FUNDAMENTALS OF LEXICOLOGY Object of Lexicology

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FUNDAMENTALS OF LEXICOLOGY Object of Lexicology Links of Lexicology with Other Aspects of Linguistic Types ofFUNDAMENTALS OF LEXICOLOGY Object of Lexicology Links of Lexicology with Other Aspects of Linguistic Types of Lexicology Two Principle Approaches in Linguistic

Lexicology ““ lexis” - word, phrase ““ logos” -  science Lexicology ““ lexis” — word, phrase ““ logos” — science

Language Units Morphemes Words Word groups Phraseological units Language Units Morphemes Words Word groups Phraseological units

Aims of Lexicology Investigates the problems of word-structure and word-formation in Modern English The semantic structureAims of Lexicology Investigates the problems of word-structure and word-formation in Modern English The semantic structure of English words

Aims of Lexicology Principles of the classification of vocabulary units into various groupings The laws governingAims of Lexicology Principles of the classification of vocabulary units into various groupings The laws governing the replenishment of the vocabulary

Aims of Lexicology Studies the relations between various lexical layers of the English vocabulary Aims of Lexicology Studies the relations between various lexical layers of the English vocabulary

Aims of Lexicology The specific laws and regulations that govern development of the vocabulary The sourceAims of Lexicology The specific laws and regulations that govern development of the vocabulary The source and growth of the vocabulary and changes it has undergone

Lexicology and Other Linguistic Sciences phonetics grammar stylistics history of the language social linguistics typology Lexicology and Other Linguistic Sciences phonetics grammar stylistics history of the language social linguistics typology

Types of Lexicology General Lexicology – general study of words and vocabulary,  irrespective of theTypes of Lexicology General Lexicology – general study of words and vocabulary, irrespective of the specific features of any particular language part of general linguistics

Types of Lexicology Special Lexicology – description of the characteristics peculiarities in the vocabulary of aTypes of Lexicology Special Lexicology – description of the characteristics peculiarities in the vocabulary of a given language

Types of Lexicology Historical Lexicology – origin of various words, their change and development, linguistic andTypes of Lexicology Historical Lexicology – origin of various words, their change and development, linguistic and extra-linguistic factors influencing the structure of words, their meaning and usage

Types of Lexicology Descriptive Lexicology – vocabulary of a given language at a given stage ofTypes of Lexicology Descriptive Lexicology – vocabulary of a given language at a given stage of its development functions of words, morphological and semantic structures of words

Types of Lexicology Comparative and Contrastive Lexicology – correlation between the languages ,  correspondences betweenTypes of Lexicology Comparative and Contrastive Lexicology – correlation between the languages , correspondences between the vocabulary units of different languages

Synchronic (Descriptive) Approach syn – “together, with” chronos - “time” concerned with the language vocabulary asSynchronic (Descriptive) Approach syn – “together, with” chronos — “time” concerned with the language vocabulary as it exists at a given time

Diachronic (Historical) Approach dia – “through” chronos – “time” development and changes of the language, evolutionDiachronic (Historical) Approach dia – “through” chronos – “time” development and changes of the language, evolution of vocabulary units as times goes by