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CRCT QOTD 7 th Grade ELA and Reading CRCT QOTD 7 th Grade ELA and Reading

Question 1 • No sooner had Fearenside's dog caught sight of him, however, than Question 1 • No sooner had Fearenside's dog caught sight of him, however, than it began to bristle and growl savagely, and when he rushed down the steps it gave an undecided hop, and then sprang straight at his hand • Which is the BEST meaning for bristle as it is used in this sentence? – – A) soft hair B) to stand stiffly C) a tooth in a comb D) to annoy or irritate

Question 2 • Next day his luggage arrived through the slush— and very remarkable Question 2 • Next day his luggage arrived through the slush— and very remarkable luggage it was. • Which of these is the BEST meaning for the word slush as it is used in the selected sentence? – A. soft mud; slop; mire – B. partially melted snow or ice – C. to walk or proceed through melted snow or ice – D. nautical grease or fat discarded from a ship; s galley

Question 3 • You wrote an interesting composition supporting thesis that being an archaeologist Question 3 • You wrote an interesting composition supporting thesis that being an archaeologist is a perfect fit for you because you love outdoor work and world travel. However, your paper needs concrete details. • Which concrete detail would NOT add concrete information to support your thesis? – A. Archaeologists perform extensive fieldwork involving excavations. – B. Archaeologists travel world wide to excavate artifacts from underground sites. – C. Archaeologists follow detailed laboratory procedures to scrutinize collected objects. – D. Archaeologists work outdoors an average of 8. 5 months a year to uncover historical relics

Question 4 • Which research source would provide the most information about the Trail Question 4 • Which research source would provide the most information about the Trail of Tears? – A) British history textbook – B) Native American textbook – C) western civilizations textbook – D) early-American history textbook

Question 5 • My gorgeous palace for a hermitage, My gay apparel for an Question 5 • My gorgeous palace for a hermitage, My gay apparel for an almsman's gown, My figured goblets for a dish of wood, 150 My sceptre for a palmer's walking staff, My subjects for a pair of carved saints And my large kingdom for a little grave. • In line 149, what is the BEST definition for almsman's gown? – – A) women's dress B) minister's robe C) soldier's uniform D) poor man's clothing

Question 6 • Which is a simple sentence? – A) Why didn't you call Question 6 • Which is a simple sentence? – A) Why didn't you call me after you finished your chores? – B) Can you help me with this, or should I ask someone else? – C) Did you know that we went to get ice cream after school yesterday? – D) Are you going to the store with your mother or your sister this afternoon?

Question 7 • 20) Temperature is carefully controlled since these young animals are not Question 7 • 20) Temperature is carefully controlled since these young animals are not as good at controlling their body temperature as are adults. Look at the underlined section marked (20). • Choose the answer that best corrects this sentence, if appropriate. – A) Correct as is. – B) Temperature is carefully controlled; these young animals are not as good at controlling their body temperature as are adults. – C) Temperature is carefully controlled before these young animals are not as good at controlling their body temperature as are adults. – D) Temperature is carefully controlled even though these young animals are not as good at controlling their body temperature as are adults.

Question 8 • (14) It may be meat, a prepared diet such as Zu. Question 8 • (14) It may be meat, a prepared diet such as Zu. Preem or Mazuri, but a combination of both. • Look at the underlined section marked (14). Choose the answer that best corrects this sentence, if appropriate. – A) Correct as is. – B) It may be meat, a prepared diet such as Zu. Preem or Mazuri, or a combination of both. – C) It may be meat, a prepared diet such as Zu. Preem or Mazuri, yet a combination of both. – D) It may be meat, a prepared diet such as Zu. Preem or Mazuri, nor a combination of both.

Question 9 • (18)Proper nursing is especially important, yet cubs and kittens are never Question 9 • (18)Proper nursing is especially important, yet cubs and kittens are never given milk while they are lying on their back. • Look at the underlined section marked (18). Choose the answer that best corrects this sentence, if appropriate. – A) Correct as is. – B) Proper nursing is especially important, so cubs and kittens are never given milk while they are lying on their back. – C) Proper nursing is especially important, but cubs and kittens are never given milk while they are lying on their back. – D) Proper nursing is especially important, in other words, cubs and kittens are never given milk while they are lying on their back.

Question 10 • 19) The milk given to cats is different than the milk Question 10 • 19) The milk given to cats is different than the milk given to human children in a number of ways. • Look at the underlined section marked (19). Choose the answer that best corrects this sentence, if appropriate. – A) Correct as is. – B) The milk given to cats being different than the milk given to human children in a number of ways. – C) Because the milk given to cats is different than the milk given to human children in a number of ways. – D) Although the milk given to cats is different than the milk given to human children in a number of ways.

Question 11 • Over the next few weeks, Joshua and Dong Soo became great Question 11 • Over the next few weeks, Joshua and Dong Soo became great friends and did almost everything together. Because the young men were so drastically different, their friendship surprised some people. Joshua was sociable; he loved cracking jokes and playing tricks. Dong Soo, however, was quiet and calm. He thought for a long time before speaking. • In paragraph 3, the word drastically means – – A) knowingly B) effectively C) significantly D) intentionally.

Question 12 • Although we seldom spoke about it, that first year without Mom Question 12 • Although we seldom spoke about it, that first year without Mom was the year Coach Moses and Ms. Willow, stepped into our lives. They were both from our church. Ms. Willow paid for my first summer basketball camp and bought my shoes every season. Coach took me home from practice during those middle school years. Pops always loved me and supported me. It was getting late, but I had two more things to do. • The last section of Jerome’s journal states that he ‘has two more things to do. • What are those two things? – – A) Watch the recorded news and talk with Pops. B) Call Coach Moses and Ms. Willow to thank them. C) Write in his journal and watch the recorded news. D) Call his teammates and Coach Moses to check playoff schedule.

Question 13 • The phrase, Question 13 • The phrase, "the longest journey begins with a single step" means – A) "it is going to take a long time to get there. ” – B) "getting started at a task is relatively easy. ” – C) "you may not take the trip you planned to take. ” – D) "you don't know where you are going all the time. "

Question 14 • The repetition of the same initial letter, sound, or group of Question 14 • The repetition of the same initial letter, sound, or group of sounds in a series of words. includes tongue twisters. Example: She sells seashells by the seashore. – A. Onomatopoeia – B. Personification – C. Metaphor – D. Alliteration

Question 15 • Which sentence contains a correctly used participial phrase? – A) The Question 15 • Which sentence contains a correctly used participial phrase? – A) The squawking geese kept me awake camping by the lakeside. – B) After brushing on another stroke of fiery crimson, the canvas looked complete. – C) Peering through the rain spattered window, the scenery appeared lush and verdant. – D) Kicking the ball into the upper left hand corner of the goal, the striker scored the winning goal.

Question 16 • The misplaced modifier in this sentence is confusing because it seems Question 16 • The misplaced modifier in this sentence is confusing because it seems to modify which word? While driving to school this morning, a deer ran across the road. – A) deer – B) driving – C) road – D) school

Question 17 • The thief was described as a short man with a beard Question 17 • The thief was described as a short man with a beard weighing 200 pounds. • Which answer choice corrects the error in the sentence? – A) The thief was described as a short man with a beard weighing 200 pounds. – B) The thief was described as a short man with a beard weighing 200 lbs. – C) The thief was described as a bearded, short man weighing 200 pounds. – D) The thief was described as a short-bearded man weighing 200 pounds.

Question 18 • Which sentence contains a misplaced or dangling modifier? – A) During Question 18 • Which sentence contains a misplaced or dangling modifier? – A) During the presentation, the children sat attentively. – B) While swimming, the towels did not have a chance to dry. – C) The lottery winners were so surprised that they were speechless. – D) To get to theater, you must take Fifth Avenue to Main Street.

Question 19 • Which sentence contains a misplaced or dangling modifier? A) The road Question 19 • Which sentence contains a misplaced or dangling modifier? A) The road was in dire need of repair after the landslide. B) Simon was taking guitar lessons from a professional musician. C) The new pier lets people access their boats that live on the river. D) In this area, most people want hotels with swimming pools and saunas.

