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Did: Zhumalieva. A. H Begeldi 401 -group Cheked:
• 1 ) History of Globalization • 2) What does globalization means? • 3) Effects of Globalization. Positive and negative effects • 4) Economic Globalization • 5) Cultural Globalization • 6) Global information system • 7) Globalization and disease • 8) Global workforce • 9) Democratic globalization
History of Globalization • • The modern age of globalization started with the Industrial Revolution at the end of the 18 th century. New machines were able to produce cheaper goods. Trains and steam-powered boats transported products farther and faster. Since 1980, globalization has been moving at a faster pace. Today it is easier for companies to work in other countries. The Internet gives them the chance of reaching more customers around the world.
Globalization is one of the defining trends of the 21 st century. Rapid international development drives growth in the increasingly dense web of connections between developed and developing countries around the world. Advances and cost reductions in communications technology and transportation have made it ever easier to collaborate with associates in other countries and remote locations. The rising tide of globalization plays a growing role in business, culture, the environment, human migration patterns, international development, politics and science and technology. The many, substantial benefits of globalization include higher average incomes, greater innovation, richer cultural exchanges and improved standards of living around the world. •
Globalization refers to the increasingly global relationships of culture, people and economic activity. Most often, it refers to economics: the global distribution of the production of goods andservices, through reduction of barriers to international trade such as tariffs, export fees, and import quotas
Effects of Globalization • Positive • Increased competicion in domestic industry • Increased Employment- create new jobs • Capital Inflow: creation of firms, leads to increase income levels- consumer demand • Spread of technology: raise worker´s skills • Economies of scale • Spread of Culture • Negative • Outsource their manufacturing and white-collar jobs to developing economies Poor countries suffering disadvantage (export-import) • It has led to an increase in activities such as: child labour and hard working conditions • Consumerism habits has increase junk food, branded products. • Environmental degradation
Economic Globalisation • Economic globalization is the increasing economic interdependence of national economies across the world through a rapid increase in cross-border movement of goods, service, technology and capital. Whereas the globalization of business is centered around the diminution of international trade regulations as well as tariffs, taxes, and other impediments that suppresses global trade, economic globalization is the process of increasing economic integration between countries, leading to the emergence of a global marketplace or a single world market.
Cultural Globalization • Globalization plays a major part in many forms of cultural and artistic exchange. Traveling companies of performance artists share their art forms and local traditions with audiences around the world. Culinary professionals ranging from globe-trotting celebrity chefs to line cooks spread local flavors and food culture by moving from kitchen to kitchen and opening new restaurants across the globe. •
• International business arrangements have led to the formation of multinational enterprises (MNE), companies that have a worldwide approach to markets and production or one with operations in more than one country. An MNE is often called multinational corporation (MNC) or transnational company (TNC). Well known MNCs include fast food companies such as Mc. Donald's and Yum Brands, vehicle manufacturers such as General Motors, Ford Motor Company and Toyota, consumer electronics companies like Samsung, LG and Sony, and energy companies such as Exxon. Mobil, Shell and BP. Most of the largest corporations operate in multiple national markets.
Global information system Multinational corporations face the challenge of developing global information systems for global data processing and decision-making. The Internet provides a broad area of services to business and individual users. Because the World Wide Web (WWW) can reach any Internetconnected computer in the world, the Internet is closely related to global information systems. A global information system is a data communication network that crosses national boundaries to access and process data in order to achieve corporate goals and strategic objectives
Global health and Globalization and disease • • Global health is the health of populations in a global context and transcends the perspectives and concerns of individual nations. [Health problems that transcend national borders or have a global political and economic impact, are often emphasized. The major international agency for health is the World Health Organization (WHO). Other important agencies with impact on global health activities include UNICEF, World Food Programme (WFP), United Nations University International Institute for Global Health and the World Bank. A major initiative for improved global health is the United Nations Millennium Declaration and the globally endorsed Millennium Development Goals.
Global workforce • The global workforce is the international labor pool of immigrant workers or those employed by multinational companies and connected through a global system of networking and production. As of 2005, the global labor pool of those employed by multinational companies consisted of approximately 3 billion workers.
• Democratic globalization is a movement towards an institutional system of global democracy that would give world citizens a say in political organizations. This would, in their view, bypass nation -states, corporate oligopolies, ideological Nongovernmental organizations (NGO), political cults and mafias.
Conclution • That’s what I call“Cultural globalization”. People around world moves from a place to an othereveryday, exchanging manners, likes, foods, ideas, whatever. That would be probably why we may ﬁnd a chinnee restaurant in Berlin, or directions on our city’s library in morethan 3 languages!Globalization has much more dimensions and we canﬁnd something positive in every single one, but it bring secological threats, religious conﬂicts, cultural uniﬁcation andmany more biting problems. Globalization is natural andirrecoverable process and we cannot do anything against it, but we should, at least, keep it in our minds.
Thank you for your attention!