Скачать презентацию https www youtube com watch v 2 u OIhd YAOTY Скачать презентацию https www youtube com watch v 2 u OIhd YAOTY

f185e66c5e1a58fabe317fe143e189ef.ppt

  • Количество слайдов: 31

https: //www. youtube. com/watch? v=2 u. OIhd YAOTY (DO RE MI) https: //www. youtube. https: //www. youtube. com/watch? v=2 u. OIhd YAOTY (DO RE MI) https: //www. youtube. com/watch? v=ZWDo. K Y 4 VVuc (RAP) SUBJECT PRONOUNS A pronoun is a word that takes the place of a noun.

WHAT IS A PRONOUN? It’s a word used instead of a noun (or a WHAT IS A PRONOUN? It’s a word used instead of a noun (or a phrase containing a noun) Example: `He', `it', `who', and `anything' are pronouns. When the pronoun is the subject (the person doing the action) of the sentence, it is called a Subject Pronoun. Example: Bob is swimming. He is swimming. Subject Pronoun

CHECKING FOR UNDERSTANDING In your own words what is a Subject Pronoun? In the CHECKING FOR UNDERSTANDING In your own words what is a Subject Pronoun? In the following sentences identify & underline the Subject(s) and replace it/ them with a Subject Pronoun. Juan is the smartest student in class. Tomas likes to hang out with the girls. I like Rob. Mrs. Ness is cool. Maria is kinder than Fred. The car is not working. The house and yard both need work.

CHECKING FOR UNDERSTANDING In your own words what is a Subject Pronoun? Juan is CHECKING FOR UNDERSTANDING In your own words what is a Subject Pronoun? Juan is the smartest student in class. He likes to hang out with them. I like him. She is cool. Maria is kinder than Fred. I like Rob. Mrs. Ness is cool. Tomas likes to hang out with Jane and Carla. He is the smartest student in class. She is kinder than him The car is not working. It is not working. The house and yard both need work. They both need work

WHAT ARE THE ENGLISH SUBJECT PRONOUNS? Singular Plural 1 st person I We 2 WHAT ARE THE ENGLISH SUBJECT PRONOUNS? Singular Plural 1 st person I We 2 nd person You Ya’all 3 rd person He, She, It They

ENGLISH SUBJECT PRONOUNS AND THEIR SPANISH EQUIVALENTS Spanish subject pronouns are similar to English, ENGLISH SUBJECT PRONOUNS AND THEIR SPANISH EQUIVALENTS Spanish subject pronouns are similar to English, but there are some differences. Singular 1 st person Plural I = Yo We = nosotros (m) Nosotras (f) You (familiar) = tú 2 nd person 3 rd person You (plural, familiar) = vosotros Vosotras You (formal) = Usted (Ud. ) You (plural) = Ustedes (Uds. ) He = él She = ella It= lo (m) la (f) They (m) = Ellos They (f) = Ellas Those= los (m) las (f)

THE FIRST PERSON SINGULAR PRONOUN “YO” “Yo” means “I” and is used in the THE FIRST PERSON SINGULAR PRONOUN “YO” “Yo” means “I” and is used in the same way as in English. Yo soy americano. Yo soy estudiante. Note that it is not capitalized unless it starts a sentence: Mi amigo y yo…

SECOND PERSON SINGULAR PRONOUN TÚ Tú means you (familiar/ informal) Used when talking to SECOND PERSON SINGULAR PRONOUN TÚ Tú means you (familiar/ informal) Used when talking to someone familiar We’ll learn more about this in a moment.

FORMAL YOU USTED (UD. ) Usted means you (formal) Used when talking to someone FORMAL YOU USTED (UD. ) Usted means you (formal) Used when talking to someone you should respect. Abbreviated Capital U lower case d period. (Ud. ) We’ll learn more about this pronoun in a moment. Quien Sera Milionario https: //www. youtube. com/watch? v=p 6 xpirj. E 82 M

3 RD PERSON SINGULAR MASCULINE ÉL Él = he It is used when talking 3 RD PERSON SINGULAR MASCULINE ÉL Él = he It is used when talking ABOUT a boy/guy/man. used in the same way as its English counterpart: Jorge es mexicano. Él es de Guadalajara. DON’T forget the accent mark. If you do, you are actually writing the Spanish word for “the” él = he el = the

3 RD PERSON SINGULAR FEMININE ELLA Ella = she It is used when talking 3 RD PERSON SINGULAR FEMININE ELLA Ella = she It is used when talking ABOUT a girl/woman. used in the same way as its English counterpart: Rosa es mexicana. Ella es de Acapulco. Please pronounce it correctly. It sounds like (eh-yah) not (el-lah) Remember ll= y sound.