Question 20 • Austin loved baseball, like fish love water, but he felt his Question 20 • Austin loved baseball, like fish love water, but he felt his asthma had probably kept him from reaching his full athletic potential. • What two things are being compared in this sentence? – A) Breathing in water and out of water – B) Austin’s asthma to a fish out of water – C) Austin’s asthma and his athletic potential – D) Austin’s love for baseball and a fish’s love for water

Question 21 • • • George Gray By: Edgar Lee Masters I have studied Question 21 • • • George Gray By: Edgar Lee Masters I have studied many times The marble which was chiseled for me-- A boat with a furled sail at rest in a harbor. In truth it pictures not my destination But my life. 5 For love was offered me and I shrank from its disillusionment; Sorrow knocked at my door, but I was afraid; Ambition called to me, but I dreaded the chances. Yet all the while I hungered for meaning in my life. And now I know that we must lift the sail 10 And catch the winds of destiny Wherever they drive the boat. To put meaning in one's life may end in madness, But life without meaning is the torture Of restlessness and vague desire-- 15 It is a boat longing for the sea and yet afraid. According to the speaker, "a life without meaning" is A) like a boat in a storm. B) a boat that is afraid to set sail. C) like a sail without wind or purpose. D) a boat that is destined for destruction.

Question 22 • Which is an example of personification? – A) Question 22 • Which is an example of personification? – A) "And catch the winds of destiny. . . “ – B) "A boat with a furled sail at rest in the harbor. “ – C) "Ambition called to me, but I dreaded the chances. ” – D) "In truth it pictures not my destination/But my life. "

Question 23 • What statement BEST summarizes the irony of the picture chiseled on Question 23 • What statement BEST summarizes the irony of the picture chiseled on the speaker's tombstone? – A) The speaker died by drowning. – B) He fell in love during his life. – C) The picture should represent his death but instead represents his life. – D) He had a satisfying life, but the picture is a boat and he hated sailing.

Question 24 • The dog has eaten its food. The underlined words above represent Question 24 • The dog has eaten its food. The underlined words above represent a – A) adjective phrase – B) verb phrase – C) adverb phrase – D) misplaced modifier

Question 25 • Ms. Ryan insisted that the two packages arrived _______. Which word Question 25 • Ms. Ryan insisted that the two packages arrived _______. Which word is correctly spelled and will BEST complete this sentence? – A) seperately. – B) separetely. – C) separatly. – D) separately.

Question 26 • While Maria heated the soup, Sharon set the table. In the Question 26 • While Maria heated the soup, Sharon set the table. In the sentence above, the underlined portion functions as a: – A) misplaced modifier – B) dependent clause – C) dangling modifier – D) independent clause

Question 27 • ______ the cheerleading squad practiced their routine, they were still not Question 27 • ______ the cheerleading squad practiced their routine, they were still not ready to perform for an audience. – A) As a result – B) Therefore – C) Although – D) However

Question 28 • Ms. Norris told Janie that she needed to rewrite her letter Question 28 • Ms. Norris told Janie that she needed to rewrite her letter because it was too informal. All of the following strategies will help Janie EXCEPT: – A) Consider your audience and purpose. – B) Add cartoon characters to add humor to your closing. – C) Limit contractions. – D) Avoid slang.

Question 29 • In the sentence below, which word is the simple subject? • Question 29 • In the sentence below, which word is the simple subject? • My parents come from two different countries in Europe. – A. My – B. Parents – C. Come – D. Europe

Question 30 • Where does the phrase “with the stain” belong in the sentence Question 30 • Where does the phrase “with the stain” belong in the sentence below? • I dropped off my shirt at the dry cleaner with the stain. – A. before I – B. between my and shirt – C. between dry and cleaner – D. between shirt and at

Question 31 • What are the descriptive words in the sentence below? • The Question 31 • What are the descriptive words in the sentence below? • The Statue of Liberty stands tall and regal in New York City. – A. Statue, stands – B. Tall, regal – C. Of, in – D. Liberty, York

Question 32 • ______ the cheerleading squad practiced their routine, they were still not Question 32 • ______ the cheerleading squad practiced their routine, they were still not ready to perform for an audience. – A) As a result – B) Therefore – C) Although – D) However

Question 33 • In the sentence below, which word is the simple subject? • Question 33 • In the sentence below, which word is the simple subject? • My parents come from two different countries in Europe. – A. My – B. parents – C. come – D. Europe

Question 34 • Where does the phrase “with the stain” belong in the sentence Question 34 • Where does the phrase “with the stain” belong in the sentence below? • I dropped off my shirt at the dry cleaner with the stain. – A. before I – B. between my and shirt – C. between dry and cleaner – D. between shirt and at

Question 35 • Which is a correctly punctuated COMPOUND sentence? – A. The girl Question 35 • Which is a correctly punctuated COMPOUND sentence? – A. The girl ran across the street and got the mail. – B. The girl ran across the street, and she got the mail. – C. The girl ran across the street because she wanted to get the mail. – D. The girl ran across the street, got the mail, and returned to the house.

Question 36 • Play It Safe: Volleyball by www. cdc. gov Be sure to Question 36 • Play It Safe: Volleyball by www. cdc. gov Be sure to wear knee pads when you're playing on a hard court to protect you when you dive for the ball. When you go up for the ball, try landing on the balls of your feet with your knees bent. Also, warm up before you play, and take off any jewelry. Communicate with your teammates while you're playing to keep from running into each other. Make sure everyone on the team knows to "call" the ball by saying "got it" if they plan to go for it. If you're playing outside, find a soft court made of sand or grass and clean up any sharp objects that you see. Wear sunscreen and always drink plenty of water. • Which sentence BEST describes the organizational structure of this passage? – – a. spatial order b. cause and effect c. Main idea and details d. chronological order

Question 37 Excerpt from: California Boating Laws State of California, Boating Laws, 2010 • Question 37 Excerpt from: California Boating Laws State of California, Boating Laws, 2010 • 307. Mooring to or destroying buoys. Every person who moors any vessel to, or hangs on with a vessel to, or who willfully removes, damages or destroys, any buoy or beacon (3) placed by competent authority in any navigable waters of this state, is guilty of a misdemeanor. • If you are looking for the entry buoy in the dictionary, which words could you find at the top of the page? – – a. bulbar-bullion b. bun-buppie c. buprestid-burgundy d. buzzard-byword

Question 38 • The princess had never encountered a more pleasant, good-spirited, and jocund Question 38 • The princess had never encountered a more pleasant, good-spirited, and jocund old man in all her sixteen years. • Since the two words in italics are synonyms, the reader can conclude that the meaning of the word jocund is – a. happy or joyful – b. extremely unhappy – c. wildly passionate – d. chronically depressed

Question 39 • Even though both the boy's parents and his teachers were emotional Question 39 • Even though both the boy's parents and his teachers were emotional in their pleas for him to stop taking drugs and turn his life around, the young boy remained stoic and looked at them blankly. • Since the two words in italics are antonyms, the reader can conclude that the meaning of the word stoic is – – a. extremely unhappy b. wildly passionate c. chronically depressed d. unemotional; indifferent

Question 40 • The dog followed the _____ of the lost child. Choose the Question 40 • The dog followed the _____ of the lost child. Choose the word that is spelled correctly and BEST fits the context of the sentence. – A) cent – B) csent – C) scent – D) sent

Question 41 • Which is a simple sentence? – A) Daniel looked at his Question 41 • Which is a simple sentence? – A) Daniel looked at his daughter as if he'd never seen her before. – B) The organization worked hard to free the family from its enforced slavery. – C) Greenville's mayor spent all the municipal funds, and, as a result, the city went bankrupt. – D) Richard refused to allow his family to attend the wedding unless they apologized to his bride.

