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Geospatial Standards Activities Presented by Julie Binder Maitra To FGDC Standards Working Group November Geospatial Standards Activities Presented by Julie Binder Maitra To FGDC Standards Working Group November 7, 2007 1

Topics • Status of Framework Data Standard • Review of FGDC standards program of Topics • Status of Framework Data Standard • Review of FGDC standards program of work • Development and approval of Coal Mining Data Standard through ASTM International • 2008 FGDC Cooperative Agreements Program (CAP) • FY 2008 FGDC Standards Work Plan • Public review of the Wetlands Mapping Standard closes Friday, November 9, 2007 2

Status of Framework Data Standard • Edits on all parts but INCITS 436. 7 Status of Framework Data Standard • Edits on all parts but INCITS 436. 7 a, Air, submitted to INCITS on June 19 • Edits on INCITS 436. 7 a submitted to INCITS on July 20 • INCITS 436. 7 a requires a second ANSIsponsored public review • All other parts are being prepared for ANSI production – Maitra received INCITS 436 (Base), INCITS 436. 1 (Cadastral), INCITS 436. 2 (Digital orthoimagery), and INCITS 436. 3 (Elevation) for review 3

FGDC Program of work Review of FGDC-endorsed standards (1) Standard Date Document No. Maintenance FGDC Program of work Review of FGDC-endorsed standards (1) Standard Date Document No. Maintenance Authority Recommendation Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata (version 2. 0) 1998 FGDC-STD-001 -1998 FGDC Reaffirm Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata: Part 1, Biological Data Profile 1999 FGDC-STD-001. 11999 USGS Center for Biological Informatics TBD Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata: Part 2, Metadata Profile for Shoreline Data 2001 FGDC-STD-001. 22001 NOAA Coastal Services Center Reaffirm Spatial Data Transfer Standard (SDTS), Parts 1 -4 1998 FGDC-STD-002 USGS Withdraw SDTS Part 5: Raster Profile with Basic Image Interchange Format (BIIF) Extension 1998 FGDC-STD-002. 5 USGS Reaffirm SDTS Part 6: Point Profile 1998 FGDC-STD-002. 6 National Geodetic Survey Reaffirm 4

FGDC Program of work Review of FGDC-endorsed standards (2) Standard Date Document No. Maintenance FGDC Program of work Review of FGDC-endorsed standards (2) Standard Date Document No. Maintenance Authority Recommendation SDTS Part 7: Computer. Aided Design and Drafting (CADD) Profile 2000 FGDC-STD-002. 7 U. S. Army Corps of Engineers Withdraw Cadastral Data Content Standard 2003 FGDC-STD-003 Bureau of Land Management Reaffirm Classification of Wetlands 1996 and Deepwater Habitats in the United States FGDC-STD-004 Fish and Wildlife Service Reaffirm National Vegetation Classification Standard 1997 FGDC-STD-005 Forest Service Revise Soil Geographic Data Standard 1997 FGDC-STD-006 Natural Resources Conservation Service Reaffirm Geospatial Positioning 1998 Accuracy Standards, Part 1: Reporting Methodology FGDC-STD-007. 11998 National Geodetic Survey Make minor changes Geospatial Positioning 1998 Accuracy Standards, Part 2: Standards for Geodetic Networks FGDC-STD-007. 21998 National Geodetic Survey Make minor changes 5

FGDC Program of work Review of FGDC-endorsed standards (3) Standard Date Document No. Maintenance FGDC Program of work Review of FGDC-endorsed standards (3) Standard Date Document No. Maintenance Authority Recommendation Geospatial Positioning 1998 Accuracy Standards, Part 3: National Standard for Spatial Data Accuracy FGDC-STD-007. 31998 USGS TBD Geospatial Positioning 2002 Accuracy Standards, Part 4: Architecture, Engineering, Construction, and Facilities Management FGDC-STD-007. 42002 U. S. Army Corps of Engineers Reaffirm Geospatial Positioning 2005 Accuracy Standards, Part 5: Standards for Nautical Charting Hydrographic Surveys FGDC-STD-007. 52005 Office of Coast Survey N/A Content Standard for Digital Orthoimagery 1999 FGDC-STD-008 -1999 USGS Reaffirm Content Standard for Remote Sensing Swath Data 1999 FGDC-STD-009 -1999 NASA Make minor changes Utilities Data Content Standard 2000 FGDC-STD-010 -2000 U. S. Army Corps of Engineers Withdraw 6

