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Energy Conservation and Building Energy Monitor presented by Directorate of Public Works Operations and Energy Conservation and Building Energy Monitor presented by Directorate of Public Works Operations and Maintenance Division

Introduction Why Conserve Energy? • Energy conservation saves valuable resources • Fort Carson is Introduction Why Conserve Energy? • Energy conservation saves valuable resources • Fort Carson is one of two Army designated as a Net Zero installation for energy, water and waste by 2020. • Reducing Fort Carson energy waste allows planned utility dollars to be redirected to other quality of life projects • Comply with the Energy Policy Act (EPACT) of 2005 and Presidential Executive Orders

Objectives • Understand Fort Carson's energy conservation responsibilities – Energy Conservation Officer (ECO) – Objectives • Understand Fort Carson's energy conservation responsibilities – Energy Conservation Officer (ECO) – Building Energy Monitor (BEM) • Proactive conservation methods • Awareness of energy waste

Objectives • Understand how activities and projects advance us toward Net Zero energy and Objectives • Understand how activities and projects advance us toward Net Zero energy and water use by 2020 and the Fort Carson 2027 sustainability goals – Net Zero energy and water – 100% renewable energy use – Reduce water use by 75%, use more nonpotable water – 100% procurement of energy efficient products

Net Zero & Sustainability Fort Carson ECOs and BEMs play a key role in Net Zero & Sustainability Fort Carson ECOs and BEMs play a key role in achieving Net Zero energy and water goals through education and facility monitoring

Getting to Net Zero Energy Attaining net zero energy means boosting efforts to produce Getting to Net Zero Energy Attaining net zero energy means boosting efforts to produce as much energy on site as it uses through aggressive conservation and efficiency efforts, finding ways to capture and use “waste” energy and pursuing more renewable energy initiatives

Getting to Net Zero Water Operating as a net zero water installation means the Getting to Net Zero Water Operating as a net zero water installation means the Mountain Post invigorate its water conservation ethic and develop strategies to repurpose water, such as using grey water generated from showers and laundries for on-site use and using more non-potable water for irrigation

Fort Carson’s Energy Use • $20. 9 M Utility Bill • Approximately $57, 000 Fort Carson’s Energy Use • $20. 9 M Utility Bill • Approximately $57, 000 • spent every day for electric, natural gas and water Natural gas use increases in winter months and water and electric use increases in summer months

Electricity Consumption 250000 Electricity (MWH) 200000 Electric Use 150000 Electricity (MWH) 100000 50000 0 Electricity Consumption 250000 Electricity (MWH) 200000 Electric Use 150000 Electricity (MWH) 100000 50000 0 02 03 04 05 FY 06 07 08 09 10 11

Electricity Costs $12, 000 Electric Cost $10, 000 Cost ($) $8, 000 $6, 000 Electricity Costs $12, 000 Electric Cost $10, 000 Cost ($) $8, 000 $6, 000 Electric Cost $4, 000 $2, 000 $0 02 03 04 05 06 FY 07 08 09 10 11

Natural Gas Consumption 1600000 Natrual Gas (KCF) 1400000 1200000 KCF 1000000 800000 Natrual Gas Natural Gas Consumption 1600000 Natrual Gas (KCF) 1400000 1200000 KCF 1000000 800000 Natrual Gas (KCF) 600000 400000 200000 0 02 03 04 05 FY 06 07 08 09 10 11

Natural Gas Cost 9000000 Natrual Gas Cost ($) 8000000 7000000 Cost ($) 6000000 5000000 Natural Gas Cost 9000000 Natrual Gas Cost ($) 8000000 7000000 Cost ($) 6000000 5000000 Natrual Gas Cost ($) 4000000 3000000 2000000 1000000 0 02 03 04 05 06 FY 07 08 09 10 11

Water Usage 1200000 Water Usage (Kgal) 1000000 Usage (KGal) 800000 600000 Water Usage (Kgal) Water Usage 1200000 Water Usage (Kgal) 1000000 Usage (KGal) 800000 600000 Water Usage (Kgal) 400000 200000 0 02 03 04 05 06 FY 07 08 09 10 11

