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Doing Business in South Africa 03 December 2010 Sofia, Bulgaria Moloko Leshaba Export Promotion: Doing Business in South Africa 03 December 2010 Sofia, Bulgaria Moloko Leshaba Export Promotion: Central and Eastern Europe

South Africa at a glance • Area 1, 219, 090 km 2 • Population South Africa at a glance • Area 1, 219, 090 km 2 • Population 48, 7 m (estimate) • Currency R 1 = 100 cents • Time GMT + 2 hrs • Head of the State: President Jacob Zuma • 11 Official languages with English the business language • Total GDP: 2008 R 2 284 bn (US$ 277 bn) • GDP 2008 per capita: R 46 507 (US$ 5 637 ) • Real GDP Growth: 3, 7% (2008) • Inflation (CPIX): 11, 5 % (annual 2008) average) • Main Exports; minerals & mineral products, precious metals & metal products, chemical & food products, automotives & components. • Main trading partners: Germany, USA, China, Japan & the UK.

SADC AND SOUTH AFRICA • SADC FTA signed in August 2008 – market of SADC AND SOUTH AFRICA • SADC FTA signed in August 2008 – market of 200 million consumers • Future FTA with SADC, COMESA & EAC with a market of 700 million consumers

PROXIMITY TO MARKETS BY SEA • • Liverpool – 25 days New York – PROXIMITY TO MARKETS BY SEA • • Liverpool – 25 days New York – 20 days Buenos Aires – 11 days Jeddah – 20 days India – 10 days Singapore – 12 days Hong Kong – 25 days

Investing in Africa: an improving environment The operating environment is improving visibly and rapidly Investing in Africa: an improving environment The operating environment is improving visibly and rapidly … • 54 countries, 35 democracies (compared to only 8 in 1991) • Many countries have improved their business environment: Ø restored macro-economic stability Ø greater predictability & increased reliability of policy & regulatory framework Ø increased transparency and improved decision-making Ø privatisation initiatives Ø reduced corruption Ø investment protection & promotion Ø intra and inter-regional initiatives • High returns on investment

SOUTH AFRICAN ECONOMY 1994 THEN 2004 IN 2009 GDP (billions) R 482 US$ 60 SOUTH AFRICAN ECONOMY 1994 THEN 2004 IN 2009 GDP (billions) R 482 US$ 60 R 1 374 US$ 171 R 2 423 US$ 294 Merchandise exports (billions) R 69, 8 US$ 8. 7 R 281, 8 US$ 35. 2 R 503, 6 US$ 59, 6 GDP Growth 3, 2% 4, 6% - 1, 8 % • South Africa positioned as a manufacturing centre of excellence • Diversified Industrial sectors • Open economy • Sound business case for investment and profit • Gateway to Africa and markets of more than 200 Million consumers • Africa is the next big story after China and India

South Africa’s leading trade partners (2009) Rand (millions) Export Country Rand (millions) Import Country South Africa’s leading trade partners (2009) Rand (millions) Export Country Rand (millions) Import Country 1. China 48, 656. 1 1. China 69, 950. 0 2. United States 41, 027. 0 2. Germany 61, 888. 1 3. Japan 33, 937. 0 3. United States 40, 691. 2 4. Germany 32, 317. 8 4. Saudi Arabia 26, 650. 9 5. United Kingdom 25, 106. 2 5. Japan 26, 245. 5 6. Switzerland 21, 272. 7 6. Iran 22, 109. 7 7. Netherlands 18, 389. 7 7. United Kingdom 21, 393. 5 8. India 17, 873. 3 8. France 16, 579. 3

