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The first reports of fairies appeared in medieval Europe, and the most widespread in Ireland, Cornwall, Wales and Scotland. The first written retellings of stories about fairies in folklore were made Giraldo Kambrensom. However, these records a rarity: mostly legends and stories passed down by word of mouth. The researchers noted a striking similarity between the description of the fairies and their characteristics in Celtic, English, Scandinavian and Continental folklore traditions.
The idea of the fairy as tiny humanoid creature, often with wings, emerged relatively recently, in the second half of the XIX century. Originally fairy described in two ways either as a tall, glowing angelic nature, or as something small and wrinkled and most appropriate under the description of a troll. In the Scottish tale "The Fairy and the pot" to save the following description: ". . . The fairy was a tiny woman with a sharp little face, bright eyes and dark skin hazel. She lived in a green, grassy hill that stood near the house the shepherd. "
In this fairy creatures called both female and male. It was alleged that the fairy can take the form of animals. It is believed that fairies are divided into two classes: the "social" and "individual. "
Social and individual faries.
Social faries. Living communities and leisure activities engaged in collective sense: basically, dancing, musicmaking and participation in luxurious feasts. Mortals are fully capable to overhear the sounds of celebration, you just step on the mound fairies; discern traces of such gatherings of the rings on the grass or flower beds. In Celtic sources claim that "music fairy" was a "divine nature" and, moreover, that "some folk music originated in the music of the fairies. " "Sociable" fairies prefer green color and different size: the tiniest of them can be the size of a flower.
Individual faries. Lonely fairy, however, avoid gatherings and despise unbridled fun fairies "nepotism": they are either attached to a person and become part of the home, trying to help the owners and to bring good luck, or inhabit the open spaces and there are more or less danger to bystanders. Home fairy single prefers red, brown, or gray outfits. She often communicates with mortals in a threatening tone, and easily angered, but it is always tied to the man and, apparently, feels dependent on interaction with adults and children. Fairies single love do good may select food or money to give to the poor, bring toys to children or taken off damage by sending witches.
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