Question 42 • Which sentence needs commas between coordiante adjectives? – A) Decomposers clean Question 42 • Which sentence needs commas between coordiante adjectives? – A) Decomposers clean up numerous dead organisms. – B) Scavengers are helpful carnivorous components of ecosystems. – C) They release vital life-sustaining energy that plants and animals need. – D) A compost is a beneficial organic environment for dead organisms to decay.

Question 43 • Joe and Hannah, the twins next door, prefer to swim in Question 43 • Joe and Hannah, the twins next door, prefer to swim in a fresh-water lake rather than in a chlorinated pool. • Which group of words is an appositive phrase acting as an adjective? – A) Joe and Hannah – B) the twins next door – C) in a fresh-water lake – D) in a chlorinated pool

Question 44 • The ____ polar bear rushed toward the arctic explorers with its Question 44 • The ____ polar bear rushed toward the arctic explorers with its jaws wide open. • Which word would make this sentence more precise and vivid? – A) huge – B) large – C) massive – D) nine-foot

Question 45 • Excerpt from: The Secret Garden Frances Hodgson Burnett • She had Question 45 • Excerpt from: The Secret Garden Frances Hodgson Burnett • She had not wanted a little girl at all, and, when Mary was born, she handed her over to the care of an Ayah 4 who was made to understand that if she wished to please the Mem Sahib she must keep the child out of sight as much as possible. • Read the passage underlined (4). There may be a mistake in punctuation, capitalization, or spelling. If you find a mistake, choose the answer that corrects the mistake. If there is no mistake, choose ‘Correct as is. ’ – – A) Correct as is. B) who was maid to understand C) whom was made to understand D) who, was made to understand

Question 46 • Excerpt from: Etiquette http: //en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Etiquette • Modern Western etiquette Question 46 • Excerpt from: Etiquette http: //en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Etiquette • Modern Western etiquette (3) instructs us to: greet friends and acquaintances with warmth and respect, refrain from insults and prying curiosity, offer hospitality equally and generously to our guests, (4) ware clothing suited to the occasion, contribute to conversations without dominating them, offer a chair or a helping arm to those who need assistance, eat neatly and quietly, avoid disturbing others with loud music or unnecessary noise, follow the established rules of a club or legislature upon becoming a member, arrive promptly when expected, comfort the bereaved, and respond to invitations promptly. • Read the passage underlined (4). There may be a mistake in punctuation, capitalization, or spelling. If you find a mistake, choose the answer that corrects the mistake. If there is no mistake, choose ‘Correct as is. ’ – – A) Correct as is. B) were clothing suited to the occasion C) wear clothing suited to the occasion D) where clothing suited to the occasion

Question 47 • Erica walked quietly from her room to the kitchen on her Question 47 • Erica walked quietly from her room to the kitchen on her tip-toes so that she would not wake her parents. It was well past her bedtime, and she really should have been in bed, but she just couldn't get the thought of cookies out of her head. Ever so cautiously, she reached for the jar, and just as she managed to remove the lid, she heard someone coming down the hall. In addition to being up past her bedtime, she also knew it was much too late for a sugary snack, so she hid in the shadows of the tall cabinet and waited to see if she had been caught. • What is the meaning of the phrase in addition to as used in this excerpt? – – A) after B) since C) before D) as well as

Question 48 • Timothy was extremely careful to ______ his sources for his research Question 48 • Timothy was extremely careful to ______ his sources for his research paper on Sudan. • Choose the word with the correct spelling and context meaning to BEST complete this sentence: – A) cite – B) cyte – C) sight – D) site

Question 49 • Excerpt from: Jackie Robinson - Playing for the Majors http: //en. Question 49 • Excerpt from: Jackie Robinson - Playing for the Majors http: //en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Jackie_robinson • A group of Dodger players insinuated they would rather strike than play (5) alongside a black man such as Robinson but the mutiny was ended when Dodger management informed the players that they were welcome to find employment elsewhere. Read the passage underlined (5). There may be a mistake in punctuation, capitalization, or spelling. If you find a mistake, choose the answer that corrects the mistake. If there is no mistake, choose ‘Correct as is. ’ – – A) Correct as is. B) alongside a black man such as Robinson but, the mutiny was ended C) alongside a black man such, as Robinson but the mutiny was ended D) alongside a black man such as Robinson, but the mutiny was ended

Question 50 • Which is expressed with the MOST precise language? – A) The Question 50 • Which is expressed with the MOST precise language? – A) The desk was rectangular in shape. – B) In my personal opinion, the test was easy. – C) Heidi has piano lessons every Friday at 6 p. m. – D) My uncle believes that in the future to come we will all have robots.

Use the following passage to answer Questions 51 -55 • Pet Dangers By: Carole Use the following passage to answer Questions 51 -55 • Pet Dangers By: Carole Jenkins Everyone knows that a home should be "child-proof" to protect young babies and toddlers from illness and injury. (2) Pets are also in danger from many common household sources which many people don't realize. (3) Pets can chew and swallow seemingly safe things, resulting in disaster. • (4) It may seem perfectly harmless to toss a pet a grape or a raisin as a treat, but these can be very deadly. (5) Although the exact cause is not known, gastrointestinal problems result after a pet ingests grapes or raisins. (6) Kidney failure frequently occurs. (7) Flowering plants, when eaten by pets, can also be lethal. (8) Lilies are especially toxic to cats by causing kidney failure. (9) Azaleas and rhododendrons can lead to serious problems for dogs. (10) Vomiting, diarrhea, and central nervous system problems can result. (11) Small amounts of Xylitol, an artificial sweetener used in sugar-free candy, chewing gum, cookies, and other baked goods, can cause low blood sugar and liver damage in dogs. (12) It doesn't take much of this stuff to cause serious problems. (13) There are many other common household items that are hazardous to pets. (14) All pet owners should educate themselves about these items and the effects that they have on pets. (15)Every effort should be made to "pet-proof" homes to provide safe and healthy environments for pets.

Question 51 • Which sentence uses language that is too informal for this article? Question 51 • Which sentence uses language that is too informal for this article? – A) It doesn't take much of this stuff to cause serious problems. – B) Azaleas and rhododendrons can lead to serious problems for dogs. – C) There are many other common household items that are hazardous to pets. – D) Pets can chew and swallow seemingly safe things that can result in disaster.

Question 52 • Choose the BEST revision of sentence (5). – A) Although the Question 52 • Choose the BEST revision of sentence (5). – A) Although the exact cause is not known, gastrointestinal problems result after a pet ingests grapes or raisins. – B) Although their exact cause is not known, gastrointestinal problems result after a pet ingests grapes or raisins. – C) Although the exact cause is not known, gastrointestinal problems can result after a pet ingests grapes or raisins. – D) Although their exact cause is not known, gastrointestinal problems can result after a pet ingests grapes or raisins.

Question 53 • What information would be BEST to add to this passage? – Question 53 • What information would be BEST to add to this passage? – A) names of pet owners who have had problems – B) more examples of things that are hazardous to pets – C) a list of veterinarians who can help of pets have problems – D) a list of sources where more information on the topic may be found

Question 54 • Which sentence conveys a tone that is inconsistent with the rest Question 54 • Which sentence conveys a tone that is inconsistent with the rest of the passage? – A) Sentence 3 – B) Sentence 6 – C) Sentence 12 – D) Sentence 13

Question 55 • Which source would be BEST to use to find further information Question 55 • Which source would be BEST to use to find further information on household items that are hazardous to pets? – A) almanac – B) dictionary – C) encyclopedia – D) internet search engine