South Africa’s trade with Bulgaria SA Export to Bulgaria Value HS 6 (Annually) Year South Africa’s trade with Bulgaria SA Export to Bulgaria Value HS 6 (Annually) Year C 11: Textiles & textile articles (50 -63) 2006 2007 2008 2009 35, 787, 589 78, 506, 049 38, 235, 740 14, 498, 485 C 08: Raw hides & skins, leather, furskins & articles thereof; saddlery & harness; travel goods, handbags & similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) (41 -43) 26, 725 265, 540 7, 553, 507 10, 365, 150 C 16: Machinery & mechanical appliances; electrical equipment; parts thereof; sound recorders an reproducers, television image & sound recorders & reproducers, & parts & accessories of such articles (84 -85) 5, 296, 284 5, 843, 472 17, 789, 760 6, 172, 687 C 02: Vegetable products (6 -14) 6, 440, 101 8, 046, 012 5, 858, 448 4, 063, 915 294, 400 334, 395 1, 064, 177 2, 098, 397 C 04: Prepared foodstuffs; beverages, spirits & vinegar; tobacco & manufactured tobacco substitutes (16 -24) 1, 789, 808 2, 136, 971 3, 041, 593 1, 684, 132 C 06: Products of the chemical or allied industries (28 -38) 1, 117, 375 1, 068, 532 4, 550, 614 1, 561, 899 C 07: Plastics & articles thereof; rubber & articles thereof (39 -40) 32, 092 190, 854 420, 929 1, 113, 396 C 13: Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials; ceramic products; glass & glassware (68 -70) 1, 236, 272 499, 740 582, 741 492, 093 56, 337, 170 238, 745, 964 161, 224, 718 288, 662 3, 678, 281 3, 101, 036 9, 137, 766 461, 335 112, 036, 097 338, 738, 565 249, 459, 993 42, 800, 151 C 18: Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments & apparatus; clocks & watches; musical instruments; parts & accessories thereof (90 -92) C 05: Mineral products (25 -27) Other Total Exports

South Africa’s trade with Bulgaria SA Import from Bulgaria Value HS 6 (Annually) Year South Africa’s trade with Bulgaria SA Import from Bulgaria Value HS 6 (Annually) Year 2006 2007 2008 2009 C 16: Machinery & mechanical appliances; electrical equipment; parts thereof; sound recorders an reproducers, television image & sound recorders & reproducers, & parts & accessories of such articles (84 -85) 29, 917, 169 31, 892, 149 44, 036, 718 43, 510, 436 C 06: Products of the chemical or allied industries (28 -38) 12, 891, 895 12, 630, 413 33, 557, 955 17, 907, 957 C 02: Vegetable products (6 -14) 10, 248, 585 10, 476, 313 31, 840, 959 13, 295, 836 4, 046, 520 2, 330, 349 2, 678, 692 9, 658, 686 740, 919 16, 655, 450 20, 137, 806 7, 529, 727 C 11: Textiles & textile articles (50 -63) 3, 408, 297 6, 032, 438 6, 959, 455 6, 204, 902 C 18: Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments & apparatus; clocks & watches; musical instruments; parts & accessories thereof (90 -92) 3, 003, 051 4, 015, 158 5, 459, 444 4, 541, 293 74, 900 433, 235 2, 407, 474 3, 347, 250 1, 532, 986 4, 579, 886 7, 497, 224 2, 470, 593 774, 971 3, 477, 039 1, 626, 313 2, 110, 872 3, 906, 813 8, 324, 910 5, 547, 892 4, 961, 875 70, 546, 106 100, 847, 340 161, 749, 932 115, 539, 427 C 04: Prepared foodstuffs; beverages, spirits & vinegar; tobacco & manufactured tobacco substitutes (16 -24) C 15: Base metals & articles of base metal (72 -83) C 13: Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials; ceramic products; glass & glassware (68 -70) C 23: Special classification of original equipment components/parts for motor vehicles (98) C 20: Miscellaneous manufactured articles (94 -96) Other Total Imports

