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David Cowley Danny Mather Warrington Borough Council David Cowley Danny Mather Warrington Borough Council

Over View • • Implementation of Ideas Barriers / Risks How we have over Over View • • Implementation of Ideas Barriers / Risks How we have over come barriers & risks Case Studies – Bonds – Loans to RPs – LAMS – Solar Panels • Future Ideas

Implementation of Ideas • • • Culture Mechanism for Working up an idea Intelligence Implementation of Ideas • • • Culture Mechanism for Working up an idea Intelligence Gathering Resourcing Project Planning

Implementation of Ideas • Corporate Governance • Partnership Working • Sign up Senior Management Implementation of Ideas • Corporate Governance • Partnership Working • Sign up Senior Management & Members early in the process • Speed • Resilience

Risks / Barriers • • Risk / Culture Legal Risk Resources Political Risk Accounting Risks / Barriers • • Risk / Culture Legal Risk Resources Political Risk Accounting Financial Government / Current Climate Corporate Governance

Bonds • • • Identified the Opportunity Gathered Intelligence Evaluated Evidence to date Talking Bonds • • • Identified the Opportunity Gathered Intelligence Evaluated Evidence to date Talking to Banks / Brokers Independent Report

Fuel Poverty • Household has to spend more than 10% income on fuel to Fuel Poverty • Household has to spend more than 10% income on fuel to heat their home to an adequate standard of warmth • Estimate that 7, 100 (9. 3%) private sector dwellings contain households in fuel poverty • Substantial increase in energy costs over the last few years and indication that prices may continue to rise • Electricity: in 1990 average cost was £ 246 per year by 2009 this has increased to £ 456 • 1999 -2009 +75. 4% increase and 2008/09 +13. 2% • Gas: in 1990 average cost was £ 285 per year by 2009 this has increased to £ 727 • 1999 -2009 +130. 1% and 2008/09 +23. 9%.

Getting Paid to Generate Energy and Reducing Fuel Bills • April 2010 government introduced Getting Paid to Generate Energy and Reducing Fuel Bills • April 2010 government introduced feed in tariffs for solar photovoltaic panels and wind What can you earn • Each 1 k. Wh generated £ 0. 413 • Each 1 k. Wh saved £ 0. 13 • Each 1 k. Wh exported £ 0. 03 Working with Golden Gates Housing • Saving to tenant of around £ 150 per year • Targeting Closing the Gaps areas • Around 1, 300 out of 3, 004 properties in these areas could benefit from solar pv.

Solar Photovoltaic Panels Project • Executive Board 18 th July 2011 approves business case Solar Photovoltaic Panels Project • Executive Board 18 th July 2011 approves business case • Partnership with Golden Gates Housing Trust • Phase 1 308 3/12/11 • Phase 2 315 3/3/12 • Tenants saving £ 112 to £ 160 on energy costs each year • 474 tonnes of carbon saved each year • Prudential borrowing • Forecast £ 3 million surplus over 25 years for the Council.

Solar PV Challenges • How much surplus!!!! - figures seemed too good because of Solar PV Challenges • How much surplus!!!! - figures seemed too good because of the feed in tariff rates (£ 0. 41 at the time compared to £ 0. 1544 June 2013) • Government consultation to reduce the feed in tariff rate • Reduced rates originally due in December 2011 but government had to delay this to 3 rd March 2012 • We continued installing whilst others stopped • District Network Operator approval under G 83 • Required GGHT’s banks to approve the project.

Local Authority Mortgage Scheme (LAMS) in Warrington Background • 12 Local Authorities worked with Local Authority Mortgage Scheme (LAMS) in Warrington Background • 12 Local Authorities worked with Sector to establish LAMS • Lloyds TSB the first lender • Aim was to assist First Time Buyers purchase a home with a small deposit • Raising a deposit is one of the biggest challenges for FTBs since the 2007 banking crisis • Average FTB deposit in 2010 was £ 32, 375.

Credit Crunch Mortgage deposits needed Nov 2007 v Dec 2008 • 0% down from Credit Crunch Mortgage deposits needed Nov 2007 v Dec 2008 • 0% down from 257 to 10 • 5% down from 1, 126 to 15 • 10% down from 1, 152 to 151 • 15% up from 198 to 209 • 20% down from 216 to 171 • 25% down from 449 to 408 • 40% up from 21 to 249.

Why Consider the LAMS? • Warrington: April 2002 1, 835 on the housing register Why Consider the LAMS? • Warrington: April 2002 1, 835 on the housing register October 2012 there were 13, 406 • Proportion of First Time Buyers aged under 30 requiring financial assistance rose from 36% in 2005 to 77% in 2010 (figures indicate that for FTBs the average deposit is £ 32, 375 or 17% of the value of the property).

How Does The Scheme Work? • Mortgage lending undertaken by the lender(s) • Local How Does The Scheme Work? • Mortgage lending undertaken by the lender(s) • Local Authority provides an indemnity, but not involved in lending • Scheme operates across the whole of Warrington • Loans up to a maximum of £ 350, 000 • First time buyer (FTB) needs 5% deposit and has to meet the lenders usual lending criteria • FTB views properties and chooses the one they want to buy • FTB provides 5% deposit and mortgage for the rest • LA provides an indemnity of up to 20% for 5 years • FTB will own the property in its entirety.

