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Core. Net Global Section Québec Chapter February 13, 2008 Nanotech Materials for Truly Sustainable Core. Net Global Section Québec Chapter February 13, 2008 Nanotech Materials for Truly Sustainable Construction Speakers: David Sykes Founder, Nano. Nexis; Managing Director, Remington Partners R. J. Brennan, MSC, LEED® AP Associate, Director Strategic Workplace, IA Interior Architects President, Core. Net Global Chicago Chapter 13 November 2006

“The time to start watching how companies are investing in and deploying nanotech won’t “The time to start watching how companies are investing in and deploying nanotech won’t come in some distant future. . . that time is now!” Lux Research Nanotech Materials for Truly Sustainable Construction 2

Nanotechnology § First described 24 years ago § Manipulating individual atoms § Smaller than Nanotechnology § First described 24 years ago § Manipulating individual atoms § Smaller than “micro” - a nanometer is one billionth of a meter § A revolution in building materials § Important as part of 3 BL § The “sustainable buildings” initiative § High “performance” workplaces Nanotech Materials for Truly Sustainable Construction 3

Three Questions: § Do you assume “going green” adds to your first cost? § Three Questions: § Do you assume “going green” adds to your first cost? § Can you name 3 nanotech base building materials? § How will nanotech enhance the building stock? Nanotech Materials for Truly Sustainable Construction 4

Five Segments 1. Context 2. The revolution in building materials 3. How to integrate Five Segments 1. Context 2. The revolution in building materials 3. How to integrate nano-materials with business goals • 4. Current “green” nano-material example: aerogel • 5. Case study #1: office work environment Case study #2: Base Building Design Next steps, resources & contacts Nanotech Materials for Truly Sustainable Construction 5

Core. Net Global Section Québec Chapter 1. Context 13 November 2006 Core. Net Global Section Québec Chapter 1. Context 13 November 2006

CRE is a big target § 60% of global industrial waste is from the CRE is a big target § 60% of global industrial waste is from the construction and demolition of buildings § 60% of electrical use in developed nations is by buildings § 40% of total energy consumed is by buildings Nanotech Materials for Truly Sustainable Construction 7

What is Nanotechnology? What is it? § Nano is Greek for “dwarf” § Manipulation What is Nanotechnology? What is it? § Nano is Greek for “dwarf” § Manipulation of matter < 100 nm § (1 10, 000 th the size of a bacterium) § 80, 000 X smaller than a human hair § Revolution began 47 years ago Nanotech Materials for Truly Sustainable Construction 8

Why now? We can do it! § Tools are available § Global competition (Asia Why now? We can do it! § Tools are available § Global competition (Asia vs. Europe vs. North America) § $10 billion global investment § Real, useful products are already here § Useful response to global climate change Nanotech Materials for Truly Sustainable Construction 9

Old or new? (Damascus 900 -1750 AD) Arms race? The first crusaders encountered better Old or new? (Damascus 900 -1750 AD) Arms race? The first crusaders encountered better steel § Wootz steel, developed in India & Sri Lanka ~300 BC § greater strength & flexibility due to carbon nanotubes § technique lost ~1750 AD Nanotech Materials for Truly Sustainable Construction 10

Tipping point was 2000 Nanotech Materials for Truly Sustainable Construction 11 Tipping point was 2000 Nanotech Materials for Truly Sustainable Construction 11

R & D nano spending in 2004 Nanotech Materials for Truly Sustainable Construction 12 R & D nano spending in 2004 Nanotech Materials for Truly Sustainable Construction 12

22 US Federal Agencies. . . § § § USDA DOD DOE DHS DOJ 22 US Federal Agencies. . . § § § USDA DOD DOE DHS DOJ EPA NASA NIST (DOC NIOSH (DHHS) NIH (DHHS) NSF § § § DIS (DOC) CPSC DOS DOTreas FDA (DHHS) ITC IC NRC TA (DOC) USPTO (DOC) Nanotech Materials for Truly Sustainable Construction 13

