Скачать презентацию Cutting Costs with Energy Efficient 40 G Cabling Скачать презентацию Cutting Costs with Energy Efficient 40 G Cabling

82566b2be7c7b2250553ca4930a5043b.ppt

  • Количество слайдов: 75

Cutting Costs with Energy Efficient 40 G Cabling Nexans Cabling Solutions 1 Cutting Costs with Energy Efficient 40 G Cabling Nexans Cabling Solutions 1

Agenda London t Welcome & Intro Andy Perrott t New Market & Technology Trends Agenda London t Welcome & Intro Andy Perrott t New Market & Technology Trends Harry Forbes t Nexans Solutions n How Nexans cabling technologies address these issues n How Nexans intelligent solutions address these issues t Tony Benn Questions t Rob Cardigan Coffee, discussion, close 2

Introduction to Nexans Cabling Solutions 3 Introduction to Nexans Cabling Solutions 3

Global presence t Industrial operations in 39 countries t Commercial operations worldwide t t Global presence t Industrial operations in 39 countries t Commercial operations worldwide t t >23500 local experts 2008 turnover € 6. 8 Billion 4

DATARATE Change in performance Cabling System Infrastructure progress Ethernet TIM 10 Mb/s E Token DATARATE Change in performance Cabling System Infrastructure progress Ethernet TIM 10 Mb/s E Token Ring 16 Mb/s ‘ 79 FDDI 100 Mb/s Fast Ethernet 100 Mb/s ‘ 85 ‘ 93 Moore's law : required data rate Increases by a factor of 10 every 5 years ‘ 94 ATM Requirements of the network 155 Mb/s GIGABIT Ethernet ATM 1 Gbit/s ‘ 95 10 Gbit/s 100 Gbit/s 2000 2005 2010 Performance Categories 5

Changes in usage Traditional model GSM Remote Access CCTV Storage Wireless Fax Phones Switches Changes in usage Traditional model GSM Remote Access CCTV Storage Wireless Fax Phones Switches Access Terminals Environmental Control 6

…and now The IP World 7 …and now The IP World 7

Changes in legislation t Regulatory and compliance requirements n Sarbanes Oxley n BASEL II Changes in legislation t Regulatory and compliance requirements n Sarbanes Oxley n BASEL II n ITIL n Green IT n Carbon Reduction Commitment 8

Green IT? t ‘Green’ n not just about saving the planet n it is Green IT? t ‘Green’ n not just about saving the planet n it is about cost saving and will become a financial necessity 9

Technology Trends Nexans Cabling Solutions Harry Forbes 10 Technology Trends Nexans Cabling Solutions Harry Forbes 10

Agenda t Is there really a need for higher bandwidth? n n t Bandwidth Agenda t Is there really a need for higher bandwidth? n n t Bandwidth Predictions Cisco Predictions Can Ethernet compete in the data centre? n t Converged Enhanced Ethernet Why is ‘Green IT’ such a big deal? n Carbon Reduction Commitment n Energy Efficient Ethernet 11

What will be the adoption rate of higher bandwidth? 12 What will be the adoption rate of higher bandwidth? 12

Global Subscriber Access Traffic 50 M IPTV subscribers assumed in 2011 with 4 hours/day Global Subscriber Access Traffic 50 M IPTV subscribers assumed in 2011 with 4 hours/day from 2007 300 IPTV 250 Internet Phone Millions TB/year 200 150 100 50 0 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 13

Cisco Estimates t Worldwide Internet traffic to increase x 5 by 2013 t Growth Cisco Estimates t Worldwide Internet traffic to increase x 5 by 2013 t Growth driven by interactive media t IP traffic to reach 50 Exabytes/month t Fastest Annual growth ME & A (51%) t Doesn’t include P 2 P file sharing (3. 3 Exabytes/month) t Increase in traffic will demand increased DC capacity and reliability t User sessions up from 2 to 10 – quality implications 14

The Data Centre Evolution Consolidation Virtualisation Automation Cloud 15 The Data Centre Evolution Consolidation Virtualisation Automation Cloud 15

Total Ethernet Links Server-to-switch links (millions) Switch-to-switch links (millions) *Source: Alan Flatman, 2007 Within Total Ethernet Links Server-to-switch links (millions) Switch-to-switch links (millions) *Source: Alan Flatman, 2007 Within lifespan of today’s cabling 16

Impact on the Data Centre t Sustained year on year growth of new applications, Impact on the Data Centre t Sustained year on year growth of new applications, servers and storage t Data Centres now being planned for 20 – 50 year lifespan t Cabling Infrastructure needs to be planned in accordance t Other issues that need to be taken into account n Future of Ethernet n Energy Consumption 17

