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If the Union must be dissolved slavery is precisely the question upon which it If the Union must be dissolved slavery is precisely the question upon which it ought to break John Quincy Adams 3/15/2018 1

Background of Abolitionists Mish. Mosh of Beliefs • Reformers. – Saw slavery as a Background of Abolitionists Mish. Mosh of Beliefs • Reformers. – Saw slavery as a blight on American society and a roadblock to progress. – Mostly came from the middle-class, who were already reforming prisons, education, equality for women, mental health, government, and services for the poor. 3/15/2018 Susan B. Anthony http: //ncwhs. oah. org/images/Young. Susan. B. jpg 2

Background of Abolitionists Mish. Mosh of Beliefs • Political reasons. – Democrats protested the Background of Abolitionists Mish. Mosh of Beliefs • Political reasons. – Democrats protested the denial of political and civil rights to blacks. – By 1805, all of the Northern states had either outlawed slavery or set out gradual emancipation. – Northerners believed that the slave South was gaining power and trying to push north of the Missouri Compromise line. 3/15/2018 Map of US after MO Compromise http: //www. americanforeignrelations. com/images/en an_0001_0002_0_img 0141. jpg 3

Background of Abolitionists Key Terms • Emancipation. – Freeing of slaves. • Abolition. – Background of Abolitionists Key Terms • Emancipation. – Freeing of slaves. • Abolition. – The immediate and total end of slavery. 3/15/2018 An Emancipated Slave http: //eprentice. sdsu. edu/S 03 X 2/pasenelli/Emancipation. jpg 4

Abolitionist Opinions Colonization • Benjamin Lundy. – Quaker publisher, tried to persuade Southerners to Abolitionist Opinions Colonization • Benjamin Lundy. – Quaker publisher, tried to persuade Southerners to free their slaves. – Once freed, he explored the possibility of colonization in Canada or Haiti. Benjamin Lundy 3/15/2018 http: //images. virtualology. com/ac/4/i/ency 0027. jpg 5

Abolitionist Opinions Colonization • 1817, American Colonization Society. – Gradual emancipation of slaves, with Abolitionist Opinions Colonization • 1817, American Colonization Society. – Gradual emancipation of slaves, with freed slaves to be sent to colonies in Africa. – Founded the colony of Liberia. – Would be a long and expensive process. – Slave owners would have to voluntarily take a loss. 3/15/2018 Liberia http: //cache. eb. com/eb/image? id=62283&rend. Type. Id=4 6

Frederick Douglas • runaway slave • self – educated • wrote and spoke the Frederick Douglas • runaway slave • self – educated • wrote and spoke the evils of slavery 3/15/2018 7

Quote 3/15/2018 8 Quote 3/15/2018 8

Abolitionist Opinions Former Slaves: Frederick Douglass • Background. – Most well-known escaped slave. – Abolitionist Opinions Former Slaves: Frederick Douglass • Background. – Most well-known escaped slave. – Learned to read and write and mastered a trade while a slave. – Earned enough money from lectures and writing to send to his former master and legally purchase his freedom. • Became part of the Massachusetts Anti. Slavery Society. – Would associate with leading abolitionists of the time period. 3/15/2018 Frederick Douglass http: //www-tc. pbs. org/wgbh/aia/part 4/images/4 fred 16 b. jpg 9

Freedom Child 3/15/2018 10 Freedom Child 3/15/2018 10

Abolitionist Opinions Former Slaves: Frederick Douglass • Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass. Abolitionist Opinions Former Slaves: Frederick Douglass • Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass. – Freedom required not only emancipation, but also full social and economic equality. Frederick Douglass 3/15/2018 http: //www. ls. cc. al. us/blackhistory/douglass 2. jpg 11

Abolitionist Opinions Former Slaves: Frederick Douglass • Changing opinions. – Originally wanted emancipation by Abolitionist Opinions Former Slaves: Frederick Douglass • Changing opinions. – Originally wanted emancipation by violent means. – Late 1840 s, decides to break with the “radical abolitionists. ” • Believed that the Constitution needed to be upheld. • If it was not, then emancipation meant nothing because blacks would not be treated as equals. – Destroy 3/15/2018 slavery by working within the system. Frederick Douglass http: //img. timeinc. net/time/2002/bhm/history/images/douglas. jpg 12

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Abolitionist Opinions William Lloyd Garrison • Assistant of Benjamin Lundy, would become a leading Abolitionist Opinions William Lloyd Garrison • Assistant of Benjamin Lundy, would become a leading abolitionist. William Lloyd Garrison http: //images. acswebnetworks. com/1/934/garrison_portrait. jpg 3/15/2018 – Became leader of the radical view. – Wanted the immediate emancipation of slaves. – Did not care about the political, social, and economic consequences. 14

