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Distributed energy generation trends and implementation in the world today-technologies and achievements 6 -th Distributed energy generation trends and implementation in the world today-technologies and achievements 6 -th Regional Energy Conference “Energy Development in Southeast Europe: Energy security, sustainability, investments and growth” September 19 -20, 2016 Sofia, Bulgaria Vanya Benovska Regional Director – South East Europe www. localpower. org World Alliance for Decentralized Energy

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The global decentralised power generation market in 2016 • • Combined heat and power The global decentralised power generation market in 2016 • • Combined heat and power (CHP) Distributed solar Wind generator sets = Ceskaa Research projects that the global market for Distributed energy generation is expected to grow at a five-year CAGR (Compound Annual Growth Rate) of 8. 9% from 2016 to 2021 3 2016: The total installed capacity for distributed generation (DG) is 495 GW led by investments into CHP and distributed solar PV power

DE market is growing strongly! Some of the main DE growth drivers: • to DE market is growing strongly! Some of the main DE growth drivers: • to protect the environment and conserve resources: supported by corresponding incentives and political parameters! • Increased use in power consumption and less power loss during transmission from distributed energy system • Increase the energy efficiency and security of E supply 4

DE market is growing strongly in some Asian Countries, Europe and North America with DE market is growing strongly in some Asian Countries, Europe and North America with strong directive for green technology revolution IEEE: the most growth in DG over the next five years is Europe (32 %) followed by North America and Asia Pacific regions (26% both) Solar and wind technologies meet the most significant growth in the next five years: 5

DE market is growing strongly! Some of the main DE growth drivers: May 23, DE market is growing strongly! Some of the main DE growth drivers: May 23, 2016: China’s solar prices expect to fall 38 percent by 2020 • The availability of new, lower-priced and more efficient technologies for decentralised power generation: The cost of decentralised energy technologies is falling rapidly! • Recent technology innovation and production enhancements mean that the costs of solar power and wind power are falling! The greatest cost reduction has been experienced by solar, and some forms of energy storage are expected to follow a similar cost reduction path. 6

 • The liberalisation of the energy markets; development of Smart Grids technologies; development • The liberalisation of the energy markets; development of Smart Grids technologies; development of DERMS; development of microgrids • secure and efficient power supply 7

Smart Metering Projects Worldwide 8 Smart Metering Projects Worldwide 8

USA: microgrids towards DE and to protect critical public infrastructure Maryland: Over the next USA: microgrids towards DE and to protect critical public infrastructure Maryland: Over the next five years, U. S. microgrid capacity is expected to more than double, reaching over 2. 8 gigawatts by 2020 USA, Illinois: first "Community of the Future" The first microgrid cluster in the world! Exelon Corporation: Maryland’s largest gas and electric utility Com. Ed: received $1. 2 million to build a microgrid master controller: the first microgrid cluster in the world (which will connect to Illinois Institute of Technology’s existing microgrid) $4 million to design and deploy solar and battery storage technology: the microgrid demonstration project in Bronzeville will serve as a blueprint for other utility-owned microgrids around the country. Six microgrids to protect critical public infrastructure in norten Illinois! 9

EUROPE: NATIONAL AND REGIONAL SMARTGRIDS INITIATIVES National and Regional Smart. Grids platforms in Europe: EUROPE: NATIONAL AND REGIONAL SMARTGRIDS INITIATIVES National and Regional Smart. Grids platforms in Europe: Austria: Technology Platform Smart Grids Belgium: Smart Grids Flanders Greece: Hellenic Technology Platform for Smart Grids (HTPSG) Cyprus: Technology Platform for Smart. Grids (Cy. TP 4 SG) Czech Republic: Technology Platform Smartgrid Slovenian: Technology Platform Ireland: Smart Grid Italia: Smart Grids Netherlands: TKI Switch 2 Smart. Grids Norwegian: Smartgrid Centre Spain: FUTURED Switzerland: Association Smart Grid Map of the top priorities in the Smart Grids area the involved platforms are working on 10

AUSTRIA: Smart Grids 11 AUSTRIA: Smart Grids 11

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USA: Biogas Opportunities Roadmap USA: USDA, DOE, and EPA will use existing programs as USA: Biogas Opportunities Roadmap USA: USDA, DOE, and EPA will use existing programs as a vehicle to enhance the utilization of biogas systems in the U. S through: • Renewable Energy: to integrate biogas with wind and solar for distributed renewable energy CHP Thermal applications: Biogas is used directly onsite to heat digesters and buildings/maintenance shops, to fuel boilers or kilns, and to generate heat or steam. 13

