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IMPLEMENTION OF EU WATER POLICIES for ACCESSION In TURKEY Elif Ceyda TORCU Sector Manager IMPLEMENTION OF EU WATER POLICIES for ACCESSION In TURKEY Elif Ceyda TORCU Sector Manager Environment & Sustainable Development JORDAN-DEAD SEA, 23 MARCH 2011

Introduction Objectives Support to Pre-accession – Economic and political criteria – Transposition and implementation Introduction Objectives Support to Pre-accession – Economic and political criteria – Transposition and implementation of EU acquis communautaire – Preparation for future participation in structural funds

Negotiations Aquis Chapters 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. Negotiations Aquis Chapters 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. Free movement of goods Free movement of persons Free movement of services Free movement of capital Public Procurement Company Law Intellectual Peroperty Law Competition Policy Financial services Information society and media Agriculture and Rural Development Food Safety, Veterinary and Phytosanitary Policy Fisheries Transport Policy Energy Taxation Economic and Monetary Policy 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. Statistics Employment and social policy Enterprise and Industrial Policy Trans European Networks Regional Policy and Coordination of Structural Instruments Judiciary and Fundamental Rights Justice Freedom and Security Science and Research Education and Culture Environment Consumer protection and health Customs Union External Relations Foreign, Security and Defence Policy Financial control Financial and Budgetary Provisions Institutions Other issues

ENVIRONMENT IN EU ACCESSION EU Environment acquis comprises one of the most challenging chapters ENVIRONMENT IN EU ACCESSION EU Environment acquis comprises one of the most challenging chapters in a candidate country with its legislative, institutional and financial aspects.

Negotiations Chapter 27: Environment Progress Report 2010: There has been little progress in the Negotiations Chapter 27: Environment Progress Report 2010: There has been little progress in the area of water quality. Legislation on the control of water pollution was amended so as to regulate permit procedures. A high-level steering committee for water quality management was set up in order to increase coordination among the institutions involved and with the aim to develop strategies and policies for further alignment with the acquis. The institutional framework for water management is fragmented and not organised at river basin level. A number of basin protection action plans have been drafted, which will eventually be converted into river basin management plans. Transboundary consultations on water issues are still at a very early stage. Turkey signed with Greece a joint declaration providing for increased cooperation on the management of the Meric/Evros river basin.

PLANNING FOR IMPLEMENTATION Preparation of the national approximation strategy (transposition, DSIPs and financing plans) PLANNING FOR IMPLEMENTATION Preparation of the national approximation strategy (transposition, DSIPs and financing plans) Carrying out technical assistance and capacity building projects for transposition and implementation of the EU acquis (Water, Waste, Chemicals, Air, Industry, etc). Preparation for Infrastructure Investment Projects

Estimated Total Cost of EU Environmental Compliance for Turkey Costs for Water constitutes more Estimated Total Cost of EU Environmental Compliance for Turkey Costs for Water constitutes more than half of that of other sectors under Environment by 53 % Sector Staff cost (M €) TA cost (M €) Water 0, 9 16, 1 37, 629 37, 646 Others 1 999, 6 1537, 4 30, 371 32, 923 1, 000. 5 1, 553. 5 68, 000 70, 569 Total 1 Other Total Investment implementation cost (M €) sectors are Horizontal, Air, Waste, Nature, Industry, Chemicals, Nuclear and Noise

Million € Environment Public Sector Investment Needs and Financing Year Million € Environment Public Sector Investment Needs and Financing Year

IMPLEMENTATION Project Selection and Prioritisation (PEPA)-with environmental, health, economic, technical criteria Preparation of projects IMPLEMENTATION Project Selection and Prioritisation (PEPA)-with environmental, health, economic, technical criteria Preparation of projects in accordance with EU Environmental Acquis Grant Financing up to %85 of the non revenue generating part (FUNDING GAP) Under the Coordination of the Relevant Turkish Institutions (Mo. EF, EUSG, SPO)

INSTRUMENT for PRE-ACCESSION ASSISTANCE IPA (2007 -2013) Component I Technical Assistance and IB Component INSTRUMENT for PRE-ACCESSION ASSISTANCE IPA (2007 -2013) Component I Technical Assistance and IB Component II Regional and Cross-border Cooperation Component III Regional Development Operational Programme (TR) Operational Programme (ENV) Component IV Human Resources Operational Programme (RC) Operational Programme (HRD) Component V Rural Development

