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Daily Comment & Card 1863 -1864 WADE-DAVIS BILL -Proposal to reunite the country by Daily Comment & Card 1863 -1864 WADE-DAVIS BILL -Proposal to reunite the country by Senators Wade & Davis -Required 50 percent of a state’s white male voters to take a loyalty oath -Lincoln “pocket-vetoed” the bill in favor of his 10% plan that allowed much quicker restoration (required only 10% of a states citizens take oath of loyalty before state government formed) SONG FOR THE DAY: REUNITED “It is good that war is so horrible, or we might grow to like it. ” -ROBERT E. LEE

Daily Comment & Card 1865 -1870 CIVIL WAR AMENDMENTS -Thirteenth (1865) abolished slavery in Daily Comment & Card 1865 -1870 CIVIL WAR AMENDMENTS -Thirteenth (1865) abolished slavery in the U. S. -Fourteenth (1868) African Americans became citizens and could not be denied life, liberty, or property without due process -Fifteenth (1870) No state could deny the right to vote on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude “It is good that war is so horrible, or we might grow to like it. ” -ROBERT E. LEE SONG FOR THE DAY: LET’S STAY TOGETHER

Daily Comment & Card 1863 -1864 1865 -1870 WADE-DAVIS BILL -Proposal to reunite the Daily Comment & Card 1863 -1864 1865 -1870 WADE-DAVIS BILL -Proposal to reunite the country by Senators Wade & Davis -Required 50 percent of a state’s white male voters to take a loyalty oath -Lincoln “pocket-vetoed” the bill in favor of his 10% plan that allowed much quicker restoration (required only 10% of a states citizens take oath of loyalty before state government formed) CIVIL WAR AMENDMENTS -Thirteenth (1865) abolished slavery in the U. S. -Fourteenth (1868) African Americans became citizens and could not be denied life, liberty, or property without due process -Fifteenth (1870) No state could deny the right to vote on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude SONG FOR THE DAY: REUNITED “It is good that war is so horrible, or we might grow to like it. ” -ROBERT E. LEE

The Rebuilding of the South; Restoring the Southern states to the Union. Begins during The Rebuilding of the South; Restoring the Southern states to the Union. Begins during the war and ends with the Compromise of 1877

The effects of the war… ØTHE UNION IS PRESERVED ØSLAVERY IS ABOLISHED ؽ MILLION The effects of the war… ØTHE UNION IS PRESERVED ØSLAVERY IS ABOLISHED ؽ MILLION SOLDIERS DIED 1/3 OF THE MEN IN THE SOUTH ØSOUTHERN FARMS AND CITIES IN RUINS

B. FIGHTING FOR CONTROL LINCOLN’S PLAN FOR RECONSTRUCTION: 10% PLAN When: when they -10% B. FIGHTING FOR CONTROL LINCOLN’S PLAN FOR RECONSTRUCTION: 10% PLAN When: when they -10% swear allegiance -a new state constitution is adopted, -13 th amendment ratified it’s over… Pardons for Confederates who swear allegiance and accept the 13 th amendment RADICAL REPUBLICANS THOUGHT IT WAS WAY TOO LENIENT!!

JOHNSON REMOVED THE 10% REQUIREMENT, PARDONED LEADERS OF THE CONFEDERACY. . POWER STRUGGLE WITH JOHNSON REMOVED THE 10% REQUIREMENT, PARDONED LEADERS OF THE CONFEDERACY. . POWER STRUGGLE WITH CONGRESS!! WHEN JOHNSON FIRES STANTON, THE CONGRESS MOVES FOR IMPEACHMENT. . .

JOHNSON KEEPS HIS OFFICE BY ONE VOTE, BUT THE POWER SHIFTS FROM THE PRESIDENCY JOHNSON KEEPS HIS OFFICE BY ONE VOTE, BUT THE POWER SHIFTS FROM THE PRESIDENCY TO CONGRESS AND THE RADICAL REPUBLICANS… U. S. Grant is elected in 1868 and then again in 1872.

FREEDMEN’S BUREAU HELPED SET UP AFRICAN-AMERICAN SCHOOLS AND CHURCHES. WORKED TO LEGALIZE MARRIAGES. BUILT FREEDMEN’S BUREAU HELPED SET UP AFRICAN-AMERICAN SCHOOLS AND CHURCHES. WORKED TO LEGALIZE MARRIAGES. BUILT SCHOOLS, PROVIDED CLOTHING & MEALS, PROVIDED MEDICINE…

CARPETBAGGERS: NORTHERNERS WHO MOVED IN TO THE SOUTH TO TAKE ADVANTAGE OF OPPORTUNITY DURING CARPETBAGGERS: NORTHERNERS WHO MOVED IN TO THE SOUTH TO TAKE ADVANTAGE OF OPPORTUNITY DURING RECONSTRUCTION SCALAWAGS: SOUTHERNERS WHO SUPPPORTED RECONSTRUCTION POLICIES

C. PRESERVING SOUTHERN CULTURE HOW DID THE SOUTH ATTEMPT TO PRESERVE PREWAR CULTURE? SOCIALLY C. PRESERVING SOUTHERN CULTURE HOW DID THE SOUTH ATTEMPT TO PRESERVE PREWAR CULTURE? SOCIALLY BLACK CODES LICENSING VAGRANCY LAWS JIM CROW LAWS