Who Do We Work With? Lloyds TSB • Started in August 2011 • Initial Who Do We Work With? Lloyds TSB • Started in August 2011 • Initial £ 2 million investment has been spent • Assisted 85 FTB to purchase, average property price £ 117, 329 with an average of 29 years old • So successful invested another £ 1 m which has helped 31 FTB and a further 14 due to complete • Average property price £ 118, 202 and average of 30 years old • Total 130 FTB and investing a further £ 1 m • Leeds Building Society – Initial £ 500, 000 • Teachers Building Society – Initial £ 150, 000.

Some Success Stories • • James said: “We had been living at Nina’s parents’ Some Success Stories • • James said: “We had been living at Nina’s parents’ house trying to save enough for a deposit to buy our first home. “We have just had our first baby so we were keen to get on the ladder as soon as possible. Once we were told that we could qualify for scheme we jumped at the chance. ” “We now have a great house that is perfect for us with the baby and as the mortgage rates are lower than we would normally be able to get with the deposit we had, it means our mortgage is more affordable than the rent we had previously been paying. “None of this would have been possible without this scheme. ”

Some Success Stories • • Debbie said: ‘We had been living at my dad’s Some Success Stories • • Debbie said: ‘We had been living at my dad’s house, trying to save enough of a deposit to purchase our first home. We heard about the scheme through my cousin who was also looking to get on the ladder, and rang our local branch to make an appointment. We really didn’t think we would be able to get a mortgage, and once we were told that we could qualify for the scheme we jumped at the chance. ” “We now have a great house that is perfect for us, and as the mortgage rates are lower than we would normally be able to get with the deposit we had, it means our mortgage is more affordable. None of this would have been possible without this scheme. ”

LAMS Challenges and Risks • Loans up to maximum £ 350, 000 seemed too LAMS Challenges and Risks • Loans up to maximum £ 350, 000 seemed too high, but you would need 5% deposit so £ 17, 500 • In practice the average property price has been around £ 118, 000 • When first launched a large number were unsuccessful (some had been turned down for a mortgage because they couldn’t afford one but thought the Council would provide a loan) • Risk of repossessions so income allocated to a ring fenced account and after 5 years if not required provides additional income for the general fund • No repossessions or anyone in arrears.

Loans To Registered Providers • Banking crisis in 2007 meant that lenders were seeking Loans To Registered Providers • Banking crisis in 2007 meant that lenders were seeking to re-price existing loans to Registered Providers if covenants were broken • Slow down in the delivery of affordable housing to keep within covenants • Researched alternative options to address this.

Loans to Registered Providers • April 2009 Executive Board approval to provide 2 Registered Loans to Registered Providers • April 2009 Executive Board approval to provide 2 Registered Providers with a loan of up to £ 10 million each for affordable housing • At the time Secretary of State approval was required • An application for Section 25 consent was applied for and approved by the Secretary of State • In February 2012 the Council’s Executive Board extended the provision of loans to other RPs delivering affordable housing in Warrington.

Loans to Registered Providers • • • Your Housing Group £ 10 million Warrington Loans to Registered Providers • • • Your Housing Group £ 10 million Warrington Housing Association £ 10 million Golden Gates Housing Trust £ 1. 89 million Muir Group Housing Association £ 30 million 3 year capital programme for £ 380 m loans being considered subject to our processes, due diligence and Member approval.

Loans To Registered Providers - GGHT • Local Authority New Build • 32 two Loans To Registered Providers - GGHT • Local Authority New Build • 32 two bed bungalows over 7 sites • HCA grant of £ 1. 95 m and prudential borrowing • Council had transferred its housing stock in November 2010 • Loan to GGHT to purchase the properties from the Council.

Loans Challenges and Risks • • Legal Counsel opinion Due diligence of financial standing Loans Challenges and Risks • • Legal Counsel opinion Due diligence of financial standing Assessment of risks RPs facing many areas of change – Welfare reform – Bedroom tax – Direct payments to tenants – Affordable rent and lower grant rates for new build • Changes in business plans for rent arrears/bad debts e. g. RP has increased this from 4. 5% to 10%.

Local Authority New Build • Use of Section 106 funding of £ 2. 3 Local Authority New Build • Use of Section 106 funding of £ 2. 3 m to build 110 units combined with prudential borrowing • Acquisition of long term empty properties • Conversion of commercial properties • Increase the provision of temporary accommodation to reduce the impact of B&B costs • Increase New Homes Bonus funding.

Outcomes • Warrington has the 6 th highest allocation of New Homes Bonus in Outcomes • Warrington has the 6 th highest allocation of New Homes Bonus in the North West with £ 2. 58 m for 2013/14 • Over 2 years Warrington has received an additional £ 2. 734 million due to New Homes Bonus • Direct impact on economic output, averaging 3 per cent of GDP in the last decade. For every new home built, up to two new jobs are created for a year • Commercial financial return from loans.

Outcomes Affordable Housing Completions Year 2007/08 2008/09 2009/10 2010/11 2011/12 2012/13 Target 150 172 Outcomes Affordable Housing Completions Year 2007/08 2008/09 2009/10 2010/11 2011/12 2012/13 Target 150 172 172 Achieved 318 143 133 291 187 209

The Future • • Bond issue Community Bank Energy efficiency Economic regeneration. The Future • • Bond issue Community Bank Energy efficiency Economic regeneration.

David Cowley Danny Mather Warrington Borough Council David Cowley Danny Mather Warrington Borough Council