Converged Enhanced Ethernet 18 Converged Enhanced Ethernet 18

The Current Situation t Existing DC applications n Ethernet n Fibre Channel n Infiniband The Current Situation t Existing DC applications n Ethernet n Fibre Channel n Infiniband 3 systems n n Difficult to manage n t more complex Higher cost (equipment, admin, maintenance) Ethernet struggling to compete above 1 Gbps n Low I/O throughput n High Latency n Unsuitable for storage applications & cluster computing 19

What is Converged Enhanced Ethernet? t New standards being developed by IEEE & IEFT What is Converged Enhanced Ethernet? t New standards being developed by IEEE & IEFT n Priority Flow Control (IEEE 802. 1 Qbb) n Congestion Notification (IEEE 802. 1 Qau) n Shortest path bridging (IEEE 802. 1 aq) n Link Layer routing protocol (IETF – TRILL) n Enhanced transmission selection (IEEE 802. 1 Qaz) t Aim is to improve I/O throughput and reduce latency t Collectively called Converged Enhanced Ethernet or ‘Data Centre Ethernet’ 20

What Does This Bring The User? t Converged Enhanced Ethernet n Single unified network What Does This Bring The User? t Converged Enhanced Ethernet n Single unified network fabric l Easier management, admin, maintenance n Cheaper hardware costs n Plug & play features n Migration path to higher speeds n Long reach l Enables design flexibility l Improved load balancing/reduces hotspots l More efficient cooling 21

Converged Enhance Ethernet Today I/O-Consolidation without Virtualization With Virtualization Green: Red & Blue: Red, Converged Enhance Ethernet Today I/O-Consolidation without Virtualization With Virtualization Green: Red & Blue: Red, Green & Blue bundle: Graphic: FCIA Classic Ethernet Fibre Channel 10/40 Gb. E FCo. E 22

Impact of Converged Enhanced Ethernet t Data Centre Ethernet single unified horizontal cabling system Impact of Converged Enhanced Ethernet t Data Centre Ethernet single unified horizontal cabling system n n A migration path for converged LAN/SAN Potential to support emerging FCo. E (Fibre Channel over Ethernet) standard n Positions Ethernet as replacement for Infiniband through improved latency & I/O throughput 23

Carbon Reduction Commitment 24 Carbon Reduction Commitment 24

Carbon Reduction Commitment t Government aim to reduce greenhouse gas emission n t 80% Carbon Reduction Commitment t Government aim to reduce greenhouse gas emission n t 80% reduction by 2050 Who is targeted? n n ALL Companies using Half Hourly Metres usage >6000 MWhr in 2008 t Will indirectly impact ~20000 UK companies t Companies will have to buy & sell allowances. . . 25

Carbon Reduction Commitment t Estimated cost of typical consumption v allowance t Penalties and Carbon Reduction Commitment t Estimated cost of typical consumption v allowance t Penalties and bonuses will be awarded depending on performance 26

Impact on the Data Centre t Data centres will be affected n Pressure to Impact on the Data Centre t Data centres will be affected n Pressure to reduce power consumption But also. . . . t Demand for increased capacity at same time n Additional penalties are more likely to be incurred n Even more financial motivation to save cost 27

Options for DC owners? t Consolidation & virtualisation? n YES – both will help Options for DC owners? t Consolidation & virtualisation? n YES – both will help but. . . . l n CAPEX to invest will outstrip CRC penalties at some point Cluster computing poor load balance & hot spots inefficient energy use Additional actions will be required to prevent acceleration of energy growth 28

Energy Efficient Ethernet 29 Energy Efficient Ethernet 29

Energy Efficient Ethernet t New Task Group formed to study ways to improve power Energy Efficient Ethernet t New Task Group formed to study ways to improve power consumption for Ethernet : “Energy Efficient Ethernet” t Idea: Idle Time of Ethernet is up to 90% = 90% waste of energy l “Reduce power when traffic goes down” l Down to 10% or even 0% of energy during idle time 30

Existing developments t 10 Gig standard already ‘accidentally’ includes some features to improve energy Existing developments t 10 Gig standard already ‘accidentally’ includes some features to improve energy efficiency: n Power Back Off l Originally a ANEXT mitigation technique n Short Reach Mode l Theoretical means of reducing energy consumption 31

