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INFINITIVES GERUNDS INFINITIVES GERUNDS

Infinitive is used to express… Infinitive is used to express…

Infinitive is used to express purpose. e. g. He went there to buy milk. Infinitive is used to express purpose. e. g. He went there to buy milk.

Infinitive I. Is used after adjectives which: Infinitive I. Is used after adjectives which:

INFINITIVE a) describe feelings, emotions (happy, glad, etc. ). INFINITIVE a) describe feelings, emotions (happy, glad, etc. ).

INFINITIVE She was glad to hear good news. INFINITIVE She was glad to hear good news.

INFINITIVE b) Express willingness/ unwillingness (willing, eager, reluctant, anxious, etc. ) INFINITIVE b) Express willingness/ unwillingness (willing, eager, reluctant, anxious, etc. )

INFINITIVE He is eager for you to come. INFINITIVE He is eager for you to come.

INFINITIVE c) Refer to a person’s character (clever, kind, etc. ) INFINITIVE c) Refer to a person’s character (clever, kind, etc. )

INFINITIVE He is clever enough to understand you. !(IT+BE+adj. +of+n/pron. ): INFINITIVE He is clever enough to understand you. !(IT+BE+adj. +of+n/pron. ):

INFINITIVE It was kind of you to tell me what to do. INFINITIVE It was kind of you to tell me what to do.

INFINITIVE d) Is used after the adjectives LUCKY and FORTUNE INFINITIVE d) Is used after the adjectives LUCKY and FORTUNE

INFINITIVE I was lucky to have met him. INFINITIVE I was lucky to have met him.

INFINITIVE II. After certain nouns and pronouns to show … INFINITIVE II. After certain nouns and pronouns to show …

INFINITIVE II. After certain nouns and pronouns to show that something is necessary or INFINITIVE II. After certain nouns and pronouns to show that something is necessary or possible.

INFINITIVE She’s got a project to complete. There’s nothing interesting to talk about. INFINITIVE She’s got a project to complete. There’s nothing interesting to talk about.

INFINITIVE III. After TOO/ENOUGH INFINITIVE III. After TOO/ENOUGH

INFINITIVE They aren’t fit enough to win the championship. INFINITIVE They aren’t fit enough to win the championship.

INFINITIVE IV. With IT+BE+adj. /noun INFINITIVE IV. With IT+BE+adj. /noun

INFINITIVE It is necessary to leave before dark. It is their dream to reach INFINITIVE It is necessary to leave before dark. It is their dream to reach the South Pole.

INFINITIVE V. To talk about an unexpected … INFINITIVE V. To talk about an unexpected …

INFINITIVE V. To talk about an unexpected event which can be unpleasant, usually with INFINITIVE V. To talk about an unexpected event which can be unpleasant, usually with ONLY

INFINITIVE They ran to the front door only to realize their mother had already INFINITIVE They ran to the front door only to realize their mother had already left.

INFINITIVE VI. After BE+THE FIRST/SECOND/N EXT/LAST/BEST, etc. INFINITIVE VI. After BE+THE FIRST/SECOND/N EXT/LAST/BEST, etc.

INFINITIVE She was the last person to leave the building. INFINITIVE She was the last person to leave the building.

INFINITIVE VII. In the expressions: - to be honest, - to tell you the INFINITIVE VII. In the expressions: - to be honest, - to tell you the truth, - to begin/start with, - to sum up, etc.

INFINITIVE To be honest, I don’t like Kim very much. INFINITIVE To be honest, I don’t like Kim very much.

INFINITIVE !!! They promised to visit and … tell us about their trip to INFINITIVE !!! They promised to visit and … tell us about their trip to Moscow.

!!! They promised to visit and tell us about their trip to Moscow. !!! They promised to visit and tell us about their trip to Moscow.

Thank you for your attention! Thank you for your attention!