2006: Seven Program Component Areas 1. Fundamental nano-scale phenomena & processes ($234 mil) 2. 2006: Seven Program Component Areas 1. Fundamental nano-scale phenomena & processes ($234 mil) 2. Nano-materials ($228 mil) 3. Nano-scale devices and systems ($244 mil) 4. Instrumentation research, metrology, and standards for nanotechnology ($71 mil) 5. Nano-manufacturing ($47 mil) 6. Major research facilities & instrumentation acquisition ($148 mil) 7. Societal dimensions ($82 mil) Bi-partisan “ 21 st Century nano-technology R&D Act” (Public Law 108 -153, 2003) Nanotech Materials for Truly Sustainable Construction 14

Private Investment § In 2005, 1331 companies in 76 industries invested $3. 2 billion Private Investment § In 2005, 1331 companies in 76 industries invested $3. 2 billion in nano-technology and sold $32 billion in products incorporating nanotechnologies § Expect $12 billion private investment by 2008 § Example: One of CEO’s top 3 priorities at GE; spent $50 million in 2005 (1. 5% of R&D budget) § § VC’s have spent $2 billion on 143 known startups Governments & corporations spent 19 times more Source: Lux Research Nanotech Materials for Truly Sustainable Construction 15

Does it Matter to CRE? Yes! § You will not get the “green” gains Does it Matter to CRE? Yes! § You will not get the “green” gains you need § § § energy savings higher performance lower costs unless you insist that architects, specifiers and contractors look seriously at nano-materials (see the Core. Net 2010 Report) Nanotech Materials for Truly Sustainable Construction 16

Core. Net Global Section Québec Chapter 2. The Revolution in building science 13 November Core. Net Global Section Québec Chapter 2. The Revolution in building science 13 November 2006

A quick overview Put on your running shoes… § Steel § Filtration § Concrete A quick overview Put on your running shoes… § Steel § Filtration § Concrete § Electronics / Sensors § Glass § Tools § Gypsum Drywall § Coatings & Paints § Fabrics & Carpet § Lighting § Energy/HVAC § Insulation Nanotech Materials for Truly Sustainable Construction 18

Steel § Nanocomposite steel is available & stronger (per ASTM) § Withstands temperatures as Steel § Nanocomposite steel is available & stronger (per ASTM) § Withstands temperatures as low as -140 F § Increased plasticity § Free of corrosion-causing carbide paths § Results: § reduced amount of steel § Simplified placement of structural concrete § 20 to 40% savings Nanotech Materials for Truly Sustainable Construction 19

Concrete § Production of concrete accounts for 8% of total CO 2 emissions worldwide Concrete § Production of concrete accounts for 8% of total CO 2 emissions worldwide § Translucent concrete? § Cool idea by Dutch Architect, Rem Koolhaas Nanotech Materials for Truly Sustainable Construction 20

Glass § Can block UV & glare § Self-cleaning glass coated (titanium dioxide coating Glass § Can block UV & glare § Self-cleaning glass coated (titanium dioxide coating breaks down organic matter Nanotech Materials for Truly Sustainable Construction 21

Switchable Glass Switch!! Nanotech Materials for Truly Sustainable Construction 22 Switchable Glass Switch!! Nanotech Materials for Truly Sustainable Construction 22

Gypsum Drywall § Nano-drywall is lighter, stronger and water resistant Nanotech Materials for Truly Gypsum Drywall § Nano-drywall is lighter, stronger and water resistant Nanotech Materials for Truly Sustainable Construction 23

Fabrics & Carpet § Nano-treatments are used on commercial fabrics § Color-fast, stain proof Fabrics & Carpet § Nano-treatments are used on commercial fabrics § Color-fast, stain proof and dirt proof § Naturally hydrophobic, no mold or mildew Nanotech Materials for Truly Sustainable Construction 24

