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Entrepreneurs de la bioéconomie FBi/SITTM Technologies Entrepreneurs de la bioéconomie FBi/SITTM Technologies

The bioeconomy: a new economic cycle What’s Next? Hunting Agrarian Industrial Information FBi Forest The bioeconomy: a new economic cycle What’s Next? Hunting Agrarian Industrial Information FBi Forest Bio. Products Inc. 2 3/19/2018

Markets of the Bioeconomy • • Biofuels $80 B (potential Canada) Bioplastics $10 B Markets of the Bioeconomy • • Biofuels $80 B (potential Canada) Bioplastics $10 B (potential Canada) Pharmaceuticals $40 B (Canada) Nutraceuticals $100 B (world) Biopesticides $ 1 B (potential Canada) Food from the forest $675 m (actual) Consumer goods from forests $125 m (actual) FBi Forest Bio. Products Inc. 3 3/19/2018

Governments are promoting bioeconomy— 5 -10 year planning horizon • Climate change is a Governments are promoting bioeconomy— 5 -10 year planning horizon • Climate change is a recognized global issue—link to fossil fuels • Country wide legislations compelling the use of biofuels: o Reduce carbon emissions o Stimulate regional economies o Clean air policies • Municipal governments are getting involved to support community survival FBi Forest Bio. Products Inc. 4 3/19/2018

Scientists are promoting bioeconomy— 20 year planning horizon FBi Forest Bio. Products Inc. 5 Scientists are promoting bioeconomy— 20 year planning horizon FBi Forest Bio. Products Inc. 5 3/19/2018

Four presentations about entrepreneurship in the bioeconomy • • Presentation 1: the financial argument Four presentations about entrepreneurship in the bioeconomy • • Presentation 1: the financial argument Presentation 2: the academic argument Presentation 3: the corporate argument Presentation 4: the psychological argument FBi Forest Bio. Products Inc. 6 3/19/2018

Presentation 1: The financial argument • Numerous bioproducts opportunities each with unique: • • Presentation 1: The financial argument • Numerous bioproducts opportunities each with unique: • • Rate of return on capital invested Capital investments $1 -10, 000 Cash flow Equity/debt ratios Private and public financing Business plans Sustainability of resources—long term procurement strategy • Corporate structuring/accountability • Payback period— 2 -10 years FBi Forest Bio. Products Inc. 7 3/19/2018

Non Timber Forest Products Investment Return on Investment Jobs Created Ground hemlock $200, 000 Non Timber Forest Products Investment Return on Investment Jobs Created Ground hemlock $200, 000 5 -10% >20 seasonal Labour, accessibility of resource in the region Fiddlehead ferns $25, 000 50 -75% >10 seasonal Labour, market demand, buyer prices Wild mushrooms $50, 000 5 -30% >10 seasonal Labour, market demand, buyer prices Wild blueberries $0 to $100, 000 5 -10% >10 seasonal Labour, market access, available land $50, 000 50 -90% 3 seasonal Market demand, buyer prices Opportunity Birch syrup FBi Forest Bio. Products Inc. 8 Risk Factor 3/19/2018

Energy Sector Opportunities Opportunity Biodiesel Energy crops and natural fibres Creating energy conservation communities Energy Sector Opportunities Opportunity Biodiesel Energy crops and natural fibres Creating energy conservation communities Investment Return on Investment Jobs Created $2, 000 25 -50% 5 full-time Feedstocks and markets must be secured Risk Factor variable 5 -15% Part time Needs to be supported by local research to assess productivity $100, 000 10 -30% 2 full time Need to secure subsidies for start up FBi Forest Bio. Products Inc. 9 3/19/2018

The wild side Opportunity Cultivation of specialty plants (marijuana) in mine shafts Investment $2, The wild side Opportunity Cultivation of specialty plants (marijuana) in mine shafts Investment $2, 000 FBi Forest Bio. Products Inc. Return on Investment 5 -15% 10 Jobs Created Risk Factor 5 Must be associated with operating mine or must be dry shafts 3/19/2018

Presentation 2: academic argument • To private sector: Small scale, decentralized bioeconomy businesses are Presentation 2: academic argument • To private sector: Small scale, decentralized bioeconomy businesses are emerging • To governments: Foolishness is the act of repeating the same mistakes while expecting better outcomes • To NGO’s: New approaches based on the democratization of knowledge are emerging because the most critical energy decisions will be made at Home Depot stores at 10: 17 on Saturday mornings FBi Forest Bio. Products Inc. 11 3/19/2018

Presentation 3: corporate argument • • • Let’s invent “Maudit Bon Monde Inc” (MBMI) Presentation 3: corporate argument • • • Let’s invent “Maudit Bon Monde Inc” (MBMI) 100 shareholders Bioeconomy business MBMI’s First Shareholders Meeting Two investment opportunities: o Now at $10. 00/share o Later on the presentation at $ ? /share (my choice). FBi Forest Bio. Products Inc. 12 3/19/2018