Project implementation Completed Projects Ø Environmental Heavy Cost Investment Planning 2002 Ø Water for Project implementation Completed Projects Ø Environmental Heavy Cost Investment Planning 2002 Ø Water for Human Consumption-2004 Ø Biocidals-2004 Ø Water Framework Directive (Büyük Menderes Basin)-2006 Ø Nitrate Directive-2007 Ø TA for Project Preparation-2005 Ø Dablas (Yeşilırmak Basin)-2006 Ø Capacity Building (Mo. EF & İller Bank)

Project implementation Programmed Projects Ø IPPC Directive (96/61/EC)-2009 Ø Water Quality Monitoring-2009 Ø Bathing Project implementation Programmed Projects Ø IPPC Directive (96/61/EC)-2009 Ø Water Quality Monitoring-2009 Ø Bathing Water Monitoring-2010 Ø Flood Risk Management-2010 Ø Preparation of River Basin Management Plans-2011

Project implementation INFRASTRUCTURE Ø Şanlı Urfa Drinking water project (21 M € MEDA 1996) Project implementation INFRASTRUCTURE Ø Şanlı Urfa Drinking water project (21 M € MEDA 1996) Ø Nevşehir WWTP Ø Tokat WWTP (17 M€ 2006 Programme)

Project implementation Planned Infrastructure projects under IPA • Drinking Water Akçaabat, Bulancak, Doğubeyazıt, Erciş, Project implementation Planned Infrastructure projects under IPA • Drinking Water Akçaabat, Bulancak, Doğubeyazıt, Erciş, Erzincan, Manavgat, Nizip, Silvan (ca. 180 million € total cost) • Waste Water: Ordu, Turhal, Sorgun, Kars, Palu-Kovancılar, Adıyaman, Aksaray, Akşehir, Bartın , Ceyhan, Çarşamba, Diyarbakır, Erdemli, Erzurum, Lüleburgaz, Merzifon, Polatlı, Seydişehir, Siverek, Soma (ca. 550 million € total cost)

SELECTED PROJECT Nevşehir WWTP Project purpose A reduction of the pollution loads to the SELECTED PROJECT Nevşehir WWTP Project purpose A reduction of the pollution loads to the Kızılırmak River, in order to improve water quality of the river. The Kızılırmak River is used for fresh water supply to the city of Ankara as of May 2008 and , also used for irrigation, energy production, fishing and recreational activities and eventually flows into the Black Sea.

SELECTED PROJECT Nevşehir WWTP Project description The WWTP project will serve Nevşehir center as SELECTED PROJECT Nevşehir WWTP Project description The WWTP project will serve Nevşehir center as well as tree adjacent municipalities (Nar, Göre and Uçhisar) and two villages (Çardak and Güvercinlik) The treatment plant will be an extended aeration activated sludge plant with servicing a population of 125, 000 persons and 9, 000 industrial p. e. (population equivalent). The discharge will meet the effluent requirements of the EU directives as well as Turkish effluent requirements.

Nevşehir WWTP Current status of implementation Service: Contract Value Commencement Date Consultant : : Nevşehir WWTP Current status of implementation Service: Contract Value Commencement Date Consultant : : 1, 233, 656 € : 17 March 2008 Sweco-Tempo Consortium (Sweden-Turkey) The technical assistance includes training and institutional strengthening to the municipality and the supervision of the WWTP construction Works: Contract Value Commencement Date Contractor : : 5, 419, 700 € : 17 March 2008 Hidrotek-OTV SA JV (Turkey-France) Construction completed and taken into operation in the summer of 2010.

Nevşehir WWTP Schematic Plan Nevşehir WWTP Schematic Plan

Nevşehir WWTP Work Site Nevşehir WWTP Work Site

Nevşehir WWTP Completed Nevşehir WWTP Completed

EU WATER POLICY Measures under Water Framework Directive Coordination of all other measures drinking EU WATER POLICY Measures under Water Framework Directive Coordination of all other measures drinking water bathing water urban waste Water Marine Strategy Nitrates Flood chemicals IPPC & other pesticides industry discharges biocides landfills sewage sludge

EU WATER POLICY WFD Key Elements • Protecting all waters, surface and ground waters EU WATER POLICY WFD Key Elements • Protecting all waters, surface and ground waters • Covering all impacts on waters. • Good quality (‘good status’) to be achieved, as a rule, by 2015 • Water quality defined in terms of biology, chemistry and morphology • Daughter Directives on Groundwater and (future) Priority Substances are part of WFD

WFD BASINS IN TURKEY Population: 73. 7 Million, Surface Area: 779, 452 km 2 WFD BASINS IN TURKEY Population: 73. 7 Million, Surface Area: 779, 452 km 2 Shoreline: 8. 333 km TR has 25 river basins and over 120 natural lakes. Consumable ground and surface water potential: 112 billion m 3/year. Anticipated to be a water-stressed country by 2030. 23 Precipitation: limited to 5 to 6 months per year. Surface Water Pollution is an issue. Source: Mo. EF & OP ENV 2007 -2011