Use the passage to answer Questions 56 -59 • The Peachtree Road Race: A Use the passage to answer Questions 56 -59 • The Peachtree Road Race: A Race Like No Other By: David Matherne 1 A common golfer cannot play in the Masters or British Open with the world’s best-known golfers, nor can the average tennis player play against the world’s best at Wimbledon. No teenager just learning to drive can bank the turns with professional drivers at the Daytona 500. However, in the sport of road racing, common people and novice joggers can lace up and be in the same race as the world-class runners competing to win it all. The Peachtree Road Race in Atlanta, GA is the world’s largest 10 K, boasting 55, 000 runners who line up for blocks at 7: 30 am to run down Atlanta’s most famous street. Only a handful, however, really have a legitimate chance to win the prestigious crystal peach and the $15, 000 first place prize that comes with it. The Peachtree Road Race is unique as a road race in three distinctive ways: it is run on the 4 th of July, it has a rich tradition, and it is the most competitive 10 K in the world. 2 One thing that makes the Peachtree Road Race special is that it takes place each year on Independence Day. (1) American flags are waved down Peachtree Street, and nearly everywhere red, white, and blue is seen. Many runners choose to wear stars-and-stripes as a part of their racing outfit, but no one is allowed to wear costumes in this serious race. That means no Statues of Liberty are officially allowed running down the road, as with other large festive races such as the Bay-to-Breakers 12 K in San Francisco. (2) Because the Peachtree is run on a holiday, most people have the day off. (3) They either run the race or cheer on the runners from either side of the street. There are tens of thousands of spectators all along the course. 3 Not only is the race special because it takes place on a special day, but it also has a rich, over three-decade tradition. While the Boston Marathon can declare it is the oldest road race in America, few 10 K’s can claim they’ve been around longer than the Peachtree Road Race. (4) The race began modestly in 1970. (5) There were only 110 people in the race. By 1980, just ten years later, the race had grown from 110 runners to over 20, 000 people and had nearly outgrown the four-lane street. One thing the Peachtree Road Race is known for is the colorful, artful t-shirts. (6) Given only to those who finish the challenging course, the t-shirt is a big reason why so many of the 55, 000 run the race. Another long-standing tradition is the Fräbel-designed crystal peach to the top ten men instead of a trophy. Another fixture each year is the competitive wheelchair race that precedes the footrace and lures the fastest wheelchair racers in the world. The winners complete the race in about 18 -19 minutes. Of course, the wheelchair competitors are not the only ones who compete at a world-class level. 4 For its entire existence, the Peachtree Road Race has boasted Olympic-level victors. Olympic marathoner Jeff Galloway won the (7) opening race in 1970 when traffic was not even blocked off for the race, and runners had to run in the far right-hand lane. Other American Olympians like Frank Shorter, Don Kardong Craig Virgin, and Ed Eyestone each got his crystal peach. Despite not offering prize money for the first decade, (8) the race somehow got the best American runners the country had to offer. Yet, with the addition of prize money that rivaled any 10 K prize purse in the world, elite international runners began toeing the line. Runners from Africa, Europe, and South America all began to make Peachtree a tradition of their own. Since the mid-80’s, Kenyans have dominated the men’s side, while the women’s winners have come from all parts of the globe: New Zealand, Norway, Germany, South Africa, the U. S. , and only recently Kenya. 5 It is easy to see why the Peachtree Road Race has become a popular tradition for both the competitive world-class athlete and the weekend jogger alike. (9) A footrace down one of the most well-known streets in the South on the 4 th of July is alone enough to make a runner want to become part of the tradition. Add to that mix--the amazing crowd cheering loudly for the entire race, the prestigious t-shirt, and the ability to run in the same race as those on running magazine covers--and you have the recipe for the world’s best 10 K road race.

Question 56 • If a student found this article in a magazine and used Question 56 • If a student found this article in a magazine and used information from it in a research paper on the Peachtree Road Race, which is the correct way to document this source on the works cited page using the MLA system of documentation? – A) Matherne, David. The Peachtree Road Race—A Race Like No Other. Road Racer Digest March, 2007: 32 -33. – B) David Matherne. "The Peachtree Road Race—A Race Like No Other. " Road Racer Digest March, 2007: 32 -33. – C) "The Peachtree Road Race—A Race Like No Other. " Matherne, David. Road Racer Digest March, 2007: 32 -33. – D) Matherne, David. "The Peachtree Road Race—A Race Like No Other. " Road Racer Digest March, 2007: 32 -33.

Question 57 • What is the BEST way to rewrite sentence (1) to make Question 57 • What is the BEST way to rewrite sentence (1) to make it more coherent? – A) American flags--red, white, and blue--are waved everywhere down Peachtree. – B) Red, white, and blue is seen everywhere and American flags are waved everywhere down Peachtree. – C) Red, white, and blue flags that represent the United States of America are waved by race spectators everywhere along the route down Peachtree Street. – D) Spectators wave American flags along Peachtree Street, and both runners and spectators alike are wearing or displaying red, white, and blue everywhere.

Question 58 • Which book would provide the MOST useful information specifically for teenagers Question 58 • Which book would provide the MOST useful information specifically for teenagers who are considering running a marathon? – A) Marathons for Dummies – B) Eating Right for the Marathon – C) Weight Training for Long Distance Running – D) Cross-Country Training Guide for Adolescents

Question 59 • In order to use more precise language, the underlined phrase entitled Question 59 • In order to use more precise language, the underlined phrase entitled (7) should be changed to – A) inaugural. – B) grand opening. – C) opportunistic. – D) initial and primary.

Question 60 • Excerpt from: Life on the Mississippi Mark Twain • Question 60 • Excerpt from: Life on the Mississippi Mark Twain • "Now I had often seen pilots gazing at the water and pretending to read it as if it were a book; but it was a book that told me nothing. A time came at last, however, when Mr. Bixby seemed to think me far enough advanced to bear a lesson on water-reading. So he began’" What two things are being compared in this passage? – – A) boats and airplanes B) a river and an ocean C) the author and Mr. Bixby D) water reading and book reading

Use the passage to answer Questions 61 - 65 • The River Thames By: Use the passage to answer Questions 61 - 65 • The River Thames By: Roberto Barerra 1 Rivers have played an important role in human history. Since ancient times, towns, cities, and entire civilizations have thrived around rivers, which provide people with many of life’s necessities. One such river, the River Thames, has been instrumental in the founding and development of London. 2 The River Thames stretches 215 miles across southern England. More than eighty islands are scattered throughout its length. The Thames runs right through the center of London. This made the river essential to the growth and success of both London and the United Kingdom. 3 Having the Thames flow through the city allowed trade ships from around the world to come and go with ease, making London the major transportation hub of England for centuries. The amount of money brought in by both national and international trade made London one of the major commerce centers of Europe. 4 While the Thames is important to many businesses, it also affects the daily lives of the city’s seven million citizens. Over the years, the river has provided London’s people with food, drinking water, transportation, and a place to relax. For centuries, artists like Claude Monet, Charles Dickens, and Edmund Spenser have looked to the Thames for inspiration. These men used the river as a central figure in several of their works. In addition, some of the most well-known national symbols of the United Kingdom are located on the river’s banks. Historic sites like Big Ben, the Palace of Westminster, the London Eye, and the Tower Bridge are all located near the Thames. 5 The River Thames has played a significant role in military operations throughout the country’s history. In ancient times, the Romans set their sights on expanding their empire by using the navigable waters of the Thames to invade the British Isles. From the sea, they could easily enter the mouth of the river and move inward. After a failed attempt at defeating the British tribes the year before, Julius Cesar broke through their defenses along the River Thames in 54 B. C. Although the British fought against the Romans nearly a century later, Roman forces remained in England until the fall of the empire. 6 The Thames was vital to the defense of Great Britain during World War II. In 1940, the German Air Force started bombing London. German pilots followed the river up into the center of the city, where they dropped their bombs. The first attack destroyed almost all of the docks in London’s port and killed hundreds The British also used the Thames to help defend their city. Water was pumped out of the Thames to put out fires started by the bombs and volunteers patrolled the river to ensure that the German ships didn’t enter the Port of London. Supplies and troops often traveled up and down the Thames when bombings obstructed the roads. 7 Over the years, the river has been the source of a number of problems. In the nineteenth century, Londoners dumped waste from their homes into the Thames. This made the water so smelly that the House of Commons had to relocate for a time. The pollution of the river also contributed to an outbreak of disease that killed many people and to the disappearance of most of the river’s fish. Luckily, various clean-up efforts during the twentieth century have greatly improved the river’s water quality and allowed fish to return. Flooding is another concern. In 1928, a major flood killed fourteen people and left many citizens homeless. Events like this led to the creation of the Thames Barrier, a moveable flood barrier that helps stop floodwaters from reaching central London. 8 Though people no longer rely on the Thames as the only way to get around, the river is still important to many Londoners. These few examples represent only a small number of ways in which the Thames has affected London over the years. If not for the Thames, the world as we know it would be a very different place.