Energy / HVAC § Solar cells infused with nano-technology are thin, flexible and come Energy / HVAC § Solar cells infused with nano-technology are thin, flexible and come in rolls so they can be applied as roofing material Nanotech Materials for Truly Sustainable Construction 25

Tools § Doped Nanophostate Lithium Ion batteries § Cordless tools are more powerful than Tools § Doped Nanophostate Lithium Ion batteries § Cordless tools are more powerful than corded! Nanotech Materials for Truly Sustainable Construction 26

Coatings & Paints § Nano particles enhance physical and aesthetic qualities § Hard, durable Coatings & Paints § Nano particles enhance physical and aesthetic qualities § Hard, durable finish § Excellent water resistance § Scrub-ability § Stain blocking and other properties Nanotech Materials for Truly Sustainable Construction 27

Lighting LEDs (point source) & OLEDs (sheet) § § 40% of commercial energy goes Lighting LEDs (point source) & OLEDs (sheet) § § 40% of commercial energy goes to lighting LED is most efficient, sustainable solution 10 X more efficient than incandescent 50, 000 - 100, 000 hours (vs 10, 000) "No other lighting technology offers so much potential to save energy and enhance the quality of buildings" U. S. Dept. of Energy Nanotech Materials for Truly Sustainable Construction 28

Solid-state lighting Big technology push § 46% average annual growth from 2001 -4 § Solid-state lighting Big technology push § 46% average annual growth from 2001 -4 § HB LED market $4. 2 billion in 2006 § Growing to $9. 9 billion in 2011 *Examples: Osram, Philips, Opti. LED Holdings (Hong Kong) Nanotech Materials for Truly Sustainable Construction 29

Solid-state lighting Nanotech Materials for Truly Sustainable Construction 30 Solid-state lighting Nanotech Materials for Truly Sustainable Construction 30

Insulation § Aerogel, a translucent thermal-acoustic insulator § Looks like frozen smoke § Best Insulation § Aerogel, a translucent thermal-acoustic insulator § Looks like frozen smoke § Best insulating solid in the world § Weighs only 90 grams per litre § Extremely flexible - blankets, beads, sheets The new “plastic”* *Not really—it’s amporphous silica (sand) Nanotech Materials for Truly Sustainable Construction 31

How to use these innovations? • Steel • Filtration • Concrete • Electronics / How to use these innovations? • Steel • Filtration • Concrete • Electronics / Sensors • Glass • Tools • Gypsum Drywall • Coatings & Paints • Fabrics & Carpet • Lighting • Energy/HVAC • Insulation Nanotech Materials for Truly Sustainable Construction 32

Questions? Nanotech Materials for Truly Sustainable Construction 33 Questions? Nanotech Materials for Truly Sustainable Construction 33

Core. Net Global Section Québec Chapter 3. Integrating new materials with business goals: a Core. Net Global Section Québec Chapter 3. Integrating new materials with business goals: a case study 13 November 2006

Integrating nano into CRE A comprehensive stage-gate method. . . Three premises: § Incremental Integrating nano into CRE A comprehensive stage-gate method. . . Three premises: § Incremental change is best – limits risk § Must solve real business problems; data-driven § Teamwork is essential Nanotech Materials for Truly Sustainable Construction 35

Nine rules for supporting extensive change 1. 2. Secure early senior executive buy-in Identify Nine rules for supporting extensive change 1. 2. Secure early senior executive buy-in Identify significant needs better solved by novel materials § e. g. , “Privacy without walls” is required to comply with Sarbanes Oxley, GLBA, HIPAA, Patriot Act, etc. 3. Look for tax incentives & government support 4. Work with authoritative resources 5. 6. Collaborate with manufacturers Manage risk – Do prototyping & testing outside critical path Nanotech Materials for Truly Sustainable Construction 36

