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Consultancy Set-up DHV-Delft Consultants, provide technical consultancy for implementing the HYDROLOGY PROJECT The Consultancy Consultancy Set-up DHV-Delft Consultants, provide technical consultancy for implementing the HYDROLOGY PROJECT The Consultancy team is composed of 30 specialists on long term basis and numerous short term specialists drawn from: • Hydrology • • • Geo-hydrology Meteorology Water Quality Institutional Development Equipment Specialist Management Specialist Data processing expert Communications Software Design & Development H R D & Training MIS

Overview of the presentation • Introduction to Hydrology Project-HP • Need for HIS • Overview of the presentation • Introduction to Hydrology Project-HP • Need for HIS • What is HIS • Objectives of HIS • Participating agencies in the programme • Implementation methodology • New technology introduced • Benefits from HIS • Scope for replication in other geographical areas Presentation Team J. G. Grijsen-Team Leader K. A. S. Mani-Hydrogeologist

Hydrology Project-India • Hydrology Project (HP) is a World Bank funded project with technical Hydrology Project-India • Hydrology Project (HP) is a World Bank funded project with technical assistance from the Government of The Netherlands • Implementation cost: US $122 million • Technical Consultancy: US $15 million • HP aims at the establishment of a Hydrological Information System (HIS) spread over nine states covering 1. 7 m sq. kms.

Need for HIS Efficient water resources management calls for hydrological data which is: • Need for HIS Efficient water resources management calls for hydrological data which is: • reliable • authentic • validated • easily accessible • regularly updated

What is HIS includes the different activities related to • data collection • processing What is HIS includes the different activities related to • data collection • processing • storage • dissemination of meteorological, hydrological & geo-hydrological components of the hydrologic cycle

HIS - What does it do • HIS enables regular update of the different HIS - What does it do • HIS enables regular update of the different components of the hydrologic cycle at the national, state and regional level • Makes available the organised data as information to the Hydrological Data User Group (HDUG) which includes policy formulators, planners, developers and the user community. • HIS provides critical input for major policy formulation, enhancing development options, improving technical solutions and sustainability of water resources.

Objectives of HIS • Collect reliable and spatially intensive data on SW/GW quantity and Objectives of HIS • Collect reliable and spatially intensive data on SW/GW quantity and quality • Standardise procedures for various activities across all SW/GW agencies • Establish dedicated hydrological data processing software • Organise data in well-defined databases • Provide analytical and GIS tools for detailed interpretation • Transform data as useful information for user friendly internet based dissemination • Sustain the HIS through institutional strengthening & human resources development

HIS - Developmental process • Emerging technologies in the field of software development, data HIS - Developmental process • Emerging technologies in the field of software development, data base management, internet , communications, GIS & GPS are being used in the development of HIS • At the heart of HIS is its monitoring network • Monitoring networks have been integrated between the agencies • Contamination and pollution of groundwater prioritised for systematic monitoring, analysis and interpretation • Human Resource Development and Institutional Development essential for sustaining the system

HP- Infrastructure profile 25 Participating Agencies Initiated in Sept 1995 and to be completed HP- Infrastructure profile 25 Participating Agencies Initiated in Sept 1995 and to be completed by March 2003 Significant numbers 7900 dedicated piezometers 7000 920 1800 150 80 1500 1600 580 31 390 9000 digital water level recorders river gauging stations rainfall stations full climatic stations water quality laboratories computer systems with dedicated software offices and site buildings vehicles data storage centres data entry and processing centres staff trained in different subjects

Overall structure of HIS USERS CWC IMD NDSC/ RDSC SDPC SDDPC DATA FLOW NDSC/ Overall structure of HIS USERS CWC IMD NDSC/ RDSC SDPC SDDPC DATA FLOW NDSC/ RDSC DATA STORAGE/ DISSEMINATION SWDPC SGWDPC RDPC HYDROLOGICAL VALIDATION DDPC FIELD CGWB SDSC NDSC RDPC STATE r. DPC DDPC SECONDARY VALIDATION SDDPC FIELD d. DPC FIELD INTER-AGENCY DATA VALIDATION UDPC FIELD DATA EXCHANGE DATA ENTRY/ PRIMARY VALIDATION OBSERVATIONS

Meteorological network • 1800 rainfall stations • 150 full climatic stations Meteorological network • 1800 rainfall stations • 150 full climatic stations

River gauging stations • 265 new stations • 650 stations upgraded • Current meters River gauging stations • 265 new stations • 650 stations upgraded • Current meters for velocity measurement • Digital Water Level Recorders for water level measurement • ADCPs for select gauging sites

Groundwater network • Integrated network made up of – 7500 piezometers – over 20, Groundwater network • Integrated network made up of – 7500 piezometers – over 20, 000 open wells – 7000 DWLR’s • Network of different agencies integrated • Network optimised for better spatial & vertical coverage

