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Developing science & technology information strengths through consortia and international cooperation. The University Library Developing science & technology information strengths through consortia and international cooperation. The University Library of the 20 th Century SNBU 2000; XIth National Seminar for University Libraries Johann van Reenen, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM, USA

OUTLINE 1. The Innovation Club Partnering among science and technology equals 2. The Connectivity OUTLINE 1. The Innovation Club Partnering among science and technology equals 2. The Connectivity Club Partnering among disparate organizations for the greater benefit of science and technology 3. Why join a science and technology connectivity club? 4. How to become a successful partner “Advice from a slow learner”

LIBRARY SERVICES ALLIANCE OF NEW MEXICO * New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology LIBRARY SERVICES ALLIANCE OF NEW MEXICO * New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology Library * New Mexico State University Library * Air Force Research Laboratories: Phillips 4 * Sandia National Laboratories Technical Library billion * Los Alamos National Laboratory Research Library in scitech * University of New Mexico Libraries - Centennial Science & Engineering Library 1999= 218 million funding p. y.

From - Library Services Alliance of New Mexico to - Alliance for Innovation in From - Library Services Alliance of New Mexico to - Alliance for Innovation in Science & Technology Information * Library Linkages Project of the Ibero-American Science & Technology Education Consortium (ISTEC) * Lovelace Respiratory Research Institute * NASA's National Scientific and Technical Information Program * Naval Research Laboratory * University of Nevada: Las Vegas & Reno campuses * Santa Fe Institute * New Mexico Highlands University, Las Vegas * UNM Health Sciences Library

Products and Services * Passport Program & Rapid Document Delivery * Consortium Database Contracts Products and Services * Passport Program & Rapid Document Delivery * Consortium Database Contracts Soc. Sci. Search & Sci. Search®@LANL [email protected] Engineering Information Village, etceteras Linked to * Fulltext journals Academic Press IDEAL AIP, IOP, Elsevier, Kluwer, etceteras * Single Intuitive User-interface Plus enhancements: Local holdings, Alerts, Links to e-contents * Collaborative tool sets that facilitate scientific communication and provide insights into knowledge creation and discovery

Changing Visions Buyers club 1998 To be a world-class information provider to our primary Changing Visions Buyers club 1998 To be a world-class information provider to our primary communities, while enhancing the scientific and technical research competitiveness of New Mexico. Innovation club 1999 To be an innovative leader in cyber sci/tech information, producing new models of scholarly communication.

New Vision * Sample strategic actions * Community of scientists * Active recommendation systems New Vision * Sample strategic actions * Community of scientists * Active recommendation systems * Cross database searching * SFX aware databases * XXX and the Universal Preprint Service * Vx. Insight / Sci. Search application

INTERCONNECTIVITY 2000 INTERCONNECTIVITY 2000

Mission Statement • ISTEC is a non-profit organization comprised of educational, research, and industrial Mission Statement • ISTEC is a non-profit organization comprised of educational, research, and industrial institutions throughout the Americas and the Iberian Peninsula. The Consortium has been established to foster scientific, engineering, and technology education, joint international research and development efforts among its members, and to provide a cost-effective vehicle for the application of technology • 12/4/90

Obstacles Identified • • Lack of current information for planning and developing technology Lack Obstacles Identified • • Lack of current information for planning and developing technology Lack of expertise in the use of information Lack of international cooperation in developing the critical mass needed for projects and joint efforts Lack of interaction (lack of confidence and sometimes lack of information) between universities and industries

HISTORY OF ISTEC EXPLORED OPPORTUNITIES IDENTIFIED OBSTACLES DEVELOPED RECOMMENDATIONS CREATED ISTEC MISSION HISTORY OF ISTEC EXPLORED OPPORTUNITIES IDENTIFIED OBSTACLES DEVELOPED RECOMMENDATIONS CREATED ISTEC MISSION

The ISTEC Network - Initiatives Library Linkages (Lib. Link) Los Libertadores Information Technology & The ISTEC Network - Initiatives Library Linkages (Lib. Link) Los Libertadores Information Technology & Telecommunications R&D Laboratories (R&D) • Advanced Continuing Education (ACE)

