Скачать презентацию Implementing and Evaluating Ki Va in the UK Скачать презентацию Implementing and Evaluating Ki Va in the UK

2bf24902e2ad771627882519ec03153b.ppt

  • Количество слайдов: 24

Implementing and Evaluating Ki. Va in the UK 22 nd March 2017 Bangor 23 Implementing and Evaluating Ki. Va in the UK 22 nd March 2017 Bangor 23 rd March 2017 Cardiff Suzy Clarkson and Prof. Judy Hutchings Centre for Evidence Based Early Intervention Bangor University 1

Contents • • • Bullying definition Development of Ki. Va What is Ki. Va? Contents • • • Bullying definition Development of Ki. Va What is Ki. Va? Finnish results and roll out Pilot results and follow up One year follow-up child online survey results for 41 schools • The Centre and training model • Conclusion 2

Bullying- recognised international definition • Systematic aggressive behaviour against a person who finds it Bullying- recognised international definition • Systematic aggressive behaviour against a person who finds it difficult to defend him/herself against the perpetrator(s) – Repeated, deliberate attacks and power differential are central features 3

Ki. Va in Finland • In Finland having an anti-bullying policy was a requirement Ki. Va in Finland • In Finland having an anti-bullying policy was a requirement on schools but monitored over 10 years it produced no change • In 2006 – The Ministry of Education and Culture funded the development of a bullying prevention programme to be implemented widely in Finnish schools Ki. Va – Against bullying, Nice 4

 Background to Ki. Va Christina Salmivalli had already conducted 20 years of social Background to Ki. Va Christina Salmivalli had already conducted 20 years of social psychological research on bullying Participant roles in bullying (Salmivalli et al. , 1996) assistants of the bully 8% 7% 24% bully Victim Outsiders/silent approvers 12% 20% 17% defenders of the victim reinforcers of the bully 5

Ki. Va principles - in order to reduce bullying. . . • We do Ki. Va principles - in order to reduce bullying. . . • We do not necessarily need to change the victims, making them ”less vulnerable” • Influencing the behaviour of bystanders can reduce the rewards gained by the bullies and consequently, their motivation to bully in the first place UNIVERSAL • However, the victims need to feel that they are heard and helped by the adults at school • The bullies need to be confronted for their unacceptable behaviour and engaged in a plan to resolve the problem 6

In order to reduce bullying. . . • We do not necessarily need to In order to reduce bullying. . . • We do not necessarily need to change the victims, making them ”less vulnerable” • Influencing the behaviour of bystanders can reduce the rewards gained by the bullies and consequently, their motivation to bully in the first place INDICATED • However, victims need to feel that they are heard and helped by the adults at school • The bullies need to be confronted for their unacceptable behaviour 7

Ki. Va™ universal and indicated actions Parent materials Online antibullying games Pupil lessons and Ki. Va™ universal and indicated actions Parent materials Online antibullying games Pupil lessons and materials involved (teacher manuals, short films) Visible vests for persons supervising recess time Online surveys with feedback of progress Monitoring implementation and long-term effects Universal Monitoring Indicated Ki. Va™ team Clear guidelines for tackling bullying 8

Evidence of effectiveness In Finland • Randomised controlled trial 2007 -2009 – 117 intervention Evidence of effectiveness In Finland • Randomised controlled trial 2007 -2009 – 117 intervention and 117 control schools –>30, 000 pupils (grades 1– 9, 7– 15 year old) • First year of nationwide implementation (2009 -2010) – 880 Finnish schools (cohort longitudinal design) –~150, 000 pupils (grades 1– 9) • Monitoring based on annual pupil survey (2009– ongoing) 9

Changes in being bullied by different forms during one school year relative to control Changes in being bullied by different forms during one school year relative to control children: RCT, grades 4 to 6

Ki. Va Indicated actions are effective • The proportion of cases handled by the Ki. Va Indicated actions are effective • The proportion of cases handled by the school team in which bullying… – – Stopped completely Decreased Remained the same Increased 78. 2% 19. 5% 2. 0% 0. 3% Garandeau et al. (2014). Tackling acute cases of bullying: Comparison of two methods in the context of the Ki. Va antibullying program

Long-term effects from broad roll out: Proportion of pupils who have been bullied / Long-term effects from broad roll out: Proportion of pupils who have been bullied / who are bullying others repeatedly in Ki. Va schools, 2009 -2015 12

The current situation in the UK • Since 2006, schools in the UK must The current situation in the UK • Since 2006, schools in the UK must have an anti -bullying policy, however, there is no set standard • There is no specific advice or guidance on recommended evidence based strategies that could make the policies work • Rates of bullying and victimisation have remained stable 13

Welsh Pilot study • A small-scale pilot study involving 17 schools 14 in Wales Welsh Pilot study • A small-scale pilot study involving 17 schools 14 in Wales and 3 in Cheshire (2012/2013) • Welsh schools used the Welsh Government school improvement grant • Unit 2 curriculum for 9 -11 year olds • Termly support meetings • Data collected - Pre-post online pupil self-report survey - Teacher mid- and end-point survey 14