Question 61 • In paragraph five, the word navigable means • A) ships, boats, Question 61 • In paragraph five, the word navigable means • A) ships, boats, and other water vessels. • B) deep and wide enough for ships to pass through. • C) easy to read and understand the directions given. • D) a type of river found only in England Europe.

Question 62 • In paragraph five, the word navigable means – A) ships, boats, Question 62 • In paragraph five, the word navigable means – A) ships, boats, and other water vessels. – B) deep and wide enough for ships to pass through. – C) easy to read and understand the directions given. – D) a type of river found only in England Europe.

Question 63 • In paragraph six, the term Question 63 • In paragraph six, the term "vital" means – A) of most importance. – B) not necessary at all. – C) used sometimes by all. – D) useless to the people.

Question 64 • Which term is a related word of hub as it is Question 64 • Which term is a related word of hub as it is used in the passage? – A) center – B) highlight – C) seed – D) town

Question 65 • Present-day artists continue to be inspired by this river. Suppose Roberto Question 65 • Present-day artists continue to be inspired by this river. Suppose Roberto Barrera added this sentence to the end of the fourth section. Which would correctly identify the author's meaning for the word present? • Consider the effect of the stressed or unstressed syllable in the word present. – A) You should stress the first syllable because it is a noun that means gift. – B) You should stress the second syllable because it is a verb that means to offer. – C) You should stress the first syllable because it is a noun that means a current moment or period in time. – D) You should stress the first and second syllables because it is a noun that means not absent or not missing.

Question 66 • Question 66 • ". . . his taciturnity was respected and it was only on rare occasions that one of the older men of the place detained him for a word. " • What does taciturnity mean as used in this example? – A) flexibility – B) handsomeness – C) honesty – D) quietness

Question 67 • It was the careless powerful look he had, in spite of Question 67 • It was the careless powerful look he had, in spite of a lameness checking each step like the jerk of a chain. • What is the meaning of the word checking as it is used in this sentence from the second paragraph of the passage? – A) halting – B) investigating – C) leaving for safekeeping – D) examining for correctness

Question 68 • It was there that, several years ago, I saw him for Question 68 • It was there that, several years ago, I saw him for the first time; and the sight pulled me up sharp. Even then he was the most striking figure in Starkfield, though he was but the ruin of a man. It was not so much his great height that marked him, for the ‘natives’ were easily singled out by their lank longitude from the stockier foreign breed: it was the careless powerful look he had, in spite of a lameness checking each step like the jerk of a chain. There was something bleak and unapproachable in his face, and he was so stiffened and grizzled that I took him for an old man and was surprised to hear that he was not more than fifty-two. I had this from Harmon Gow, who had driven the stage from Bettsbridge to Starkfield in pre-trolley days and knew the chronicle of all the families on his line. • What does the phrase lank longitude mean as used in the third paragraph of the passage? – – A) broadness B) stockiness C) stubbornness D) tallness

Question 69 • Question 69 • "'He’s looked that way ever since he had his smash-up; and that’s twenty-four years ago come next February. ' Harmon threw out between reminiscent pauses. " • What is the BEST description of "reminiscent pauses" in this sentence? – A) awkwardly spoken pauses – B) pauses to laugh or giggle – C) pauses to recall things from the past – D) softly spoken pauses from embarrassment

Question 70 • Excerpt from: Pieces of the Past Erin Sullivan 1 Nate slammed Question 70 • Excerpt from: Pieces of the Past Erin Sullivan 1 Nate slammed the garage door shut with a loud bang—hopefully loud enough for Granddad to hear from inside the house. Nate was angry, angry at his parents for abandoning him at this house during his vacation, angry for having to spend a beautiful sunny day clearing out a dark and damp garage. 4 Nate was annoyed because he was stuck at Granddad’s house, and he longed to hang out at the beautiful park and play baseball with the other kids his age. He surveyed the boxes gloomily, considering where to begin. He pried open a filthy plastic container, and inside he found measuring spoons, duct tape, and crumpled file folders. Rubbish, Nate thought to himself, as he tossed it into a garbage bag. • How is the park different from the garage, to Nate? – – A)The park is wet; the garage is dry. B)The park is close; the garage is far. C)The park is dangerous; the garage is safe. D)The park is beautiful; the garage is dirty.

Question 71 • Heathcliff was dangerously sick; and while he lay at the worst Question 71 • Heathcliff was dangerously sick; and while he lay at the worst he would have me constantly by his pillow; I suppose he felt I did a good deal for him, and he hadn’t the wit to guess that I was compelled to do it. • In the sentence from the passage, what does compelled to do it mean? – – A) I felt honored just to be with him. B) I felt a love that could not separate us. C) I felt I was obligated to take care of him. D) I felt revolted to care for such a sick man.

Question 72 • Hindley threw it, hitting him on the breast, and down he Question 72 • Hindley threw it, hitting him on the breast, and down he fell, but staggered up immediately, breathless and white; and, had not I prevented it, he would have gone just so to the master, and got full revenge by letting his condition plead for him, intimating who had caused it. • In this sentence from the passage, what does the word intimating mean? – – A) to lie about something B) shouting with bitterness C) intimidating by aggression D) communicating indirectly through suggestion

Question 73 • Heathcliff was Question 73 • Heathcliff was "as uncomplaining as a lamb. " • What is the connotation of lamb in this sentence from the first paragraph? – A) white and pale – B) woolly and soft – C) meek and gentle – D) trusting and loyal

Question 74 • Cathy and her brother harassed me terribly; he was as uncomplaining Question 74 • Cathy and her brother harassed me terribly; he was as uncomplaining as a lamb. • In this sentence from the passage, what does the word harassed mean? – A) bothered – B) judged – C) trusted – D) whipped

Question 75 • Excerpt from: A Woman Who Went to Alaska May Kellogg Sullivan Question 75 • Excerpt from: A Woman Who Went to Alaska May Kellogg Sullivan Chapter 1: Under Way 1 My first trip from California to Alaska was made in the summer of 1899. I went alone to Dawson to my father and brother, surprising them greatly when I quietly walked up to shake hands with them at their work. The amazement of my father knew no bounds, —and yet I could see a lot of quiet amusement beneath all when he introduced me to his friends, which plainly said: 2 "Here is my venturesome daughter, who is really a ‘chip off the old block, ’ so you must not be surprised at her coming to Alaska. " • Which is the MOST LIKELY reason the author’s father calls her a chip off the old block in section 2? – – A) She is very small for her age. B) She has made a courageous trip. C) She looks a lot like her mother. D) She wants to get to work right away.

