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eclecticism.pptx

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Influence of the Industrial revolution Rise of factory system Development of machine tools Iron, Influence of the Industrial revolution Rise of factory system Development of machine tools Iron, glass and steel production Sustained growth of income and population • New societal structure and relations • Urbanization • •

Crystal Palace, Sir Joseph Paxton, 1851 Crystal Palace, Sir Joseph Paxton, 1851

Crystal Palace, The Great Exhibition opening Crystal Palace, The Great Exhibition opening

Eclecticism as a new way of understanding ‘creativity’ The Architect’s dream, Thomas Cole, 1840 Eclecticism as a new way of understanding ‘creativity’ The Architect’s dream, Thomas Cole, 1840

The main types of buildings: • • Profitable houses Theatres Banks Museums Trading passages The main types of buildings: • • Profitable houses Theatres Banks Museums Trading passages Libraries Railway stations Educational facilities

Neo-Greek (Greek revival) The British Museum, Robert Smirke Neo-Greek (Greek revival) The British Museum, Robert Smirke

Distinctive features: • • • Flat walls Geometrical strictness of forms Reproduction of classic Distinctive features: • • • Flat walls Geometrical strictness of forms Reproduction of classic Greek monuments Colonnade Order decoration

Neo-Renaissance Gallery of Vittorio Emanuele II, Giuseppe Mengoni, Milan Neo-Renaissance Gallery of Vittorio Emanuele II, Giuseppe Mengoni, Milan

 • Details of the Renaissance style overlapped on the elevations of the buildings • Details of the Renaissance style overlapped on the elevations of the buildings • Large scales of the details • Plaster decorations

Neo-Baroque (Beaux-Arts) Longchamp Palace, Marseille, Henri Jacques Esperandieu Neo-Baroque (Beaux-Arts) Longchamp Palace, Marseille, Henri Jacques Esperandieu

 • Arched openings and doors • Classic architectural details – balustrades, pilasters • • Arched openings and doors • Classic architectural details – balustrades, pilasters • Decorated garlands and cornices • Expressive mascarons • Multicolor paintings, frescoes, mosaics

Neo-Gothic (Gothic revival) City Hall, Vienna Neo-Gothic (Gothic revival) City Hall, Vienna

Orientalism • Neo-Byzantine • Neo-Mauritian • Chinoisery Orientalism • Neo-Byzantine • Neo-Mauritian • Chinoisery

Alexander Nevsky Cathedral, Alexander Pomerantsev, Sofia Alexander Nevsky Cathedral, Alexander Pomerantsev, Sofia

Triumphal arch in Barcelona Triumphal arch in Barcelona

Sir William Chambers’ pagoda, Royal Botanic Gardens, London Sir William Chambers’ pagoda, Royal Botanic Gardens, London

 • Influence of Portuguese, Spanish, Mauritian Islamic architecture • Scalloped arches • Stalactite • Influence of Portuguese, Spanish, Mauritian Islamic architecture • Scalloped arches • Stalactite arches • Carpet ornaments • Mosaics • Elements of Chinese architecture