to please consumers’ eyes and egos, and, above all, to increase sales and make money. ’
Innovative●entrepreneurial●global Innovative● entrepreneurial● Automotive Passion Saleen S 7 SSC Ultimate Aero TT Veyron 2500 Reventon Tata Nano Mc. Laren F 1
Innovative●entrepreneurial●global Innovative● entrepreneurial● Type of Engine
Innovative●entrepreneurial●global Innovative● entrepreneurial● What is the engine used by Proton? What is the engine that powers the Proton Gen-2, Proton Satria Neo, Proton Waja, Proton Persona, Proton Saga and Proton Exora? Cam. Pro engine = first automotive engine developed together with Lotus by the Malaysian carmaker, Proton. Cam. Pro = Cam Profiling.
Innovative●entrepreneurial●global Innovative● entrepreneurial● Why built engine? Proton's ability to make its own engines that produce good power output and meet newer emission standards. The engine prototype was first unveiled on 6 October 2000 at the Lotus factory in UK before it debuted in the 2004 Proton Gen • 2
Innovative●entrepreneurial●global Innovative● entrepreneurial● Part A. Prepare a short biography (maximum 10 pages) and discuss the contribution of the following inventors in the field of automotive: 1. Karl Benz 2. Gottlieb Daimler Part B. Prepare a short description (maximum of 3 pages) on the following proton engine: 1. Cam. Pro 2. CFE Work in group of three and prepare your report. Due date is on Monday 14 th September 2015.