Review of FGDC standards program of work (4) Standard Date Document No. Maintenance Authority Review of FGDC standards program of work (4) Standard Date Document No. Maintenance Authority Recommendation Standard for a U. S. National Grid 2001 FGDC-STD-011 -2001 Public XY Project Make minor changes Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata: Extensions for Remote Sensing Metadata 2002 FGDC-STD-012 -2002 NASA Make minor changes 7

FGDC Program of work Review of projects in work Standard Status Date Sponsor Street FGDC Program of work Review of projects in work Standard Status Date Sponsor Street Address Data Standard Working Draft 2005 -12 -01 Subcommittee on Cultural and Demographic Data URISA NENA Earth Cover Classification Standard Proposal 1999 -09 -13 Earth Cover Working Group Encoding Standard for Metadata Working draft 2000 -02 -17 Clearinghouse Working Group Geologic Data Model Proposal 2001 -10 -10 Geologic Data Subcommittee Shoreline Data Content Standard Public review draft 2007 -03 -07 National Geodetic Survey FGDC Profile(s) of ISO 19115 Proposal 2001 -06 -13 Metadata WG National Hydrography Framework Data Content Standard Proposal 2000 -12 -12 Spatial Water Data Subcommittee Biological Nomenclature and Taxonomy Standard Proposal 1999 -07 -22 Biological Data Working Group Federal Standards for Delineation of Hydrologic Unit Boundaries Working draft 2003 -12 -23 Spatial Water Data Subcommittee Riparian Mapping Standard Proposal 2000 -11 -14 Wetlands Subcommittee National Standards for Wetlands Mapping Public review draft 2007 -08 -08 Wetlands Subcommittee Content Standards for Framework Land Elevation Data Final draft 1999/01 Subcommittee for Base Cartographic Data (retired) 8

Coal Mining Data Standard • Sponsored by Office of Surface Mining, Department of the Coal Mining Data Standard • Sponsored by Office of Surface Mining, Department of the Interior, and partners • Developed through ASTM International – Formerly the American Society for Testing and Materials – ANSI has accredited ASTM International to develop American National Standards – ASTM International has authority to designate its standards as American National Standards, without approval by the ANSI Board of Standards Review (BSR) • ASTM approved the Standard Practice for Minimum Geospatial Data for a Coal Surface Mining Permit Boundary on September 1, 2007 • The standard will be forwarded to the FGDC Standards Working Group as a candidate for FGDC endorsement 9

2008 FGDC Cooperative Agreements Program • Solicitation posted on-line at Grants. gov • Category 2008 FGDC Cooperative Agreements Program • Solicitation posted on-line at Grants. gov • Category 6: FGDC-Endorsed Standards Implementation Assistance and Outreach (excluding Metadata Standards) • Potential deliverables: – Implementation guides for FGDC-endorsed standards – Strategies that facilitate implementation of FGDC-endorsed standards through dynamic management of items – Training and/or outreach materials that promote use of FGDCendorsed standards – Review and evaluation of FGDC-endorsed standards for consistency with voluntary consensus standards – Case history of the implementation of an FGDC-endorsed standard • Applicants shall contact FGDC to identify subject matter experts • SWG members shall serve on review panels 10

FY 2008 FGDC Standards Work Plan • Integrate voluntary consensus standards into FGDC standards FY 2008 FGDC Standards Work Plan • Integrate voluntary consensus standards into FGDC standards program of work • Develop database of voluntary consensus standards and interface • Update FGDC Standards Reference Model • Revise FGDC Standards Directive #9, Maintenance 11

FY 2008 FGDC Standards Work Plan Integrate voluntary consensus standards in FGDC program of FY 2008 FGDC Standards Work Plan Integrate voluntary consensus standards in FGDC program of work • Paying for voluntary consensus standards • Propose adoption of relevant standards from Do. D IT Standards Registry (DISR) – Get away from ad hoc development and adoption of standards for the NSDI: need for an “architecture” of Standards? 12

FY 2008 FGDC Standards Work Plan Integrate voluntary consensus standards in FGDC program of FY 2008 FGDC Standards Work Plan Integrate voluntary consensus standards in FGDC program of work • Discussion: Will charging for standards prevent implementation? • Considerations – OMB Circular A-119 directs Federal agencies to use voluntary consensus standards – American National Standards costs $30 apiece – While ANSI holds the copyright on the published standard, the source materials are ours – Problem not restricted to ISO and ANSI: many scholarly journals oblige authors to buy back their work – ANSI End-user Licensing Agreement (EULA) prohibits sharing a standard on a server. – NGA negotiated a licensing agreement to serve standards to designated employees and contractors • Actions? ? 13