ACE Initiative GOAL: upgrade of human resources and curriculum development through onsite training, distance ACE Initiative GOAL: upgrade of human resources and curriculum development through onsite training, distance learning, and non-traditional exchange programs. TECHNOLOGY: on-site training, web-based education, video courses, satellite delivery, and “sandwich” graduate programs. STATISTICS: 6 satellite courses to 250 institutions with ATEI. Short courses for Motorola. 196 scientists trained in DIP with OAS support. Over 30, 000 ftp grabs of web DIP course. “Sandwich” programs with Spain, Brazil, Argentina, Colombia, Uruguay, Ecuador, Mexico.

R&D Laboratories Initiative GOAL: design and installation of modular, flexible, and expandable laboratory facilities R&D Laboratories Initiative GOAL: design and installation of modular, flexible, and expandable laboratory facilities for education, training, and R&D (link with productive sector). TECHNOLOGY: Motorola microprocessors (680 XX), microcontrollers (68 HC 11) and DSPs (56 XXX, 96000). Nortel Networks, Fluke, Veri. Best. STATISTICS: to date 29 Motorola facilities; planned expansion to 58. Approximately 20, 000 users trained since 1991. 9 facilities with Nortel Networks, 2 with Fluke and 1 with Veri. Best. Expansion to 12 facilities with Veri. Best.

Los Libertadores Initiative GOAL: network of Centers of Excellence equipped with the latest telecommunications Los Libertadores Initiative GOAL: network of Centers of Excellence equipped with the latest telecommunications and computer technology to provide real-time access to a world-wide system of expertise and knowledge. TECHNOLOGY: creation of the Ibero-American academic and R&D Internet backbone. A partnership among industries and governments. STATISTICS: technical assistance in telecommunications and S&T legislation in Ecuador, and Bolivia. Participation in IADB’s Informatics 2000 Conference and its Strategy for IT&T.

Latin. Chip™ • Latin. Chip™ is a semiconductor processing facility by Motorola SPS (APRDL), Latin. Chip™ • Latin. Chip™ is a semiconductor processing facility by Motorola SPS (APRDL), USP and UNICAMP • Latin. Chip™ was launched officially on March 18, 1999 • Latin. Chip™ will be open to all Latin American universities for educational and R&D projects • Latin. Chip™ is the core capability of the Program for Information Systems Integration (PROISI) at USP and UNICAMP • Technology equipment valued at $ 1. 2 M has been donated by Motorola in 1998 Clean room Equipment Process Prototypes 1999 2000

Library Linkage Initiative GOAL: design and implementation of innovative, international Science and Technology information-sharing Library Linkage Initiative GOAL: design and implementation of innovative, international Science and Technology information-sharing services. TECHNOLOGY: Internet services and connectivity. Search and Push engines. Ariel and Randex software. Seed funding from Nortel Networks. STATISTICS: annual compound growth rate of 200% since 1995. Over 27 libraries in 19 countries connected in real-time. Development of on-line scientific journal, and database on S&T in the region.

Projects within Lib. Link • Connect libraries for Information Transfer • Train librarians & Projects within Lib. Link • Connect libraries for Information Transfer • Train librarians & researchers in search and retrieval of information • Expand services to more countries • Open other collections - especially Latin American collections - for scholars (e. g. Lig. Doc and Pr. EBi) • Develop software for information sharing

Projects within Lib. Link • • Push & search engines Plan and carry out Projects within Lib. Link • • Push & search engines Plan and carry out workshops Expand to other library types and services NDTL in Ibero-America (Networked Dissertation/Thesis Library Grant w. IDB, UNESCO, World Bank for pilot with VTU and U. Rio) • Provide mechanism for data base exchange of information • Provide interaction method for ACE, R&D • Electronic journal (MOU with Virginia tech)

Library Linkages RECENT ACCOMPLSHMENTS - Increase in Lib. Link membership and volume of requests Library Linkages RECENT ACCOMPLSHMENTS - Increase in Lib. Link membership and volume of requests - Training for librarians and distance educators in Porto Allegre, Brazil. During 1998 -99 we focused on outreach in Mexico