Power Back Off Long/Short Links server Long link switch Short link Signal attenuates over Power Back Off Long/Short Links server Long link switch Short link Signal attenuates over cable length High transmit power from near server induces high level Alien NEXT on weakened signal 32

Power Back Off Long/Short Links server Long link With Power Back Off switch Short Power Back Off Long/Short Links server Long link With Power Back Off switch Short link Transmit power reduced to a level where receive signal is OK. 33

Short Reach Mode t 86% of DC Server/switch links <30 m t Less noise Short Reach Mode t 86% of DC Server/switch links <30 m t Less noise cancellation and power required t Echo, NEXT, and FEXT cancellers account for ~ 40% of the chip power consumption t Coding elements account for ~ 25% t remaining 35% of the chip’s area is taken up for the AFE In links <30 m signal is analysed and cancellers are switched off. Better NEXT/FEXT means more cancellers can be switched off Requires better quality cabling. . . . 34

Auto Negotiation t Existing function but new enhancements t Match link rate to utilisation Auto Negotiation t Existing function but new enhancements t Match link rate to utilisation t turns off PHY’s at lower speed t Estimated savings n 1 Gbps 100 Mbps = 2 -4 watt saving n 2 watts x 8 NICs = 16 watts / server n x 1000 servers 16 kw/hr = 140 Mw/hrs = £ 10 k per year 35

Wake-on-LAN (WOL) t Industry tests show server uses 70% power when idle t WOL Wake-on-LAN (WOL) t Industry tests show server uses 70% power when idle t WOL closes nearly all power during inactive periods t Only tiny level of residual ‘standby’ power required to escape from hibernation 36

Summary t Demand for bandwidth will increase t Need to plan for 40 G Summary t Demand for bandwidth will increase t Need to plan for 40 G now t Ethernet set to become principle protocol n n t Unified LAN infrastructure EEE provide opportunity to reduce power consumption Increasing financial pressure to reduce energy consumption 37

Cutting Costs with Energy Efficient 40 G Cabling Nexans Cabling Solutions Rob Cardigan 38 Cutting Costs with Energy Efficient 40 G Cabling Nexans Cabling Solutions Rob Cardigan 38

Agenda t Immediate need for higher bandwidth t Technology designed to increase energy efficiency Agenda t Immediate need for higher bandwidth t Technology designed to increase energy efficiency t Government legislation to reduce energy consumption t How can Nexans solutions help. . . ? n Cabling Infrastructure (Rob) n Management Systems (Tony) 39

Impact of new technologies on Cabling t Require a Unified network – easy to Impact of new technologies on Cabling t Require a Unified network – easy to maintain & manage n Can deliver all applications l from 1 G to 10 G to 40 G l legacy equipment l power management = Converged Enhanced Ethernet n over 100 m l l n improved design flexibility more efficient and economical Lower total cost 40

LANmark Cabling t Nexans history of expertise in screened solutions t Consistent view that LANmark Cabling t Nexans history of expertise in screened solutions t Consistent view that for 10 G and above screening is the best solution n best way to overcome Alien Crosstalk n established technology – know how to install it n more practical solution to install l size, flexibility, cost l easier & cheaper to test 41

10 G Support t LANmark-6 A - provides best in class support for 10 10 G Support t LANmark-6 A - provides best in class support for 10 G: n Component compliant to EN 50173 -1 and ISO 11801 Ed 2 n Enables Nexans to remove need for over-length cables l Can achieve 3 connector link of 10 m – Panel to panel 5 m link l 16+% reduction in cable volume l Reduced Fire Load l Improved Air Flow 42

Category 6 A Cat 6 A will: t support Switch to Server links to Category 6 A Cat 6 A will: t support Switch to Server links to 2016 minimum t support Auto Negotiation at 10 G and below t support Power Back Off and WOL (Energy Efficient Ethernet) but. . 43

But. . . Cat 6 A won’t : t support 40 G over 100 But. . . Cat 6 A won’t : t support 40 G over 100 m t offer more than limited throughput as an Ethernet platform for cluster computing and storage applications t support tangible power savings in Short Reach Mode Need better quality cabling. . . 44

Category 7 A 45 Category 7 A 45

Category 7 A Cat 7 A will : t support Auto Negotiation at 40 Category 7 A Cat 7 A will : t support Auto Negotiation at 40 G and below t support fully implemented Energy Efficient Ethernet n n WOL n t Short Reach Mode Power Back Off provide high throughput Ethernet platform for cluster computing and storage applications 46