THE FIRST PERSON PLURAL PRONOUN “NOSOTROS / NOSOTRAS” Use nosotros/ nosotras to talk about THE FIRST PERSON PLURAL PRONOUN “NOSOTROS / NOSOTRAS” Use nosotros/ nosotras to talk about a group of people that includes you. in English we have one word to talk about “we, ” but in Spanish, we distinguish between “we” masculine and feminine: Juan: “Mi hermano y yo somos de Argentina. Nosotros vivimos en Buenos Aires. ” Juana: “Mi hermana y yo somos de Bolivia. Nosotras vivimos en La Paz. ” use the masculine pronoun if it refers to a mixed group: Juan: “Mi hermano, mi novia, y yo somos de Argentina. Nosotros vivimos en Buenos Aires. ” Juana: “Mi hermana, mis padres, y yo somos de Bolivia. Nosotros vivimos en La Paz.

3 RD PERSON PLURAL MASCULINE ELLOS Ellos = They (masculine) It is used when 3 RD PERSON PLURAL MASCULINE ELLOS Ellos = They (masculine) It is used when talking ABOUT a group of boys/guys/men or a mixed group. used in the same way as its English counterpart: Jorge y Pepe son mexicanos. Ellos son de Guadalajara. Jorge y Ana son alumnos. Ellos son amigos también. Please pronounce it correctly. It sounds like (eh-yohs) not (el-lohs) Remember ll= y sound.

3 RD PERSON PLURAL FEMININE ELLAS Ellas = They (feminine) It is used when 3 RD PERSON PLURAL FEMININE ELLAS Ellas = They (feminine) It is used when talking ABOUT a group of only females. used in the same way as its English counterpart: Sofía y Ana son alumnas. Ellas son amigas también. Please pronounce it correctly. It sounds like (eh-yahs) not (el-lahs) Remember ll= y sound.

2 ND PERSONAL FAMILIAR YOU PLURAL VOSOTROS/ VOSOTRAS Used when talking TO a group 2 ND PERSONAL FAMILIAR YOU PLURAL VOSOTROS/ VOSOTRAS Used when talking TO a group of familiar people We’ll learn more about this pronoun in a moment.

2 ND PERSONAL FORMAL YOU PLURAL USTEDES (UDS. ) Abbriviated Capital “U”, lower case 2 ND PERSONAL FORMAL YOU PLURAL USTEDES (UDS. ) Abbriviated Capital “U”, lower case “d”, lower case “s” period. (Uds. ) Used when talking TO a group of formal people. We’ll learn more about this pronoun in a moment.

YOU, AND YOU In English, there is only one “YOU”. It is singular and YOU, AND YOU In English, there is only one “YOU”. It is singular and plural, masculine and feminine, formal and informal Note: y’all or you all is not standard English, but we will use it to help learn the Spanish forms of “you”. In Spanish there are 5 ways to express “you” tú usted (Ud. ) vosotros vosotras ustedes (Uds. )

DIFFERENCES – YOU: TÚ VS. USTED Let’s look at the singular forms first. Each DIFFERENCES – YOU: TÚ VS. USTED Let’s look at the singular forms first. Each one has a specific time when it used. If you use the wrong one, it can be offensive to the person with whom you are speaking. Tú = you (informal/familiar) Usted (Ud. ) = you (formal) Use “tú” when talking to people with whom you are on a first name basis. friends family small children people younger than you pets Use “Usted” when talking with people to whom you should show respect. People in authority (police, teachers, bosses, etc. ) Strangers Acquaintances Adults

CHECK FOR UNDERSTANDING TÚ & USTED Using the general rules concerning the usage of CHECK FOR UNDERSTANDING TÚ & USTED Using the general rules concerning the usage of tú and usted, decide which form is best when addressing…. ? Your best friend…? Your Spanish teacher…? Your best friend’s mother…? Your dog, Pepe…. ? Your school principal…? Mrs. Sanches, you next-door neighbor…? Your brother…. ? Your school bus driver…? Your teacher’s fiveyear-old son…? Your older brother’s girlfriend…? A salesman who comes to your front door…. ?

CHECK FOR UNDERSTANDING TÚ & USTED Using the general rules concerning the usage of CHECK FOR UNDERSTANDING TÚ & USTED Using the general rules concerning the usage of tú and usted, decide which form is best when addressing…. ? tú Your best friend…? usted Your Spanish teacher…? usted Your best friend’s mother…? tú Your dog, Pepe…. ? usted Your school principal…? usted Mrs. Sanches, you next-door neighbor…? tú Your brother…. ? usted Your school bus driver…? tú Your teacher’s fiveyear-old son…? usted Your older brother’s girlfriend…? usted A salesman who comes to your front door…. ?

DIFFERENCES – Y’ALL In Spanish there are three ways to say “all of you” DIFFERENCES – Y’ALL In Spanish there are three ways to say “all of you” Vosotros Vosotras Ustedes (Uds. ) Vosotros/vosotras are the plural forms of tú. Ustedes is the plural form of usted. Vosotros is used when talking to a familiar group of males or a mixed group. Vosotras is the feminine form of vosotros and is used when the entire group is female These two familiar forms are used primarily in Spain.

