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Globalism: Into a New Century Honors US History Chapter 24
Bill Clinton • First Post Cold War President • First “Baby Boom” President • First Democrat Elected President Since 1980 • First two term Democrat since_______ • U. S. went through longest peace time economic expansion in it’s history • Only 2 nd President to be ______ • Last President to have a ______ surplus • Reformed Welfare • NAFTA Began
• New Industries emerge as a result of the power of the Personal Computer • Silicon Valley, California • 1976 – Apple Computers • 1981 IBM introduces the PC • 1985 – Windows • Internet-links computers • WWW 24. 1 The Computer Revolution
_____-_______ Corporations • Corporations whose various elements are spread throughout the world • Manufacturing • Research and Development • Marketing • Distribution
What are the Pros/Cons of Multi-National Corporations? • Let us use the example of the largest retailer in the world
Secrets from… “The World Is Flat” A Look into the 21 st Century By Thomas Friedman
Dirty Little Secret # 1 • # 1 –The Education Gap at the Top – Not enough US kids are taking advanced math, science or engineering. – Immigrant kids inhabit the top ranks of these (60%+ of the top kids) – American schools too easy, parents & kids want it that way (coddle kids) - Literacy rates down A LOT!!! » Foreigners want & expect to work hard!!!!!!!
Dirty Little Secret #2 • # 2 – Ambition Gap – Outsourcing saves the companies 75% on wages & increases productivity by 100%!!! Quality goes up too!!! TERRIBLE!!! – Foreign kids want the lifestyles that YOU have and are willing to work hard for it. – US kids with lower educations will lose out on high paying jobs – US parents want to lighten work load of school, foreigners seek to expand it.
The Bottom Line • Bill Gates, “You need to understand things in order to invent beyond them. ” Gates believes in the value of rote memorization, not in just acquiring the knowledge of where to look. – Foreigners don’t want to work for us but to run and own the companies for which WE will work. – In China or India, if you are “one in a million” there are 1, 300 people JUST LIKE YOU! This leads to Increases competition and results.
Immigration: 1980 to 2000 • Largest period of immigration in American history • New arrivals from Middle East, Asia, and Central America • Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986 - amnesty to immigrants
_______ • Movement to respect and value the many cultures in America • Mixed salad instead of the melting pot • Political Correctness • Patriot Act – put immigration under Dept. of Homeland Security
24. 2 William Jefferson Clinton • Governor of _______ • New Democrat – Reaction to Reaganism – More _____ on social issues – Open to tax cuts, free trade, and deregulation
“It’s the Economy, Stupid!”
Health Care Reform • Clinton proposes ____ Health Care • Derided as Hillary. Care as the First Lady leads the policy initiative
Oklahoma City Bombing - 1995 • ______ Americans are killed in a truck bomb blast • Worst act of _______ terrorism in US History • Timothy _______ and Terry _____
Oklahoma City Bombing
_____ - 1999 • Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold kill 13 people at _______ High School in Colorado and then commit suicide
1994 – Republican Resurgence • Republicans take back the House of Representatives • ________Speaker of the House • _____ with America – Series of conservative policies members pledge to fight for
The ________ Scandal • “I did not have sexual relations with that woman. ” • Clinton denies the affair in the Paula ____ sexual harassment suit
Impeachment of the President • Bill Clinton is impeached on: – – – Obstruction of______ Malfeasance in Office • Approval ratings highest in his presidency
24. 3 - NAFTA (1994) • _______ Trade Agreement • No ______ Barriers between Canada, the U. S. and Mexico • Supported by Democrats and Republicans
_____ • American jobs are sent to other countries
World ___ Organization (WTO) • Formed in _____(year) • Replaces ____ • Promotes ___ trade throughout the world • 153 member countries consisting of 97% of the world’s trade
_______ Union (EU) - 1993 • 27 member countries in a political and economic union • Most use the ____ as a common currency
In what ways will American citizens need to adapt in order to compete in the global st economy of the 21 century?
The Miniature Earth
U. S. Intervention in Somalia • In 1992, the U. S. sends troops into Somalia to protect ethnic minorities and alleviate the suffering due to a _____ • U. S. troops get caught in a Somali _____ involving Islamic warlords
War in Bosnia • 1992 Serbs attack Bosnia-herzegovina • Ethnic cleansing – – What is it? What was the result? • NATO steps in – What was the result?
War in Kosovo • New war erupts in Kosovo in 1998 – Mainly ethnic Albanians – Had autonomy, own language and customs – Stripped of self-rule by Milosevic, form KLA • Serbs try to stop KLA by using massacres • Albanians regain autonomy in Serbia in 1999
Independence? ? ? • Slobodan Milosevic – leader of Serbia • Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and Macedonia want independence • Milosevic says “No!!” Why? • What was the result?
The War in Kosovo - 1999 • US leads NATO forces to stop _____-led genocide of ____in former Yugoslavia • Peacekeeping forces remain
1990 s Economic Boom • Causes – Light regulation on industry – Dot Com Boom – End of _____ (low defense spending) • Clinton runs a budget _____ at end of term
Key Events ü 1 st Bombing at World Trade Center üJanet Reno 1 st Female Attorney General üWaco Texas-Branch Davidians-David Koresh üSomalia Incident-Black Hawk Down üOpen relations with Vietnam üOklahoma City Bombings üColumbine Shootings-School Shootings in general üU. S. troops into Haiti üDayton Accords-Bosnia situation üUN forces bomb Serbia to protect ethnic Albanians in Kosovo üOslo Accords- Israel and PLO
24. 4 Bush v. Gore • Extremely close election comes down to a few hundred votes in _____ • Hanging Chads, Voter Intent, _____ Ballot • _______ orders recount to end in a 5 -4 decision
____ wins popular vote count but loses in _______ to Bush.
Election of 2000 • Loses popular vote • Wins close election in electoral college (What state provides controversy? ) • What was his education plan? ________ • Did his tax cuts work?