FY 2008 FGDC Standards Work Plan Integrate voluntary consensus standards in FGDC program of FY 2008 FGDC Standards Work Plan Integrate voluntary consensus standards in FGDC program of work • “Tom said to himself that it was not such a hollow world, after all. He had discovered a great law of human action, without knowing it—namely, that in order to make a man or a boy covet a thing, it is only necessary to make thing difficult to attain. ” 14

FY 2008 FGDC Standards Work Plan Integrate voluntary consensus standards in FGDC program of FY 2008 FGDC Standards Work Plan Integrate voluntary consensus standards in FGDC program of work ISO Standards ISO 19107: 2003, Geographic information -Spatial schema ISO 19108: 2002, Geographic information - Temporal schema ISO 19109: 2005, Geographic information -- Rules for application schema ISO 19110: 2005, Geographic information -- Methodology for feature cataloguing ISO 19111: 2003, Geographic information -- Spatial referencing by coordinates ISO 19112: 2003, Geographic information -Spatial referencing by geographic identifiers ISO 19115: 2003, Geographic information – Metadata w/ ISO 19115: 2003/Cor 1: 2006 ISO 19119: 2005, Geographic information - Services ISO 19123: 2005, Geographic information - Schema for coverage geometry and functions ISO 19135: 2005, Geographic information - Procedures for item registration ISO/TS 19138: 2006, Geographic information - Data quality measures ISO/IEC 15444 -1: 2004, Information technology -- JPEG 2000 image coding system: Core coding system Relevant ISO standards from the DISR 15

FY 2008 FGDC Standards Work Plan Integrate voluntary consensus standards in FGDC program of FY 2008 FGDC Standards Work Plan Integrate voluntary consensus standards in FGDC program of work OGC Specifications DISR Version Most current Open. GIS® Catalogue Service Implementation Specification 2. 0. 1 2. 0. 2 Open. GIS® Geography Markup Language (GML) Encoding Standard 3. 1. 1 3. 2. 1 Open. GIS® Filter Encoding Implementation Specification 1. 1 Open. GIS® Styled Layer Descriptor Profile of the Web Map Service Implementation Specification 1. 0 1. 1. 0 Open. GIS® Web Feature Service (WFS) Implementation Specification 1. 1 Open. GIS® Web Map Service (WMS) Implementation Specification 1. 1 1. 3. 0 Open. GIS® Web Map Context Implementation Specification 1. 1 Relevant OGC Specifications from the DISR 16

FY 2008 FGDC Standards Work Plan Integrate ISO and ANSI standards in FGDC program FY 2008 FGDC Standards Work Plan Integrate ISO and ANSI standards in FGDC program of work • Discussion: How do we develop a slate of candidate standards for FGDC endorsement? – Use the list of standards from the DISR – Match ISO standards with OGC specs using the Geospatial Interoperability Reference Model (GIRM) – Use dependencies as presented in Framework Data Standard – Others? Computation Viewpoint Information Viewpoint Service Invocation Information Transfer Implementation specifications ("how") Interface Encoding Abstract models ("what") Behavior Content GIRM Framework base dependencies on ISO series of geographic information standards 17

FY 2008 FGDC Standards Work Plan Develop database and interface for relationships among standards FY 2008 FGDC Standards Work Plan Develop database and interface for relationships among standards • Provide information about document pricing, rights, and normative references in one place. • Elements – Dublin Core elements – Cost – Comment • Data entry in Excel spreadsheet • Future plans – XML – RDF – Visualization: diagrams showing relationships among standards and normative references 18

FY 2008 FGDC Standards Work Plan Develop database for relationships among standards Dublin Core FY 2008 FGDC Standards Work Plan Develop database for relationships among standards Dublin Core • ISO 15386: 2003, Information and documentation - The Dublin Core metadata element set • ANSI/NISO Z 39. 85 -2001, The Dublin Core Metadata Element Set Dublin Core Metadata Elements • Contributor - An entity responsible for making contributions to the resource. • Coverage - The spatial or temporal topic of the resource, the spatial applicability of the resource, or the jurisdiction under which the resource is relevant. • Creator - An entity primarily responsible for making the resource. • Date - A point or period of time associated with an event in the lifecycle of the resource. • Description - An account of the resource. Used abstract. • Format - The file format, physical medium, or dimensions of the resource. Used “text, ” from DCMI Type Vocabulary, http: //dublincore. org/documents/dcmi-type-vocabulary/ • Identifier - An unambiguous reference to the resource within a given context. Document number or URL? • Publisher - An entity responsible for making the resource available. 19