MBMI’s First Shareholders Meeting • Let’s invent “Maudit Bon Monde Inc” (MBMI) • 100 MBMI’s First Shareholders Meeting • Let’s invent “Maudit Bon Monde Inc” (MBMI) • 100 shareholders • Our goal: increase shareholder value to $1 B within 5 years • Our vision: capitalize on trends in the bioeconomy—particularly energy sector • Our values: the bioeconomy can be used to generate profit while benefiting humankind • Goal of meeting: find market focus, technology & implementation strategy FBi Forest Bio. Products Inc. 13 3/19/2018

How to position MBMI: energy • CIPO: 1080 patents on biomass transformation • Google How to position MBMI: energy • CIPO: 1080 patents on biomass transformation • Google search: o 15, 200, 000 hits on biomass o 6, 220, 000 hits on biofuels o 850, 000 hits on bioenergy solutions • Bioeconomy is being introduced FBi Forest Bio. Products Inc. 14 3/19/2018

What we have to do to be credible • Outstanding management team with • What we have to do to be credible • Outstanding management team with • • accountabilities Protection of Intellectual Property Enough cast to support cash flow requirements Regulatory issues-labor, environment, electrical… Shortest distance between a good idea and making money FBi Forest Bio. Products Inc. 15 3/19/2018

Hubbert’s Peak is ushering bioeconomy • The amount of oil under the ground is Hubbert’s Peak is ushering bioeconomy • The amount of oil under the ground is finite • Pre-peak: rapid rise – discoveries & infrastructure • Post-peak: rapid decline – resource depletion FBi Forest Bio. Products Inc. 16 3/19/2018

Energy facts • • One barrel of oil: 6. 1 Gigajoules--$10/GJ One car/light truck= Energy facts • • One barrel of oil: 6. 1 Gigajoules--$10/GJ One car/light truck= 34, 43, 52 GJ/year Steel fabrication: 18 GJ/tonne Paper fabrication: 24 GJ/tonne One dry tonne of biomass= 18 GJ Panicum (switchgrass) = $8/GJ One house = 116 GJ/year o Space heating 70 GJ o Hot water heating 25 GJ • 4 % of Canada’s energy comes from biomass FBi Forest Bio. Products Inc. 17 3/19/2018

Overview of biofuel technologies • Fermentation (Corn, wood—ethanol) • Combustion (all biomass types) • Overview of biofuel technologies • Fermentation (Corn, wood—ethanol) • Combustion (all biomass types) • Gasification (all biomass types) o Pyrolysis—bio-oil o High temperature—syngas o Catalytic conversion to methanol, biodiesel, ethanol • Transesterification process-fats to biodiesel • Wood pellets, chips FBi Forest Bio. Products Inc. 18 3/19/2018

Bioeconomy market failures (things we don’t want MBMI to do) • IPO syndrome-they will Bioeconomy market failures (things we don’t want MBMI to do) • IPO syndrome-they will buy it because it’s green • To access markets, bioproducts (bioenergy) must be: o Cost-effective in comparison to fossil fuels o Trouble-free for consumers o Be culturally acceptable o Have the same distribution infrastructure as fossil fuels • Commoditization of feedstocks • Must underwrite less than two of the above risk factors FBi Forest Bio. Products Inc. 19 3/19/2018

Technology size-where is there potential for revenues? • Large scale o Address large markets, Technology size-where is there potential for revenues? • Large scale o Address large markets, own and operate green energy technologies • E. g Atikokan Generating Station • Small scale o Fit technology to end users, sell and/or license technology • E. g. small scale biodiesel manufacturing FBi Forest Bio. Products Inc. 20 3/19/2018

Stick it to the Man. TM • The Frankentank v. 2 FBi Forest Bio. Stick it to the Man. TM • The Frankentank v. 2 FBi Forest Bio. Products Inc. 21 3/19/2018

The Frankentank v 3 • Patent pending • • FBi Forest Bio. Products Inc. The Frankentank v 3 • Patent pending • • FBi Forest Bio. Products Inc. • (CIPO) ESA/CSA pending 220 V, single-phase 250 L batch in 8 hours 2 hours hands-ontime Dry-wash technique 22 3/19/2018

A few Frankenthoughts FBi Forest Bio. Products Inc. 23 3/19/2018 A few Frankenthoughts FBi Forest Bio. Products Inc. 23 3/19/2018

Market opportunity • Permit fuel/users to invest in technology to meet their needs/regional needs Market opportunity • Permit fuel/users to invest in technology to meet their needs/regional needs • Reduce transport costs of biomass • Take advantage of o Emerging gasification o Emerging biodiesel o Emerging biooil technologies FBi Forest Bio. Products Inc. 24 3/19/2018