LANmark-7 A Performance Capability t LANmark-7 A shown to have Shannon capacity of 52 LANmark-7 A Performance Capability t LANmark-7 A shown to have Shannon capacity of 52 Gbps various Nexans internal study groups n external studies (Source: Penn State University) n 47

LANmark-7 A What is it? t Cat 7 and GG 45 standardised in ISO LANmark-7 A What is it? t Cat 7 and GG 45 standardised in ISO since 2002 t Cat 7 A standardised 2008 -1000 MHz solution t Connectors n Nexans GG 45 (IEC 60603 -7 -71) l l Preferred solution in ISO 11801 l n GG 45 Cat 7 A and RJ 45 Cat 6 A (and 6, 5 e) Preferred Cat 7 A connector Data Centres ISO/IEC 24764 Tera (IEC 61076 -3 -104 ) l l Non RJ 45 compatible Option in ISO 11801 and in ISO 24764 if cable sharing is more important than backwards compatibility 48

Migration Strategy 49 Migration Strategy 49

Migration Strategy t If we install Cat 6 A then 40 G migration is Migration Strategy t If we install Cat 6 A then 40 G migration is “rip and replace” t Need a cost effective alternative strategy. . 50

How does it work? A protruding part on the plug activates the switch in How does it work? A protruding part on the plug activates the switch in the jack: RJ 45 & GG 45 Twice the bandwidth, half the crosstalk 51

Migration 10 G 40 G GG 45+Cat 7 A fixed cable links 10 G Migration 10 G 40 G GG 45+Cat 7 A fixed cable links 10 G solution 10 G Access layer switch RJ 45 Cat 6 A patchcords PP PP SERVERS 10 G Patch cords Permanent link 52

Migration 10 G 40 G GG 45+Cat 7 A fixed cable links 40 G Migration 10 G 40 G GG 45+Cat 7 A fixed cable links 40 G solution 10 G Access layer switch Simply replace patchcords With GG 45 cords PP PP SERVERS 40 G Patch cords Permanent link 53

Active Equipment t GG 45 also available as 8 pin PCB version n n Active Equipment t GG 45 also available as 8 pin PCB version n n mass production capability n t joint development with Bel Stewart enables use of GG 45 in active equipment Trials ongoing with several chip vendors t Using Cat 7 A for 10 G could reduce the coding levels required n reduced complexity = lower cost n reduced coding = lower power requirements n reduced power = reduced cooling. . . 54

LANmark-7 A t Enables a common cabling infrastructure running Converged Enhanced Ethernet for LAN, LANmark-7 A t Enables a common cabling infrastructure running Converged Enhanced Ethernet for LAN, SAN & cluster computing n n 1 G 10 G 40 G over 100 m n t reduced complexity therefore maintenance costs Increased design flexibility to balance load/reduce hotspots Double the bandwidth / half the crosstalk n in short reach mode more cancellers can be turned off sooner n potential for energy cost savings n T variant ALWAYS follows OF version 55

LANmark-7 A Energy Efficient Transport Medium t Superior shielding and signalling offer the opportunity LANmark-7 A Energy Efficient Transport Medium t Superior shielding and signalling offer the opportunity to turn off/reduce transceiver compensation power t Example of potential annual energy and cost savings based upon 300 racks, 20 servers per rack and associated access layer switches and storage Power Saved per Network Port Total Number of Network Ports Total Power Saved Total Annual Cost Savings 5 Year Cost Savings 1 watt 36, 000 315 MWhrs £ 22, 200 £ 111, 000 2 watts 36, 000 630 MWhrs £ 44, 400 £ 222, 000 56

The Fibre Problem 10 G 40 G Connector = LC Connector = MPO OM The Fibre Problem 10 G 40 G Connector = LC Connector = MPO OM 3 Low fibre count per link (typically 2 fibres) OM 3/4 High fibre count per link (typically 12 fibres) 57

Summary t Data centre infrastructures need to be scalable to 40 G n t Summary t Data centre infrastructures need to be scalable to 40 G n t Fibre migration can be achieved using cassette solutions n n t requires careful planning because new copper and fibre interfaces are needed Complexity due to fibre count and port densities Low loss connectors and OM 4 fibres to be used in future proof installations Copper migration can be achieved using GG 45 ‘ 2 in 1’ connector n potential cost savings from implementation of EEE 58

Management Solutions Nexans Cabling Solutions Tony Benn 59 Management Solutions Nexans Cabling Solutions Tony Benn 59

EMAC t Increasing need for measurement & control n n Regulation e. g. EN EMAC t Increasing need for measurement & control n n Regulation e. g. EN 50600 n EU Code of Conduct on DC Power n t Carbon Reduction Commitment Cost management Environmental Monitoring and Access Control (EMAC) 60