The U. S. and Terrorism: The Path to 9/11
The Goals of Terror • Politics –Change the current system • End injustice • New Order • Society corrupt
The Persian Gulf War of 1991 • Cause: Iraqi Leader Saddam Hussein invades Kuwait • Problem: Threatens the control of the Middle East’s Oil Supply
Operation Desert Storm • Aug 1990 –Iraq occupies Kuwait –UN says leave • Feb. 1991 – US led coalition frees Kuwait –Highway of Media images of destroyed Iraqi retreat turn Western Death stomachs, prevent West from • Iraqi Shiites >: marching into Iraq… oops!!! (
Postwar Plans • H. W. Bush makes the decision not to remove Saddam Hussein from power • U. S. troops remain based in Saudi Arabia to patrol “No-Fly Zones” over Iraq
Meanwhile in Saudi Arabia… • Saudi’s let US keep troops in the “Holy Land” during wars and asks US to stay for stability afterwards. • Wahhabis & Bin Laden angry over infidel troops in land of Mohammed
World Trade Center Bombing 1993 • Truck bomb in parking garage kills 6 and wounds over a thousand • U. S. troops remain based in Saudi Arabia to patrol “No-Fly Zones” over Iraq Ramzi Yousef
U. S. Intervention in Somalia • In 1992, the U. S. sends troops into Somalia to protect ethnic minorities and alleviate the suffering due to a famine • U. S. troops get caught in a Somali Civil War involving Islamic warlords
Black Hawk Down • 18 U. S. troops are killed in street fighting by soldiers loyal to Islamic warlord Mohammed Farah Aidid • President Clinton decides to withdraw all U. S. troops from Somalia
Oklahoma City Bombing - 1995 • 168 Americans are killed in a truck bomb blast • Target is a federal government building • Worst act of domestic terrorism in American history
Timothy Mc. Veigh • Persian Gulf War Veteran • Revenge for government action at Waco, Texas and against militia groups
Embassy Bombings - 1998 • Hundreds of people are killed in twin bombings at the American embassies in Tanzania and Kenya • Credit claimed by Egyptian Islamic Jihad • Osama bin Laden put on the FBI’s 10 Most Wanted List
Columbine - 1999 • Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold kill 13 people at Columbine High School in Colorado and then commit suicide
USS Cole - 2000 • Al-Qaeda launches a suicide attack on the U. S. S. Cole in a port off Yemen. • 17 sailors killed; 39 injured
9/11 2001 • 4 planes crash • Close to 3, 000 dead • Rescue workers inspire America • Rudolph Giuliani – NY Mayor • OBL – al Qaeda • Afghanistan – try to attack the Taliban • Created Dept. of Homeland Security • Patriot Act
American Resilience – “Let’s Roll”
Osama Bin Laden • Saudi born wealthy son of contractor • Anger over US troops in Saudi Arabia • Fought Soviets in Afghanistan • Issues Fatwa to declare war on US
The Patriot Act & Homeland Security • Gives the NSA and FBI greater ability to conduct searches of phone, computer and other communications (to name a few provisions) to fight terrorism • Department of Homeland Security established. • Guantanamo Bay
Invasion of Afghanistan - 2001 • Target: Break-up the Taliban government that has been harboring Al-Qaeda training camps • Osama bin Laden escapes (most likely to Pakistan)
The New Taliban Order • Public Executions • Beards & Burqas • Female Healthcare • Destroy non. Muslim history • Morality Police – “Allah hu aqbar” at soccer games
Democracy and Stability in Afghanistan? ? ? • Hamid Karzai voted in as first freely elected leader • Loya Jirga is the parliament & represents the people
Invasion of Iraq - 2003 • Target: Remove Saddam Hussein from power because he is holding WMDs • “Bush Doctrine”: Pre-emptive war against states sponsoring terrorism
Back in Iraq - Gulf War II • Post 9/11, Bush vows to stop rogue nations and terrorism-”Axis of Evil”(2002) • West thought Hussein developing a bio/chem/nuclear program, told to allow inspectors.
The War & Democracy? • March, 2003, US & allies invade Iraq. 28 days long • Jan, 2005 – first fully elected govn’t • 2006 “Surge” led by David Petraeus restores order • 2006 -get constitution • April 23, 2006 - Jawad al-Maliki elected as PM
Bin Laden. Wanted Dead or Alive!
Future • Population changes • Technology hopes for the future • Genetic Engineering • Exploration of Mars • Health Care Issues • Energy Concerns • Hurricane Katrina – Over 1, 000 die, fuel prices soar
Present Day • Barack Obama • Tea Party • John Mc. Cain • Occupy Wall Street • Obamacare • BP Gulf Disaster – 2010 • Arab Spring • Iraq and Afghanistan • 2012 Election
Barack Obama • 30 million citizens without healthcare • Get insurance to those denied coverage • Tax wealthy to pay for it
BP Oil Spill- April 2010
Occupy Wallstreet • 99% movement
Tea Party • Vs. “Big” government • Vs. Obamacare • Vs. taxes
Re-Start of the Cold War? ? • Ukraine