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Dubna State University Electronics Department Special Electronic Training section for «Nica» program Head of Electronics Department Prof. Sakharov Y. Dr. Gorbunov N. 2017
Agenda § Educational system in Russia § Bologna system § Software engineering § Personal Electronics department results
«Educational boom» in Russia Total # of Students (mln) Total # of education programs Total # of higher schools
Fundamental changes in the education system • Demographic crisis • Increasing competition in education • Differentiation according to funding sources (state, national research universities) • Professional and higher education associations creation • Government support for accreditation
New tendencies in the system for the assessment of the quality of education • Public and professional accreditations` development • Programs accreditation • Focus on expertise • Professional and higher education associations creation • Adherence to the principles of the Bologna Process
Peculiarities of Russian educational system • Total # of schools (HVO) – 1 322 Total # of education programs – 32 544 • ( 40% opened during last 10 years)
Bologna process • What are the results of the first ten years of the Bologna Process? • For whom and for what was the Bologna process initiated? • What are "European transparency and quality instruments "and" the architecture of the European Higher Education system "? • What is a "Bologna traffic light"? Why we received "units"? Why we did not fulfilled "homework"? • What are the tasks set by Europe for the following decade?
Main tasks of the Bologna Process (1999 -2016) 1. Adoption of a system of easily understood and comparable degrees 2. Adoption of a system based on two main cycles 3. Promotion of the ECTS credit system 4. Facilitating the mobility of students and teachers 5. European cooperation in the field of quality assurance of education 6. Promotion of European inter-institutional cooperation 7. Lifelong Learning 8. Equal partnership of universities and students in management 9. Introduction and recognition of joint degrees 10. The attractiveness of the European Higher Education Area for students from other parts of the world
Main objectives of the Bologna Process • Enhancing the competitiveness of the European education at the world level • Formation of the area of European Higher education and research • Optimization of expenses for education without loss of quality
European transparency instruments • Principles for the Recognition of Education Documents (Lisbon Convention) • A common qualifications framework, based on Dublin descriptors (European Qualifications Framework) • European Qualifications Framework for LLL (Life Long Learning) • ECTS Credit-Module System (European Credit Transfer System) • European Diploma Supplement • EUROPASS
Master's degree characteristics • ability of the original development and application of ideas in the context of the ongoing research. . . • ability to find solutions to problems in new or unfamiliar environments in a broader (interdisciplinary) context. . . • ability to integrate knowledge and draw conclusions based on incomplete or limited information. . . • ability to present conclusions and reinforce knowledge with facts (the narrow sphere) in the professional and unprofessional audiences (monologue). . . • the skills of so-called self-directed learning, or autonomy. . .
List of competences of a graduate of a European university (European Commission, 2005) 1. Competence in the field of mother tongue 2. Foreign competency 3. Mathematical competence and competence in the field of natural sciences and technology 4. Computer competence 5. Academic competence (ability to learn) 6. Interpersonal, intercultural competence and competence of citizenship 7. Competence of entrepreneurship 8. Cultural competence « We will support our higher education and: institutions in preparing creative, • critical thinking innovative, critical-minded and • creativity responsible graduates that our democratic states need for • european identification economic growth and sustainable • active civic position development »
Professional standards Certification DS/EPass + Work experience European Qualifications structure European Qualifications Structure Educational standards 120 credits 180 credits
EUROPASS 2002 Reflects the main results of training and practical training 1. Europass curriculum vitae - biography 2. Europass Language Passport – knowledge of foreign languages 3. Europass mobility - certificate of study periods, including internships 4. Europass Diploma Supplement – certificates of completed 5. training (degrees, certificates, examinations, qualifications received) Europass Cerificate Supplement – comments i. e. received competences description
European quality instruments • Audit - evaluation of the quality of the higher education institution, its programs and faculties • Benchmarking - comparison of the quality of different HEIs in a particular sector or discipline • Accreditation - compliance with prescribed quality standards • Excellence - quality labels that define indicators of improved quality or perfect quality
Competences Natural sciences Physics Radio-electrical Electricuty basics Mathematics Chemistry Circuit engineering Analogue or digital simulation tool for electronic systems Software engineering Microprocess ing EPGA VHDL Lab. View Technological Construction CAD Auto. Desk Or. Cad Engineering drawing Engineering design Design principles of electronic systems Basics of reliability Electronic systems technology
CAD systems of a full cycle of development of radio-electronic
САПР разработки печатных плат CAD systems of a full cycle of development of radio-electronic Manufacturer country U. S. A Australia/China Russia Cost of a standalone license 100 – 500 k rub 100 – 350 k rub 40 – 200 k rub Built-in electrical modeling module 5 3 4 Working with 3 D 3 5 0 Simulation with wiring 5 0 0 High-speed circuit wiring tools 5 5 4 Autorouting 4 4 5 Accessibility of component databases 5 3 5 Availability of training material in free access 2 5 5 Simplicity to learn 2 5 4
CAD for development on FPGA • Both ISE programs have a free version of the license • Both firms have a support forum in Russian • Altera has a number of more developed and simple ones in terms of developing CPLD • XILINX ISE has a built-in modeling environment A modern engineer needs to understand the technology of creating projects on FPGA regardless of the manufacturer's firm!
MICROCONTROLLERS MICROCHIP (PIC) + For a long time on the MC market, Microchip bought out the well-known Atmel company earlier as one of the market leaders + The big nomenclature, excellent support and availability make MK PIC the leader in the market + MK PIC are characterized by powerful speed and rich periphery (stuffing) +Are positioned as industrial MK - Some models do not have base units, such as, for example, a DAC
STM MICROCONTROLLERS + Gained popularity in the early 2000's having a large number of cheap debugging cards, some of them were distributed free of charge + High performance, low power consumption and other advantages of ARM architecture + Availability of free development environments - Because of their novelty have a number of errors in the design, you need to carefully study the documentation (Errata)
MICROCONTROLLERS JSC PKK Milander + Leader of the Russian microcontrollers market, own production in Zelenograd + High performance, low power consumption and other advantages of ARM architecture + High reliability, radiation resistance, wide operating temperature range + Presence of "live" forum for support of developers - High cost of microcontroller in the case from cermet (upper and middle figures)
MICROCONTROLLERS JSC PKK Milander + Close interaction with educational institutions The debugging card developed at the Department of Personal Electronics of the University of Dubna
USB Ethernet CAN Wi-Fi Bluetooth RF 3 -axis Finger print GPS *Source: waveshare. com
Temperature, humidity Optical positions Gas, acoustic *Source: waveshare. com
RESULTS At present, 27 graduates of the "Personal Electronics" department of the University "Dubna" work under the "Nika" program
Department of Personal Electronics at the LFHE of JINR The system for measuring the beam parameters of the ion source KRION 6 -T, the flagship source of the collider NICA A set of hardware tools performed by students and post-graduate students of the department together with the specialists of the VBLHEP of JINR within the framework of the NICA / MPD project
Department of Personal Electronics at the LFHE of JINR Automatic phase and frequency control system for HF amplifiers of the HILAC linear accelerator (with Bevatech (Germany)) A complex of software and hardware tools made by students and post-graduate students of the department together with the specialists of the VBLHEP of JINR within the framework of the NICA / MPD project
Department of Personal Electronics at the LFHE of JINR Debug board "Mil. Ki. TES" on the basis of microcontrollers of domestic production The board is designed and manufactured by the students of the department under the direction of the post-graduate students of the department: Lyuysev D. , Poknin D. , Shirikov I. The fee is intended to provide the educational process during the course «microprocessors» and is used to automate research in a number of departments of the University and JINR
Thank you very much!