Скачать презентацию High Accuracy Nationwide Differential Global Positioning System HA-NDGPS Скачать презентацию High Accuracy Nationwide Differential Global Positioning System HA-NDGPS

e130d264ebbdb693aa79979a81bcf700.ppt

  • Количество слайдов: 29

High Accuracy Nationwide Differential Global Positioning System (HA-NDGPS) Jim Arnold CGSIC New Orleans July High Accuracy Nationwide Differential Global Positioning System (HA-NDGPS) Jim Arnold CGSIC New Orleans July 2008

Problem and Program Objectives HA-NDGPS Problem: Submeter resolution of vehicle position needed for many Problem and Program Objectives HA-NDGPS Problem: Submeter resolution of vehicle position needed for many advanced vehicle safety concepts. Program Objective: Assess the implementation feasibility for improving the accuracy of the NDGPS service, using existing infrastructure, to meet the requirements of additional applications without decreasing availability and integrity and still meeting the needs of existing users. • Examine ways to enable 3 -D dynamic positioning at the centimeter level throughout the US, • Coexist with existing infrastructure, • Minimize deployment costs.

Perspective on Accuracy Horizontal, Dynamic, 95% HA-NDGPS(Dynamic) (. 1 Meters) HA-NDGPS(Static) (. 01 Meters) Perspective on Accuracy Horizontal, Dynamic, 95% HA-NDGPS(Dynamic) (. 1 Meters) HA-NDGPS(Static) (. 01 Meters) NDGPS (1 -2 meters) GPS (13 meters)

NDGPS • Nationwide network of GPS reference stations • Provide real time code phase NDGPS • Nationwide network of GPS reference stations • Provide real time code phase corrections for diverse applications – Transportation – Agriculture – GIS • Provides data for other users – NGS – UNAVCO – Etc.

Coverage Coverage

BUPG The Site Electronics ATU GSOS BUPG The Site Electronics ATU GSOS

HA-NDGPS Program Phases • Phase 1 ü Develop Modulator and Data Link Receivers ü HA-NDGPS Program Phases • Phase 1 ü Develop Modulator and Data Link Receivers ü Interface System Modules ü Broadcast Characterization and Optimization ü Single Site Concept Demonstration (Hagerstown, MD) • Phase 2 ü Pre-Broadcast Integrity Algorithm ü Multiple Site/Baseline Concept Demonstration (Hawk Run, PA) ü Iono/Tropo Prediction ü Application Development

Broadcast Site Configuration REFERENCE STATION OBSERVABLES DATA MODULATOR FORMATTER CORRECTIONS DSP/Analog Card Rack Mount Broadcast Site Configuration REFERENCE STATION OBSERVABLES DATA MODULATOR FORMATTER CORRECTIONS DSP/Analog Card Rack Mount PC TRANSMITTER DGPS/NDGPS DIPLEXER TRANSMITTER HIGH ACCURACY DGPS TO ANTENNA

Data Formatter/Modulator Diplexor Data Formatter/Modulator Diplexor

Static Positioning at 50 km Actual Real-time Hydra plot of static geodetic survey application Static Positioning at 50 km Actual Real-time Hydra plot of static geodetic survey application performed at Dickerson, MD 47. 8 km from reference station. Reference Data Source – Hagerstown HA-NDGPS Broadcast

Long Range Single Baseline Test Tangier Island HA-NDGPS Experiment (250 km). Comparison of approximate Long Range Single Baseline Test Tangier Island HA-NDGPS Experiment (250 km). Comparison of approximate “truth” geodetic coordinates of mail boat With the real-time solution based upon the HA-NDGPS broadcast. Results are roughly 10 -20 centimeters as expected at this great range.

Phase II • Hawk Run Installation Status – Installed and Operating • Testing – Phase II • Hawk Run Installation Status – Installed and Operating • Testing – Report available • http: //www. navcen. uscg. gov/ndgps/HA-NDGPS. Phase. II. Report. July 2004. four. pdf • Application Development – Partnering with other agencies to develop applications – US Army Corps of Engineers

HA-NDGPS Coverage Orbisonia , PA 50 mile baselines Hagerstown, MD Hawk Run, PA HA-NDGPS Coverage Orbisonia , PA 50 mile baselines Hagerstown, MD Hawk Run, PA

Multi-Station Multi-Station

“Accurate” Solution Nationwide RTK? • What You Need: – Satellite Lock – Ground based “Accurate” Solution Nationwide RTK? • What You Need: – Satellite Lock – Ground based system broadcasting observables – Accurate Ephemeris – Accurate Clock data – Good ionosphere model – Good Troposphere model – Integrity Check – Multiple reference stations at less than 200 mile baselines • What You Get: – Initial. 5 to 2 meter code accuracy – Reduced search space for integers – Very fast integer resolution at long ranges

