““ Extension Methods ””Lecture 3 ““ Knowledge

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 ““ Extension Methods ””Lecture 3 ““ Extension Methods ””Lecture

  ““ Knowledge without practice makes but half an artist“ 18 th century proverb ““ Knowledge without practice makes but half an artist“ 18 th century proverb

  Contents • Extension Methods • Individual Extension • Group Extension • Mass Extension • Contents • Extension Methods • Individual Extension • Group Extension • Mass Extension • Extension Tools

  Extension Methods • EM comprise the techniques of communication between extension workers and target Extension Methods • EM comprise the techniques of communication between extension workers and target groups with the aim of motivating and enabling them to find ways of solving their problems. • Depending of the particular methods, communication can be on a mutual basis (exhibitions, group discussion) or one-way directed (information through brochures). • There are three group of extension methods: 1. Individual 2. Group 3. Mass

 Individual Extension or one on one Consultation at office (farmer visits to agent) Consultation by Individual Extension or one on one Consultation at office (farmer visits to agent) Consultation by phone Consultation by letter Consultation at farm (agent visits to farmer) We classify discussion situation and outline several discussion models which can be used in different situations. IE is the most intensive form of communication between farmers and extension workers. Basic principles of discussion using the participation model. Main phase in process: 1. 1. Establishing what the problem is. 2. 2. Searching for a solution 3. 3. Choosing a solution 4. 4. Evaluation

 GE is the most important method for advising and promoting the interest of a large GE is the most important method for advising and promoting the interest of a large number of small farmers. The number of people should ideally not exceed 15 to 20 Group Extension Field Days , demonstrations Group discussions, meetings Seminars, trainings Lectures, talks

 ME is to address a large number of people at once. The people are not ME is to address a large number of people at once. The people are not a close contact with each other. ME are characterized by a one –way flow of information with the emphasis on the use of communication aids. Mass Extension Publications TV or radio interviews Exebicions Internet Big boards information

  Extension Tools Adoption Model • 1. Awareness • 2. Interest • 3. Knowledge • Extension Tools Adoption Model • 1. Awareness • 2. Interest • 3. Knowledge • 4. Trial • 5. Decision

  • Tools – Awareness • Radio  • TVTV • Newspapers • Newsletters • Tools – Awareness • Radio • TVTV • Newspapers • Newsletters

  • Tools – Knowledge • Publications • Demonstrations • Workshops • Farm Calls • Tools – Knowledge • Publications • Demonstrations • Workshops • Farm Calls

  A w areness Interest K now ledge T rial D ecision. Bumper Stickers Radio A w areness Interest K now ledge T rial D ecision. Bumper Stickers Radio TV, Videos Weeklies Magazines Newsletters Research Publications Schools 4 -H

  A w areness Interest K now ledge T rial D ecision. Conferences Workshops and A w areness Interest K now ledge T rial D ecision. Conferences Workshops and Courses Tours and Field Days Equipment Trials Demonstrations Office Interviews Farm Calls Resource Staff Farmer to Farmer

 Questions? Questions?