Скачать презентацию ENUM in neighbour countries Germany 12 September 2007 Скачать презентацию ENUM in neighbour countries Germany 12 September 2007

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ENUM in neighbour countries, Germany 12 September 2007 – ENUM Day conference, Prague ENUM in neighbour countries, Germany 12 September 2007 – ENUM Day conference, Prague

Overview DENIC e. G – company profile ENUM – technical project and deployment ENUM Overview DENIC e. G – company profile ENUM – technical project and deployment ENUM – market in Germany ENUM – regulatory environment in Germany ENUM - conclusion © DENIC e. G

Introduction to DENIC e. G • DENIC e. G is the German registry for. Introduction to DENIC e. G • DENIC e. G is the German registry for. de and ENUM domains • • Operation of the name server Operation of the registration system and the domain database Offering of various information services like whois Setting of DISPUTEs during domain conflicts 11 Mio © DENIC e. G

DENIC - History 80 s First voluntary name server service in Germany at the DENIC - History 80 s First voluntary name server service in Germany at the University of Dortmund DE-NIC 1994 Start of operational service at the University of Karlsruhe 1996 Founding of DENIC e. G 1997 Start of business services in Frankfurt/Main 19982002 ENUM trial for. 9. 4. e 164. arpa 2006 Start of ENUM operational service © DENIC e. G

DENIC - Philosophy DENIC’s duty as non-profit cooperative that’s open for new members, is DENIC - Philosophy DENIC’s duty as non-profit cooperative that’s open for new members, is to serve the community by delivering superior quality services to all Non-Profit Open Structure • Administers. de and ENUM domains as a non-profit cooperative without intent of making a profit • Responsible to all parties with an interest in the Internet • Open structure permits new members to enter quickly and easily (> 250 members) • Contributes to the rapid growth of the Internet in Germany • Majority consensus of all concerned parties is sought on major issues - ensures support for all DENIC decisions Neutral • DENIC is neutral, non-discriminating and independent rigorously supports internationally accepted standards for TLD and ENUM administration © DENIC e. G

DENIC – Name Server Locations DENIC – Name Server Locations

Overview DENIC e. G – company profile ENUM – technical project and deployment ENUM Overview DENIC e. G – company profile ENUM – technical project and deployment ENUM – market in Germany ENUM – regulatory environment in Germany ENUM - conclusion © DENIC e. G

ENUM – what are we talking about anyways? User 9. 4. e 164. arpa ENUM – what are we talking about anyways? User 9. 4. e 164. arpa 9. 4. enum. company. com Public Private 9. 4. e 164 i. arpa i[nfrastructure]. 9. 4. e 164. arpa 9. 4. gprs Infrastructure © DENIC e. G

ENUM deployment - Germany • Trial started in September 2002 • Production phase began ENUM deployment - Germany • Trial started in September 2002 • Production phase began in January 2006 • Registry/Registrar model, similar to the one for. de domain • Almost all number ranges available for registration • No regulation (§ 66 TKG: Exception for the administration of domain names ) • Validation by the registrar using a self-selected method (initially and ongoingly every 12 months) • Bi-annual „ENUM Day“ for the public • Registration were up to approximately 7. 000 • Charging started in April 2007: x Euro/order (or /year) © DENIC e. G

Registration of ENUM domains The registration is managed by DENIC members. • ENUM-RRI • Registration of ENUM domains The registration is managed by DENIC members. • ENUM-RRI • ENUM-MRI • Web-Interface © DENIC e. G

Overview DENIC e. G – company profile ENUM – technical project and deployment ENUM Overview DENIC e. G – company profile ENUM – technical project and deployment ENUM – market in Germany ENUM – regulatory environment in Germany ENUM - conclusion © DENIC e. G

Crossing the chasm into mainstream The ENUM market in Germany is still in the Crossing the chasm into mainstream The ENUM market in Germany is still in the Early Adopter Stage. ENUM has yet to cross the chasm: … which requires total and safe integrated solutions … based on convergence of network, application and processes Chasm Today: Enthusiasts and Visionaries Innovators Early Adopters Early Majority Laggards Late Majority Source: Geoffrey Moore Marketing and Selling High-Tech Products to Mainstream Customer © DENIC e. G

Metrics: ENUM NAPTR Sets Naming Authority Pointer: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Metrics: ENUM NAPTR Sets Naming Authority Pointer: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 13. 14. 15. 51007: 31886: 30979: 23425: 12808: 10013: 3135: 1830: 743: 139: 49: 6: 2: 2: +44 (UK ) +41 (Switzerland ) +43 (Austria ) +49 (Germany ) +82 (Korea, Republic ) +81 (Japan ) +46 (Sweden ) +420 (Czech Republic ) +421 (Slovakia ) +48 (Poland ) +353 (Ireland ) +359 (Bulgarien ) +55 (Brasilien ) +423 (Liechtenstein ) (Source: http: //crawler. enum. at, Sept. 2007) © DENIC e. G