Question 76 • Question 76 • "And for what? For one small bass which could have been bought at any trustworthy market for sixty-five cents, or, possibly, some poor little kitten-fishoffspring of a catfish whose mother's milk is not yet dry upon its lips. " • To what is the author referring when she refers to a "kitten-fish-offspring" in paragraph 2? – – A) a muskie B) a small bass C) a young catfish D) fish bought at a market

Question 77 • Shell-fish are, comparatively, slow of movement, without guile, pitifully trusting, and Question 77 • Shell-fish are, comparatively, slow of movement, without guile, pitifully trusting, and very easily caught. • Which is the correct meaning for the word guile as used in this sentence? – A) the quality of being crafty or sly – B) the use of tricks to cheat someone – C) the ability to trick or deceive people – D) shrewdness or skill at protecting oneself

Question 78 • • Guide: 1. A person who leads or directs another in Question 78 • • Guide: 1. A person who leads or directs another in his way or course, as in a strange land; one who exhibits points of interest to strangers; a conductor; also, that which guides; a guidebook. 2. One who, or that which, directs another in his conduct or course of life. 3. Any contrivance, especially one having a directing edge, surface, or channel, for giving direction to the motion of anything, as water, an instrument, or part of a machine, or for directing the hand or eye, as of an operator 4. A noncommissioned officer or soldier placed on the directing flank of each subdivision of a column of troops, or at the end of a line, to mark the pivots, formations, marches, and alignments in tactics. Which is the correct meaning for guide as it is used in this sentence? The guide can never understand what is wrong. Five days ago, he himself caught more bass than he could carry home, at that identical rocky point. – – A) Definition 1 B) Definition 2 C) Definition 3 D) Definition 4

Question 79 • the surgery to remove the cells was painful in the days Question 79 • the surgery to remove the cells was painful in the days immediately following the procedure, but it was the chemotherapy treatments that were the most debilitating. • Which definition is the BEST meaning for the word debilitating as it is used in this sentence? – – A) depressing and sad B) energizing and exciting C) causing weakness and sapping energy D) helpful and causing improved immunity

Question 80 • Excerpt from: W. E. B. Du. Bois: A Biography Ellen Yu Question 80 • Excerpt from: W. E. B. Du. Bois: A Biography Ellen Yu In Atlanta, Du. Bois became a pioneer for the civil rights of African Americans. He wrote several books and organized many events to demonstrate against the segregation between whites and blacks. • In this sentence from paragraph 4, the word demonstrate means – – A) display. B) explain. C) protest. D) reveal.

Question 81 • system: 1. Regular method or order; formal arrangement; plan; as, to Question 81 • system: 1. Regular method or order; formal arrangement; plan; as, to have a system in one's business. 2. An assemblage of objects arranged in regular subordination, or after some distinct method, usually logical or scientific; a complete whole of objects related by some common law, principle, or end; a complete exhibition of essential principles or facts, arranged in a rational dependence or connection; a regular union of principles or parts forming one entire thing 3. Hence, the whole scheme of created things regarded as forming one complete plan of whole; the universe. 4. The collection of staves which form a full score. • Which is the BEST meaning for system as it is used in this sentence? Heatstroke occurs when the body’s internal temperature becomes so elevated that its cooling system begins shutting down. – – A) Definition 1 B) Definition 2 C) Definition 3 D) Definition 4

Question 82 • monitor: 1. One who admonishes; one who warns of faults, informs Question 82 • monitor: 1. One who admonishes; one who warns of faults, informs of duty, or gives advice and instruction by way of reproof or caution. 2. Hence, specifically, a pupil selected to look to the school in the absence of the instructor, to notice the absence or faults of the scholars, or to instruct a division or class. 3. Any large Old World lizard of the genus Varanus; esp. , the Egyptian species (V. Niloticus), which is useful because it devours the eggs and young of the crocodile. It is sometimes five or six feet long. 4. An ironclad war vessel, very low in the water, and having one or more heavily-armored revolving turrets, carrying heavy guns. • Which is the best meaning for monitor as it is used in this sentence? If an athlete’s body temperature reaches a dangerous level, the monitor immediately transmits an alert. – – A) Definition 1 B) Definition 2 C) Definition 3 D) Definition 44)

Question 83 • average: 1. That service which a tenant owed his lord, to Question 83 • average: 1. That service which a tenant owed his lord, to be done by the work beasts of the tenant, as the carriage of wheat, turf, etc. 2. Any charge in addition to the regular charge for freight of goods shipped. 3. A mean proportion, medial sum or quantity, made out of unequal sums or quantities; an arithmetical mean. Thus, if A loses 5 dollars, B 9, and C 16, the sum is 30, and the average 10. 4. Any medial estimate or general statement derived from a comparison of diverse specific cases; a medium or usual size, quantity, quality, rate, etc. The average of sensations. • Which is the BEST meaning for average as it is used in this sentence? While it doesn’t look much different than the average vitamin capsule, the work it does inside the body, is truly amazing. – – A) Definition 1 B) Definition 2 C) Definition 3 D) Definition 4

Question 84 • • 5) capsule: 1. a dry fruit or pod which is Question 84 • • 5) capsule: 1. a dry fruit or pod which is made up of several parts or carpels, and opens to discharge the seeds, as, the capsule of the poppy, the flax, the lily, etc. 2. A small saucer of clay for roasting or melting samples of ores, etc. ; a scorifier. (b) a small, shallow, evaporating dish, usually of porcelain. 3. A small cylindrical or spherical gelatinous envelope in which nauseous or acrid doses are inclosed to be swallowed. 4. A membranous sac containing fluid, or investing an organ or joint; as, the capsule of the lens of the eye. Also, a capsulelike organ. • Which is the best meaning for capsule as it is used in this sentence? Once ingested these capsules send an internal body temperature reading to a portable device that is not much bigger than a palm pilot. – – A) Definition 1 B) Definition 2 C) Definition 3 D) Definition 4

Question 85 • Excerpt from: Surviving (and Thriving) during your First Year of College Question 85 • Excerpt from: Surviving (and Thriving) during your First Year of College Dietrich Titleist • 1. Taking Your Hardest Classes First: It might be a good idea for you to schedule the required classes that you know are going to give you the most trouble first. For example, if you struggle with math, then get your math requirement out of the way your first semester at college while the math you studied in high school is still fresh in your mind. You do NOT want to be taking Calculus during your senior year, desperate for that one measly math credit that will keep you from graduating on time. 2. Taking Early Classes: Some freshmen try to fill up their schedule with late classes so they can sleep in. This is a mistake. You should try to take early classes for several reasons. First, they usually have less students in them (always a good thing). Second, it will keep you “living responsibly, ” going to bed at a decent hour and feeling healthier. Third, having early classes frees up the rest of your day for fun activities, more studying, or working at a job. Early classes are especially valuable in the springtime weather. • If you really struggled with biology in high school, and you know that your college is going to require you to get one academic credit in biology in order to graduate, what—according to this article’s advice— should you do? – – A) Transfer to another college that does NOT require a biology credit. B) Attempt to major in biology so you can constantly work on your weakest subject. C) Put off trying to earn your biology credit until the spring semester of your senior year. D) Register to take biology your first semester at college while your high school biology is still fresh on your mind.

Use the passage to answer the following questions • • Product Review: Battery Chargers Use the passage to answer the following questions • • Product Review: Battery Chargers By: Steve Dawson 1 With the growth of the green movement, more people are recycling and reusing products instead of purchasing new ones. This has led to a renewed interest in rechargeable batteries. The most common complaint about rechargeable batteries is poor performance. Recharged batteries often fail to provide the same amount of power as new batteries. Our researchers tested three rechargeable battery brands found in most local stores to determine which battery and charger combination provides the most energy. 2 We conducted tests for battery strength and recharging capacity. First, we used each brand to operate a digital camera and a portable CD player. Digital cameras use large amounts of power for each picture taken, but portable CD players draw smaller amounts of power over a longer period. We determined the amount of power in each battery two ways. First, we counted the number of flashes from the camera. Second, we recorded the amount of playing time for the CD player. We then recharged the batteries and retested. 3 The first battery and charger combination tested was the Con Art 486. It’s the most costly brand, but the Con Art batteries’ performance with the camera was excellent. However, its performance with the CD player was below average. The batteries also require twenty-four hours to recharge completely. Once recharged, they performed at nearly the same level as before. 4 The second battery-charger combination tested was the Mao Tek 2 G (pictured). It was the least expensive and its performance was rated as average for both devices. The recharge time was only about twelve hours. The recharged batteries performed as well as they did on the first tests. 5 The Charge! battery-charger combination, which is made by Green Company, was the final product tested. This charger is less expensive than the Con Art 486, but priced higher than the Mao Tek 2 G. This unit requires at least twenty-four hours to recharge the batteries. The performance was below average for the camera, but the numbers for the CD player were excellent. After charging, we noticed a marked decline in battery power. The recharged numbers were below average in both devices. 6 We believe that the best buy is the Mao Tek 2 G. It’s efficient and reasonably priced. Battery performance continues to be average after being recharged. Specialized users may want to purchase the Con Art 486. We would not recommend the Con Art 486 for everyday use. The Charge! charger is inefficient and overpriced. We would advise that consumers avoid this product.