Expanding Services: Mexican Case Study * Spring 1998: ISTEC Technology specialist visited 7 Mexican Expanding Services: Mexican Case Study * Spring 1998: ISTEC Technology specialist visited 7 Mexican Sci. Tech institutions (Juan Larranaga) OUTCOME: New members and more information about capacity * Summer 1998: ISTEC representative participates in NSF / CONACy. T computer Sciences Workshop. Identifies Digital Libraries initiatives and researchers; initiate a DL group (Johann) OUTCOME: Critical mass of Computer scientists linked to ISTEC * Fall 1998: Receive CONACy. T funding for a DL conference in Albuquerque and wrote grant for NSF funding. (Ramiro Jordan & Johann v. R. ). Funded in Spring 1999.

Expanding Services: Mexican Case Study * Summer 1999: DL Workshop in Albuquerque (ISTEC and Expanding Services: Mexican Case Study * Summer 1999: DL Workshop in Albuquerque (ISTEC and UNM Library workers) OUTCOME: Mexican DL workers, librarians & funding agencies brought together to plan future Mexican National DL Project. OAS participation and sponsorship of other Latin American representatives. * Late Summer 1999: ISTEC representative toured Mexican Sci. Tech libraries. Begin discussions to create a Mexican Lib. Link office. (Jorge Garcia) OUTCOME: Critical mass of Mexican Sci. Tech librarians linked to Lib. Link.

Expanding Services: Mexican Case Study * Fall 1999: First meeting of Mexican Computer Scientists Expanding Services: Mexican Case Study * Fall 1999: First meeting of Mexican Computer Scientists and Librarians from the above initiatives in Cuernavaca, Mexico (Jorge, Enedina, Ramiro, Johann) OUTCOME: Establish a Mexican Lib. Link office and a Sci. Tech Library Network: REBIDIMEX

STATISTICAL HIGHLIGHTS • In 1998 -99 UNM/CSEL supplied 4, 660 documents electronically to Lib. STATISTICAL HIGHLIGHTS • In 1998 -99 UNM/CSEL supplied 4, 660 documents electronically to Lib. Link members. If standard document delivery charges were applied, the cost would have been US$ 116, 500 for a 20 K investment.

STATISTICAL HIGHLIGHTS • - In 1997 UNM/CSEL supplied 86. 5% of the scitech articles STATISTICAL HIGHLIGHTS • - In 1997 UNM/CSEL supplied 86. 5% of the scitech articles requested internationally for Lig. Doc. • Lig. Doc is an association of Brazilian scitech libraries modeled after Lib. Link. • During the same period the British Lending Library supplied only 13. 5%.

21 st Century Challenges Why join a connectivity club? • For a nation to 21 st Century Challenges Why join a connectivity club? • For a nation to achieve world-class competitiveness – It must utilize state-of-the-art technology – It must create new and modify existing programs of study – It must improve its R&D capabilities – It must promote joint national and international R&D programs – It must upgrade existing or acquire new information technologies – It must permit real-time access to information – It must develop training programs

IT&T Trends and Needs • Does not depend on a specific region • Demand IT&T Trends and Needs • Does not depend on a specific region • Demand for IT&T personnel far outstrips supply • Shortage is dead weight for the economy • Potential job openings for IT&T workers are 450, 000 • CE graduates: – US industry needs 198 k per year – US universities produce only 35 k (1/6 th)

IT&T Trends and Needs • Teledensity (telephone lines per 100 inhabitants) – Industrialized nations IT&T Trends and Needs • Teledensity (telephone lines per 100 inhabitants) – Industrialized nations is over 48 IT&T MARKET SHARE – Middle-income nations around 10 – Least advanced countries is about 1. 5 – World average is 11. 5 REST OF USA WORLD 35% • Informatics gap 21% (PC ratio per 100 inhabitants) JAPAN 15% – Industrialized nations is over 18 EUROPE – Middle-income nations around 2. 3 29% – Least advanced countries is about 0. 01

