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infinitive_ing_forms.pptx

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Infinitive vs V-ing Form Infinitive vs V-ing Form

1) After modal verbs can must may should will, etc. +V e. g. Anna 1) After modal verbs can must may should will, etc. +V e. g. Anna can type very fast. Анна может очень быстро печатать.

2) After the verbs let make see watch hear feel, etc. + O +V 2) After the verbs let make see watch hear feel, etc. + O +V e. g. Our mother doesn’t let us fight. Мама не позволяет нам драться.

3) after adjectives be kind sad lucky + clever glad nice, etc. to V 3) after adjectives be kind sad lucky + clever glad nice, etc. to V e. g. He is lucky to be alive! Ему повезло, что остался жив.

4) to show purpose: to V e. g. He uses his car to get 4) to show purpose: to V e. g. He uses his car to get home. Он пользуется машиной, чтобы добираться до дома.

5) after certain verbs (само действие будет относиться к будущему): hope expect learn manage 5) after certain verbs (само действие будет относиться к будущему): hope expect learn manage want offer help promise, etc. + to V e. g. They want to get an autograph. Они хотят получить автограф.

6) with too and enough: too (слишком)+ adj. + enough (достаточно) enough + noun) 6) with too and enough: too (слишком)+ adj. + enough (достаточно) enough + noun) + to V e. g. He is too young to ride a motor-bike. Он слишком мал, чтобы ездить на мотоцикле. e. g. We are strong enough to lift this sofa. Мы достаточно сильны, чтобы поднять этот диван.

7) after prepositions(object): Ving e. g. My granny is good at making pies. Моя 7) after prepositions(object): Ving e. g. My granny is good at making pies. Моя бабушка печёт вкусные пироги.

8) after some verbs : enjoy suggest mind imagine like start finish fancy avoid 8) after some verbs : enjoy suggest mind imagine like start finish fancy avoid deny admit, etc. + Ving e. g. I enjoy dancing. Я люблю танцевать.

8) after some expressions: it’s no use – бесполезно; can’t help – не могу 8) after some expressions: it’s no use – бесполезно; can’t help – не могу не…; can’t stand – не выношу; it’s (not) worth – (не) стоит…; I’d prefer – я бы предпочёл…; look forward to – ждать с нетерпением; how about - как насчёт…; have difficulty (in) – затрудняться в …, etc. + Ving e. g. I can't help laughing at his joke. Я не мог не рассмеяться над его шуткой.

remember to V – не забыть сделать что-то remember Ving – помнить о содеянном remember to V – не забыть сделать что-то remember Ving – помнить о содеянном stop to V – остановиться, чтобы сделать что-то stop Ving – перестать делать что-то try to V – попытаться сделать что-то try Ving – экспериментировать, проверять forget to V – забыть сделать что-то forget Ving – забыть о содеянном

mean to V - намереваться сделать что-то mean Ving – означать, предвещать need to mean to V - намереваться сделать что-то mean Ving – означать, предвещать need to V - нужно need(s) Ving – (пассивное значение) нуждаться в чём-то (починке, ремонте и т. д. ) regret to V – сожалеть о том, что придётся сделать что-то regret Ving – сожалеть о содеянном e. g. I need to walk in any weather. e. g. The wall needs washing.

They can’t help laughing. can’t help (laugh) They can’t help laughing. can’t help (laugh)

They hope to enter university. hope (enter university) They hope to enter university. hope (enter university)

She started reading an hour ago. start (read) an hour ago She started reading an hour ago. start (read) an hour ago

He loves playing basketball. love (play) He loves playing basketball. love (play)

Shelike (do sports) likes doing sports. Shelike (do sports) likes doing sports.

The boy enjoys cycling. enjoy (cycle) The boy enjoys cycling. enjoy (cycle)

advise Mike’s grandmother advises him (visit the dentist regularly) to visit the dentist Mike’s advise Mike’s grandmother advises him (visit the dentist regularly) to visit the dentist Mike’s grandmother

The girl looks forward school) look forward to (go toto going to school. The girl looks forward school) look forward to (go toto going to school.

hate (wash up) They hate washing up. hate (wash up) They hate washing up.

They expect to pass exams. expect (pass exams) They expect to pass exams. expect (pass exams)

She feels like starringnew film) film. feel like (star in a new She feels like starringnew film) film. feel like (star in a new

He tried to climb the mountain yesterday. try (climb mountain) yesterday He tried to climb the mountain yesterday. try (climb mountain) yesterday

give smoking last She gave up up (smoke)month. last month give smoking last She gave up up (smoke)month. last month

Alexey Nemov finished competing in 2004. finish (compete) 2004 Alexey Nemov finished competing in 2004. finish (compete) 2004

He doesn’t remember putting not remember (put the documents on the table. ) the He doesn’t remember putting not remember (put the documents on the table. ) the document on the table

She refused signing the contract yesterday. refuse (sign the contract) yesterday She refused signing the contract yesterday. refuse (sign the contract) yesterday

She means to become fit. mean (become fit) She means to become fit. mean (become fit)

The boy asks his mother ask (read) to read the book. The boy asks his mother ask (read) to read the book.

Heregret (get a bad mark) regrets getting a bad mark. Heregret (get a bad mark) regrets getting a bad mark.

Itstop (rain) stopped raining. Itstop (rain) stopped raining.