South Africa’s trade with Bulgaria BULGARIA HS Chapter HS 4 digit HS 6 -digit South Africa’s trade with Bulgaria BULGARIA HS Chapter HS 4 digit HS 6 -digit product code and description Filter 4 cell clasification Potential export value (US$ thousand) Current SA Exports (US$ thousand) Market accessibility (%) 5 $12, 983 $1, 624 49. 78 51 510529 - Wool tops & other combed wool, except combed fragment 72 720917 - Flat rld prod/coils<. 5<1 17 $3, 961 $1, 317 50. 09 84 847490 - Parts for mineral sort, screen, mix, etc machines 2 $3, 165 $277 47. 92 08 080550 - Lemons (Citrus limon/limonum) & limes (Citrus limon/limonum) aurantifolia/latifolia), fres. . . aurantifolia/latifolia), 2 $3, 229 $188 44. 35 84 847330 - Parts and accessories of data processing equipment ne 17 $13, 482 $174 48. 07 44 440890 - Veneer, ply sheet, not conifer or tropical, <6 mm thic 2 $3, 578 $124 49. 50 76 760612 - Aluminium alloy rectangular plate/sheet/strip, t >0. 2 m 2 $3, 186 $96 48. 26 72 721921 - Hot rolled stainless steel flat, w >600 mm, t >10 mm 2 $844 $87 47. 60 06 060310 - Cut flowers and flower buds for bouquets, etc. , fresh 2 $1, 657 $83 46. 88 22 220421 - Grape wines nes, fortified wine or must, pack < 2 l 2 $1, 068 $68 46. 65

SOUTH AFRICA- GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE • South Africa is one of the most sophisticated and SOUTH AFRICA- GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE • South Africa is one of the most sophisticated and promising emerging markets, offering a unique combination of highly developed first world economic infrastructure with a vibrant emerging market economy. • South Africa is one of the world’s 26 industrialised nations. • The country is also regarded as the gateway to Africa. • South Africa has the largest economy on the African continent, accounting for approximately 25% of the continent’s GDP. • According to the World Bank, South Africa ranked 34 th out of 183 in the world for the ease of doing business in 2010. • The JSE Securities Exchange is Africa’s largest and most developed Securities Exchange and one of the world’s top 20 exchanges.

SOUTH AFRICA - GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE • South Africa remains the world’s top producer of SOUTH AFRICA - GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE • South Africa remains the world’s top producer of minerals such as gold, platinum, rhodium, chrome, manganese and vanadium. • South Africa holds 80% of global manganese reserves, 72% of chrome, 88% of platinum-group metals (PGMs), 40% of gold and 27% of vanadium. • Unit labour costs in South Africa are significantly lower than those of many other emerging markets. • South Africa scored well in various categories according to the 2009/10 World Competitiveness Yearbook (133 countries ranked) with overall competitiveness we ranked 45 th in place.

South Africa’s investment environment South Africa today is one of the most sophisticated and South Africa’s investment environment South Africa today is one of the most sophisticated and promising emerging markets globally, mainly because of … Abundant natural resources Excellent transport & logistical infrastructure World class financial system Political & economic stability with sound macro-economic management Competitive sectors/industries Skills availability Favourable cost of doing business

SOUTH AFRICA – GLOBAL ECONOMIC POWERHOUSE Financial Times data on inward investment shows that SOUTH AFRICA – GLOBAL ECONOMIC POWERHOUSE Financial Times data on inward investment shows that South Africa is: • • • #1 #1 #1 country country for for for R&D inward investment in Africa environmental technology inward investment in Africa ICT & Electronics inward investment in Africa financial services inward investment in Africa creative industries inward investment in Africa • #1 country for transport equipment inward investment in Africa • #1 country for life sciences inward investment in Africa

PRESENCE OF INDUSTRIAL CLUSTERS v Regional leader in environmental technologies v World class ICT PRESENCE OF INDUSTRIAL CLUSTERS v Regional leader in environmental technologies v World class ICT sector v The largest financial services hub for the region v Largest transport equipment cluster in Africa v Major creative industries centre v Largest life science centre in the region