Water Cost 4000000 Water Cost ($) 3500000 3000000 Cost ($) 2500000 2000000 Water Cost Water Cost 4000000 Water Cost ($) 3500000 3000000 Cost ($) 2500000 2000000 Water Cost ($) 1500000 1000000 500000 0 02 03 04 05 06 FY 07 08 09 10 11

Energy Reduction Goals KBTU/SF/YR KBTU/SF (12 month moving avg) Energy Reduction Goals KBTU/SF/YR KBTU/SF (12 month moving avg)

Who is Responsible? Commanding General DPW DOL PAO Military Units YOU!!! You have an Who is Responsible? Commanding General DPW DOL PAO Military Units YOU!!! You have an impact on Fort Carson Energy Use!

Why is there an ECO/BEM program? • Over 900 facilities on Fort Carson! • Why is there an ECO/BEM program? • Over 900 facilities on Fort Carson! • A significant amount of energy can be wasted in • a facility if an energy related problem is unknown or ignored Facility managers and building occupants are the most aware of changes in a facility (i. e. temperature drop/increase, lighting problems, complaints, etc. )

Energy Conservation Officer (ECO) • Term of 12 months or more • Attends ECO/BEM Energy Conservation Officer (ECO) • Term of 12 months or more • Attends ECO/BEM class within 60 days of appointment

ECO Responsibilities • Ensures there is a Building Energy Monitor (BEM) • • for ECO Responsibilities • Ensures there is a Building Energy Monitor (BEM) • • for every building/area. Publishes/maintains a unit/activity Energy SOP Inspects all buildings on a monthly basis (FC Form 22) Maintains ECO/BEM continuity books Plans operations and activities to conserve energy and water

Building Energy Monitor (BEM) • Appointed by their unit/activity ECO • One BEM per Building Energy Monitor (BEM) • Appointed by their unit/activity ECO • One BEM per building (BEMs can be assigned • multiple buildings) Attends ECO/BEM class within 60 days of appointment

BEM Responsibilities • Inspects assigned building(s) weekly • Maintains energy conservation documentation • Ensures BEM Responsibilities • Inspects assigned building(s) weekly • Maintains energy conservation documentation • Ensures that R&U personnel make any • immediate repairs necessary or Ensures that work orders are called in for repairs

Energy Conservation Records • BEMs maintain the following documents: – Copy of 7 th Energy Conservation Records • BEMs maintain the following documents: – Copy of 7 th ID and FC Reg 200 -1 – BEM Handbook – Appointment orders for BEM and alternate – Copy of ECO/BEM course certificates – Energy SOP – Weekly inspection checklists (Form 22) – Work order log (back of Form 22)

What can you do? What can you do?

Lights, Computers and Equipment • Turn lights and equipment off when not in use Lights, Computers and Equipment • Turn lights and equipment off when not in use • Buy energy efficient products • Discourage use of personal refrigerators • Use compact fluorescents and delamp overlit areas • Put stickers on lights, awareness posters

Recommended High Efficiency Types are CFLs, Fluorescents, MH, & HPS Lumens Per Watt (LPW) Recommended High Efficiency Types are CFLs, Fluorescents, MH, & HPS Lumens Per Watt (LPW) Low Pressure Sodium High Pressure Sodium Metal Halide 100 -183 LPW 63 -140 LPW 76 -125 LPW Fluorescent 30 -100 LPW Compact Fluorescent 44 -70 LPW Mercury Vapor 30 -83 LPW LED Incandesce nt 20 -35 LPW 7 -25 LPW 50 75 Increasing Efficiency 100 125 150 175 200

Which costs more – Incandescent or CFL ? 18 W Compact Fluorescent 75 W Which costs more – Incandescent or CFL ? 18 W Compact Fluorescent 75 W Incandescent