Question 86 • Which is the most common complaint about rechargeable batteries? – A) Question 86 • Which is the most common complaint about rechargeable batteries? – A) Rechargeable batteries are hard to find. – B) Rechargeable batteries are too expensive. – C) Rechargeable batteries have poor performance. – D) Rechargeable batteries take too long to charge.

Question 87 • What caused the author of the article to advise consumers to Question 87 • What caused the author of the article to advise consumers to avoid the Charge! charger? – A) It is the most expensive charger. – B) It is very difficult to find in stores. – C) It did not perform well on the two tests. – D) It does not recharge the batteries quickly.

Question 88 • Which is an effect that a digital camera has on rechargeable Question 88 • Which is an effect that a digital camera has on rechargeable batteries? – A) Digital cameras use more power over a longer period. – B) Digital cameras use more power for each picture taken. – C) Digital cameras drain rechargeable batteries in a matter of moments. – D) Digital cameras cause rechargeable batteries to take longer to charge.

Question 89 • Which is an effect of the green movement? – A)Consumers are Question 89 • Which is an effect of the green movement? – A)Consumers are more reluctant to reuse products. – B)Consumers are not purchasing as many batteries. – C)Consumer interest in rechargeable batteries is increasing. – D)Consumers are purchasing products that do not use batteries.

Question 90 • Ricardo sat at his desk, anxiously waiting for his teacher to Question 90 • Ricardo sat at his desk, anxiously waiting for his teacher to hand back his math exam. He'd been studying for the test for weeks. After his last report card, Ricardo realized that he needed to work on his math grade. His older brother, Lorenzo, was a mathematics genius, and he helped Ricardo study for the test. The two spent many afternoons going over practice problems. Although he felt confident while taking the test, Ricardo was now second guessing every answer. He wondered if all the studying had helped his grade. The teacher put the test on Ricardo's desk. Ricardo flipped it over and saw that he'd earned an A! He smiled, happy with the result of his hard work. • The main conflict of the story can be described as – – A)person against self. B)person against person. C)person against nature. D)person against technology.

Question 91 • Jayden waited anxiously as the judges made their final decision. For Question 91 • Jayden waited anxiously as the judges made their final decision. For weeks, he'd been working on an experiment that showed how music helps rats learn to escape from a tunnel. Jayden's twin sister, Janice, was also in the running for a ribbon. Her project showed how wind energy can be used to power homes. Janice had won first prize at the science fair the last two years in a row. Jayden wanted his sister to do well, but he wanted to be the one to take home the blue ribbon this year. Time stood still as he waited for the judges' ruling. Finally, they walked over to Jayden's booth and placed a blue ribbon on his experiment. Jayden couldn't believe it! A few moments later, Janice came over and gave her brother a big hug to congratulate him. • The main conflict of the story can be described as – – A) person against self. B) person against person. C) person against nature. D) person against technology.

Question 92 • Yolanda helped Sarah carry the last box from her bedroom to Question 92 • Yolanda helped Sarah carry the last box from her bedroom to the moving van. Although she'd known this day was coming, Yolanda couldn't help feeling sad about her best friend's move. Sarah promised that they would see each other often, but this did little to comfort Yolanda. When Sarah's dad told her it was time to go, she gave Yolanda a big hug. Before getting in the van, Sarah handed Yolanda a card and told her to read it later. Yolanda waved goodbye as the moving van disappeared down the street. When she returned home, Yolanda remembered Sarah's card. She opened it and saw sunflowers on the front. The inside read, "You will always be my best friend. " Yolanda smiled and started making plans to visit her friend's new home. • The conflict that Yolanda has while watching her best friend leave is about – – A) feelings. B) helping. C) moving. D) plans

Question 93 • Clayton enjoyed surfing the internet so much that he soon lost Question 93 • Clayton enjoyed surfing the internet so much that he soon lost track of time and missed his favorite television show. • Which BEST identifies and explains the function of the word surfing as it is used in this sentence? – – A) It is called a gerund and it functions as a noun in this sentence. B) It is called a gerund it functions as an adjective in this sentence. C) It is called a participle and if functions as a verb in this sentence. D) It is called an infinitive and it functions as a noun in this sentence. 2)

Question 94 • The media specialist smiled when he saw the eager students flocking Question 94 • The media specialist smiled when he saw the eager students flocking to the area with the latest bestsellers. • Which BEST identifies and explains the function of the word flocking as it is used in this sentence? – – A) It is called a gerund and it functions as a noun in this sentence. B) It is called a participle and it functions as a noun in this sentence. C) It is called an infinitive and it functions as a verb in this sentence. D) It is called a participle and it functions as an adjective in this sentence.

Question 95 • Erica walked quietly from her room to the kitchen on her Question 95 • Erica walked quietly from her room to the kitchen on her tip-toes so that she would not wake her parents. It was well past her bedtime, and she really should have been in bed, but she just couldn't get the thought of cookies out of her head. Ever so cautiously, she reached for the jar, and just as she managed to remove the lid, she heard someone coming down the hall. In addition to being up past her bedtime, she also knew it was much too late for a sugary snack, so she hid in the shadows of the tall cabinet and waited to see if she had been caught. • What is the meaning of the phrase in addition to as used in this excerpt? – – A) after B) since C) before D) as well as

Question 96 • Which BEST describes the problem with this sentence? As a small Question 96 • Which BEST describes the problem with this sentence? As a small child, Katrina's grandmother used to visit every Christmas. – A) misspelled words – B) dangling modifier – C) sentence fragment – D) incorrect punctuation 2)

Question 97 • Having just been hit by a car, I rushed over to Question 97 • Having just been hit by a car, I rushed over to see if Gunther was still breathing. This sentence may contain a misplaced modifier. If so, choose the correct revision; if not, choose 'correct as is'. – A) I rushed over to see if Gunther, having just been hit by a car, was still breathing. – B) Having just been hit by a car, if Gunther was still breathing I rushed over to see. – C) I, having just been hit by a car, ran over to see if Gunther was still breathing. – D) Correct as is

Question 98 • Reading my favorite book, the pages began to fall out. This Question 98 • Reading my favorite book, the pages began to fall out. This sentence contains a dangling modifier. Which sentence corrects the mistake? – A) Having read my favorite book, the pages began to fall out. – B) The pages began to fall out when reading my favorite book. – C) While reading my favorite book, the pages began to fall out. – D) Reading my favorite book, I saw that the pages began to fall out.

Question 99 • Which sentence contains a misplaced or dangling modifier? – A) Sleeping Question 99 • Which sentence contains a misplaced or dangling modifier? – A) Sleeping like a baby, the telephone woke me. – B) Roller skating can be fun on a Sunday afternoon. – C) I ordered a garden salad an iced tea for lunch. – D) Living on the river, I have learned to love the water.

Question 100 • • Excerpt from: Moving Performances, Stellar Script: A Review of North Question 100 • • Excerpt from: Moving Performances, Stellar Script: A Review of North to Freedom Elizabeth Mohn 1 Last week, the drama club at Kennedy High School put on an original play titled North to Freedom. This noteworthy production focuses on a young woman's odyssey from slavery to freedom by way of the Underground Railroad. . . Read this excerpt from a Web site about writing theater reviews. When writing a theater review, an author must first give a brief summary of the production. In this summary, the author should introduce main characters and events that lead up to show's rising action. Describing the characters will give readers a better idea of the story's topic and theme. Because the summary is short, however, only the most important characters should be mentioned. The summary section of the review should not reveal too much information about the climax or the resolution of the play. Most people read theater reviews before they go see the show. Authors should not ruin the audience's experience by revealing too much. Which statement presents an OPPOSING view from the excerpt? – – A) Reviews should list some of the play's important events. B) The summary should be the shortest section of the review. C) Authors should not reveal plays' endings in their reviews. D) Theater reviews should list all major and minor characters.

