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HINDUISM How to prepare for DEATH 4 November 2010 Foundation for Self-Knowledge NZ HINDUISM How to prepare for DEATH 4 November 2010 Foundation for Self-Knowledge NZ

HINDU 1. Derivation of the word ‘HINDU’ • Geographical location • People 2. History HINDU 1. Derivation of the word ‘HINDU’ • Geographical location • People 2. History Foundation for Self-Knowledge NZ

 Foundation for Self-Knowledge NZ Foundation for Self-Knowledge NZ

HINDU Foundation for Self-Knowledge NZ HINDU Foundation for Self-Knowledge NZ

HINDU Foundation for Self-Knowledge NZ HINDU Foundation for Self-Knowledge NZ

HINDU Foundation for Self-Knowledge NZ HINDU Foundation for Self-Knowledge NZ

History As archelogy tells us, the journey of the Hindu civilization as we know History As archelogy tells us, the journey of the Hindu civilization as we know it today, began about 6500 BC as Indus civilization. Later it became Indus-Saraswati civilization. This culture still continues to exist in India under the name, Vedic Tradition and Culture – the present form of Hinduism. Foundation for Self-Knowledge NZ

Sindhu River Foundation for Self-Knowledge NZ Sindhu River Foundation for Self-Knowledge NZ

HINDU Foundation for Self-Knowledge NZ HINDU Foundation for Self-Knowledge NZ

Sarasvati River by satellite Foundation for Self-Knowledge NZ Sarasvati River by satellite Foundation for Self-Knowledge NZ

Prominent scholars 1. Aryabhatta: Astronomer and Mathematician 2. Varahamihir: Astrologer and Astronomer 3. Bhaskaracharya: Prominent scholars 1. Aryabhatta: Astronomer and Mathematician 2. Varahamihir: Astrologer and Astronomer 3. Bhaskaracharya: Genius in Algebra 4. Dhanvantari: Father of Surgery ( Ayurveda) Foundation for Self-Knowledge NZ

Prominent Scholars 5. Charak: Physician of Ayurveda ( Author of Charak Samhita) 6. Sushruta: Prominent Scholars 5. Charak: Physician of Ayurveda ( Author of Charak Samhita) 6. Sushruta: Father of Cosmetic Surgery 7. Panini: Sanskrit Grammarian. 1600 BC. 8. Patanjali: Ashtanga Yoga. Foundation for Self-Knowledge NZ

ARYABHATTA (Astronomer and Mathematician) First to gift algebra to the world. Contribution to Mathematics: ARYABHATTA (Astronomer and Mathematician) First to gift algebra to the world. Contribution to Mathematics: 1. Value of Pi as 3. 1416 to four decimal places 2. Sine table 3. Theory of earth’s rotation 4. Theory of solving indeterminate equations Foundation for Self-Knowledge NZ

ARYABHATTA 5. Theory of planetary motions. 6. Division of time 7. Celestial latitude of ARYABHATTA 5. Theory of planetary motions. 6. Division of time 7. Celestial latitude of planets 8. Radian measure in minutes 9. Theory of eclipses His revelation of the earth’s rotation, and orbit around the sun was 1000 years prior to Copernicus’s heliocentric theory Foundation for Self-Knowledge NZ

HINDUISM The culture and tradition followed by the people in the land of Hindu HINDUISM The culture and tradition followed by the people in the land of Hindu is known as Hinduism. It has its base in the Vedas. 1. Hinduism is not a religion but a way of life. 2. It is not based on any particular founder or a book Foundation for Self-Knowledge NZ

Hinduism can be compared to a tree whose roots are in the Vedas, the Hinduism can be compared to a tree whose roots are in the Vedas, the branches are the different cultural practices and customs, and trunk is the concept of God, which is central to Hinduism. Foundation for Self-Knowledge NZ

Hinduism Foundation for Self-Knowledge NZ Hinduism Foundation for Self-Knowledge NZ

Dharma – Moral ethics Our character and personality determine the experiences we gain in Dharma – Moral ethics Our character and personality determine the experiences we gain in the world. Unless we learn to master our inner life, the outer circumstances of life, however efficient and perfect, can never bring us the happiness we seek. Foundation for Self-Knowledge NZ

G God There is no “one God” but there is “only God” and God G God There is no “one God” but there is “only God” and God is not a separate entity with a particular name and form, but it is the name for all forms, the whole creation. In the Vedic vision nothing in the creation is separate from the Lord. Foundation for Self-Knowledge NZ

Karma- The law of action and its result 1. Sattvika 2. Rajasika 3. Tamasik Karma- The law of action and its result 1. Sattvika 2. Rajasika 3. Tamasik Foundation for Self-Knowledge NZ

Absolute Truth Brahman- Sat-chit-Ananda The completeness or contentment that I look for in life Absolute Truth Brahman- Sat-chit-Ananda The completeness or contentment that I look for in life happens to be myself. This is why I can not settle for anything less. Foundation for Self-Knowledge NZ

Death – the concept Death is an event that has a tremendous impact. It Death – the concept Death is an event that has a tremendous impact. It brings a sense of loss and sorrow, as the person who has died will no longer be among them. Spirituality helps a person to accept death gracefully. It is believed that matter and energy are conserved and do not dissipate, so also an individual's existence does not come to an end at death. Death can be analyzed from three stand points. They are- 1. Physical body 2. The Subtle body or the soul 3. Absolute reality Foundation for Self-Knowledge NZ

Death ceremony and its purpose • The religious ceremonies connected to the death of Death ceremony and its purpose • The religious ceremonies connected to the death of an individual, called ‘antyeshti’, is performed for twelve days. They are quiet profound and elaborate. • Many features of the ceremonies facilitate the mourning process. • Prayers are done for the well-being of the departed soul. • Various offerings are made to the departed and to one’s ancestors. Foundation for Self-Knowledge NZ

Death Rituals 1. The funeral rites are done by the eldest son, if available. Death Rituals 1. The funeral rites are done by the eldest son, if available. If none, the spouse or the closest male relative is entitled to perform the same. 2. The dead body needs to be cremated as soon as possible, after performing the funeral rites. 3. The body will be given a ceremonial wash and clothed with new clothes. It will also be decorated with sandal paste and flower garlands. Foundation for Self-Knowledge NZ

Death Rituals 4. The body will be taken to the cremation ground in a Death Rituals 4. The body will be taken to the cremation ground in a ceremonial procession, carried by close relatives and friends and led by the sons. Ladies and children are not allowed to enter the cremation ground. 5. Until the body is cremated, food is not cooked in the house where death has occurred. 6. The death rituals continue for 12 days. For the 12 days, mourning is observed, eating a simple meal a day and avoiding participation in any celebration or worship. Foundation for Self-Knowledge NZ

Death Rituals 7. During these ceremonies, lots of charities are given. The giving of Death Rituals 7. During these ceremonies, lots of charities are given. The giving of charities with the chanting of the Vedic mantras is very crucial and constitutes the core of the rituals. 8. Charities done, while a person is living are meant for the welfare and betterment of one’s family and charities done, after the death during these ceremonies are for the welfare of the departed soul. Foundation for Self-Knowledge NZ

Conclusion Hindu philosophy accepts death as an apparent phenomenon, but emphasizes on the absolute Conclusion Hindu philosophy accepts death as an apparent phenomenon, but emphasizes on the absolute truth of oneself, which is deathlessness or immortality. The purpose of life is to understand this truth and make living a celebration, a dance of immortality in the realm of death and mortality! Foundation for Self-Knowledge NZ

. Thank You Foundation for Self-Knowledge NZ . Thank You Foundation for Self-Knowledge NZ