Business opportunities: social entrepreneuship • Development of technologies to fit the Democratization of Energy/Knowledge Business opportunities: social entrepreneuship • Development of technologies to fit the Democratization of Energy/Knowledge • Deployment and operations of small scale technologies • Working with communities to support their needs • Managing the development process—there is no consulting firm out there that can provide the ultimate consultant out there o Project definition/management/delivery FBi Forest Bio. Products Inc. 25 3/19/2018

Why biodiesel is the buzz • Diesel price increasing at $0. 12 per L Why biodiesel is the buzz • Diesel price increasing at $0. 12 per L per year in Ontario • 5 % biodiesel target in Canada • Culturally acceptable FBi Forest Bio. Products Inc. 26 3/19/2018

Diesel in Canada - 2004 FBi Forest Bio. Products Inc. 27 3/19/2018 Diesel in Canada - 2004 FBi Forest Bio. Products Inc. 27 3/19/2018

Viscosity-Temperature Curves Vegetable Oil Viscosity (c. St) Biodiesel Diesel 20 c. St – Max Viscosity-Temperature Curves Vegetable Oil Viscosity (c. St) Biodiesel Diesel 20 c. St – Max Viscosity Temperature (ºC) FBi Forest Bio. Products Inc. 28 3/19/2018

The Biodiesel Reaction is simple 1) Waste Vegetable Oil 2) Raw Biodiesel (A) 3) The Biodiesel Reaction is simple 1) Waste Vegetable Oil 2) Raw Biodiesel (A) 3) Purified Biodiesel and Crude Byproduct (B) A B FBi Forest Bio. Products Inc. 29 3/19/2018

Quality Standard – ASTM D 6751 FBi Forest Bio. Products Inc. 30 3/19/2018 Quality Standard – ASTM D 6751 FBi Forest Bio. Products Inc. 30 3/19/2018

Tailpipe Emission Reductions US DOE – National Renewable Energy Lab Low Sulfur Diesel vs. Tailpipe Emission Reductions US DOE – National Renewable Energy Lab Low Sulfur Diesel vs. B 20 (October, 2006) FBi Forest Bio. Products Inc. 31 3/19/2018

Energy Return on Investment Energy Density of Diesel = 36 MJ/L Fossil Energy Ratio Energy Return on Investment Energy Density of Diesel = 36 MJ/L Fossil Energy Ratio = Energy Out Energy In FER Diesel = 0. 83 Energy Density of Biodiesel = 33 MJ/L Fossil Energy Ratio = Energy Out Energy In FER Biodiesel = 3. 22 FBi Forest Bio. Products Inc. 32 3/19/2018

Biodiesel – Tax Advantages Canada-Wide Road Tax on Diesel 15. 0¢ BC – B Biodiesel – Tax Advantages Canada-Wide Road Tax on Diesel 15. 0¢ BC – B 5 -B 50 15. 0 ¢/L exemption MB – 11. 5 ¢/L exemption ON – 14. 3 ¢/L exemption QC – 16. 2 ¢/L exemption NS – 15. 4 ¢/L exemption PEI – 20. 8 ¢/L in discussions AB – 9. 0 ¢/L no exemption SK – 16. 5 ¢/L no exemption NB – 16. 9 ¢/L no exemption NFL – 16. 5 ¢/L no exemption YK – 9. 1 ¢/L no exemption NWT – 7. 2 ¢/L no exemption NU – 9. 1 ¢/L no exemption 11. 5¢ FBi Forest Bio. Products Inc. 33 3/19/2018

Long term business strategy • Develop market for product – 5 continents • Create Long term business strategy • Develop market for product – 5 continents • Create a distribution system for Stick-it-to-The • • Man. Tm technologies Secure partnerships to develop new technologies/products Acquire companies with complementary technologies Create manufacturing strategies worldwide New venture: manage process for other businesses. FBi Forest Bio. Products Inc. 34 3/19/2018

Business opportunity: managing the development process on behalf of private sector/communities • • Idea Business opportunity: managing the development process on behalf of private sector/communities • • Idea to market Reducing technology risks Reducing market risks Finding the right talent to support small businesses • Finding subsidies to support small businesses FBi Forest Bio. Products Inc. 35 3/19/2018

Psychological argument: risk and benefits • • • Goal is $1 B in value Psychological argument: risk and benefits • • • Goal is $1 B in value 75 % grants and loans from governments Massive worldwide opportunities Great management team Current share value: $10/share—because we still are not certain to have success FBi Forest Bio. Products Inc. 36 3/19/2018

Businesses are convergence of systems: • • • Resource Technology Markets Financial parameters Corporate Businesses are convergence of systems: • • • Resource Technology Markets Financial parameters Corporate structure Psychology (testicular fortitude) FBi Forest Bio. Products Inc. 37 3/19/2018