Team well. . . plan carefully. . . design change Nine rules for supporting Team well. . . plan carefully. . . design change Nine rules for supporting extensivethoughtfully 7. Use an integrated process (e. g. , IA Smart. Space. SM) 8. 9. Measure results – quantitative and qualitative Manage change – communicate EXECUTIVE SPONSORSHIP A C B B C A Nanotech Materials for Truly Sustainable Construction 37

Case Study #1: Solve a real problem Business problem: noise & privacy in open Case Study #1: Solve a real problem Business problem: noise & privacy in open plan offices § Privacy & security laws, are not compatible with open-office laws landscapes (intended to encourage teamwork & maximize natural light) Ø § How to meet the growing international need for privacy without building walls or abandoning open offices? Leading sources of dissatisfaction from GSA Post-Occupancy Assessment of Speech Privacy in Offices: Ø People talking nearby……………. . 92% Ø People talking on the phone………………… 84% Ø People overhearing private conversation…. . 82% Sources to which dissatisfaction with acoustics was attributed Presented by Kevin Powell of GSA and Charles Salter and Randy Waldeck of Charles Salter Associates on June 4, 2007, at the 153 rd Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America in Salt Lake City, UT Nanotech Materials for Truly Sustainable Construction 38

Why Use a Nanomaterial? § Conventional materials are not optimal Ø Need enhanced acoustic Why Use a Nanomaterial? § Conventional materials are not optimal Ø Need enhanced acoustic value Ø Need thinner material, less bulk Ø Need translucency Ø Need enhanced thermal value Ø Need lighter weight § Can a nanomaterial solve the problem? Ø Are there risks? risks Ø Do the enhanced performance characteristics provide new opportunities? opportunities Ø Where can one locate the materials and manufacturers? Nanotech Materials for Truly Sustainable Construction 39

One Solution: ISOPods. TM Deliver privacy without construction using light weight, furniture components & One Solution: ISOPods. TM Deliver privacy without construction using light weight, furniture components & translucent nanomaterials with acoustic properties Single ISOPod. TM Double ISOPod. TM Nanotech Materials for Truly Sustainable Construction 40

Installed: flexible, daylight, acoustic Nanotech Materials for Truly Sustainable Construction 41 Installed: flexible, daylight, acoustic Nanotech Materials for Truly Sustainable Construction 41

Sound Transmission: Acoustic Performance Truck Noise 10 db attenuation 40 - 400 HZ sound Sound Transmission: Acoustic Performance Truck Noise 10 db attenuation 40 - 400 HZ sound transmission loss 2 -3/4” FRP Fiberglass insulation Nanogel® Sound pressure level vs. time Nanotech Materials for Truly Sustainable Construction 42

What is a winning approach? § Communicate – a thorough discovery phase supports business What is a winning approach? § Communicate – a thorough discovery phase supports business process and enhances individual work styles Ø Understand document the desired outcomes, assess goals § § Consider all elements of the integrated solution – built, cultural, etc. Teamwork is critical – get the right players! players Ø Client Ø IA Interior Architects (Strategist/Architect) Ø Component Manufacturer Ø Nano. Nexis (Subject Expert) Ø Supplier of Nanomaterial § Assess and communicate the results – test § Make adjustments – communicate what was changed and why Nanotech Materials for Truly Sustainable Construction 43

“So what do I do with all this information? ” “What does it mean “So what do I do with all this information? ” “What does it mean to me? ? ” § Be clear on the goal, as well as the risk vs. reward factors, of goal incorporating new technologies into an initiative Ø If anything goes wrong, it’s always the new stuff! Ø It is up to the Client, not the architects/designers/contractors, to insist on exploring these new technologies!! § The bottom line is that nanotech materials can significantly enhance performance, as well as increasing the "greenness" of performance any given project. . . Ø Widespread adoption is still some time away Ø USGBC does not yet have an official stance on these materials Ø Manufacturers need direction on what products to enhance Ø You can help define what will be available!! Nanotech Materials for Truly Sustainable Construction 44