Question 101 • • • Finally, the third and most important reason is that Question 101 • • • Finally, the third and most important reason is that mixed martial arts is dangerous. Serious injuries and deaths have been linked with early events. Tragically, even some gifted athletes who seemed to have the Midas touch have fallen victim to unregulated fights. State commissions must ensure that rules are in place and enforced; rules that celebrate the competitive spirit while protecting the fighters. Without a watchdog group, the sport would become a Pandora’s box. Nothing is more troublesome than unchecked violence. Can you imagine a fight without rules called the Bloody Battle of Odin and Thor? Which is a rebuttal statement that BEST refutes a viewpoint in section four? – – A) It is the responsibility of state commissions to make and enforce UFC rules. B) Regulation of the UFC is needed to reduce the likelihood of serious injuries. C) It is not the responsibility of state commissions to make and enforce UFC rules. D) Regulation of the UFC will allow the celebration of an athlete's competitive spirit.

Question 102 • The first reason regulation is needed can be traced to the Question 102 • The first reason regulation is needed can be traced to the origins of the UFC. Early contests did not have enough rules; groin strikes and head butts were allowed. Surprisingly, even fish hooking, which can result in permanent damage, was permitted. Promoters should never be given carte blanche. • Select the rebuttal statement that BEST refutes a viewpoint in section two. – – A) Techniques such as fish hooking should not be permitted. B) Rules and regulations are critical to protect participants. C) Too many rules spoiled the early competitive spirit of the UFC. D) Groin strikes and head butts should be permitted, but not fish hooking.

Question 103 • The second reason is that reform did not come until political Question 103 • The second reason is that reform did not come until political pressure produced bans of certain UFC events. Ignoring public outcries of brutality was a huge faux pas. Damaging image problems and decreasing profits eventually motivated the UFC to work with state athletic commissions to give athletes a safer and fairer competition. We must keep pressure on the promoters. Even competitors with Herculean strength deserve a fair fight. • Which is a rebuttal statement that BEST refutes a viewpoint in section three? – A) Early promoters of UFC events never worked with state athletic commissions. – B) Early promoters of UFC events resisted working with state athletic commissions. – C) Early promoters of UFC events were anxious to work with state athletic commissions. – D) Promoters of UFC events were eventually pressured to work with state athletic commissions.

Question 104 • The second reason is that reform did not come until political Question 104 • The second reason is that reform did not come until political pressure produced bans of certain UFC events. Ignoring public outcries of brutality was a huge faux pas. Damaging image problems and decreasing profits eventually motivated the UFC to work with state athletic commissions to give athletes a safer and fairer competition. We must keep pressure on the promoters. Even competitors with Herculean strength deserve a fair fight. • Which is a rebuttal statement that BEST refutes a viewpoint in section three? – A)Early promoters of UFC events never worked with state athletic commissions. – B)Early promoters of UFC events resisted working with state athletic commissions. – C)Early promoters of UFC events were anxious to work with state athletic commissions. – D)Promoters of UFC events were eventually pressured to work with state athletic commissions.

Question 105 • American interest in mixed martial arts is growing. Both male and Question 105 • American interest in mixed martial arts is growing. Both male and female athletes are invited to compete, although this sport is not recommended for the prima donna. This full contact fighting combines various martial arts techniques so fighters with different styles can compete against each other. This intriguing sport has convinced more than one athlete that he is not, in fact, the alpha and the omega! Many people think that all combative sports should be strictly monitored and regulated by state commissions. It is obvious that the Ultimate Fighting Championship (UFC) is an organization that promotes combative athletic events. State athletic commissions should strictly monitor and regulate the UFC. • Select the rebuttal statement that BEST refutes the viewpoint in section one. – – A) It is necessary to oversee the athletes involved in mixed martial arts. B) It is unnecessary to oversee the athletes involved in mixed martial arts. C) One distinctive feature of mixed martial arts is the combination of various techniques. D) It is necessary to oversee only the athletes involved in the Ultimate Fighting Championship competitions.

Question 106 • Mary Anne was up early. She woke up everyone else in Question 106 • Mary Anne was up early. She woke up everyone else in the house and hurried them through their breakfast. She waited impatiently while the rest of the family took a dreadfully long time to dress. Didn't they understand that this was the most exciting day of the year? Finally, everyone was ready. She hurried ahead of them as they walked to the front of the parade. Quickly, she found her place on the bleachers and waited for the New Year's parade to begin. • Which narrative technique does the author use most often to develop the characters and story? – – A) description B) dialogue C) pacing D) setting

Question 107 • • Excerpt from: The Right Decision Lindsay Rock Telling a story. Question 107 • • Excerpt from: The Right Decision Lindsay Rock Telling a story. . . Which of these is written in narrative mode? – A) The Statue of Liberty, which stands in New York Bay off the shores of New York City, greeted immigrants when they first arrived in the United States. The statue was a gift from France to recognize the friendship established between the two countries during the American Revolution. – B) Sara often wondered if the stories that her classmates told were true. Tom said that America had streets paved with gold. Marie said that no one in America ever went hungry. Sara wasn't sure if she should believe the stories, but if they were true, she thought, America must be the most wonderful place on Earth. – C) I have a lot of respect for immigrants who left their homelands to come to America and start over in a whole new place. I don't know that I would have the courage to leave behind everything I ever knew to go to a place where absolutely nothing was familiar. It must have been both exciting and terrifying at the same time. – D) Conditions for third- or fourth-class passengers on immigrant ships were less than desirable. Their provisions often included stale food, stagnant water, and uncomfortable beds. Many ships did not have enough bathroom facilities to accommodate the number of passengers on board. Immigrants endured these hardships, however, because they had grand hopes for a new life in America.

Question 108 • 1. It is going to be expensive. 2. This party is Question 108 • 1. It is going to be expensive. 2. This party is going to be expensive. 3. This party is going to be expensive for Jamie's parents. 4. This birthday party is going to be expensive for Jamie's parents because the party includes a weekend of skiing on Sugar Mountain. • Read the sentences. The writer decides to use the 4 th sentence. What is the writer trying to do as she goes through this process of rewriting? – – A) establish point of view B) establish background information C) organize an event sequence D) introduce characters

Question 109 • • Excerpt from: The Best Camping Trip of his Life Tracy Question 109 • • Excerpt from: The Best Camping Trip of his Life Tracy Wilson 1 David couldn’t wait to get off from work, for he had an exciting weekend planned. He and his seven year-old son, Landon, were going on a camping trip. As David drove toward the Greenville suburb where Landon lived with his mother, the guilt gnawed at him. He hated that since the divorce nearly a year ago, he had not spent the quality time with Landon that he now wished he had. The two hour drive to Landon’s new home only complicated the wish for more frequent visits. David decided he was not going to dwell on the past, but instead look to the future. This weekend camping trip was just what they needed. 2 When David arrived Landon met him at the door grinning like someone who’d just won the lottery. An hour later, they were setting up camp. Before long, they headed to the creek bank with fishing poles in hand. As they each sat on a five gallon bucket, few words were spoken, but David knew that old wounds were healing. As Landon reeled in a tiny brim he looked over at his dad and said, "You know what, Dad, this is the most fun I’ve ever had. " Even though his throat was tightening in an effort to hold back tears, David managed to say, "Me too, Son, me too. " When Landon says, "You know what, Dad, this is the most fun I’ve ever had, " the author is using the narrative technique of – – A)description. B)dialogue. C)pacing. D)setting.

Question 110 • Lindsey is writing a narrative about her trip to the beach. Question 110 • Lindsey is writing a narrative about her trip to the beach. • What order would be best for her details? – A) chronological order – B) order of importance – C) order of difficulty – D) order of largest to smallest