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Foundations of a New Nation Lesson #4: Exploring the D. O. I. (Colonial Reactions Foundations of a New Nation Lesson #4: Exploring the D. O. I. (Colonial Reactions to Tighter British Control)

Lesson #4 (Ch. 6, Sec. 1) Main Ideas Proclamation of 1763: colonists not allowed Lesson #4 (Ch. 6, Sec. 1) Main Ideas Proclamation of 1763: colonists not allowed to settle W. of App. Mts. Quartering Act: colonists forced to provide housing & supplies for British soldiers (save British $$) Details/Facts Colonists become angry; ignored the law & moved to Backcountry anyway Colonists forced to house 10, 000 soldiers to enforce the Proc. Act & keep peace w/Native Amer.

Main Ideas Details/Facts Sugar Act: Britain needed $$ to pay for war debt (F Main Ideas Details/Facts Sugar Act: Britain needed $$ to pay for war debt (F & I War) defending frontier (Backcountry) Colonial government tax on sugar, molasses & other products; increased punishment for smugglers 1 st time Parliament taxed colonists without allowing colonial assembly to have a say Colonial leaders call for boycott of British goods that were taxed (boycott = refuse to buy)

Main Ideas Stamp Act: tax on legal & commercial docs had to be paid Main Ideas Stamp Act: tax on legal & commercial docs had to be paid in silver coin British merchants complained (lost $$ b/c of boycotts) & Parliament repealed Stamp Act Details/Facts “NO TAXATION WITHOUT REPRESENTATION” Sons of Liberty (made up of lawyers, merchants, business owners) protested against new tax laws burned the stamped paper attacked & killed tax collectors (“tar & feather”)

Lesson #4 (Ch. 6, Sec. 2) Main Ideas Details/Facts Townsend Acts: Tax $ for Lesson #4 (Ch. 6, Sec. 2) Main Ideas Details/Facts Townsend Acts: Tax $ for Britain PLUS punishment for NY’s refusal to quarter soldiers suspended NY’s colonial assembly new taxes on various products, inc. tea writs of assistance: search warrants for any/all homes & businesses to look for smuggled goods Colonists boycott British goods again increased colonial anger & violence toward tax collectors

Main Ideas Details/Facts Boston Massacre: Sons of Lib. used this incident as the name Main Ideas Details/Facts Boston Massacre: Sons of Lib. used this incident as the name used by the Sons of Libertyanti-British propaganda (Paul to describe the death of 5 colonists Revere’s illustration)

Main Ideas Details/Facts Boston Massacre: Sons of Lib. used this incident as the name Main Ideas Details/Facts Boston Massacre: Sons of Lib. used this incident as the name used by the Sons of Libertyanti-British propaganda (Paul to describe the death of 5 colonists Revere’s illustration) Colonists criticized John Adams for defending the British soldiers accused of murdering the colonists John Adams was able to prove the soldiers had not murdered the colonists but rather had acted in self-defense (CDV’S : JUSTICE & RULE OF LAW)

Main Ideas Tea Act: tax on tea stated only Britain could sell tea in Main Ideas Tea Act: tax on tea stated only Britain could sell tea in colonies Details/Facts The Townsend Acts were repealed when British merchants lost money due to colonial boycotts Boston “Tea Party” Sons of Lib. destroyed shipment of British tea Current value of destroyed tea= over $1 million pro-colonist propaganda to call incident a “party”; this violent act would today be considered act of terrorism

Lesson #4 (Ch. 6, Sec. 3) Main Ideas Details/Facts Intolerable Acts: Most colonists wanted Lesson #4 (Ch. 6, Sec. 3) Main Ideas Details/Facts Intolerable Acts: Most colonists wanted peaceful end colonists paid for destroyed tea to probs. w/Britain some colonial leaders began to call (from Boston T. P) for war— banned Committees of “Give me Liberty or give me Death” Correspondence (part of Sons (Patrick Henry) closed port of Boston until of Lib. ; they informed colonists of boycotts/protests any British officials accused of crimes committed in colonies were sent to England for trial

Main Ideas Details/Facts Lexington & Concord: first battles of the Revolutionary War British soldiers Main Ideas Details/Facts Lexington & Concord: first battles of the Revolutionary War British soldiers sent to arrest Sam Adams & John Hancock (Lexington, MASS) destroy stockpile of ammo & weapons (Concord) Loyalists: colonists who wanted to remain with Britain colonists who wanted independence from Britain Patriots:

Lesson #4 (Ch. 6, Sec. 4) Main Ideas Details/Facts Common Sense: pamphlet written by Lesson #4 (Ch. 6, Sec. 4) Main Ideas Details/Facts Common Sense: pamphlet written by T Thomas Paine to convince colonists to break away from England argued all kings are corrupt told colonists they could survive Common Sense was extremely economically b/c other popular in the colonies. countries would buy their goods

Main Ideas Details/Facts Main Ideas Details/Facts