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Cyrano Sciences Distributed Monitoring for Weapons of Mass Destruction Cyrano Sciences, Security for Homeland. Cyrano Sciences Distributed Monitoring for Weapons of Mass Destruction Cyrano Sciences, Security for Homeland. Inc

Company Overview • Founded 1997; spin-off technologies from Caltech and NASA/JPL • Private, venture Company Overview • Founded 1997; spin-off technologies from Caltech and NASA/JPL • Private, venture capital backed ($43 MM) • 21 issued patents, 30 more patents pending • Facility - 17, 000 square feet - Pasadena, CA • 24 employees • First product, Cyranose™ 320 launched in 2000 Cyrano Sciences, Inc 2

The Threat • Today’s terrorist is flexible, opportunistic, patient, creative, resourceful and wellinformed • The Threat • Today’s terrorist is flexible, opportunistic, patient, creative, resourceful and wellinformed • Harbor a complex mix of economic, political and psychological objectives • They match the weapon to the target • End-to-end awareness is crucial Cyrano Sciences, Inc 3

Critical Infrastructure • • • Agriculture and Food Water Public Health Emergency Services Defense Critical Infrastructure • • • Agriculture and Food Water Public Health Emergency Services Defense Industrial Base • Telecommunication • Energy • Transportation • Banking and Finance • Chemicals and Hazardous Materials • Postal and Shipping Cyrano Sciences, Inc 4

Transportation Assets* • Aviation – 5, 000 public airports • Passenger Rail and Railroads Transportation Assets* • Aviation – 5, 000 public airports • Passenger Rail and Railroads – 120, 000 miles of major railroads • Highways, Trucking, and Busing – 590, 000 highway bridges • Pipelines – 2 million miles of pipelines • Maritime – 300 inland/costal ports • Mass Transit – 500 major urban public transit operators * Source: Strategy for the Physical Protection of Critical Infrastructures and Key Assets Cyrano Sciences, Inc 5

Key Assets* • National Monuments and Icons – 5, 800 historic buildings • Nuclear Key Assets* • National Monuments and Icons – 5, 800 historic buildings • Nuclear Power Plants – 104 commercial nuclear power plants • Dams – 80, 000 dams • Government Facilities – 3, 000 government owned/operated facilities • Commercial Assets – 460 sky scrapers – 26, 600 FDIC insured institutions – 66, 000 chemical plants * Source: Strategy for the Physical Protection of Critical Infrastructures and Key Assets Cyrano Sciences, Inc 6

The Security Challenge • 85% of critical infrastructure and key assets are privately owned The Security Challenge • 85% of critical infrastructure and key assets are privately owned • These assets are constantly changing to meet the needs of the markets they serve • The security burden falls upon a complex mix of private and public organizations • Costs of security fall on all levels of both the private and public sector Cyrano Sciences, Inc 7

The Detection Challenge • The Challenge: – To provide comprehensive CBRNEF security to protect The Detection Challenge • The Challenge: – To provide comprehensive CBRNEF security to protect infrastructure and personnel • The Solution: – Intelligent Sensor Network • Sensor Nodes – Low cost/low power – Ability to detect and alarm • Data Aggregation and Interpretation – Aggregation and interpretation of multiple sensor inputs – Centralized or distributed intelligence – Automated detection and notification 8 Cyrano Sciences, Inc

Key Benefits of an Intelligent Sensor Network • Reduced vulnerability to acts of terrorism Key Benefits of an Intelligent Sensor Network • Reduced vulnerability to acts of terrorism • Reduced economic loss and injuries from fires and accidental release of chemicals in transit or at loading or sorting facilities • System Features; – Scalable, flexible, adaptable sensors, • Chemical, fire, biological, explosives and radiological – Architecture includes; • Hub and spoke • Peer to peer • Wired or wireless Cyrano Sciences, Inc 9

Cyrano Sensor Technology The vapor passes over the organic matrix and the swelling produces Cyrano Sensor Technology The vapor passes over the organic matrix and the swelling produces a change in resistance A relative resistance measurement is made for each of the 32 sensors Cyrano Sciences, Inc 10

Sensor Technology Array Based Chemical Sensing Using proprietary pattern matching algorithms, the data is Sensor Technology Array Based Chemical Sensing Using proprietary pattern matching algorithms, the data is converted into a unique response pattern Cyrano Sciences, Inc 11