Questions? Nanotech Materials for Truly Sustainable Construction 45 Questions? Nanotech Materials for Truly Sustainable Construction 45

Core. Net Global Section Québec Chapter 4. Example of a “green” nano-material: aerogel insulation Core. Net Global Section Québec Chapter 4. Example of a “green” nano-material: aerogel insulation and glazing 13 November 2006

About aerogels § Well-known, insulating nano-substance that is translucent and 97% air § Nanogel. About aerogels § Well-known, insulating nano-substance that is translucent and 97% air § Nanogel. TM* panels – developed for skylights – fit ISOPod. TM concept: § Lightweight § Hydrophobic § Highly translucent § Thin § Superb thermal / acoustic insulator § Manufactured as large, rigid panels * Manufactured in Frankfurt by Cabot Corp. Nanotech Materials for Truly Sustainable Construction 47

Uses in CRE? § Aerogels have multiple uses in interior & exterior construction § Uses in CRE? § Aerogels have multiple uses in interior & exterior construction § Green certification? Earn points by incorporating natural daylight as an energy conservation features § Earn more points for improved acoustics Nanotech Materials for Truly Sustainable Construction 48

Heat, Light, & Noise Thermal Performance § R-20 The insulating value of a 6” Heat, Light, & Noise Thermal Performance § R-20 The insulating value of a 6” stud wall Testing Permanence of performance § Non-combustible/ no smoke § Mold/mildew resistance § Condensation resistance § UV Stable Noise § 50% Sound Reduction Nanotech Materials for Truly Sustainable Construction 49

More about Aerogels § Nanomaterial known since 1931 § Used extensively in aerospace § More about Aerogels § Nanomaterial known since 1931 § Used extensively in aerospace § Nanogel. TM is a proprietary form of “aerogel” - skylights - exterior glazing - pipeline insulation - apparel - medical devices Nanotech Materials for Truly Sustainable Construction 50

More about Aerogels § Nanogel used across North America & nine European countries § More about Aerogels § Nanogel used across North America & nine European countries § Not an experiment! § Cabot is 125 years old, a $2. 9 billion public company - 21 countries - 36 manufacturing sites - 8 R&D facilities Nanotech Materials for Truly Sustainable Construction 51

Examples – Skylights Nanotech Materials for Truly Sustainable Construction 52 Examples – Skylights Nanotech Materials for Truly Sustainable Construction 52

Case Study #2 Sports Complex of Souchais, Carquefou, France • Owner: City of Carquefou Case Study #2 Sports Complex of Souchais, Carquefou, France • Owner: City of Carquefou • Architect : MA Murail Architectures, Nantes & Paris, France • Contractor (façade) : Belliard Nanotech Materials for Truly Sustainable Construction 53

Goal • 3 sport halls within the complex • Wardrobe rooms • Club house Goal • 3 sport halls within the complex • Wardrobe rooms • Club house and meeting room • 1 exterior field • Parking lot for 250 cars • Total surface : 1. 7 hectare • Total investment : € 2. 9 MM Sports Complex Nanotech Materials for Truly Sustainable Construction 54

Goal • Application : a 25 mm thick multi-wall polycarbonate sheets façade filled with Goal • Application : a 25 mm thick multi-wall polycarbonate sheets façade filled with nano-material • (Total surface of 1450 m 2) on the whole perimeter of the building (surface of 3360 m 2). • The façade had to meet a thermal insulation value < 2. 7 W/m. K • The nano-material allows to achieve a value of 0. 89 W/m. K Nanotech Materials for Truly Sustainable Construction 55

Options shaders • Shaders were not an option : very costly, heavy structure, not Options shaders • Shaders were not an option : very costly, heavy structure, not in line with the architect’s concept of a smooth building surface Nanotech Materials for Truly Sustainable Construction 56

