ELEMENTS OF MOLECULAR PHYSICS Molecular Kinetic Theory of

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ELEMENTS OF MOLECULAR PHYSICS Molecular Kinetic Theory of Gases ELEMENTS OF MOLECULAR PHYSICS Molecular Kinetic Theory of Gases

MOLECULAR PHYSICS.  Glossary-1 MOLECULAR PHYSICS. Glossary-

MOLECULAR PHYSICS.  Glossary-2 MOLECULAR PHYSICS. Glossary-

MOLECULAR PHYICS. Glossary-3. MOLECULAR PHYICS. Glossary-3.

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TO DERIVATION OF CLAUSIUS EQUATION Calculation of collision number for molecules on the element of wallTO DERIVATION OF CLAUSIUS EQUATION Calculation of collision number for molecules on the element of wall at square S. Elastic collision of molecule with wall.

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ISOTHERMAL PROCESS ( T = const) p. V = const. T 3  T 2 ISOTHERMAL PROCESS ( T = const) p. V = const. T 3 > T 2 > T

ISOBARIC  PROCESS  ( V = const) V 3  V 2  V 1ISOBARIC PROCESS ( V = const) V 3 > V 2 > V

ISOBARIC  PROCESS  ( p = const) p 3  p 2  p 1ISOBARIC PROCESS ( p = const) p 3 > p 2 > p

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THEOREM ABOUT UNIFORM DISTRIBUTION OF ENERGY ALONG DEGREES OF FREEDOM   For the system ofTHEOREM ABOUT UNIFORM DISTRIBUTION OF ENERGY ALONG DEGREES OF FREEDOM For the system of molecules at thermodynamic equilibrium at temperature T the mean kinetic energy of molecules is the same for each degree of freedom and equal to Molar specific heat capacity of ideal gas: Monoatomic gas: i = 3 ; Two-atomic gas: i = 5 ; Multi-atomic gas: i = 6.

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 • 2 r 0 = d is a diameter of molecule;  • F is • 2 r 0 = d is a diameter of molecule; • F is a force of interaction; • E p is a potential energy of interaction; • E 0 is the energy of connection, or potential well depth Force of interaction of two gas molecules as the function of distance between their centers repulsing attraction

INCREASE OF DISTANCE BETWEEN MOLECULES OF WATER AT VAPORIZING H 2 O Vapor of water LiquidINCREASE OF DISTANCE BETWEEN MOLECULES OF WATER AT VAPORIZING H 2 O Vapor of water Liquid water Scale of molecules drawing is 5 x 10 7.

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INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGIN

THE  p - V -DIAGRAMS FOR GASOLINE ENGINE AND FOR DIESEL CYCLE THE p — V -DIAGRAMS FOR GASOLINE ENGINE AND FOR DIESEL CYCL

ENERGY FLOW FOR REFRIGERATOR AND FOR AIR CONDITIONER ENERGY FLOW FOR REFRIGERATOR AND FOR AIR CONDITIONER