Скачать презентацию Informal meeting on Mines Other Than Anti-Personnel Mines Скачать презентацию Informal meeting on Mines Other Than Anti-Personnel Mines

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Informal meeting on Mines Other Than Anti-Personnel Mines (MOTAPM) ROOM VII, Palais des Nations, Informal meeting on Mines Other Than Anti-Personnel Mines (MOTAPM) ROOM VII, Palais des Nations, Geneva 29 August 2017 – 10: 00 to 1: 00 pm Lance Malin, Chief, UNMAS Libya [email protected] org Country studies: MOTAPM, the challenge to affected states and clearance operators (Libya and South Sudan)

MOTAPM affected states/territories that UNMAS assists: • • • - Afghanistan - Iraq - MOTAPM affected states/territories that UNMAS assists: • • • - Afghanistan - Iraq - Libya - Mali - Somalia - South Sudan - Syria (although extent of contamination not known due to lack of access) - Western Sahara

A lasting threat to the protection of civilians • Refugees and IDPs are unable A lasting threat to the protection of civilians • Refugees and IDPs are unable to safely return home • Residents forced to live with the dangers • Usually increased numbers and severity of casualties (per incident) • Stockpile Security • Lifespan of MOTAPM (both in storage and deployed)

Libya – post 2011 19 Undamaged ASAs (Ammunition Storage Area) Encompassing: 787 ESHs (Explosive Libya – post 2011 19 Undamaged ASAs (Ammunition Storage Area) Encompassing: 787 ESHs (Explosive Storehouses) Containing: 47, 390 tons NEQ 189, 560 tons of stock 16 Destroyed ASAs Encompassing: 706 ESHs Formerly containing: 55, 720 tons NEQ And up to: 222, 880 ton ERW Key: Undamaged ASA Destroyed ASA

Libya “I say frankly, that if the international community does not help us in Libya “I say frankly, that if the international community does not help us in securing the arms and ammunition the return of security is going to take a long time, the government can only do so much” Libyan Prime Minister Ali Seidan 17 September 2013

Libya Libya

Libya Libya

South Sudan South Sudan

South Sudan South Sudan

South Sudan South Sudan

An enduring impact on the livelihoods of the local population, development and reconstruction • An enduring impact on the livelihoods of the local population, development and reconstruction • Roads are contaminated • Agricultural land is contaminated • Development is prolonged and hindered • Communities become isolated from lack of assistance

Impact on Clearance Operations • Limited detectability makes clearance operations more challenging • Non-state Impact on Clearance Operations • Limited detectability makes clearance operations more challenging • Non-state actors do not necessarily mark the placement of mines • MOTAPM are not usually equipped with self-neutralization or self- destruct features • Inaccurate and often misleading reporting on mine incidents • Re-mining of roads and routes cleared and declared safe to use • Marking of roads and routes challenging logistically

Impact on Humanitarian Aid Delivery • Humanitarian workers are denied access to populations in Impact on Humanitarian Aid Delivery • Humanitarian workers are denied access to populations in need • Endangers the lives of humanitarian workers • The cost and difficulty of assistance is increased (air vs road) • Logistics and confidence in clearance capabilities more challenging

mineaction. org #UNMAS 20 malin@un. org mineaction. org #UNMAS 20 [email protected] org