Cost comparison Nano-Materials (aerogels) applied to the Building Industry Nano-material Solution + Polycarbonate • Cost comparison Nano-Materials (aerogels) applied to the Building Industry Nano-material Solution + Polycarbonate • Polycarbonate sheets : € 100/m² • Nano-material cost : € 67/m² Total cost € 167/m² Energy savings Versus Double-pane Glass • Glass, profiles : € 300/m² • Shaders € 130/m² Total cost € 430/m² € 435, 000 € 188, 500 € 623, 500 Savings € 263/m² € 381, 350 Immediate payback + € 5, 000/year on energy € 145, 000 € 97, 000 € 242, 000 € 3000/year on lighting € 2000/year on heating Versus PC without nanomaterial • Polycarbonate sheets : € 100/m² € 145, 000 • Shaders € 130/m² € 188, 500 Total cost € 230/m² € 333, 500 Savings € 63/m² € 91, 500 Immediate payback + € 5, 000/year on energy Nanotech Materials for Truly Sustainable Construction 57

Results Nanotech Materials for Truly Sustainable Construction 58 Results Nanotech Materials for Truly Sustainable Construction 58

Results Natural daylight evenly dispersed inside the building No glare, no shadow, no “light Results Natural daylight evenly dispersed inside the building No glare, no shadow, no “light tunnel” issues High comfort level for the players and spectators Nanotech Materials for Truly Sustainable Construction 59

Questions? Nanotech Materials for Truly Sustainable Construction 60 Questions? Nanotech Materials for Truly Sustainable Construction 60

Core. Net Global Section Québec Chapter 5. Next Steps, resources, contacts 13 November 2006 Core. Net Global Section Québec Chapter 5. Next Steps, resources, contacts 13 November 2006

Resources § § § § Material Connexion, Beylerian & Dent (Wiley, 2005) Material Architecture, Resources § § § § Material Connexion, Beylerian & Dent (Wiley, 2005) Material Architecture, Fernandez (Oxford, 2006) EU Nanoforum Report (December 2006; nannoforum. org) Transmaterial, Brownell, (Princeton, 2006) Material World 2, Materi. O (Birkhauser, 2006) Extreme Textiles, Mc. Quaid (Princeton, 2005) The Dance of Molecules, Sargent (Penguin, 2006) The Nanomaterials Handbook, Gogotsi (CRC, 2006) Nanotech Materials for Truly Sustainable Construction 62

The future of CRE is here now “Because of nanotechnology, we will see more The future of CRE is here now “Because of nanotechnology, we will see more change in our civilization in the next thirty years than we did during all of the 20 th century” - M. Roco, National Science Foundation Nanotech Materials for Truly Sustainable Construction 63

A new way of thinking § § § Photocatalytic cement with Ti. O 2 A new way of thinking § § § Photocatalytic cement with Ti. O 2 Self cleaning (Rome, 2003) Removes pollutants in area around building (CO 2, NO 2, etc. ) Nanotech Materials for Truly Sustainable Construction 64

“The time to start watching how companies are investing in and deploying nanotech won’t “The time to start watching how companies are investing in and deploying nanotech won’t come in some distant future. . . that time is now!” Lux Research Nanotech Materials for Truly Sustainable Construction 65

Contact Information David M. Sykes – Founder, Nano. Nexis, Cambridge, MA davidsykes@nanonexis 2007. com Contact Information David M. Sykes – Founder, Nano. Nexis, Cambridge, MA [email protected] 2007. com R. J. Brennan – Associate, Director Strategic Workplace IA Interior Architects, Chicago, IL rj. [email protected] com Nanotech Materials for Truly Sustainable Construction 66

Questions & Comments § What questions & comments does the audience have for the Questions & Comments § What questions & comments does the audience have for the presenters? Nanotech Materials for Truly Sustainable Construction 67