Investment Opportunities Sector Sub-sector Agro-processing Fisheries and aquaculture i. e. freshwater aquaculture & marinculture Investment Opportunities Sector Sub-sector Agro-processing Fisheries and aquaculture i. e. freshwater aquaculture & marinculture Food processing in the milling and baking industries Beverages viz. fruit juices and the local beneficiation, packaging and export of indigenous teas High value natural fibres viz. , organic cotton & downstream mohair production High value organic food for the local and export market Biofuels production viz. biodiesel & bioethanol Automotives & Components Engine parts/components, vehicle interiors, electronic drive train components, body parts, catalytic converters, aluminum forgings & castings, diesel particulate filters and leather products Chemicals and plastic fabrication Beneficiation of polypropylene used in automotive components & building and construction industries, packaging materials Medical (drips & syringes), manufacture of active pharmaceutical ingredient (APIs) for key anti-retrovirals (ARVs) Manufacture of reagents for AIDS/HIV diagnostics Production of vaccines and biological medicines

Investment Opportunities Sector Sub-sector Business Process Outsourcing & IT Enabled Services • Call Centres Investment Opportunities Sector Sub-sector Business Process Outsourcing & IT Enabled Services • Call Centres • Back /office Processing • Shared Corporate Services • Enterprise solutions e. g. fleet management and asset management • Legal process outsourcing • Software & mobile applications • Smart metering • Embedded software • Radio frequency identification • Process control , measurement & instrumentation • Security & monitoring solutions • Financial software Electro Technical Clothing, Textiles, Leather and Footwear • Manufacturing of Industrial Textiles using Polyester • Production of other natural fibre textiles such as flax • Wool and mohair production – downstream opportunities for yarns, knitwear and fabric.

Investment Opportunities Sector Sub-sector Metal fabrication, capital and transport equipment • Downstream processing and Investment Opportunities Sector Sub-sector Metal fabrication, capital and transport equipment • Downstream processing and value adding of iron, steel, aluminium, stainless steel ferroalloys and the platinum group of metals (PGM) • Conversion processes of metal products i. e. metal fabrication, pipe & tube, foundry products, wire and jewellery • Manufacturing and assembly of mining, agricultural and construction equipment • Utilities i. e. reticulation plants and pipe lines. • Machine tools and tooling (auto, packaging, mining and aerospace industries) • Electrical motors • Services in the engineering, construction sectors • Rolling stock i. e. locomotives, wagons and coaches • Production of permanent ways i. e. railway lines, signalling equipment, electrification, bridges and stations • Harbour construction and equipment • Ship- and oil platform building and maintenance

Investment Opportunities Sector Sub-sector Tourism • Accommodation – hotels, boutique hotels, lodges & resorts Investment Opportunities Sector Sub-sector Tourism • Accommodation – hotels, boutique hotels, lodges & resorts • Urban integrated tourism/ entertainment precincts • Adventure, - eco-, sport-, conference - and cultural tourism. • Infrastructure development. • Leisure complexes & world class golf courses. • Harbour & waterfront developments. • Transfrontier conservation areas. • Tourism transport – aviation, rail, cruise liners etc • Green building and green technologies for tourism • Attractions and activity – based tourism • Museums and heritage • Cultural, music, arts festivals and events Aerospace • Aviation related services, including maintenance, repair and overhaul (MRO) • Rotary and fixed wing components. • Aviation training services • Specialised manufacturing of avionics, including health usage monitoring systems • Aerostructure components, specifically composites and sheet metal (aluminium and titanium) • Small and micro-satellite capability including sensor platforms • Satellite related services (including tracking and control and applications development) • Specialised design expertise, systems level as well as first tier level. • Unmanned Arial Vehicles (UAVs)

Investment Opportunities Power generation and distribution Independent power generation, energy infrastructure & alternative energy Investment Opportunities Power generation and distribution Independent power generation, energy infrastructure & alternative energy Renewable energy and energy saving industries Solar water heating, evacuated tube plants, concentrated solar heating, wind and biomass energy production Advanced Manufacturing Advanced materials manufacturing viz. Nano-materials • High performance materials based on natural resources (advanced biocomposites) • Composites (intelligent textiles used in medical, building and construction industries) • Continuous fibre reinforced thermoform composites Digital TV and Set Top Boxes due to migration to full digital television as analogue will be switched-off by November 2011. Nuclear Build Programme i. e. joint ventures, consortiums and the establishment of new companies to grow South Africa’s nuclear manufacturing capability and nuclear supply industry to supply into the nuclear build programme Electricity Demand Side Management Solutions to improve electricity efficiency usage.