USA: Biogas Opportunities new trend: Blending Feedstock for Biogas Systems: A Growing Trend in USA: Biogas Opportunities new trend: Blending Feedstock for Biogas Systems: A Growing Trend in America ! A growing number of existing and planned projects combine multiple feedstocks within a given biogas system. Some examples of this exciting new trend include: - At the Harvest Energy Garden in Lake Buena Vista, Florida, wastewater biosolids, fats, oils, grease, and food waste from Walt Disney World and surrounding communities are fed into the digester to recover energy and nutrients, manage odors, process biosolids, and produce a high-quality organic fertilizer ‐ In Ithaca, New York, the local municipal water resource recovery facility is codigesting food waste with wastewater biosolids ‐ In Rutland, Massachusetts, a digester accepts manure from 300 cows as well as residuals from ice cream and salad dressing production ‐ In Arlington, Texas, a biogas system blends landfill gas and wastewater digester gas to fuel an energy plant that powers the facility and supplies energy to the grid ‐ In Janesville, Wisconsin, the local wastewater treatment facility digests biosolids and food wastes, using the biogas to both power microturbines for electricity production and a unit to produce vehicle fuel 14

DE market is growing strongly! Some of the main DE growth drivers: • the DE market is growing strongly! Some of the main DE growth drivers: • the terrestrial texture for different regions, where different kind of distributed energy generation technique fits in, are also driving the DECENTRALIZED ENERGY market BULGARIA AND CEE GASFARM PROJECT TO HORIZON 2020 a sustainable biogas market for small scale production in Central and Eastern Europe: to analyse the farming situation in CEE countries in terms of size, biomass availability, existing knowledge and need for knowledge at the farmer level, in order to develop the most appropriate designs for small and medium biogas facilities to be used at farms or at a cluster of farms. 15

European countries: DENMARK, FINLAND and AUSTRIA have extensive decentralised energy networks as standard. DENMARK: European countries: DENMARK, FINLAND and AUSTRIA have extensive decentralised energy networks as standard. DENMARK: COMBINED SOLAR & CHP DISTRICT HEATING Trends and new developments Between 2010 and 2015, 237 plants for solar district heating were built. Most of those plants are coupled with CHP plants and were realized without incentives. LOCAL CHP-based NETS The best approach is combined heat and power Aberdeen Heat and Power project using efficient low carbon technology and interestingly! there has not been any request by customers to have the installments removed. … NGO: Aberdeen Heat & Power Ltd. is a ‘not for profit’ company that was set up by Aberdeen City Council in 2002 to develop and operate district heating and Combined Heat & Power (CHP) schemes in their area. 16

SWEDEN: ENERGY EFFICIENCY in BUILDINGS + PV + Echologs • apartments – refurbished with SWEDEN: ENERGY EFFICIENCY in BUILDINGS + PV + Echologs • apartments – refurbished with the goal of reducing their energy consumption by 50 per cent • photovoltaic cells were built on the roofs to harness solar energy • Echologs – terminals for displaying and monitoring electricity, heat, and water consumption – were installed in each apartment SWEDEN: The district of Hyllie - Öresund Region’s climate-smartest district The goal by 2020: • 100 per cent fuelled by renewable and recycled energy! • a sustainable energy system that will integrate electricity, heating and cooling • + smart metering in any consumption! SWEDEN: District heating networks also make use of recycled heat from industries – energy that would otherwise go to waste 17

UK: National Infrastructure Plan 2016– 2021 The London Plan 2011 -2016 London’s response to UK: National Infrastructure Plan 2016– 2021 The London Plan 2011 -2016 London’s response to climate change London to generate more of its own energy needs and enhance the security of its energy supply • The London Plan supports the development of decentralised energy systems, including the use of low carbon and renewable energy and the greater utilisation of energy generated from waste • Designing buildings to be energy efficient, promoting decentralised and renewable energy • To travel by environmentally friendly modes of transport • Energy companies have now installed over 1. 6 million smart meters across Britain • The programme will ultimately replace over 53 million gas and electricity smart meters by 2020, involving over 30 million homes and small businesses 18

UK: NATIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE LONDON PLAN 2016 -2021 Energy efficiency: insulating a million more homes UK: NATIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE LONDON PLAN 2016 -2021 Energy efficiency: insulating a million more homes over the next 5 years. Also £ 295 million - energy efficiency measures in schools, hospitals and other public buildings HEAT: to decarbonise heating supply! SOLAR-THERMAL and LOCAL HEATING SYSTEMS The Renewable Heat Incentive is a government financial incentive to promote the use of renewable heat for both domestic and nondomestic purposes • district heating schemes where one heating system serves multiple homes • The government will more than double the support it gives to households and businesses to decarbonise their heating supply. Funding for the Renewable Heat Incentive will increase to £ 1. 15 billion by 2020 -21 • over £ 300 million of investment support for 200 heat networks which will generate enough heat to support the equivalent of over 400, 000 homes and £ 2 billion of private and local capital investment 19

What is the London Heat Map? an online tool used to assist with DE What is the London Heat Map? an online tool used to assist with DE projects across London You can use to find opportunities for DE projects! The Mayor has helped put a focus on decentralised energy in the London Plan Includes data on: - major energy consumers - fuel consumption - CO 2 emissions - energy supply plants - community heating networks - heat density 20