Broad Based Chemical Sensing Cyrano MDLs for CWAs, TICs 10000 IDLH / JSOR benzene Broad Based Chemical Sensing Cyrano MDLs for CWAs, TICs 10000 IDLH / JSOR benzene Cyrano MDL 1000 3 Concentration (mg/m ) ammonia 100 10 Cl 2 SA CK AC CG Nerve Blister Blood / Choking TICs acrylonitrile allyl alcohol NO 2 methyl hydrazine cees L HN 3 HD 1 GB dmmp GA GD 0. 1 dem VX 0. 01 100000 1000 10 1 0. 1 Vapor Pressure (mm. Hg @ 25 o. C) Cyrano Sciences, Inc 0. 01 0. 0001 12

Chemical Agent Identification Phosgene 137 ppm CG HD (blister) 230 ppb 1. 5 mg/m Chemical Agent Identification Phosgene 137 ppm CG HD (blister) 230 ppb 1. 5 mg/m 3 GB (sarin) M-Dist 21 – 95 59 ppb 0. 4 mg/m 3 CV 100% GA (tabun) 75 ppb 0. 5 mg/m 3 HD DMMP 79 ppb 0. 4 mg/m 3 GA GB DMMP Chemical agent identification is possible with our proprietary core technology 13 Cyrano Sciences, Inc

Interferents & Humidity 0. 1% Diesel Fuel 80 ppb DMMP + 0. 1% Diesel Interferents & Humidity 0. 1% Diesel Fuel 80 ppb DMMP + 0. 1% Diesel 0. 5 mg/m 3 800 ppb DMMP + 0. 1% Diesel 5. 0 mg/m 3 0. 1% Toluene 80 ppb DMMP + 0. 1% Toluene 0. 5 mg/m 3 800 ppb DMMP + 0. 1% Toluene 5. 0 mg/m 3 Identification of CWAs with interferents (mixtures) is possible with array-based sensing 14 Cyrano Sciences, Inc

COTS Hand-Held Cyrano Product Platforms Miniaturized Sensing Networking DCS Data Decision Inputs Wireless Sensor COTS Hand-Held Cyrano Product Platforms Miniaturized Sensing Networking DCS Data Decision Inputs Wireless Sensor Network Wireless Sensors Front Analysis Engine Back ANSWERS Cyranose 320™ • Fully integrated hand held device • Measurement at the point of need Nose. Chip™ • Unattended distributed sensing • Local alarm or networked device • CW now, BW in development with US Marine Corp CBIRF Cyrano Sciences, Inc Sensigent™ • Wireless or wired sensor network • Integrated data interpretation (DAIS™) 15

Cyrano Sciences Solution To create an end-to-end train of awareness for infrastructure protection Alarm Cyrano Sciences Solution To create an end-to-end train of awareness for infrastructure protection Alarm Threshold Cyrano Sciences, Inc 16

Nose. Chip™ Devices Low cost chemical sensors with optional short-range wireless capability (<300 feet), Nose. Chip™ Devices Low cost chemical sensors with optional short-range wireless capability (<300 feet), intended to provide chemical detectors across a number of applications. Key applications: • Widely dispersed sensing nodes for facilities protection • Temporary or permanent networks Specifications: • Low Cost, <$1 - 10 • Low Power, Nanowatt • Lightweight, ~. 5 oz 4 sensor Nose. Chip™ and housing low cost • low power • robust sensors Equipped with proprietary event detection software that reduces false alarms while maintaining required sensitivity. Cyrano Sciences, Inc 17

Sensigent™ On-Site Intelligent Sensor Networks External Notification Recipients Meta. Sys e Team Wireless or Sensigent™ On-Site Intelligent Sensor Networks External Notification Recipients Meta. Sys e Team Wireless or Wired Communications Application Service Provider RMU Wireless or Wired Communications Security Services Firewall Authentication App Server Cluster App Server Data Interpretation Database Notification Services End to end sensing, communication, interpretation, & notification Cyrano Sciences, Inc 18

Sensigent Solutions • 802. 11 b network of chemical sensors – 300 ft line Sensigent Solutions • 802. 11 b network of chemical sensors – 300 ft line of site – Centralized alarm management – Automated notification • 900 MHz rf mixed sensor network – 20 mile line of site – Up to 2 month battery operation – Multiple sensor inputs • 400 MHz rf chemical sensor network – 300 ft line of site (expandable to 20 miles) – Up to 200 low cost chemical detection nodes – Up to one year battery life Cyrano Sciences, Inc 19

