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ESSENCE CHALLENGES FUTURE ESSENCE CHALLENGES FUTURE

BALLISTIC MISSILE CAPABILITY – 1972 BALLISTIC MISSILE CAPABILITY – 1972

BALLISTIC MISSILE CAPABILITY - 2004 BALLISTIC MISSILE CAPABILITY - 2004

Missile Defense priorities: To defend the United States, deployed forces, allies, and friends To Missile Defense priorities: To defend the United States, deployed forces, allies, and friends To employ a BMD layers of defenses to intercept ballistic missiles in all phases of their flight To enable early fielding for elements of the BMD To develop and test technologies and, if necessary, use prototype and test assets to provide early capability

Phases of missile’s flight n Boost phase n Midcourse phase n Terminal Phase Phases of missile’s flight n Boost phase n Midcourse phase n Terminal Phase

Airborne Laser Airborne Laser

Phases of missile’s flight n Boost phase n Midcourse phase n Terminal Phase Phases of missile’s flight n Boost phase n Midcourse phase n Terminal Phase

Ground Based Defense Ground Based Defense

Emplacing missiles, Calif. and Alaska Emplacing missiles, Calif. and Alaska

Aegis Ballistic Missile Defense Aegis Ballistic Missile Defense

Phases of missile’s flight n Boost phase n Midcourse phase n Terminal Phase Phases of missile’s flight n Boost phase n Midcourse phase n Terminal Phase

The primary elements in the Terminal Defense Segment: n n Terminal High Altitude Area The primary elements in the Terminal Defense Segment: n n Terminal High Altitude Area Defense (THAAD) PATRIOT Advanced Capability-3 (PAC-3) Arrow, a joint effort between the U. S. and Israel Medium Extended Air Defense System (MEADS), a co-developmental program with Germany and Italy.

Terminal High Altitude Area Defense Terminal High Altitude Area Defense

PATRIOT Advanced Capability-3 PATRIOT Advanced Capability-3

Arrow Arrow

What is planned: Boost Airborne Laser: air testing of the high-energy laser and a What is planned: Boost Airborne Laser: air testing of the high-energy laser and a successful track and engagement of a target by the laser Midcourse Ground-based Midcourse Defense: 18 total Groundbased Interceptors, with 2 at Vandenberg Air Force Base, Calif. and 16 at Ft. Greely, Alaska. Aegis: 10 sea-based Surveillance and Track Destroyers, 2 Engagement/Surveillance and Track Cruisers, 8 Standard Missile-3 sea-based interceptors Terminal THAAD: radar and missile flight tests against short and medium range targets 281 Patriot Advanced Capablility-3 missiles (operated by the U. S. Army)

Challenges in BMD Boost phase is very short and requires quick reaction and a Challenges in BMD Boost phase is very short and requires quick reaction and a means of destroying the missile Midcourse phase is generally the longest phase, but a successful midcourse intercept is complicated since the Reentry Vehicle will be surrounded by booster debris and potential countermeasures Terminal intercept requires an advanced interceptor capable of countering any maneuvers the RV may make

Russia’s capabilities TOPOL-M (SS-18) VOEVODA (SS-20) “SATAN” Russia’s capabilities TOPOL-M (SS-18) VOEVODA (SS-20) “SATAN”

Russia’s capabilities Anti-aircraft missile system “Favorit” Can hit 36 objectives with 72 missiles Russia’s capabilities Anti-aircraft missile system “Favorit” Can hit 36 objectives with 72 missiles

Russia’s capabilities Radiolocating helicopter Ka -31 Can observe 250 000 sq. km within an Russia’s capabilities Radiolocating helicopter Ka -31 Can observe 250 000 sq. km within an hour

What will BMD lead to… n STABILITY ? n SECOND COLD WAR ? n What will BMD lead to… n STABILITY ? n SECOND COLD WAR ? n …………. . ?