What is EMAC? t The Nexans EMAC family of products is designed to give What is EMAC? t The Nexans EMAC family of products is designed to give IT/data centre managers accurate information regarding: n n Humidity n Temperature n t Power consumption Access control and security information for IT enclosures. “You can’t improve what you can’t (or don’t) measure” 61

Why Do I Need It? t Data Centre Infrastructure Standards n n t EN Why Do I Need It? t Data Centre Infrastructure Standards n n t EN 50600 (Non cabling infrastructure) TIA 942 Green data centre initiatives n Over provision/specification leads to additional provision and running costs. n Tax initiatives – Carbon Trust, Enhanced Capital Allowances. http: //www. eca. gov. uk/etl t Accurate planning based on “real” data, not manufacturer plate ratings. n Better use of expensive data centre space. n Manufacturer rating often 150% of requirement. 62

EMAC t EMAC provides early warning of heat/humidity/power changes n t Proactive warnings by EMAC t EMAC provides early warning of heat/humidity/power changes n t Proactive warnings by email/SMS etc. Improved control n PDU outlets turned off until required – no “unknown” equipment powered from the racks n n t Cabinet access managed – who is doing what in the cabinets? Accurate power resource monitoring - physical capacity and power draw EMAC is part of the LANsense range 63

Management Hardware t LANsense Rack Manager controls: n n 12 sensors n 2 key Management Hardware t LANsense Rack Manager controls: n n 12 sensors n 2 key pad ports n 2 door control ports n t Up to 6 intelligent PDU's Alarms and Alerts e. g Power Draw = 5 A PDUs n Vertical or Horizontal n Monitor Only or Monitor and Control 64

Management Hardware t Options Available n Temperature n Humidity n Micro-switch n Magnetic Door Management Hardware t Options Available n Temperature n Humidity n Micro-switch n Magnetic Door Sensor n Water detection t Simple RJ Connector t Auto-discovered by LANsense Rack Manager 65

LANsense Nexans IIM Solution t LANsense provides visibility of a physical network by n LANsense Nexans IIM Solution t LANsense provides visibility of a physical network by n t automatically detecting, locating and alerting on any network 'event‘ Works alongside existing network management tools t Extends IT operational efficiency to the physical layer n interoperates with other physical & environmental management systems to create an Intelligent Event Manager 66

LANsense Software screen-shot LANsense displays CAD graphics of devices, connectivity and physical locations 67 LANsense Software screen-shot LANsense displays CAD graphics of devices, connectivity and physical locations 67

What physically is LANsense ? 1. LANsense panels or detection strips 2. 3. Analyser What physically is LANsense ? 1. LANsense panels or detection strips 2. 3. Analyser 4. Software I/O Cords 5. LANsense patchcords 68

LANsense Integration t Integrated with LANsense Enterprise and Datacentre editions. t Auto-creation of EMAC LANsense Integration t Integrated with LANsense Enterprise and Datacentre editions. t Auto-creation of EMAC items in database t All LRM sensors provide real-time, snapshot information to LANsense. Data and status information available t Control of intelligent power outlets and rack/cabinet door access from within LANsense 69

EMAC/LANsense Integration 70 EMAC/LANsense Integration 70

Summary Nexans Cabling Solutions Andy Perrott 71 Summary Nexans Cabling Solutions Andy Perrott 71

Needs t Networks becoming more complex t A need for bandwidth n n t Needs t Networks becoming more complex t A need for bandwidth n n t 40 G is underway Ethernet everywhere A financial need for green initiatives n n t Carbon reduction commitment Increased regulation Technology development to reduce energy consumption 72

Nexans Solutions Physical Infrastructure t LANmark-7 A n Meets the bandwidth need n Enables Nexans Solutions Physical Infrastructure t LANmark-7 A n Meets the bandwidth need n Enables unified Ethernet LAN/SAN structure l Increasing flexibility and efficiency n Make best use of the new energy reduction technologies n Enables energy reduction in switch/server links 73

Nexans Solutions Intelligent Management t EMAC n n Capacity planning n t Monitoring measuring Nexans Solutions Intelligent Management t EMAC n n Capacity planning n t Monitoring measuring & reporting of power usage Billing stream capability for hosted clients LANsense IIM n n t Helps manage change Improves asset management and utilisation Reduced operational cost 74

Questions? Nexans Cabling Solutions 75 Questions? Nexans Cabling Solutions 75