DIFFERENCES – Y’ALL The plural you form “ustedes (Uds. )” Is used differently in DIFFERENCES – Y’ALL The plural you form “ustedes (Uds. )” Is used differently in Spain and Latin America. In Spain, vosotros/as is used when talking to an informal group. Uds. is used to address a formal group. In Latin America, Uds. is generally used in both formal and informal situations. (They don’t use vosotros/as)

CHECK FOR UNDERSTANDING VOSOTROS/VOSOTRAS & USTEDES Using the general rules concerning the usage of CHECK FOR UNDERSTANDING VOSOTROS/VOSOTRAS & USTEDES Using the general rules concerning the usage of vosotros and ustedes decide which form is best when addressing…. ? Your close friends…? Your church leaders…? Your mother’s best friends…? Presenting at the Science fair…. ? Presenting at a family reunion…? Talking to a girl’s pre-school class…?

REVIEW Yo = I First person singular Not capitalized unless the first word of REVIEW Yo = I First person singular Not capitalized unless the first word of the sentence Used to talk ABOUT yourself Tú = You (singular, informal/familiar) Second person Singular Use it to talk TO a person that is a friend or family member Nosotros/as = we First person plural distinguish between “we” masculine and feminine Used to talk ABOUT yourself and friends Vosotros/as = You (plural, familiar) Second person Plural Use it to talk TO a group of friends or family members. Ud. = You (singular, formal) Uds. = You (plural) Use it to talk TO a person that is due Use it to talk TO a group of people respect. Third person singular Third person plural Él = he Ellos = They (masculine) Don’t forget the accent It is used when talking ABOUT a group Use it to talk ABOUT a guy. of boys/guys/men or a mixed group. Ellas = They (feminine) Ella = she It is used when talking ABOUT a group Use it to talk ABOUT a girl. of only females. Watch the pronunciation. Los/las= those Lo/la= it

ENGLISH SUBJECT PRONOUNS AND THEIR SPANISH EQUIVALENTS Spanish subject pronouns are similar to English, ENGLISH SUBJECT PRONOUNS AND THEIR SPANISH EQUIVALENTS Spanish subject pronouns are similar to English, but there are some differences. Singular 1 st person Plural I = Yo We = nosotros (m) Nosotras (f) You (familiar) = tú 2 nd person 3 rd person You (plural, familiar) = vosotros Vosotras You (formal) = Usted (Ud. ) You (plural) = Ustedes (Uds. ) He = él She = ella It= lo (m) la (f) They (m) = Ellos They (f) = Ellas Those= los (m) las (f)

CHECK FOR UNDERSTANDING Identify the correct SPANISH subject pronoun to replace the underlined subjects CHECK FOR UNDERSTANDING Identify the correct SPANISH subject pronoun to replace the underlined subjects in the sentences below. Ejemplo Tom and Carla are going to the store. Ellos Jose likes to eat fish. Jane and I are traveling to Guatamala. Ya’ll are my favorite people. I love to see my friends. Tom thinks he’s all that. Janet is beautiful. I wish you all (my teachers) would give me less homework. You are the cutest baby ever! …. and you, Mr. President? The girls think the rules don’t apply to them!

CHECK FOR UNDERSTANDING Identify the correct SPANISH subject pronoun to replace the underlined subjects CHECK FOR UNDERSTANDING Identify the correct SPANISH subject pronoun to replace the underlined subjects in the sentences below. El likes to eat fish. Nosotros(as) are traveling to Guatamala. Vosotros(as) are my favorite people. I love to see my friends. El thinks he’s all that. Ella is beautiful. I wish Ustedes (Uds. ) (my teachers) would give me less homework. Tú are the cutest baby ever! …. and usted(Ud. ), Mr. President? The Ellas think the rules don’t apply to them!

UNDERSTANDING THE VERB CHART Spanish Grammatical concepts are often taught using the “verb” chart. UNDERSTANDING THE VERB CHART Spanish Grammatical concepts are often taught using the “verb” chart. Verb Conjugation, Subject Pronouns, Indirect & Direct Object Pronouns are all presented with the chart Singular 2 nd person 3 rd person Person speaking Persons speaking Person (familiar) you are speaking to… 1 st person Plural Persons (familiar) you are speaking to… Person (formal) you are speaking to… Persons (formal) you are speaking to… Person/thing you are speaking about… Persons/thing you are speaking about…

CHECKING FOR UNDERSTANDING Spanish Grammatical concepts are often taught using the “verb” chart below… CHECKING FOR UNDERSTANDING Spanish Grammatical concepts are often taught using the “verb” chart below… lets see if you can fill in the missing concepts ? ? …. Person…. Persons…. Person…. ? person ? Persons…. person

THE CHART WITH VERBS Spanish Grammatical concepts are often taught using the “verb” chart. THE CHART WITH VERBS Spanish Grammatical concepts are often taught using the “verb” chart. Verb Conjugation, Subject Pronouns, Indirect & Direct Object Pronouns are all presented with the chart Singular 2 nd person 3 rd person Estoy Estamos Estas 1 st person Plural Estaís Estan

Hola VOCABULARY LISTS & FLASH CARDS Singular Subject Pronouns Plural Subject Yo Tú Usted Hola VOCABULARY LISTS & FLASH CARDS Singular Subject Pronouns Plural Subject Yo Tú Usted (Ud. ) Él Ella Pronouns Nosotros/ Nosotras Vosotros/ Vosotras Ustedes (Uds. ) Ellos Ellas HI