Mean percentage of pupils Pilot pupil self-report results 20 Pre-test 18 Post-test 16 14 Mean percentage of pupils Pilot pupil self-report results 20 Pre-test 18 Post-test 16 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 Victim Bully Pupil self-report status Victimisation: t(12) =2. 15, p =. 027 Bullying: t(12) =2. 79, p =. 008 Final: Pupil sample n=472 School sample n=13 15

Pilot Teacher Feedback • Teachers: enthusiastic and positive about the lesson content and structure Pilot Teacher Feedback • Teachers: enthusiastic and positive about the lesson content and structure • Teachers: reported that 75 -100% of pupils were engaged and enthusiastic about the lessons • The majority of teachers reported that Ki. Va had a positive impact on: child well-being, behaviour, pro-social behaviour, and class and playground atmosphere 16

Second year follow-up of Pilot School pupils 2013/4 Mean percentage of self-reported victims and Second year follow-up of Pilot School pupils 2013/4 Mean percentage of self-reported victims and bullies from pupils in year five that received the intervention in 2012/3 and the same groups of children at the end of year 6 in schools where the programme has been continued. Data collected in year 5 in September 2012 and July 2013, and in year 6 in July 2014. The error bars represent the standard error. 25. 00% Mean Percentage 20. 00% 15. 00% 10. 00% 5. 00% 0. 00% Sep-12 Jul-13 Victims % Jul-14 Sep-12 Jul-13 Jul-14 Bullies % 17

Progress to date in Wales/UK • Total schools trained to date 110 • This Progress to date in Wales/UK • Total schools trained to date 110 • This includes: – 17 pilot schools that only Unit 2 – 20 research schools, small pilot RCT with Dartington Social Research Unit - data still being analysed – 73 schools that have trained to deliver Ki. Va in KS 2 of whom 41 have completed a full year and the remaining 32 are in their first year of delivery 18

UK pre-test and post-test 20 Self-reported percentage 18 16 Pre-test (41 schools, 3720 pupils) UK pre-test and post-test 20 Self-reported percentage 18 16 Pre-test (41 schools, 3720 pupils) 14 Post-test (41 schools, 3614 pupils) 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 Victimisation Bullying 19

Ki. Va UK - present situation - Bangor Centre • • Licensed as UK Ki. Va UK - present situation - Bangor Centre • • Licensed as UK Hub for Ki. Va The centre funded training for two staff in Finland Accredited to train schools and trainers Funded an administrative assistant to support the development of Ki. Va Developing a network of UK trainers coordinated from the Centre Seven trainers in Wales, covering North Wales, Powys, Rhondda Cynon Taf, Swansea and Bridgend. Two in England, Cheshire and Staffordshire Three new trainers in the process of training 20 20

UK current training strategy • To support schools effectively and maintain fidelity Ki. Va UK current training strategy • To support schools effectively and maintain fidelity Ki. Va needs local leads • Trainers must have a structure that enables them to both train and support local schools • They can be funded by a school collective (group of schools) or a local authority, an NGO or by grants 21

Conclusion • • Bullying is widespread in the UK Children need evidence based education Conclusion • • Bullying is widespread in the UK Children need evidence based education Ki. Va has good evidence Teachers in UK primary schools like the programme and report positive responses from children • We are working with schools and trainers to support the development of Ki. Va in the UK and to evaluate what is needed to deliver it effectively 22

References • • Axford, N. , Hutchings, J. , Bjornstad, G. , Clarkson, S. References • • Axford, N. , Hutchings, J. , Bjornstad, G. , Clarkson, S. & Hunt, A. (2014). Ki. Va: Helping schools and parents beat bullying. Better: Evidence-based Education, 6(2), 14 -15. . Hutchings, J. (2014). New ways to tackle bullying. Society Central. http: //societycentral. ac. uk/2014/04/08/new-ways-to-tackle-bullying/ Clarkson, S. (2015) Together against bullying. The Psychologist 28 (2), 550 -551 Hutchings, J. & Clarkson, S. (2015) Introducing and piloting the Ki. Va bullying prevention programme in the UK. Educational and Child Psychology 32 (1), 49 -61 Axford, N. , Farrington, D. P. , Clarkson, S. , Bjornstad, G. , Wrigley, Z & Hutchings, J. (2015) Involving parents in school-based programmes to prevent and reduce bullying: does it work? Journal of Children’s Services, 10 (3). Hutchings, J. & Clarkson, S. (2015) Rolling out evidence-based programmes in schools. Better: Evidence-based Education 7 (2) 20 -21. Clarkson et al. , (2015) Effectiveness and micro-costing of the Ki. Va-bullyingprevention programme in Wales: Study protocol for a pilot randomised controlled trial. BMC Health. DOI: 10. 1186/s 12889 -016 -2746 -1. • 23

 Thank you for listening! For more information: Suzy Clarkson, Judy Hutchings or Natalie Thank you for listening! For more information: Suzy Clarkson, Judy Hutchings or Natalie Williams Centre for Evidence Based Early Intervention, School of Psychology, Bangor University, 
Wales http: //www. centreforearlyinterventionwales. co. uk j. [email protected] ac. uk s. [email protected] ac. uk natalie. [email protected] ac. uk 24 24