IT&T Trends and Needs • Web based training – 1997: $197 million – 2002: IT&T Trends and Needs • Web based training – 1997: $197 million – 2002: $6 billion • Brazil and Costa Rica are the only countries in Latin America with greater than 1% investment of GDP in R & D. – Japan 2. 7% – Germany 2. 4% – United States 2. 0% – Brazil 1. 3 % – Russia Less than 0. 5%

New Reality The most profitable product for the future is: – INFORMATION + MANIPULATION New Reality The most profitable product for the future is: – INFORMATION + MANIPULATION OF IT = TELECOMMUNICATION + COMPUTATION – – Large competitive pressures on non-information related industries. Increase world dependence on information products.

What works in regional cooperation and networks ? * Integrate Library initiatives into larger What works in regional cooperation and networks ? * Integrate Library initiatives into larger regional projects * Regional projects succeed if they: - show economic/industrial benefits - meet unmet needs - serve under-served peoples and regions - educate and train - involve IT (information technology) at a basic level * Start with a few high-profile organizations

VALUED CHARACTERISTICS IN CONSORTIAL MEMBERS Relationships is everything! n. Letting go. Try to prepare VALUED CHARACTERISTICS IN CONSORTIAL MEMBERS Relationships is everything! n. Letting go. Try to prepare yourself for the dismantling of long held beliefs and cherished protocols and procedures. n. Learn from the experience, without feeling persecuted. n. Learn to manage your anxiety n. Improvise. Change is generally without precedent, thus we must, at all times, be prepared to improvise. n. Accept ambiguity and uncertainty, and the lack of closure. n. Curiosity. Be curious about, rather than fearful of, the unknown. n. Pool your potential. We need to pool everyone's ideas, insights, knowledge, and experience to find creative solutions and fresh approaches.

Advice from a slow learner HELPFUL PERSONAL BEHAVIORS BACK AT WORK - Advice from a slow learner HELPFUL PERSONAL BEHAVIORS BACK AT WORK - "Behave as if you are in business for yourself *, and/or act as if you own the organization. - Do not depend on your past contributions - only the value you are currently adding, really counts. - Be a problem solver where others point fingers. - Learn to make decisions when you don't have the complete information. - Make decisions about customer service on the spot even if you do not have the authority. - Be a risk taker. "Learn to fail fast, fix it, and race on. " * - Surrender control and welcome the unexpected. * (Pritchett, 1996)

Contact Information • ISTEC • www. istec. org • ALLIANCE • http: //lib-www. lanl. Contact Information • ISTEC • www. istec. org • ALLIANCE • http: //lib-www. lanl. gov/alliance/lsanm. htm

The ISTEC Network - Initiatives Library Linkages (Lib. Link) Los Libertadores Information Technology & The ISTEC Network - Initiatives Library Linkages (Lib. Link) Los Libertadores Information Technology & Telecommunications R&D Laboratories (R&D) • Advanced Continuing Education (ACE)

HOW FAR FROM CERTAINTY ARE WE WHEN WE HAVE TO ACT ? HOW FAR HOW FAR FROM CERTAINTY ARE WE WHEN WE HAVE TO ACT ? HOW FAR FROM AGREEMENT ARE WE ? FAR FROM AGREEMENT CREATIVITY SPACE: WE DON'T KNOW WHAT WE ARE DOING INTUITION. TRUST. MUDDLING THROUGH JUDGEMENT ANARCHY: DISINTEGRATION UTTER CONFUSION TRUE CHAOS RATIONAL PLANNING. CONTROL IDEOLOGY VISIONS MISSIONS CLOSE TO AGREEMENT CLOSE TO CERTAINTY FAR FROM CERTAINTY Adapted from: Ralph Stacey. "How can complexity theory help us navigate the future? - A dynamic perspective. " Lecture. Skandia Future Centers, 27 -28 January, 1997. http: //www. skandia. se/koncern_intellektuell/navigate_the_future. htm

21 st Century Network Sociopolitical Technological Information Technology & Telecommunications Business Factors Legislative Regulatory 21 st Century Network Sociopolitical Technological Information Technology & Telecommunications Business Factors Legislative Regulatory