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First Families in Space Bruce Mackenzie BMackenzie@alum. mit. edu (781)944 -7027 Discussion of raising First Families in Space Bruce Mackenzie [email protected] mit. edu (781)944 -7027 Discussion of raising the First Children on Mars or elsewhere in Space (Bruce Mackenzie, slide_families_overview_00_1, Copyright (C) 2000 -7)

Discussion of raising the First Children on Mars or elsewhere in Space Topics: Why? Discussion of raising the First Children on Mars or elsewhere in Space Topics: Why? Why Not? Support needed: Physical, supplies, robotic, remote support Family Model: Nuclear family, extended family, other Minimum number of adults and children Equiment, supplies, cost? When ? Ethics: Unsafe? When? Effect on the Children, parents, society, Earth

Reasons FOR Children on Mars Human Nature / Destiny Emphasize Permanence of Settlement Demonstrate Reasons FOR Children on Mars Human Nature / Destiny Emphasize Permanence of Settlement Demonstrate partial self-sufficiency Life-Boat for Humanity Benefit to adults: - Parent / Grand. Parent / Teacher role, - Recruiting & keeping crew, - Love, Purpose in life Interest to children & adults on Earth Safer & Lower Cost than interplanetary transportation Finance by Wealthy Parents / Surrogate Parents Children may adapt better to Mars conditions, 3/8 g Accidental Conception (kids happen) Deliberate, Unauthorized Pregnancy Interesting Topic of Discussion at this meeting

Reasons to NOT have Kids on Mars Parent’s Time Expense: - Equipment & Supplies Reasons to NOT have Kids on Mars Parent’s Time Expense: - Equipment & Supplies from Earth - Mars Materials: food, air, water. . . - Earth-side support (teachers) Safety, bad press if accident Possible Medical Problems - Adapting from 3/8 to 1 g - Radiation Rebellious teenager who knows how to open the airlock? Little Choice for Child - Uncertainty of Children's Interests & Abilities Independence of second-generation - why should Earth support base.

Family Models What are good family models for a first Mars base? Nuclear Family Family Models What are good family models for a first Mars base? Nuclear Family (nuclear powered? ) - two parents, single family house (unlikely) Extended Family - imagine 12 adult researchers, half are parents, others act as 'aunts' & 'uncles', jointly raising 8 children. Tribe or Village Single adults Unbalanced Gender ratio Group Marriages - impact on support by religions & governments Surrogate Parents / “Uncles & Aunts” Expect older children to help - growing food, household work, and raising younger siblings "Grandparents" raise childrens - those who have difficulty with outdoor exploration, due to age or injury (Bruce Mackenzie, slide_families_models_00_1, Copyright (C) 2000 -7) .

Equipment & Supplies for Children Extra of everything: - Air, Water, Food, - Habitat Equipment & Supplies for Children Extra of everything: - Air, Water, Food, - Habitat Space, Play space Processed food / baby food Pressure suits, Clothing, sizes Medical Equipment Education supplies Pets Toys Extra Radiation protection - for both growing children and fertile adults Safety equipment - "child-proof airlocks", etc (Bruce Mackenzie, slide_families_supplies_00_1, Copyright (C) 2000 -7) .

Ethics Ethical to raise children in a Harsh / New environment? Yes - Long Ethics Ethical to raise children in a Harsh / New environment? Yes - Long history of parents making decisions for children, including immigration. Danger: Harvests fail? Habitats fail? Shipments from Earth might not arrive? Pressure suits fail? Radiation? Media attention on children if base is doomed. Media attention affect children's personalities? Free Passage to Earth ? May not be able to adjust to Earth at 1 gee. Will they be happy to be born & raised in Space? (Bruce Mackenzie, slide_families_ethics_00_1, Copyright (C) 2000 -7)

First Families in Space Bruce Mackenzie BMackenzie@alum. mit. edu (781)944 -7027 end (Bruce Mackenzie, First Families in Space Bruce Mackenzie [email protected] mit. edu (781)944 -7027 end (Bruce Mackenzie, slide_families_overview_00_1, Copyright (C) 2000 -7)

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