GERMANY: Deutschland macht’s EFFIZIENT! 08/2016: an agreement The German government and the European Union: GERMANY: Deutschland macht’s EFFIZIENT! 08/2016: an agreement The German government and the European Union: the green energy surcharge on Germany’s cogeneration plants German firms that generate power for their own consumption can remain exempt from the surcharge! existing plants with cogeneration systems combining heat and power production GERMANY: Overall, about a quarter of the power consumed by industry is generated in-house! creates planning security for companies DE: The 2016 renewable energy surcharge has been set at 6. 35 cents/k. Wh, up slightly from 2015 (rise of 0. 18 cents/k. Wh) 21

February 2016 COUNTRY INDEPENDENCE in any sector! Tasnim News Agency GHG emission reduction! THE February 2016 COUNTRY INDEPENDENCE in any sector! Tasnim News Agency GHG emission reduction! THE SIXTH Five-Year Economic Development Plan 2016 -2021 CLIMATE CHANGE LEGISLATION - IRAN Iran: In the first half of 2016, a capacity to produce 14 MW of electricity was added by combined heat and power (CHP) and other distributed generation (DG) units = 766 MW total country capacity of distributed generation power 2016 TARGETS: 30% GHG emission reduction target by 2025 (funded by the government) and 34% GHG emission reduction by 2025 (with international technical/financial assistance) Decrease the loss of the electricity distribution and transmission network from 24% in 2007 to 15% in 2025 • Increase the energy efficiency: the domestic and commercial sector, industry, agriculture; use of efficient appliances and machinery, renovation in industries, process optimisation • installing Small Combined Heat and Power (SCHP) units in large buildings, public institutions and industries 22

Iran: Climate Change Legislation • • Constant growth rates per year! SCHP: 3, 000 Iran: Climate Change Legislation • • Constant growth rates per year! SCHP: 3, 000 MW of Small Combined Heat and Power generators will be installed in large buildings, public institutions and industries Increase the share of NG in the industry sector from 59. 4% in 2007 to 82% in 2025 Increase the share of NG in residential and commercial sectors from 66. 5% in 2007 to 88% in 2025 Increase of the share of NG in power plants from 73% in 2007 to 100% in 2025 • Increase of the share of renewable and low-carbon electricity production industries in total electricity generation of the country by increasing the capacity of hydropower to 19, 000 MW in 2025 (from 7, 073. 8 MW in 2007), wind to 6, 000 MW in 2025 (from 74 MW in 2007) and nuclear power plants from zero in 2007 to 20, 000 MW in 2025 • National Smart Metering Programme (FAHAM): Goal: Exchange of electricity meters for all customers • 33, 000 E-meters in 7 years! 23

CHINA ENERGY REVOLUTION: October 2015: The 13 -th Five-Year Plan by 2020 cutting carbon CHINA ENERGY REVOLUTION: October 2015: The 13 -th Five-Year Plan by 2020 cutting carbon emissions by reducing the use of coal and oil. Green growth: Reduce emissions per unit of GDP by 40 percent to 45 percent by 2020 compared to 2005 levels; • Take pro-active actions to control and cut carbon emissions • ramping up the exploration of clean, safe resources to replace coal and other fossil fuels • Continue to develop wind, solar, biomass, water, geothermal • Grant natural gas exploration rights to more companies and encourage exploitation of shale and coalbed gases • Construct energy storage and smart grid • develop distributed power ! • Raise the energy conservation standards for buildings and promote green building and green building materials 24

INDIA: The Twelfth Five Year Plan (2012– 2017) • ambitious plans to expand its INDIA: The Twelfth Five Year Plan (2012– 2017) • ambitious plans to expand its renewable and nuclear power programme • Compulsory roof-top PV and energy efficient building code for new government offices and group housing projects • Development of microgrids in 200 villages • to add 100, 000 MW of solar power capacity by 2020 • SG (Smart Grid) pilots, full SG rollout in pilot project cities • Development of 5 smart cities • Establishment of Smart Grid Test bed and Smart Grid Knowledge center • 2% EV penetration INDIA: The 13 Five Year Plan (2017– 2022) • Development of microgrids in total 1000 villages! • Smart Grid rollout in urban areas • Development of 25 smart cities • Export of smart grid products solution and services to overseas 25

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19 August 2016: 2 events in Bulgaria to meet STORM Eindhoven Team: First World 19 August 2016: 2 events in Bulgaria to meet STORM Eindhoven Team: First World Tour by Electric Motorcycle – 80 days and 23 000 km 28

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ANNUAL WADE BALKANS DECENTRALISED ENERGY AWARDS BANQUET THE ANNUAL WADE AWARDS FOR DECENTRALIZED ENERGY ANNUAL WADE BALKANS DECENTRALISED ENERGY AWARDS BANQUET THE ANNUAL WADE AWARDS FOR DECENTRALIZED ENERGY IN SOUTHEAST EUROPE 30 30

Local Power is a Global Solution! Thank you! Vanya Benovska WADE www. localpower. org Local Power is a Global Solution! Thank you! Vanya Benovska WADE www. localpower. org v. [email protected] bg +359 878 789 444 31