BLACK CODES RESTRICT THE ACTIVITIES OF FREED SLAVES LICENSING KEEPS FREED SLAVES FROM OBTAINING BLACK CODES RESTRICT THE ACTIVITIES OF FREED SLAVES LICENSING KEEPS FREED SLAVES FROM OBTAINING WORK OTHER THAN THAT DONE WHEN THEY WERE SLAVES: AGRICULTURAL OR DOMESTIC ONLY VAGRACY LAWS MAKE IT EASY TO ARREST AFRICANAMERICANS FOR DOING NOTHING…

JIM CROW LAWS KEEP THE AFRICAN-AMERICAN AND CAUCASIAN RACES SEPARATE… JIM CROW LAWS KEEP THE AFRICAN-AMERICAN AND CAUCASIAN RACES SEPARATE…

HOW DID THE SOUTH ATTEMPT TO PRESERVE PREWAR CULTURE? SOCIALLY ECONOMICALLY BLACK CODES LICENSING HOW DID THE SOUTH ATTEMPT TO PRESERVE PREWAR CULTURE? SOCIALLY ECONOMICALLY BLACK CODES LICENSING VAGRANCY LAWS SHARECROPPING TENANT FARMERS

SHARECROPPING REPLACES TRADITIONAL SLAVERY WITH “ECONOMIC SLAVERY” TENANT FARMING (RENTING FARMLAND) KEEPS FREED SLAVES SHARECROPPING REPLACES TRADITIONAL SLAVERY WITH “ECONOMIC SLAVERY” TENANT FARMING (RENTING FARMLAND) KEEPS FREED SLAVES IN THE SAME PLACES THEY HAD WORKED AS SLAVES. SHARECROPPERS GAVE UP 2/5 OF THEIR CROPS TO THE LAND OWNER…

HOW DID THE SOUTH ATTEMPT TO PRESERVE PREWAR CULTURE? SOCIALLY ECONOMICALLY BLACK CODES LICENSING HOW DID THE SOUTH ATTEMPT TO PRESERVE PREWAR CULTURE? SOCIALLY ECONOMICALLY BLACK CODES LICENSING VAGRANCY LAWS POLITICALLY SHARECROPPING TENANT FARMERS KU KLUX KLAN

THE KKK WAS ORGANIZED BY X-CONFEDERATE SOLDIERS TO TRY AND KEEP AFRICAN-AMERICANS FROM REALIZING THE KKK WAS ORGANIZED BY X-CONFEDERATE SOLDIERS TO TRY AND KEEP AFRICAN-AMERICANS FROM REALIZING AND UTILIZING THEIR RIGHTS… THEY WERE A TERRORIST ORGANIZATION THAT TRIED TO CONTOL FREED SLAVES AND KEEP THEM “IN THEIR PLACE. ” FORREST GUMP’S MOMMA NAMED HIM AFTER NATHAN BEDFORD FORREST. SAME ACTIVITIES, DIFFERENT NAMES: PALE FACES, KNIGHTS OF THE WHITE CAMELIA…

E. THE END OF RECONSTRUCTION THE ELECTION OF 1876 CAUSED PROBLEMS… SAMUEL J. TILDEN E. THE END OF RECONSTRUCTION THE ELECTION OF 1876 CAUSED PROBLEMS… SAMUEL J. TILDEN (DEMOCRAT) RUTHERFORD B. HAYES (REPUBLICAN) DISPUTED VOTES THROW THE ELECTION INTO THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES… IN THE COMPROMISE OF 1877, HAYES IS GIVEN THE PRESIDENCY IN RETURN FOR THE END OF RECONSTRUCTION IN THE SOUTH

WHY WOULD THE NORTH AGREE? ØPEOPLE ARE TIRED OF THE WAR AND SACRIFICE ØSCANDALS WHY WOULD THE NORTH AGREE? ØPEOPLE ARE TIRED OF THE WAR AND SACRIFICE ØSCANDALS HAUNT THE GRANT ADMINISTRATION ØCORRUPT SOUTHERN GOVERNMENTS ØAMERICA HAS A SHORT ATTENTION SPAN

FREED CITIZENS VOTE FREED CITIZENS VOTE

F. RESULTS OF RECONSTRUCTION SUCCESS FAILURE UNION IS RESTORED AND SOUTH IS REBUILT BITTERNESS F. RESULTS OF RECONSTRUCTION SUCCESS FAILURE UNION IS RESTORED AND SOUTH IS REBUILT BITTERNESS DEVELOPS BETWEEN NORTH & SOUTHERN ECONOMY IS STIMULATED RACIST ATTITUDES IN BOTH NORTH & SOUTH AFRICAN-AMERICAN HAVE CITIZENSHIP SOUTH DENIES AFRICAN-AMERICANS THE VOTE AFRICAN-AMERICANS FAMILIES GET HOUSING, JOBS, SCHOOLING FREED SLAVES ABANDONED WITH END OF RECONSTRUCTION SOUTHERN STATES REJOIN CONGRESS AS EQUAL DEMOCRATS RETURN TO POWER WITH “SOLID SOUTH” INDUSTRY & CITIES ON THE RISE AFRICAN-AMERICANS LACK PROPERTY/ECO OPPORTUNITY ACCESS TO PUBLIC EDUCATION INCREASES SEGREGATION BECOMES THE NORM