Investment Opportunities Creative and Design Industry Film and Media Film studios, treaty film co-production Investment Opportunities Creative and Design Industry Film and Media Film studios, treaty film co-production ventures, distribution infrastructure, servicing of foreign productions. Production of film and documentaries, commercials, stills photography and multi-media Design Jewellery manufacturing and design Fashion design

Coega IDZ & PORT INFRASTRUCTURE Coega IDZ & PORT INFRASTRUCTURE

Incentives Incentive Benefit Main Conditions The Enterprise Investment Program (EIP) The EIP (manufacturing) is Incentives Incentive Benefit Main Conditions The Enterprise Investment Program (EIP) The EIP (manufacturing) is a cash grant for locally based manufacturers who wish to establish a new production facility, expand an existing facility or upgrade an existing facility in the clothing and textiles sectors the EIP will be used to stimulate investment within manufacturing and tourism, it will also be used to deliver on some of the IPAP's key performance areas, as well as priority sectors. Foreign Investment Grant To compensate qualifying foreign investors for the cost of moving qualifying new machinery and equipment from abroad to SA. Foreign investors only Industrial Development Zone Exemption from VAT when sourcing goods and services from South African customs territory and duty-free imports of raw materials and inputs for export Prospective IDZ operator companies must apply for permits to develop and operate an IDZ

Incentives Incentive Benefit Critical Infrastructure Fund Infrastructure projects intended to service IDZ, shall qualify Incentives Incentive Benefit Critical Infrastructure Fund Infrastructure projects intended to service IDZ, shall qualify for a grant of 30% of the qualifying infrastructure development cost The Location Film & To encourage and attract large Television production budget films and television Incentive productions that will contribute towards SA economic development and international profile and increase foreign direct investment Main Conditions The minimum qualifying infrastructure development cost is R 15 m Foreign owned qualifying productions

Incentives Incentive Benefit Main Conditions BPO & O Investment Incentive The BPO&O Investment Incentive Incentives Incentive Benefit Main Conditions BPO & O Investment Incentive The BPO&O Investment Incentive comprises an Investment Grant and a Training Support Grant towards costs of company-specific training. The incentive is offered to local and foreign investors Local and foreign investors establishing projects that aim primarily to serve offshore clients Competitiveness Improvement Programme Grants are to be used for the following interventions: World-class manufacturing principles. Training Labour relations and employee wellness programmes Product related Supply chain integration Industrial engineering Competitiveness improvement Bottom line business processes Clothing and Textile companies and clusters

Incentives Incentive Production Incentive (PI) Automotive Investment Scheme (AIS Benefit Main Conditions Aims to Incentives Incentive Production Incentive (PI) Automotive Investment Scheme (AIS Benefit Main Conditions Aims to help the industry upgrade Clothing manufacturers its processes, products and people. Textiles manufacturers Cut, Make and Trim (CMT) operators Footwear manufacturers Leather goods manufacturers and Leather processors (specifically for leather goods and footwear industries). A taxable cash grant of 20 -30 Motor vehicle percent assemblers/manufactures. of the value of qualifying Motor component manufacturers investment in productive assets

the dti’s Investment Services • • Sector Information Finance to explore investment opportunities in the dti’s Investment Services • • Sector Information Finance to explore investment opportunities in SA Facilitating direct Government support in the form of: - information on investing in SA and the Business Environment - detailed investment Incentives - investment facilitation - after care – ongoing contact Contact Details • the dti Call Centre: 0861 843 384 • the dti Switchboard: +27 12 394 0000 • Investment Promotion: +27 12 394 1339 • Website: www. thedti. gov. za • E-mail: [email protected] gov. za • Postal Address: Private Bag X 84, Pretoria 0001 South Africa