Metrics: Number of ENUM Domains Almost 70 members are offering ENUM Domains: http: //www. Metrics: Number of ENUM Domains Almost 70 members are offering ENUM Domains: http: //www. denic. de/de/enum/registrierung/enum-liste/index. jsp 8000 7000 6000 5000 4000 3000 2000 © DENIC e. G Jul 07 Mai 07 Mrz 07 Jan 07 Nov 06 Sep 06 Jul 06 Mai 06 Mrz 06 Jan 06 Nov 05 Sep 05 Jul 05 Mai 05 Mrz 05 Jan 05 Nov 04 Sep 04 Jul 04 Mai 04 Mrz 04 0 Jan 04 1000

Metrics: Slight increase in ENUM NAPTR sets … due to larger numbering blocks respectively Metrics: Slight increase in ENUM NAPTR sets … due to larger numbering blocks respectively domains Domains 24000 23500 23000 22500 22000 21500 21000 20500 Dez 06 Jan 07 Feb 07 Mrz 07 Apr 07 Mai 07 © DENIC e. G Jun 07 Jul 07 Aug 07 Sep 07

ENUM Queries © DENIC e. G ENUM Queries © DENIC e. G

Overview DENIC e. G – company profile ENUM – technical project and deployment ENUM Overview DENIC e. G – company profile ENUM – technical project and deployment ENUM – market in Germany ENUM – regulatory environment in Germany ENUM - conclusion © DENIC e. G

Regulatory Environment in Germany • The National Regulatory Agency (NRA) in Germany is Bundesnetzagentur Regulatory Environment in Germany • The National Regulatory Agency (NRA) in Germany is Bundesnetzagentur • Public User ENUM is outside the scope of regulation in Germany. • The German regulator is not looking at Public Infrastructure ENUM at all. • Ongoing investigations on a Vo. IP Interconnection Regime (Successor of the PSTN Interconnection Regime) • Several working groups are dealing with this issue (AKNN, ATRT). • Vo. IP Interconnection (NGN) is still in progress. • Vo. IP Interconnection (Internet) is not being considered at present. • A decentralized procedure for LNP is intended to be modified slightly • Infrastructure ENUM (Private and/or Public) may play an important role for the Interconnection of PSTN/NGN, Mobile Networks and Internet in future. • The future role of the European Regulatory Agency is not clear yet. © DENIC e. G

Overview DENIC e. G – company profile ENUM – technical project and deployment ENUM Overview DENIC e. G – company profile ENUM – technical project and deployment ENUM – market in Germany ENUM – regulatory environment in Germany ENUM - conclusion © DENIC e. G

…Looking in the crystal ball The Technology Hype Cycle and the customer view IPV …Looking in the crystal ball The Technology Hype Cycle and the customer view IPV 6 Vo. IP RFID ENUM (User, Infrastructure in coexistence) -Unified Communications -Location Awareness -Mobile Payments, … Years to mainstream adoption: Less than 2 years 2 to 5 years 5 to 10 years The slope of Enlightenment goes in hand with increasing realism. The phase is still characterized by experiments to understand the benefits and practical applications. The plateau of productivity will be reached, when the benefits are widely demonstrated and accepted. © DENIC e. G

Thank you Heike Schmidt-Hunkel schmidt-hunkel@denic. de Tel: +49 69 27235 0 Fax: +49 69 Thank you Heike Schmidt-Hunkel [email protected] de Tel: +49 69 27235 0 Fax: +49 69 27235 http: //www. denic. de [email protected] de © DENIC e. G

© DENIC e. G © DENIC e. G

ENUM players - Germany © DENIC e. G ENUM players - Germany © DENIC e. G

The Registry/Registrar model Tier 1: Country Specific Registry - DENIC e. G • Managing The Registry/Registrar model Tier 1: Country Specific Registry - DENIC e. G • Managing and operating the ENUM domain. 9. 4. e 164. arpa • Locking up the basic tasks and responsibilities of the participants • Name server service for. 9. 4. e 164. arpa • Providing a fully automated ENUM registration system Tier 2: DENIC Member • Carrying out the domain applications on behalf of the domain holder • Providing various ENUM services to the customer • Validation, where appropriate in cooperation with a validation agency • Forwarding the domain holder's requests and information to DENIC • Providing the domain holder with the DENIC ENUM Domain Guidelines and DENIC ENUM Domain Terms and Conditions © DENIC e. G

Which number ranges are available? Permitted number ranges in Germany © DENIC e. G Which number ranges are available? Permitted number ranges in Germany © DENIC e. G

Definitions Geoffrey Moore Innovators: Enthusiasts try any new technology Early Adopters: Visionaries seek competitive Definitions Geoffrey Moore Innovators: Enthusiasts try any new technology Early Adopters: Visionaries seek competitive advantage through revolutionary breakthrough Early Majority: Pragmatics want evolutionary change and ‚safe‘ choices Late Majority: Conservatives avoid risk and are price sensitive Laggards: Sceptics maintain the status quo © DENIC e. G

The Gartner Technology Hype Cycle © DENIC e. G The Gartner Technology Hype Cycle © DENIC e. G

Gartner Definitions of the Hype Cycle Stages © DENIC e. G Gartner Definitions of the Hype Cycle Stages © DENIC e. G