River basin management 1. Characteristics of the basin 2. Pressures and impacts 3. Protected River basin management 1. Characteristics of the basin 2. Pressures and impacts 3. Protected areas Applied in the Büyük Menderes River basin 4. Monitoring 5. Environmental Objectives 6. Economic analysis 7. Program of measures 8. Register of other plans 9. Public information and consultation 10. Competent authorities 11. Addresses for further background information 24

Büyük Menderes Basin Status of surface water bodies Source: Mo. EF 25 Büyük Menderes Basin Status of surface water bodies Source: Mo. EF 25

Example Dokuzsele river basin - characteristics Location: Upstream area of Büyük Menderes (near Usak) Example Dokuzsele river basin - characteristics Location: Upstream area of Büyük Menderes (near Usak) Water quality status: bad Pressures Organized industrial zone (textile and leather industry) Waste water treatment plant is not effective Source: Mo. EF

Water body Dokuzsele 2 - example In order to achieve the objectives for the Water body Dokuzsele 2 - example In order to achieve the objectives for the Dokuzsele water body the following has to be realized: Reduce nitrogen emission with 200. 000 kg Source: Mo. EF

Table 1: costs of ongoing policies Table 2: costs of additional policies 28 Table 1: costs of ongoing policies Table 2: costs of additional policies 28

The Yeşilırmak River Basin Black Sea Source: DABLAS, ERM-Solventa 29 The Yeşilırmak River Basin Black Sea Source: DABLAS, ERM-Solventa 29

The Yeşilırmak Basin is the area immediately behind the Black Sea Mountains The south The Yeşilırmak Basin is the area immediately behind the Black Sea Mountains The south end is the continuation of one of the mid Anatolian plateaus The basin’s narrowest point: 30. 5 km around the Koyulhisar area. The basins widest point: Towards Ladik- Zile- Akdeğirmenli with a width of 170 km. Area Covered by the basin 36 144 km 2 Source: DABLAS, ERM-Solventa 30

THE IWRM PLAN FOR THE YESILIRMAK BASIN SURFACE WATER MODELING DSI STREAM FLOW MONITORING THE IWRM PLAN FOR THE YESILIRMAK BASIN SURFACE WATER MODELING DSI STREAM FLOW MONITORING Source: DABLAS, ERM-Solventa

THE IWRM PLAN FOR THE YESILIRMAK BASIN SURFACE WATER QUALITY Monitoring (81 stations/ 30 THE IWRM PLAN FOR THE YESILIRMAK BASIN SURFACE WATER QUALITY Monitoring (81 stations/ 30 parameters per station) Source: DABLAS, ERM-Solventa

THE IWRM PLAN FOR THE YESILIRMAK BASIN AQUIFIER MAP & GW WQ Monitoring Stations THE IWRM PLAN FOR THE YESILIRMAK BASIN AQUIFIER MAP & GW WQ Monitoring Stations (83 stations / 30 parameters per station) Source: DABLAS, ERM-Solventa

THE IWRM PLAN FOR THE YESILIRMAK BASIN HYDRAULIC MODEL Source: DABLAS, ERM-Solventa THE IWRM PLAN FOR THE YESILIRMAK BASIN HYDRAULIC MODEL Source: DABLAS, ERM-Solventa

THE IWRM PLAN FOR THE YESILIRMAK BASIN WQ MODEL Source: DABLAS, ERM-Solventa THE IWRM PLAN FOR THE YESILIRMAK BASIN WQ MODEL Source: DABLAS, ERM-Solventa

THE IWRM PLAN FOR THE YESILIRMAK BASIN SUMMARY HIGHLIGHTS FROM IWRM WORK QUANTITY 1. THE IWRM PLAN FOR THE YESILIRMAK BASIN SUMMARY HIGHLIGHTS FROM IWRM WORK QUANTITY 1. The river is relatively unregulated (only 3 main dams have impact on flows) 2. Low flow problems in summer in some reaches 3. Loss of snow storage significant 4. Need to further regulate flows (even after 3 rd main dam) QUALITY 1. Most of the basin is HMWBs 2. Only one stretch of the river appears sensitive to nutrients 3. Need to promote good agricultural practices 4. Need to enforce action against industrial polluters 5. WWTPs for agglomeration above 2000 p. e. only sufficient to achieve WQOs (provided ind. and agriculture do their part). Source: DABLAS, ERM-Solventa

Further information http: //ec. europa. eu/environment/water/index_en. htm Further information http: //ec. europa. eu/environment/water/index_en. htm