FY 2008 FGDC Standards Work Plan Develop database for relationships among standards Dublin Core FY 2008 FGDC Standards Work Plan Develop database for relationships among standards Dublin Core Metadata Elements (continued) • Relation – A related resource. Here, URL for normative reference • Rights - Information about rights held in and over the resource. Either URL or text for licensing agreement. • Source - The resource from which the described resource is derived. Use URL for standard? • Subject - The topic of the resource. • Title - A name given to the resource. • Type - The nature or genre of the resource. Used “application/pdf” from IANA | MIME Media Types, http: //www. iana. org/assignments/media-types/ 20

FY 2008 FGDC Standards Work Plan Update FGDC Standards Reference Model Current FGDC Standards FY 2008 FGDC Standards Work Plan Update FGDC Standards Reference Model Current FGDC Standards Reference Model (March 1996) • Uses outdated “information engineering” method for “structured approach to standards development” • Has only a placeholder for “Related Standards Bodies” Updated FGDC Standards Reference Model should • Provide an “architecture” of standards • Account for voluntary consensus standards, consistent with OMB Circular A-119 21

FY 2008 FGDC Standards Work Plan Update FGDC Standards Reference Model Literature review: • FY 2008 FGDC Standards Work Plan Update FGDC Standards Reference Model Literature review: • Federal Enterprise Architecture (FEA) and FEA Geospatial Profile • OGC Reference Model • ISO 19101: 2002, Geographic information - Reference Model • ISO/PDTS 19101 -2, Geographic information - Reference model - Part 2: Imagery • Geospatial Interoperability Reference Model, Version 1. 2 • ISO/IEC 10746, Information technology -- Open Distributed Processing -- Reference model • Geospatial Line of Business Common Solutions and Target Architecture 22

FY 2008 FGDC Standards Work Plan Revise Directive #9, Maintenance • Review of FGDC-endorsed FY 2008 FGDC Standards Work Plan Revise Directive #9, Maintenance • Review of FGDC-endorsed standards revealed that terms and definitions in Directive #9 were inadequate • Review ISO 19135 and rules for maintaining DISR for approaches for managing FGDC standards program of work – TBD • Draft revision available through PBwiki Current term Proposed term Comment Reissue no modifications: "asis" Revise Make minor changes editorial changes or clarification only Change Revise Technical changes Withdraw Retire? Deprecate? Standard has been superseded OR equivalent voluntary consensus standard exists 23

References • • Framework Data Standard, http: //www. fgdc. gov/standards/projects/incits-l 1 -standardsprojects/framework/index_html FGDC Standards References • • Framework Data Standard, http: //www. fgdc. gov/standards/projects/incits-l 1 -standardsprojects/framework/index_html FGDC Standards program of work, http: //www. fgdc. gov/standards/projects Coal Mining Data Standard, http: //www. tips. osmre. gov/ 2008 FGDC Cooperative Agreements Program (CAP), http: //www. fgdc. gov/grants OMB Circular A-119, http: //www. whitehouse. gov/omb/circulars/a 119. html ANSI End-user License Agreement (EULA), http: //webstore. ansi. org/enduser. aspx The Adventures of Tom Sawyer, http: //www. gutenberg. org/files/7193 -h/7193 -h. htm Geospatial Intelligence Standards Working Group (for DISR), http: //www. gwg. nga. mil/index. html – • • Open. GIS® Specifications, http: //www. opengeospatial. org/standards Geospatial Interoperability Reference Model, Version 1. 2, http: //gai. fgdc. gov/girm/v 1. 2/ Dublin Core Metadata Initiative, http: //www. dublincore. org/ FGDC Standards Reference Model – – • PKI required to access DISR Current version, http: //www. fgdc. gov/standards/process/FGDC-standards-reference-model Literature review – Revision of FGDC Standards Reference Model, http: //www. fgdc. gov/standards/organization/FGDC-SWG/srm-literature-review FGDC Standards Directive #9, Maintenance – – Current version, http: //www. fgdc. gov/standards/process/standards-directives/directive-09 Revisions, http: //fgdcstandards. pbwiki. com/Directive 9 24

Thank you! (Ms. ) Julie Binder Maitra Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) Chair, FGDC Thank you! (Ms. ) Julie Binder Maitra Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) Chair, FGDC Standards Working Group Vice-Chair, INCITS Technical Committee L 1, Geographic Information Systems Email: [email protected] gov Phone: (703) 648 4627 GMT -5 h Web: FGDC Standards: www. fgdc. gov/standards/ INCITS: www. incits. org; www. incits-l 1. org "We live in two worlds: the world that we can measure with line and rule, and the world that we feel with our hearts and imagination. " - Leigh Hunt 25