Groundwater Level monitoring • Authentic ground water level collection using dedicated Piezometers • Piezometers Groundwater Level monitoring • Authentic ground water level collection using dedicated Piezometers • Piezometers tap a single selected aquifer • Piezometer facilitates collection of uncontaminated water samples • Digital Water Level Recorders for continuous monitoring at specified frequencies

Piezometer nests • Water level and water quality in multiaquifer system monitored through piezometer Piezometer nests • Water level and water quality in multiaquifer system monitored through piezometer nests • Piezometers constructed to varying depths tapping different aquifers • Individual aquifers isolated through proper sealing • Water level monitoring of different zones for understanding the regional aquifer system • Water quality sampling of different aquifers for identifying the source of contaminants

High frequency water level monitoring High frequency water level monitoring

Dedicated water quality network • Monitoring network: - baseline - trend - surveillance • Dedicated water quality network • Monitoring network: - baseline - trend - surveillance • Use of high precision equipments & portable field kits for analysis • Groundwater sampling using dedicated sampling pumps • Analysis for chemical, bacteriological, trace elements, heavy metals, pesticides • Water quality data interpreted using analytical software, GIS tools

Hydro-geochemical characterisation Hydro-geochemical characterisation

GIS data-sets created under Hydrology Project Administrative boundary Drainage boundary Settlements & Communications Contours GIS data-sets created under Hydrology Project Administrative boundary Drainage boundary Settlements & Communications Contours and spot heights Geology Geomorphology Land use/cover

Data Processing Centres 390 Data Processing Centres (DPC) Development of user friendly data entry Data Processing Centres 390 Data Processing Centres (DPC) Development of user friendly data entry softwares- SWDES/GWDES • • data entry validation, basic analysis reporting

GW-Data Processing and Analysis GW-Data Processing and Analysis

DATA VALIDATION DATA VALIDATION

DATA TRANSPORT FROM DISTRICT TO STATE DATA STORAGE CENTER DATA TRANSPORT FROM DISTRICT TO STATE DATA STORAGE CENTER

APSGWD WATER QUALITY SAMPLE COLLECTION, ANALYSIS AND TRANSPORT Component Task Time Responsibility WQ sampling APSGWD WATER QUALITY SAMPLE COLLECTION, ANALYSIS AND TRANSPORT Component Task Time Responsibility WQ sampling from OB wells Simultaneously during monitoring In-situ Field officer Submission of samples to the Laboratory For general parameters 2 days District officer Analytical quality data from lab Send data to District office 1 week Lab Manager Quality data transfer to RDPC Data entered in GWDES validated 1 week District Manager

Data Transport from Field station to District Headquarter Distance: Stations: Route-1………… 200 km …… Data Transport from Field station to District Headquarter Distance: Stations: Route-1………… 200 km …… 63 Route-2………… 254 km No. of OB wells

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HIS - Inter Agency Data Exchange • Regular exchange of data between the different HIS - Inter Agency Data Exchange • Regular exchange of data between the different agencies for validations • Generic data exchange standards for data mobility

Data Storage Centre • 31 Data Storage Centres (DSC) • One stop shop for Data Storage Centre • 31 Data Storage Centres (DSC) • One stop shop for data dissemination • Meta Data Catalogue on the web site and CD • Data on SW/GW (quantity and quality) • Current and historical, raw & interpreted

HIS- Deliverables Processed Data Maps Year Books Event reports Customised reports HIS- Deliverables Processed Data Maps Year Books Event reports Customised reports

HIS Sustainability • Extensive training programme – – – – – Network design Observation HIS Sustainability • Extensive training programme – – – – – Network design Observation procedures Data entry & processing GIS and database management systems WQ sampling and analysis Procurement / installation / testing of equipments Training and communication skills Standardised training modules Concept of To. Ts (Training of Trainers) • Deployment of dedicated staff • Provision of fund for annual O & M • Updation of technology

Gains from HIS • • • Integrated Monitoring network Dedicated software Data centres and Gains from HIS • • • Integrated Monitoring network Dedicated software Data centres and inter-agency data exchange Standard procedures for data collection, analysis and storage Trained staff, training modules Reference manuals for HIS operation Computerised historical data Transition from “technology shy” to “technology friendly” environment Improved data dissemination Other institutional gains – Water Quality Assessment Authority (WQAA) – Introduce concept of IWRM

Replicability of HIS • HIS as an integrated process for managing the water resources Replicability of HIS • HIS as an integrated process for managing the water resources system is relevant to countries facing floods, droughts and water quality issues • HIS as implemented in India can be replicated elsewhere with local customisation • Experiences gained in India would help in avoiding the teething troubles and reduce the implementation time

Contact Address You can send mail for any additional information to HYDROLOGY PROJECT DHV Contact Address You can send mail for any additional information to HYDROLOGY PROJECT DHV Consultants CSMRS Building, 4 th Floor Olof Palme Marg, Hauz Khas New Delhi - 110016 Phone No. +90 -11 - 6861681 -84 Fax No. +90 -11 -6861685 E-Mail : [email protected] com Website: www. hydrologyproject. com