Cyrano Technology Sensor Networking • DAIS- Data Analysis Interpretation Software – – – Multiple Cyrano Technology Sensor Networking • DAIS- Data Analysis Interpretation Software – – – Multiple inputs to improve detection Fuses different data sources Fully integrated for training and prediction Automatically determines most important data Multivariate calibration routine • Sensigent™ - Intelligent Sensor Networks – Aggregation and interpretation of multiple sensor inputs – Centralized or distributed intelligence – Automated detection and notification Cyrano Sciences, Inc 20

DAIS™ Data Analysis Interpretation System Predicted State Data P r e p r o DAIS™ Data Analysis Interpretation System Predicted State Data P r e p r o c e s s Symbolic Data Model Predictive Comparison Explicit Failures Mode Switch Predicted Failures Unmodeled Events State & Bad Signals Physical Single signals Models Virtual Sensors. Grouped signals State & Bad Signals State-Based Fault Detection Source Hypothesis Redline Estimate Thresholds Dynamical Invariant Anomaly Detector Causal System Model Feature Parameters State & Bad Signals Coherence-Based System Invariants Fault Detection Comprehensive data analysis, anomaly detection, and prognostication system Cyrano Sciences, Inc Interpretation Layer FAULT REPORT Prognostic Assessment Informed Maintenance Grid Mode projection Legend Expert System Statistical/Numerical Techniques Discrete Information Continuous Information 21

Sensigent™ Key Capabilities • Fully integrated proprietary detection, communication, interpretation, and network-enabled notification • Sensigent™ Key Capabilities • Fully integrated proprietary detection, communication, interpretation, and network-enabled notification • Diagnostics and prognostics of sensor / instrument / system health • Simple integration of next generation sensors and detectors • Centralized or distributed intelligence • Wired or wireless communications Cyrano Sciences, Inc 22

Distributed Monitoring Specification • Plug and play connectivity for CBRNEF sensor suite • Multi-year Distributed Monitoring Specification • Plug and play connectivity for CBRNEF sensor suite • Multi-year battery life (no wires!!) • Chem, fire, and rad/nuc currently available • Integrated sensor fusion to reduce false alarms • Permanent or temporary installation • Costs comparable to current fire systems Cyrano Sciences, Inc 23

Temporary Facilities Protection Rose Bowl Game Pasadena, CA January 2, 2003 Simulated Nerve Agent Temporary Facilities Protection Rose Bowl Game Pasadena, CA January 2, 2003 Simulated Nerve Agent Release in Access Tunnel pumped passive Cyrano Sciences, Inc 24 136

Centralized/Mobile Command • Distributed sensor network • Central data fusion and analysis Cyrano Sciences, Centralized/Mobile Command • Distributed sensor network • Central data fusion and analysis Cyrano Sciences, Inc 25

Sensigent™ Temporary Wireless Installation • Diagnostics aid • Peer to peer communications • Battery Sensigent™ Temporary Wireless Installation • Diagnostics aid • Peer to peer communications • Battery operated • Generic sensor interface (T, P, light, etc. ) Measurement Node • Temporary (2 -8 weeks) • Industrially hardened (weather, temperature, explosive environment) • Secure LAN/WAN Interface Cyrano Sciences, Inc 26

Cargo Security Needs • Continuous Security Coverage • Detect fires, chemicals at IDLH levels, Cargo Security Needs • Continuous Security Coverage • Detect fires, chemicals at IDLH levels, radialogical/nuclear materials, biologicals, explosives • Environmentally and physically rugged • Low cost, battery powered system • Wireless communication and network capable Cyrano Sciences, Inc 27

Cyrano Sciences Solution Ubiquitous sensing using Cyrano sensors and system • Miniature low cost Cyrano Sciences Solution Ubiquitous sensing using Cyrano sensors and system • Miniature low cost detectors • Peer-to-Peer and Hub-and – Spoke Wireless Networks • Alarm Interpretation and Notification Software Cyrano Sciences, Inc 28

Summary • • • Integrated CBRNEF sensor network Plug and play simplicity Low power/long Summary • • • Integrated CBRNEF sensor network Plug and play simplicity Low power/long battery life system Temporary or permanent installation Data fusion and interpretation software for false alarm reduction • Automatic notification Cyrano Sciences, Inc 29