Code Differential Solution 0 50 100 150 Code Differential Solution 0 50 100 150

Integer Resolution 0 50 100 150 Integer Resolution 0 50 100 150

Integer Resolution 0 50 100 150 Integer Resolution 0 50 100 150

Integer Resolution 0 50 100 150 Integer Resolution 0 50 100 150

Models - Total Electron Count Models - Total Electron Count

Wx Model-Derived Wet Signal Delay Over CONUS Courtesy, Dr. Sunil Bisnath formally with USM, Wx Model-Derived Wet Signal Delay Over CONUS Courtesy, Dr. Sunil Bisnath formally with USM, now at Harvard Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory

Applications • Transportation – Highway • • • Interior Automated Road Construction Intersection Collision Applications • Transportation – Highway • • • Interior Automated Road Construction Intersection Collision Avoidance Dynamic Mapping Digital Highway Measurement Vehicle – Railroad • Track Defect Monitoring – National Park Service • Monitoring subsidence of critical monuments • Real-time boundary marking – Fish and Wildlife Service • Monitoring critical habitat • Biological Assessments – Maritime • Under keel clearance • USDA – Agriculture • Precision Farming • Autonomous Farm Vehicles – USFS • Logging boundaries • Infestation monitoring • EPA – Hazardous Material Spill containment • Etc.

Summary • HA-NDGPS signal successfully broadcast from multiple locations – State-of-the-Art modulation – Reliable Summary • HA-NDGPS signal successfully broadcast from multiple locations – State-of-the-Art modulation – Reliable diplexing technology • Developed new atmospheric modeling approaches • Accuracy better than 10 cm horizontally, 95% • Availability above 99. 9% • Implementation cost <$100, 000 per site

Contact Information Jim Arnold Federal Highway Administration Turner-Fairbank Highway research Center Mc. Lean, VA Contact Information Jim Arnold Federal Highway Administration Turner-Fairbank Highway research Center Mc. Lean, VA 22101 (202)493 -3265 Phase I Test Report http: //www. tfhrc. gov/its/ndgps/02110/index. htm Phase II Test Report http: //www. tfhrc. gov/its/pubs/05034/index. htm

Applications Applications

The End The End

HIGH ACCURACY - NDGPS Robinson Pt l Fort Stevens l l Whidbey Is Wenatchee HIGH ACCURACY - NDGPS Robinson Pt l Fort Stevens l l Whidbey Is Wenatchee n n Spokane n Polson n Edinburg n Great Falls n Appleton n Seneca n Klamath Falls Cape Mendocino l Billings s Weiser s INEL n Chico n Austin ª Lincoln Clark n Whitney Omaha l n Goodland s Point Loma l Iowa City n n St Mary’s l Rock n ª Island l Flagstaff Sallisaw l n Albuquerque Memphis l Bobo Summerfield Tucson s Hartsville Dandridge Hackleburg Grady n Millers Ferryl Caretaker Sites New Site Coast Guard Site Green - Operating Red – Planned Dark Blue – HA-NDGPS Installed Light Blue – HA-NDGPS Planned s Odessa s New Bern Ashville l Charleston n s Munday Vicksburgl s El Paso s n Kensington n n Driver n l Cape Henry s Martinsville s Greensboro n l Fort Macon Monterey s n è è n. Annapolis Henlopen l Cape Louisville n Fayetteville Acushnet l Moriches Cincinnati s St. Mary’s s l St Louis n l Sandy Hook Hawk Run Hagerstown l Reedy Point Onondaga Kansas èl City Topeka n Canton s l Medford Pueblo n n Essex n Saginaw Hudson l l Bay Falls Youngstownn Detroit Elmira n Milwaukee l Middlebury l Brunswick s l Portsmouth n Sturgeon Bayl n Kanab Point Arquello l Pine River n l Whitefish Pt l Neebish Island l Cheboygan l Ledyard n Pigeon Point ª Bakersfield l St. Paul l Rawlinss Myton n s Jackson Jack s Creek Wisconsin Point n n Medora n s Pattern Penobscot Upper Keweenaw n Macon n Savannah l Mobile English Turnl Point s Langtry Galveston l l Cape Canaveral Egmont Keyl l Miami l Aransas Pass Key West l

The Broadcast • Broadcast Code and Carrier Phase Data • Capability to broadcast all The Broadcast • Broadcast Code and Carrier Phase Data • Capability to broadcast all observables (L 1, L 2 C, L 5, and others) contained in less than 1000 bits • Data rates - 1 KBPS • Initially L 1 and L 2 -P(Y) observables are broadcast • Utilize an Advanced Broadcast Link • • Data synchronized to GPS time Carrier calibrated with GPS to sub-hertz levels Spectrally efficient modulation (raised cosine MSK) “One second data” in compact mode

Add Ons • National Geodetic Survey: – Replacing Brass Survey Markers – Continuosly Operating Add Ons • National Geodetic Survey: – Replacing Brass Survey Markers – Continuosly Operating Reference Station • GPS in Weather: – Troposphere and Ionisphere Delays – Troposphere delay correlated Atmospheric Water Vapor, • Plate Boundary Observatory: – Used to measure plate movement. • Etc.