Abolitionist Opinions William Lloyd Garrison • Refused to engage in political activity to end Abolitionist Opinions William Lloyd Garrison • Refused to engage in political activity to end slavery. – Compromises have failed in the past. – Laws made to protect slavery were illegal under God’s law. • Prepared to destroy the Union to gain their ends. 3/15/2018 William Lloyd Garrison http: //upload. wikimedia. org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/69/Will iam_garrison. jpg/250 px-William_garrison. jpg 15

Abolitionist Opinions William Lloyd Garrison • Garrison was so radical that he burned the Abolitionist Opinions William Lloyd Garrison • Garrison was so radical that he burned the Constitution. – Called it an “agreement with Hell. ” 3/15/2018 William Lloyd Garrison http: //www. arfalpha. com/Push. To. The. Front/Volume 1_HTM/41 e 4 c 670. jpg 16

Abolitionist Opinions William Lloyd Garrison • The Liberator. – Key abolitionist newspaper. – Extremely Abolitionist Opinions William Lloyd Garrison • The Liberator. – Key abolitionist newspaper. – Extremely controversial in both the North and the South. – Would be banned in the South. – Set out the reasons for abolition in a graphic manner. 3/15/2018 William Lloyd Garrison http: //www. olemiss. edu/courses/his 105/images/liberator. jpg 17

Abolitionist Opinions William Lloyd Garrison • Importance of Garrison. – Did not have many Abolitionist Opinions William Lloyd Garrison • Importance of Garrison. – Did not have many followers, but opened up new views on abolition. – Abolition was not a reform movement, but a revolution. – Achieving racial equality, not just ending slavery, will lead to the true goal: full justice for blacks. • Saw blacks as true equals. • Supported the efforts of female abolitionists and the women’s rights movement. 3/15/2018 18

Harper’s Ferry (1859) • • led by John Brown wanted to free slaves stormed Harper’s Ferry (1859) • • led by John Brown wanted to free slaves stormed the arsenal convicted of treason and murder • Bought attention to slavery again 3/15/2018 19

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Slave Resistance 1. “SAMBO” pattern of behavior used as a charade in front of Slave Resistance 1. “SAMBO” pattern of behavior used as a charade in front of whites [the innocent, laughing black man caricature – bulging eyes, thick lips, big smile, etc. ]. 3/15/2018 21

Slave Resistance 2. Refusal to work hard. 3. Isolated acts of sabotage. 4. Escape Slave Resistance 2. Refusal to work hard. 3. Isolated acts of sabotage. 4. Escape via the Underground Railroad. 3/15/2018 22

Runaway Slave Ads 3/15/2018 23 Runaway Slave Ads 3/15/2018 23

Slave Rebellions Throughout the Americas 3/15/2018 24 Slave Rebellions Throughout the Americas 3/15/2018 24

Slave Rebellions in the Antebellum South Gabriel Prosser 1800 3/15/2018 1822 25 Slave Rebellions in the Antebellum South Gabriel Prosser 1800 3/15/2018 1822 25

Slave Rebellions in the Antebellum South: Nat Turner, 1831 3/15/2018 26 Slave Rebellions in the Antebellum South: Nat Turner, 1831 3/15/2018 26

Southern Pro-Slavery Propaganda 3/15/2018 27 Southern Pro-Slavery Propaganda 3/15/2018 27

Follow the Drinking Gourd 3/15/2018 28 Follow the Drinking Gourd 3/15/2018 28

A. Underground Railroad 1. not underground 2. not a railroad 3/15/2018 29 A. Underground Railroad 1. not underground 2. not a railroad 3/15/2018 29

3. What was it? a) a system of loosely organized group of people working 3. What was it? a) a system of loosely organized group of people working against slavery and for freedom b) Approximately 100, 000 slaves escaped on the Underground Railroad c) operated from early 1800 s through the Civil War 3/15/2018 30

4. Special Terms a) conductors – people who helped guide escaping slaves to freedom 4. Special Terms a) conductors – people who helped guide escaping slaves to freedom i. most famous: Harriet Tubman b) stations – safe house (hiding places) c) Heaven, Promise Land, Canaan= Canada d) Passengers, Cargo – fugitive slaves e) station masters – person in charge of the hiding places 3/15/2018 Big Dipper / North Star were used 31 f)

5. Maps were not used. . . – routes were passed on through songs 5. Maps were not used. . . – routes were passed on through songs and quilts – Follow the Drink Gourd 3/15/2018 32

Quilt Patterns as Secret Messages The Monkey Wrench pattern, on the left, alerted escapees Quilt Patterns as Secret Messages The Monkey Wrench pattern, on the left, alerted escapees to gather up tools and prepare to flee; the Drunkard Path design, on the right, warned escapees not to follow a straight route. 3/15/2018 33

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