Delamping Remove 2 lamps in a 4 -lamp fluorescent fixture and save nearly half Delamping Remove 2 lamps in a 4 -lamp fluorescent fixture and save nearly half the energy (still have some energy consumed in ballast) Savings of nearly $10 per fixture/per year

Army Light Level Standards • Desktop - 50 foot-candles • Other work areas - Army Light Level Standards • Desktop - 50 foot-candles • Other work areas - 30 foot-candles • Hallways - 10 foot-candles

Number of Fluorescent Lamps Rules-of-Thumb • Office areas - 2 or 3 lamp fixtures Number of Fluorescent Lamps Rules-of-Thumb • Office areas - 2 or 3 lamp fixtures • Hallways - 1 lamp fixture • 4 lamp fixtures are usually wasteful

Use of Heat/Air Conditioning • Turn off when not needed • Properly set thermostat(s) Use of Heat/Air Conditioning • Turn off when not needed • Properly set thermostat(s) and • programmable thermostats Use the sun to your advantage: Use shades and drapes to block windows when its too hot and open up when its too cold for heat gain

Over-Heating or Over-Cooling Increases Energy Use at least 3% per degree F (6%/°C) °F Over-Heating or Over-Cooling Increases Energy Use at least 3% per degree F (6%/°C) °F 78 77 76 75 74 73 72 71 70 69 68 3% 6% 9% 12% 25 15% 18% 20 15 10 Cooling (%) 5 0 °C 25. 5 25. 0 24. 4 24. 8 23. 3 22. 7 22. 2 21. 6 21. 1 20. 5 20. 0 18% 15% 12% 9% 6% 3% 0 5 10 15 Heating (%) 20 25

Doors • Check the condition • • and fit of doors (especially exterior doors) Doors • Check the condition • • and fit of doors (especially exterior doors) Weather-stripping or door sweeps in place Closed when heat or cooling system on

Windows • Missing or cracked • Weather-stripping or • caulking in place Closed when Windows • Missing or cracked • Weather-stripping or • caulking in place Closed when heat or cooling system on

Motor Pools and Shops • Close bay doors when heat is on • Turn Motor Pools and Shops • Close bay doors when heat is on • Turn off lights when not in use • Turn heat down to 55 F when not in use

Reduce Water Usage Follow water restriction guidelines Fix Leaking Faucets Reduce Water Usage Follow water restriction guidelines Fix Leaking Faucets

Walk Through Do DOORS and WINDOWS Are WORK AREAS arranged seal properly when closed? Walk Through Do DOORS and WINDOWS Are WORK AREAS arranged seal properly when closed? for energy efficiency? Are FANS left running unnecessarily? Is UNUSED SPACE closed off from the rest of the building? Are THERMOSTATS at the proper settings? Is the AIR CONDITIONER turned off at the end of the day? Do you DRESS appropriately? Do you USE WINDOW SHADES to make nature work for you? Is HOT WATER too hot or being wasted?

What is Fort Carson doing to help meet Net Zero? What is Fort Carson doing to help meet Net Zero?

Energy Conservation Initiatives • Replacing old boilers/chillers, lighting retrofits and • • • preventative Energy Conservation Initiatives • Replacing old boilers/chillers, lighting retrofits and • • • preventative maintenance Expansion of Utility Control System Energy and water efficient clothes washers and air conditioners now specified in contracts Installing renewable energy technologies (solar walls, photovoltaics, solar hot water, etc. ) Investigating biomass and wind technologies Integrating energy efficiency into facility designs

Bottom-line • Keep an eye on your facility for energy saving • • opportunities Bottom-line • Keep an eye on your facility for energy saving • • opportunities – Buying new equipment (computers, air conditioners, etc. ) Implement self-help energy conservation measures where possible… – Good energy conservation practices add up across the facility! Identify the big projects to your facility Manager…Call in Work Orders to the DPW Work Order Desk

Support Numbers • Call in Work Orders to DPW • at 526 -5345 Questions Support Numbers • Call in Work Orders to DPW • at 526 -5345 Questions or concerns please contact the Fort Carson energy manager – Scott Clark, 526 -1739